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animal: the Maratrean definition of animal differs from the standard scientific definition; the definitions differ as the concerns motivating each definition differ. For Maratreanism, the chief question is to determine our ethical obligations; which depend chiefly on whether something has a soul. Therefore Maratreanism recognizes three categories: those who have souls, and thus may not be killed nor eaten nor be used for clothing or shelter or so forth — the humans and the sacred animals; those who lack souls, but nonetheless resemble those who possess souls to a significant extent — the unsacred animals; and those which do not even resemble things possessing souls, that is the non-animals. Using this categorisation, certain things which by the scientific definition are animals, are not so by the Maratrean definition — such as shellfish (oysters, mussells, etc.). From a Maratrean perspective, an oyster is a plant. (This does not make Maratreanism contrary to science; it is entirely possible to accept differing and contrary definitions of the same words for different purposes — the context will determine which definition is being used.)

assembly: a representative body elected by the initiates of the holy council.

authority:
In Maratreanism, the word “authority” is used to refer to power of decree possessed by the Prophet-in-Council, and all those to whom the Prophet-in-Council has delegated its power of decree: the Prefects-in-Council of the provinces and dioceses, the Holy Treasury of the Cause, the Great Orders, the Lords of Inquiry, Restriction and of the Establishment, the Guilds, and the Penal Orders, among others. All these delegated authorities exist subject to the right of appeal to the Prophet-in-Council, and the power of the Prophet-in-Council to overturn their decisions upon appeal

bathochronicism (from Greek βάθος "deep" and χρονικός "of time") refers to belief in deep time, i.e. that the universe is many millions or billions or trillions of years old. The opposite, abathochronicism, believes that the universe is much younger, such as only millennia old

belief: a belief is a disposition to act, to commit the acts of (i) asserting the truth of the proposition using external means of communication, such as speech and writing; (ii) asserting the truth of the proposition in one's own inner thoughts; and (iii) in one's other actions, acting as if the proposition were true. As a disposition, it may exist even in the absence of the requisite acts (the appropriate circumstances to trigger the disposition may have never arisen, or stronger countervailing non-doxastic dispositions may prevent those acts; it is even compatible with the existence of contrary acts, if a stronger non-doxastic disposition would compel them. For example, one may believe something yet never state it in speech or writing — because no one has ever asked one's opinion on it, and a circumstance in which it would be appropriate to venture it unasked has never occured, or because the belief would be highly unpopular and hence not a good idea to state to others. For the later reason, one may even state the contrary of one's own beliefs, for the reason of one's own safety — for example, if one lives in a totalitarian police state, and is asked if one believes some claim of government propaganda is truthful, one may insist to all and sundry that it is, because you do not trust anyone at all to reveal to them that one disbelieves it. Given that belief is a disposition, we may say if one believes X, and Y is an obvious consequence of Y, one believes Y also, even though one has never explicitly thought or said it; nonetheless, one has a disposition to say it, for if anyone ever asked you, believing X, you would certainly also assert the truth of Y. Whereas, if Y is an obscure or difficult or non-trivial consequence of X, having a disposition does not mean that one has a disposition to believe Y, because one may not appreciate (either at all or immediately) that X has Y as a consequence.

circularian
: an adherent of the belief that time is a circle, that time is circular. The belief which circularians adhere to is also known as circularianism. Maratreanism is a type of circularianism.

council: Those called to advise the Prophet. At least one half shall be those, appointed thereto by decree, to serve for life, that is until death or resignation or removal. The Prophet-in-Council may provide by decree that up to one half the council be elected for a term of years by the holy Assembly. The council cannot act without the Prophet; the only binding act it is capable of without a Prophet is the election of another Prophet. (It may however issue provisional decrees without a Prophet, which are subject to approval or disallowance by a Prophet once elected.) The Prophet-in-Council may by decree provide that it shall vote by a triple majority (an overall majority, and a majority of both elected and appointed members.)

decree: that which the Prophet has proposed and the Council has agreed to. Only that approved by decree is an official teaching of the holy Maratrean Ecclesia; though the Prophet or the Councillors may make other pronouncements, only the decrees of the Prophet-in-Council represent the official teaching of the Ecclesia.

degrees of inclusivity: the degrees of inclusivity refer to the different relationships which may exist in inclusive monotheism between the one deity and the many deities:
  • identical: this refers to one of the many deities being seen as a name, image or mask of the one deity. The deities are seen as being fundamentally identical; the difference is merely one of labelling.
  • distinctive: this refers to one of the many deities being seen as a servant, mediator or representative of the one deity. This deity is not identified with the one deity, but functions as the one deity's vicar, servant, representative, emissary, mediator, minister, messenger, etc.
  • aspectual: this refers to one of the many deities being seen as a form, aspect or emanation of the one deity. This is intermediate between the identical and distinctive degrees; the two deities are not identified to the extent which they are in the identical view, but neither are they distinguished and viewed as separate and distinct deities either.
These degrees may be held to exist in how the believer or worshipper conceives the relationship between the ultimate deity and the individual deities. However, they may also be held to actually objectively exist in the relationships between the deities themselves, as opposed to merely in the minds of the worshippers or believers. One may believe that all deities are related in the same degree; or one may believe that different deities are related in different degrees.

economic principle: the principle that a Maratrean ought, in all economic matters, give preference to dealings with fellow Maratreans over non-Maratreans. This includes such matters as purchasing goods or services, seeking employment or employees, etc. The obligation is not absolute — if it is impractible to deal with a Maratrean — such that no Maratrean can provide that good or service or skill, or cannot do so at a reasonable price — then the obligation does not apply

emptiness of universes: by which universes divide, and due to their division being progressive and gradual rather than instantaneous, the boundaries between them become vague and ambiguous, and we become present in multiple distinct universes simultaneously

enlightenment: Enlightenment is of four kinds — lesser enlightenment, the great enlightenment, greater enlightenment, and the greatest enlightenment. Lesser and greater enlightenment may exist in several degrees. Lesser enlightenment refers to every enlightened state lesser than the great enlightenment, such as may be attained by those who lack the cause and lack the complete truth of the cause and of the true nature of things and of the truly good and truly beautiful and truly true. The great enlightenment is the enlightened state of those in possession of the completeness of the truth. Greater Enlightenment, in its varying degrees, belongs to those who have undergone the merger of souls; it is not possible for those who live upon the earth, save for the last days, but only for those who dwell in the heavenly realms. The degrees of the greater enlightenment correspond to the process of the unification of the roots.

establishment: (1) the structure established by Maratreans to implement the economic principle
(2) an establishment of the most holy Cause; every establishment ends in triumph in at least one branch, although in other branches it may instead be vanquished; but if vanquished, it shall be later re-established

first decree: the first decree by which the Prophet-in-Council is established, it must be adopted unanimously by the protoprophet and the protocouncil, by which they transform themselves into Prophet and Council respectively. It must also declare a scripture setting forth the greater part of the truth of the cause. The first decree is the only decree the protoprophet and protocouncil may make; they may provisionally adopt certain decisions, on the way to this decree, but this decree is the only formal act of which they are capable.

Great Sabbath: when Maratrea alone is, and nothing else — alone in the perfect happiness of her perfect love of her very own being.

guild: a society of all Maratrean initiates in a particular profession; part of the Maratrean establishment

hyperomphalism: Omphalism is the claim that the universe began at a certain point in time — say 6000 years ago — but it began with all the signs of having existed prior to then. The term comes from the Greek word for navel — omphalos — the idea of humans coming into existence with a navel, a sign of having been born, without having actually been born. Similarly, light would have come into existence already in motion, as if it had come from distant stars millions of years ago, without actually having so come. The concept was originally devised by Christians, trying to harmonise a literal interpretation of their scriptures with the observed nature of the universe. But, as an idea it has no necessary connection with the Christian religion. We may speak also of hyperomphalism, which is an omphalism which supposes that the universe began not a few thousand years ago, but very recently, say last century, last decade, last year, last month, last week, yesterday — but it began with us all having (false) memories of it having existed prior thereto. The most extreme form of hyperomphalism is a certain form of presentism, the belief that the universe began this very moment, and the past never existed. We should not say that the philosophy of time usually known as 'presentism' is necessarily the same as this hyperomphalist presentism, only that such a hyperomphalism is possible. Omphalism, hyperomphalism, hyperomphalist presentism — these are sceptical hypothesises about the past. How may we overcome them? There is only one way — which way is the highest faith. Indeed, if the past existed not, then by her promises, she would grant to us its existence, in fulfilment of true desire. Thus, if the past existed not, it exists; if the past exists, it exists; therefore the past exists.

knowledge: we know P if we believe P, P is true, our belief that P is true is rationally justified, and if all propositions which we believed and upon which we based our belief in P were true.

legal principle: the principle that a Maratrean ought not turn outside their religion for the settlement of disputes with fellows of their own religion, but should turn to the resources of their own religion to settle these disputes, and submit them to be decided in accordance with the laws of the Maratrean religion

Maratrean: (1) an adherent of the Maratrean religion. The adherents of the religion of Maratreanism are known as Maratreans, or more rarely as Maratreanists. But the term Maratrean is preferred to Maratreanist
(2) of or relating to the religion of Maratreanism, or the Goddess Maratrea herself.

Maratrea: the chief goddess of the Maratrean religion; the ultimate divinity — the one single soul at the beginning-end of time, from whom all have divided so that all shall return. She is not a jealous deity; no true deity is jealous, and the deity which is jealous is not a true deity, but an impostor. She gladly receives our worship and praise under many forms, names, images, through many servants, representatives, emanations and mediatories.

monotheism: belief in one deity. There are two possible variants, exclusive and inclusive. Exclusive monotheists believe that their deity is the only deity, and all other deitys are fakes, frauds, non-existent, demons masquerading as deitys, etc. Inclusive monotheists believe that although there is one deity, that one deity can have many names, forms, masks, images, aspects, emanations, servants, representatives, mediators, etc. Inclusive monotheism is compatible with polytheism; exclusive monotheism is incompatible with polytheism.

Navaletus: captain and chief spirit of the spirits of the Cause, those vowed faithful to the most holy Cause

omnitheism: belief in every deity. An omnitheist believes in the existence of every deity that anyone believes in. They do not necessarily worship every such deity (they need not be omnilators); but they do admit their existence.  Omnitheism is compatible with both polytheism and inclusive monotheism, but incompatible with exclusive monotheism.

Pandal:
the most palid Pandal, captain and chief spirit of the spirits of the enmity, those vowed to oppose the most holy Cause and to serve the enmity thereto

Penal Orders: institutions of penance established for those guilty of grave misdeeds, such as murder and rape. Membership therein is voluntarily. The authority shall appoint visitors on to them who shall not be among their membership but shall possess powers of guidance and supervision. Anyone seeking membership in a penal order must convince the authority to its satisfaction that they are guilty of a misdeed truly of such gravity and that they freely admit to the same. Despite some misinterpretations of their name, their focus is not upon physical asceticism, but an asceticism of the spirit in facing honestly the gravity of their own deeds, and the consequences of the same in the heavenly penal chamber. Faithful membership comes with no promise of escaping those heavenly consequences, yet still the possibility that one’s penance might be sufficient to win the mercy of those who hold the power over that heavenly chamber.

polytheism: belief in many deities. A polytheist believes in the existence of more than one deity; but not necessarily ever deity. They may, for example, only believe in the deities of a certain pantheon, and not in those of another pantheon. Polytheism is compatible with inclusive monotheism but incompatible with exclusive monotheism.

Presexual marriage refers to the grave and heinous sin of marrying a person with whom one has not had sexual relations. The holy Prophet Travancus clearly declared this to be sinful in the holy scriptures. There are certain leniencies, exceptions to the sinfulness of this act or the gravity of it sin:

  • those who wish to marry, but due to some physical or other deficiency, are incapable of sexual relations, are innocent of this sin if they so marry
  • those who wish to marry, in urgent circumstances, where due to those urgent circumstances sexual relations prior to marriage are not possible, are innocent of this sin if they so marry
  • those who are raised by infidels, such that they are kept ignorant of the sinfulness of this act - for them the act is still sinful, but its sinfulness is greatly reduced in degree
prophet: everyone has the potential to receive revelation, concerning the truth of the cause, and the true nature of things, and the truly good and truly beautiful and truly true. However, the prophet is one set aside, especially chosen, as acknowledged the people of the cause, to be the chief or principal recipient of revelation on behalf of the people of the cause. There is no Prophet without the Council, nor Council without the Prophet; the purpose of the Council is to guide and advise the Prophet, and to keep them from going astray. Any person, female or male, young or old, may be the Prophet, if they have the spirit of Prophecy within them.  The Prophet-in-Council shall decree a successor, who shall succeed upon the death or resignation of the Prophet. If the Prophet dies or resigns without such a successor being decreed, the Council shall elect a successor. The Prophet may unilaterally revoke the appointment of a successor by decree, but cannot substitute another successor without the consent of the Council. But, a unilateral revocation of successorship may itself be revoked, provided the Prophet-in-Council has not decreed otherwise, to decree another successor, or to decree the revocation of successorship without nominating another successor. (A unilateral revocation or cancellation of unilateral revocation is not the same as a proposal for a decree, or consent to a proposed decree.) We may classify prophets as follows: false or true — a true prophet teaches the truth, and not any falsehood (the may have false opinions, but they do not present those opinions as the prophetic teaching — in that which they present as the prophetic teaching, and in all they say in that area, they speak only the truth); a false prophet teaches falsehoods revealed to them by the spirits of enmity. A prophet may be complete or incomplete — a complete prophet teaches all the truths necessary for the establishment of the cause — not every truth, but every truth necessary for that end; and incomplete prophet is missing some such truths from their teaching, even if they teach not any falsehood. A prophet may be fully-enlightened or not; that refers to their attainment of the fulness of the great enlightenment. A prophet may be fully-indwelt or not; that refers to their being indwelt by the captain of the Spirits of the Cause, the most holy Navaletus. A prophet may be anointed or not; that refers to their anointment with sabbatical remembrance.

protocouncil: those gathered around the protoprophet, working towards the establishment of the Prophet-in-Council.  Upon successfully establishment, the protocouncil becomes the council, by means of the first decree.

protoprophet
: Is one who is not a prophet, but in a time without a prophet, one who displays the signs of potential to become a prophet. But to become a prophet, they must have a council, which together must decree their establishment, and the establishment of scripture.

protoscripture: true scripture being that which the Prophet-in-Council has decreed as scripture, protoscripture is some thing proposed to be considered as scripture, but not actually decreed as scripture, at least not yet. We may distinguish seven kinds of protoscripture: that which the prophet proposes to the council for consideration as scripture; that which another proposes to the prophet, that the Prophet may consider whether to propose the same to the Council; that which the prophet circulates for consideration, but does not formally propose to the Council; that which another circulates for consideration, but does not formally propose the same to the Prophet; that which a Protoprophet proposes to a Protocouncil for consideration as scripture; that which a Protoprophet circulates, but does not formally propose to the Protocouncil; that which another proposes to a protoprophet for consideration of proposing to the protocouncil. [In certain drafts of the protoscripture, the sixth kind is referred to as the fourth kind.]

province: a geographical subdivision of the holy Ecclesia; it is headed by a provincial prefect, appointed by the Prophet-in-Council, who is assisted by a provincial council and assembly. Provinces may in turn be subdivided into dioceses, who are likewise headed by a diocesan prefect, assisted by the diocesan council and assembly.

Sabbath: Maratreanism acknowledges three Sabbaths at the beginning-end of time — the Great Sabbath, the Earlier Lesser Sabbath and the Latter Lesser Sabbath. During the Great Sabbath, Suarenna alone exists; during the Earlier Lesser Sabbath, Suarenna and Suade alone exist; during the Latter Lesser Sabbath, Suarenna and Suaretta alone exist.  Remember the Sabbath on the seventh day, the day of the Sun, in honour of the three Sabbaths at the beginning-end of time.

sacred animal tribe: the sacred animals are organized into tribes; each tribe has a tutelary deity. The tribes are divided into subtribes, headed by subtutelaries. The tribes and subtribes do not necessarily correspond to the taxons of biological classification. They are more concerned with matters of the soul then of mere biology.

Sacred Animal Holocaust refers to the mass murder being committed against sacred animals. This mass murder is ongoing. Some examples include:

  • Euthanasia of dogs and cats, not because they are unhealthy, but just because humans are too lazy to care for them
  • Evil people who eat dogs and cats - most commonly found in China
  • Whaling by the Japan, Norway, Iceland, indigenous tribes in Canada and the United States.
scripture: true scripture is that which a true prophet has revealed, and a true council has approved. False scripture is that which the false prophets have authored under the inspiration of the spirits of enmity. Scripture is of three kinds: true scripture, false scripture, and corrupted scripture. Corrupted scripture is scripture which was originally true, but has been corrupted by the false prophet's falsehoods. False scripture was never true to begin with. Corruption of scripture is of two kinds, textual and hermeneutic. In textual corruption, the false prophets have altered the text of the scripture, through insertions and deletions and alterations. In hermeneutic corruption, the false prophets have left the true scripture unaltered as to its text, but have promulgated a false interpretation thereof. The canon of scripture is open — new scripture may be added, existing scripture may be updated, or current scripture may be retired — by decree of the Prophet-in-Council from time-to-time. Revelation is continuing, through the succession of Prophets.

spirit
: a spirit is a pattern in the experiences of souls, just as matter is a pattern in the experiences of souls — but it is a different type of pattern. Spirits may be classified as personal, impersonal, or quasipersonal. A personal spirit is attached to a soul; an impersonal spirit is not attached to a soul, and does not appear similiar in a significant way to those spirits who are so attached; a quasipersonal spirit is not attached to a soul, but it resembles in some significant ways those spirits which are attached to souls, without however sufficient resemblance to cause a soul to be so attached. The many-bejewelled-god and the far-beyond-god are spirits not personal. Spirits may also be divided according to their relationship to the cause: those vowed faithful to the most holy Cause (which may further be subdivided into those so vowed from their very beginning, and those who later so vowed); those vowed instead to the enmity (which might likewise be divided in two); and those vowed to neither, the neutral or intermediate spirits — they do not inherently serve the cause or the enmity, although each order of spirits shall seek to influence and command these spirits to serve its ends. The many-bejewelled and the far-beyond are not vowed to either the cause or the enmity; but unlike other neutral spirits, who are subject to the contestation of these two, these ones exist beyond such contestation, being beyond the many worlds, but solely subject to the influence of Maratrea — the many-bejewelled directly, and the far-beyond through the many-bejewelled. These must be understood as belonging to a fourth group — those who serve Maratrea, but do so beyond the worlds of the cause and the enmity.

Suade
: She Who Divides; who upon First Division becomes distinct from Suarenna; for Suarenna will remain in the fulness of the expression of her divine essence, but Suade will willingly give up the fulness of the expression of her divine essence, and be emptied thereof, in order to become the many souls of the many worlds. She exists between First and Second Division.

Suarenna
: She Who Remains; the one single soul at the beginning-end of time. The fulness of the divine essence, who remains in that fulness throughout the circle of time.

Suaretta: She Who Returns; who comes into being upon Penultimate Merger, as the roots have returned to their original oneness; she who regains the fulness of the expression her divine essence, which she once willingly gave up and became emptied thereof; she who, having once willingly become divided to become the many souls of the many worlds, is now the return of all those souls to their original unity with one another.

time: an ultimately indefinable thing, something which just is; one of the fundamental aspects of reality not further definable in terms of anything else. "Time flows", which we know to be true — but cannot explain what that means. This is one of the great mysteries of being. Time is not space and space is not time. Time is a dimension of experiential space; but it is a different category of dimension. There is only one dimension of this category. Time is circular, time is a circle. Time is finite yet unbounded. Time is subjective — it flows at different rates for different people. Yet it is always commensurable, thus it ultimately constitutes a coherent whole. It is possible to travel through time — in circular time we are all time-travellers, going back to the past via the future — time-travel proper is simply taking a shorter route. Time is subjective — we travel forward in time whenever we sleep. Yet it is intersubjective, since every subjective time ultimately unites to form one whole. Every moment is both before and after itself, the past coming after the future, the future before the past. All things repeating endlessly, not new and differently each time, but exactly the same every time — or equivalently, only once. The circle of time is also known as the 'Great Cycle' of time — for in lesser cycles, things repeat similarly, but in the Great Cycle things repeat exactly the same.

Tivarzecon: the spirit of proper conservatism, who protects against any excessive enthusiasms. He is a servant of Navaletus, one of the spirits vowed to serve the most holy Cause. Let us clearly distinguish true conservativism — which while literally conservative, has no opposition to change where change be beneficial — from the false conservativism of those who are slaves to the past, and to their own fixed ideas, who wish to conserve the evil along with the good, and oppose every worthwhile reform. By the virulence and irrationality of their tongues, these ones demonstrate that they are not in any way truly conservative — they are anything but!

tradition: that which has been handed down. It has three forms: unwritten, written, and institutional. The unwritten corresponds to the oral tradition. The written consists of all that is written, non-canonical, paracanonical or canonical. The institutional is the succession of offices.  Scripture is the canonical part of the written tradition.  Those who say that scripture is separate from tradition, or better than tradition, are mistaken — it is one particular part of tradition, a part of a part of tradition. Tradition is not to be condemned, neither slavishly followed, but reformed and purified as needed. Reason, experience, and continuing revelation are the tools with which tradition may be sifted, to separate the wheat from the chaff.

Travancus:
first prophet of the Travancine-Clarettan establishment
 

Trinity: the Maratrean Trinity consists of She Who Remains (Suarenna); She Who Divides (Suade); She Who Returns (Suaretta).

triumph: triumph is of two kinds, first and second. First triumph represents the triumph of the temporal power of the cause over all opposition, throughout a branch. Second triumph is the triumph of the spiritual power of the cause over all opposition, throughout a branch. Subsequent to second triumph is the end of all things. Upon the attainment of second triumph, intrauniversal branching ceases for that branch — though penal and interrogative branching remain.

unity of the Prophets: a doctrine of the religion of Maratreanism. Every Prophet, insofar as they participate in this unity, is a Lord of the Cause; but the Cause has not many such Lords, but rather only one such Lord, for by this unity every Lord of the Cause is one Lord. A fivefold Prophet (one who is true, complete, fully-enlightened, fully-indwelt and anointed) participates in this Unity in the fullness thereof; a twofold Prophet (true and complete) participates in this unity substantially but only partially; a onefold Prophet (a true but not complete Prophet) or a zerofold prophet (a false prophet) cannot be said to participate in this Unity, although a onefold Prophet can be said to be associated with it without participating in it, whereas a false prophet can scarcely even be said to participate in it.

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Zachary Martin,
Nov 17, 2012, 4:28 PM
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