Political Ideology and Individual-Level Attitudes Towards Immigration in the European Union

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TABLES WITH SELECTED RESULTS FROM:

Hlavac, Marek. (2011). "Political Ideology and Individual-Level Attitudes Towards Immigration in the European Union: 

Evidence from the European Values Study, 2008/2009," Master's Thesis, Georgetown University, Georgetown Public Policy Institute

For full text of the thesis, please click [here].


SOCIAL TRADITIONALISM (POPULATION MEAN SCORES IN EU-27 COUNTRIES)

Above: Light green means most social liberalism, red means more social traditionalism.

 

MEAN SCORE: Higher score represents greater degree of social traditionalism

 

COUNTRY

Need children for fulfillment

Marriage necessary to be happy

Homosexuals cannot adopt children

Cohabitation not alright

Duty to have children

Child takes care of parent

Index of Social Traditionalism

Bulgaria

4.07

4.13

3.72

2.43

3.87

4.10

0.777

Cyprus

3.75

3.65

4.29

2.75

3.49

4.43

0.710

Greece

3.53

4.47

4.31

2.19

3.26

4.44

0.702

Romania

4.06

4.05

3.83

2.38

3.19

4.25

0.617

Slovakia

3.37

4.07

4.16

2.93

2.86

4.40

0.604

Latvia

4.06

3.90

4.07

2.13

2.94

4.30

0.531

Hungary

3.88

4.32

3.83

2.09

2.99

4.15

0.517

Malta

2.88

3.48

4.08

3.00

3.24

4.10

0.363

Czech Rep.

3.78

3.68

3.22

2.43

3.26

4.02

0.338

Italy

3.34

3.68

4.02

2.57

2.62

4.31

0.320

Estonia

3.77

3.87

3.84

2.06

2.89

3.90

0.299

Lithuania

3.18

3.59

4.11

2.53

2.94

3.97

0.275

Poland

3.15

3.67

4.21

2.40

2.88

4.00

0.256

Portugal

3.17

3.63

3.58

1.90

3.08

4.08

0.109

EU-27

3.15

3.53

3.52

2.08

2.71

3.86

-0.020

Slovenia

3.00

2.97

3.78

2.25

2.77

3.89

-0.115

Germany

2.98

3.63

3.31

1.91

2.68

3.74

-0.143

France

3.29

3.68

3.24

1.46

2.19

4.39

-0.144

Spain

2.75

3.37

2.84

1.69

2.73

4.48

-0.223

Austria

2.86

3.31

3.43

1.74

2.58

3.56

-0.318

Luxembourg

2.93

3.58

3.24

1.48

2.41

3.72

-0.322

Ireland

2.56

3.11

3.27

2.02

2.51

3.38

-0.482

Belgium

2.27

3.34

3.08

1.57

1.98

4.10

-0.578

N. Ireland

2.29

2.77

3.25

2.21

2.30

3.17

-0.691

Great Britain

2.29

3.04

3.14

1.99

2.17

3.13

-0.716

Denmark

3.63

3.00

2.88

1.31

2.14

2.55

-0.718

Finland

2.60

2.71

3.07

1.83

2.08

2.65

-0.878

Sweden

2.11

2.79

2.76

1.36

1.72

2.76

-1.192

Netherlands

1.85

2.45

2.56

1.84

1.73

3.13

-1.198



LAISSEZ-FAIRE IDEOLOGY (POPULATION MEAN SCORES IN EU-27 COUNTRIES)


Above: Light green means most support for laissez-faire, red means less support.

 

MEAN SCORE: Higher score represents greater attachment to laissez-faire

 

COUNTRY

More individual responsibility

Competition

is good

More freedom to firms

Increase private ownership

Laissez-Faire Index

Malta

6.38

7.97

6.16

6.76

0.412

Great Britain

7.19

7.35

6.34

6.46

0.391

Sweden

6.79

7.38

6.49

6.30

0.362

Ireland

6.79

7.13

6.21

6.53

0.309

Austria

6.82

6.97

6.29

6.46

0.280

Romania

7.12

7.94

5.04

6.38

0.263

North. Ireland

7.43

7.05

5.92

6.12

0.250

Denmark

6.26

7.06

6.01

6.80

0.244

Portugal

6.56

6.72

5.89

6.52

0.154

Germany

6.70

7.41

5.52

5.78

0.136

Czech Rep.

6.25

7.17

5.61

5.87

0.058

Slovenia

5.84

7.11

5.67

6.30

0.057

Netherlands

6.21

6.48

5.79

6.44

0.056

Luxembourg

6.59

6.52

4.92

6.49

0.027

EU-27 Average

6.22

6.92

5.40

5.94

0.014

Bulgaria

5.87

7.81

5.02

5.49

-0.017

Slovakia

6.38

7.55

4.92

5.57

-0.026

Finland

6.43

6.44

5.62

5.81

-0.040

Lithuania

6.15

6.52

5.52

5.86

-0.046

Belgium

6.00

6.36

5.06

6.61

-0.069

France

6.39

6.03

5.41

6.20

-0.083

Poland

5.72

6.60

5.77

5.63

-0.125

Estonia

5.98

7.11

5.19

5.22

-0.166

Italy

5.26

6.55

5.08

6.31

-0.166

Cyprus

6.21

6.38

4.60

5.69

-0.210

Latvia

5.41

7.11

4.86

5.50

-0.236

Greece

5.50

6.58

4.49

5.85

-0.322

Spain

5.40

6.14

5.13

5.52

-0.351

Hungary

5.56

6.71

4.41

4.75

-0.470


 

VIEWS OF IMMIGRANTS (POPULATION MEAN ATTITUDINAL SCORES IN EU-27 COUNTRIES)


Above: Light green means realtively favorable views of immigrants, red means unfavorable.

     

MEAN ATTITUDINAL SCORE: Higher score represents a more positive view of immigrants

 

COUNTRY

Do not take jobs away from natives

Do not undermine cultural life

Do not worsen crime problems

Do not strain welfare system

Will not threaten society

Immigration Attitudes Index

Romania

5.42

6.35

5.86

5.99

6.03

0.536

Sweden

7.01

6.61

4.78

5.39

6.00

0.524

Luxembourg

6.68

6.82

5.07

5.32

5.55

0.474

France

6.32

6.07

5.89

5.00

5.23

0.407

Poland

5.55

6.64

5.36

4.90

5.55

0.365

Denmark

7.92

6.55

3.83

4.44

5.51

0.350

Spain

5.31

6.10

4.75

5.51

5.39

0.302

Finland

6.19

7.01

4.14

4.60

5.26

0.275

Bulgaria

4.62

6.92

4.62

4.76

5.48

0.255

Portugal

4.76

6.42

4.99

5.17

5.26

0.240

Netherlands

5.78

5.84

4.39

5.03

5.13

0.199

Italy

5.64

6.07

3.66

4.91

4.86

0.137

Estonia

4.94

5.84

4.56

4.40

4.48

0.014

EU-27 Average

5.05

5.73

4.30

4.30

4.60

0.009

Slovenia

5.01

5.60

4.41

4.28

4.69

-0.009

Slovakia

4.70

6.47

4.22

4.05

4.36

-0.044

Belgium

5.13

5.26

4.30

4.08

4.32

-0.083

Czech Rep.

4.75

5.65

3.75

4.14

4.28

-0.132

Latvia

4.35

5.41

4.35

4.34

4.19

-0.136

Greece

4.43

5.56

3.80

4.44

4.10

-0.156

Lithuania

4.45

5.65

4.36

4.14

3.99

-0.171

Ireland

4.15

5.18

4.65

3.46

4.27

-0.207

Hungary

3.50

6.03

3.76

3.57

4.38

-0.248

North. Ireland

4.02

5.10

4.39

3.54

4.03

-0.251

Germany

4.55

5.03

3.49

3.41

4.54

-0.275

Great Britain

4.24

4.64

4.55

3.45

3.81

-0.313

Austria

4.55

4.57

3.42

3.44

4.22

-0.340

Cyprus

3.51

4.44

2.99

3.27

3.17

-0.588

Malta

3.66

3.31

3.58

1.88

2.10

-0.856


POLICY PREFERENCES IN EU-27 COUNTRIES

POPULATION SUPPORT FOR VARIOUSLY RESTRICTIVE IMMIGRATION REGIMES

Above: Light green means most permissive, red means most restrictive policy preference.

 

PROPORTIONAL SUPPORT FOR IMMIGRATION REGIME

 

 

COUNTRY

Prohibit people from coming

 

Put strict limits on the number of foreigners

 

Let people come as long as there are jobs available

Let anyone come

Permissive

Immigration

Regime

 

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(3) + (4)

Romania

3.9 %

12.4 %

43.7 %

40.1 %

84.7 %

Slovenia

4.1 %

30.5 %

54.8 %

10.6 %

65.4 %

Spain

2.8 %

32.2 %

56.5 %

8.5 %

65.0 %

Luxembourg

2.4 %

38.0 %

53.5 %

6.1 %

59.6 %

Sweden

3.3 %

38.9 %

44.1 %

13.8 %

57.8 %

Portugal

6.2 %

36.2 %

51.5 %

6.1 %

57.6 %

Poland

3.6 %

40.0 %

40.6 %

15.8 %

56.5 %

Lithuania

9.2 %

35.3 %

46.3 %

9.2 %

55.4 %

Estonia

5.7 %

40.9 %

44.7 %

8.6 %

53.4 %

Italy

6.0 %

41.3 %

14.6 %

11.1 %

52.7 %

France

5.9 %

42.1 %

44.6 %

7.5 %

52.1 %

Austria

6.7 %

41.6 %

45.2 %

6.5 %

51.7 %

Slovakia

4.7 %

45.9 %

41.5 %

7.9 %

49.4 %

EU-27 Average

7.3 %

43.8 %

40.0 %

8.5 %

48.5 %

Bulgaria

8.1 %

44.5 %

30.1 %

17.3 %

47.4 %

Finland

2.8 %

51.5 %

37.5 %

8.2 %

45.7 %

Greece

70.0 %

45.3 %

36.9 %

7.8 %

44.7 %

Latvia

11.4 %

43.9 %

36.8 %

7.9 %

44.7 %

Germany

8.0 %

47.8 %

40.0 %

4.3 %

44.3 %

Denmark

1.0 %

55.5 %

38.5 %

4.9 %

43.4 %

Czech Rep.

9.4 %

48.6 %

33.7 %

8.4 %

42.0 %

Belgium

8.4 %

50.0 %

36.5 %

5.1 %

41.6 %

Ireland

8.2 %

50.7 %

36.6 %

4.4 %

41.1 %

Netherlands

4.4 %

54.6 %

37.1 %

3.9 %

41.1 %

Great Britain

10.6 %

54.2 %

32.3 %

2.9 %

35.1 %

North. Ireland

8.8 %

56.8 %

29.5 %

4.9 %

34.4 %

Cyprus

15.1 %

51.1 %

31.3 %

2.5 %

33.8 %

Hungary

14.5 %

53.5 %

28.3 %

3.7 %

32.0 %

Malta

20.4 %

57.0 %

21.2 %

1.3 %

22.5 %


Note: The maps of Europe are based on blank maps provided by [WorldAtlas.com]

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