The Early Days Of Canterbury: Synopsis of Contents




Synopsis of Contents

CHAPTER 1.   The Selection of Canterbury by Captain ThomasGenesis of Province - Captain Joseph Thomas - Selection of Site of Canterbury - Survey and construction of roads at Lyttelton - Avon being used by Deans Bros. - Nomenclature of Christchurch and its River - Naming of Lyttelton Streets by Thomas - Survey of Sumner - Boundaries of Original Town of Christchurch - Thomas's work eulogised by Captain Stokes - Godley's arrival 1850 - Estrangement with Thomas - Hay's and Deans' validity of tenure questioned - William Deans drowned.


CHAPTER 2.   Port Lyttelton and our Infant Town of ChristchurchColonists' Council meet December 20, 1850 - Special acknowledgment of Thomas' services – First Ball in Lyttelton, February, 1851 - Bridle Path constructed in two months - Dr. Barker gazetted qualified medico - Christchurch develops apace - Godley's Raupo dwelling in Christchurch destroyed by fire - First school holiday gathering at Godley's Lyttelton home - Reading rooms opened Lyttelton and Christchurch - Christ's College opened - Scholarship endowments - First Confirmation March 18, 1851 - Coroner and Deputy Postmaster gazetted - Sale of Sections - First Regatta - Wreck of "Randolph" - Arrival of "Castle Eden" - Mutinous crew - Supreme Court difficulties - Settlers petition Government to create Canterbury a separate province - Sir Geo. Grey's visit - Formation of Ferry Road - Market Place excavation - Christchurch develops apace - Whish and Goodacre - Trades and Professions - Riccarton Road and Papanui Road formed - Early dwellings - Market gardens - Location of Bagley Park.


CHAPTER 3.   The Growth of the New SettlementChurch of England seeks organised government in New Zealand - First Shipping Company Lyttelton to Heathcote - First vehicle over Bridle Path - Grey's policy condemned by Wakefield - Sir John Pakington's Bill passed - Supreme Court's first session - Horticultural Society's first show - Godley farewelled - Social functions - Progress in 1853 - Colony obtains self government - Whalers at Akaroa - The gold fever - a wild goose chase after gold - Freemasonry established - The first locally built vessel launched at Lyttelton - First steamer arrives - St. Augustine Lodge opened in Christchurch - Cattle Show in Market Place 1853 - Acclimatisation - Glen mark purchased by J. H. Moore - First horse race - Bishop Selwyn farewelled - St. Andrews Church opened - Avonside Church consecrated - Blight makes its appearance at Akaroa-1867 Wool clip - Inwood's Mill authorised - First theatre opened - Governor's Bay and Sumner Roads completed - Fight for the Tunnel­ - Moorhouse elected Superintendent - Show of sheep at Rangitata - Agricultural and Pastoral Association formed - Municipal status granted to Lyttelton and Christchurch - Disastrous bush fires at Kaiapoi - Public Hospital Site Bill passed.


CHAPTER 4.   Christchurch Grows ApaceFierce opposition to proposed tunnel - Question finalised by Stephenson - Stud horse parade held in Christchurch - Inception of Volunteer movement - Fire in Cashel Street - Hunt Club, formed - St. Michael's Church bell installed - The Clock Tower - Census of traffic over Whately Road Bridge - Opening of Bank of New Zealand - Godley's death - Memorial decided upon - First election for Christchurch Municipal Council - Christchurch Gas Coy. founded - Influx of immigrants - Canterbury A. & P. Association formed - Sydenham Show Grounds purchased - Cricket firmly established - Taylor's Tea Gardens opened - Canterbury Musical Society's first concert - Our first promenade concert - Artesian experimental wells - Town Belts planted - Haast recommends aqueduct water supply for Christchurch - Church of England Cemetery consecrated - Celebration in honour of marriage of Prince of Wales - First railway in New Zealand opened - Three thousand five hundred passengers carried on Christchurch-Heathcote line - Provincial grant £500 for acclimatisation of fish - Shipping signals from Lyttelton repeated at "Lyttelton Times" office - plan formulated for School of Art and Design - Anglican Church opened at Halswell - The first Board of Education gazetted - Canterbury Music Hall converted into up-to-date theatre - Grand opera played by Lyster Company - White swans presented to Acclimatisation Society - Weeping, and other shrubs introduced - How "Cabbage" Wilson received his name.


CHAPTER 5.     Early Business ThoroughfaresEarly premises in Cashel Street from Oxford Terrace to High Street - Values of land in early days compared with present times - Wilson's purchase of Triangle sections - Tuam Street West was one of the town's busiest thoroughfare - Gully running from St. Michael's Church across the town to Manchester Street bridge was water laden, at times necessitating the services of a ferryman - Windmill Road was favourite residential neighbourhood - Shops in Tuam Street west - Visualisation of Tuam Street fifty years hence.


CHAPTER 6.     Sumner and LytteltonEarly Sumner - Named after the Primate of England Archbishop Sumner - Township laid out by Jollie - Selected by Felix Wakefield - Wakefield visits England and brings back number of fauna for Nelson - Wakefield settles in Sumner and plans harbour facilities and water supply - Wakefield's hope of Sumner being connecting link between Lyttelton and Christchurch does not materialise - Moorhouse's tunnel scheme bitterly resented by Wakefield and Fitzgerald - Fitzgerald starts Christchurch "Press" to give opposition fullest publicity - Death of Wakefield - Many wrecks on Sumner bar - Cave Rock - Sumner's first pilot - Captain Thomas's storeroom at Sumner entrance - Sumner's first hotel opened - Early coaches and rival proprietors - Collision in Monck's Bay - Phil Ball's old stables - McCormack's Bay - Sumner's first general store - All Saints' Anglican Church - First marriage solemnised - Wakefield's trial bricked well at Clifton tram stop - Sumner donkey owners - Early settlers - School for Deaf Mutes - Fraternal characteristics of pilgrim colonisers - An English atmosphere infused into the founding of the Province - Colony developed under favourable circumstances - Holy Trinity Church at Lyttelton consecrated - Building replaced by present atone edifice - Godley and Fitzgerald were the first Churchwardens - Early Incumbents - St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church erected on site presented by Sir Frederick Weld - Presbyterian Church in stone built to replace original wooden building - Presbyterian High School started - Erection of Oddfellows Hall - Wesleyan Church removed from Norwich Quay to Winchester Street­ - Lyttelton's first Masonic Lodge constituted - The Moorhouse Tunnel - The first Electric Telegraph connection in the Colony opened - Lyttelton's progress and development of shipping facilities - Disastrous fire - Canterbury Street business premises and homes - Lyttelton's earliest medicos - Norwich Quay warehouses - Godley Lighthouse built at cost of £3,000.


CHAPTER 7.         Old IdentitiesOld identities in Christchurch and their residences - Medical practitioners - Cob houses only available to men of means - Well known citizens - Distinguished visitors - Our first water driven flour mills - The first circus - Early cabbies - Rabbits presented to the Province by Sir George Grey - Early solicitors - Our first resident Supreme Court judge - Many bankruptcies - Drinking bars forced upon the people - Police kept busy - The first Post Office opened in Christchurch - The market building erected - Well known 'characters" - Immigrants Gaoled by Canterbury Association for non-repayment of fares - Importation of Chinese labour openly advocated - Our first bees imported from Nelson.


CHAPTER 8.     Place Names and Early SettlersPlace names and their association with the Homeland - Gladstone, Spreydon, Weedons, Heathcote, Mandeville, Harewood, Lincoln, Mount Herbert, Sefton. Ashley - Papanui timber villas - Village celebrities - Early Chemists - The Provincial Auditor in cabbage tree hat - Well known citizens - The gold fever - Prospective Association formed - Cockle shells used instead of lime by early builders - The cutting made at Redcliffs - Flounders caught in the Avon at Colombo Street - Gold rush to West Coast - Thousands of men took coach to Leithfield and swagged the rest of the journey to the Coast - Many men lost their lives - Gold becomes plentiful - Arthur's Pass and Otira Gorge road formed - The ferry at the Waimakariri had a busy time - The old windmill moved to Leithfield - Old identities at Kaiapoi­ - Christchurch Town Reserves of 107 acres sold despite fierce opposition - Immigration Barracks in Market Square erected by George Cliff taxed to utmost capacity - Well known horse dealers - Town criers - Kohler's gardens - The ubiquitous agitator asserts himself - Christchurch experiences slump - Land sales stopped - unemployed receive 3/6 a day - Lyttelton Choral Society formed - Canterbury Music Ball Company established - Memorials in North Bagley Park to commemorate first dwellers' homes.


CHAPTER 9.    The Presbyterian Mother Church of the Canterbury Province: St. Andrew'sThe project. of the establishment of a Presbyterian Mother Church in Canterbury - The first Presbyterian service held in Christchurch - Measures taken to establish a Scottish Church - Land grant obtained from the Government of waste lands in Tuam Street West - Death of John Deans mid David M. Laurie - Rev. Charles Fraser selected in Edinburgh as first minister - St. Andrew's Church completed and opened - The band of Scots through whose efforts the scheme was brought to fruition.


CHAPTER 10.   Round about the Town: The earliest premises in Market Square - The weighbridge - A well remembered cheap-jack - Show tents allowed in Cathedral Square - The Archdeacon of the Bluegums - The Police Barracks - The old Fire Brigade Station - The original Provincial Council Chamber opened - Number of members increased from 26 to 35 - Foundation stone of Government Offices laid - Cost of various contracts in connection with the Provincial Block - The new Provincial Chamber - The artistic ideals which characterised the Pioneers - Business men of the mid-Victorian type - Our Immigration Officer - Early drapers - Interesting hours spent in the old Magistrates' Court - Names and places recalled and old times described.


CHAPTER 11.   More Old IdentitiesSome more of our best known business men - Their little peculiarities of habit - The rank and file - Prize ducks in a canary cage - One of our earliest clergymen - Supreme Court incident - The Archery Lawn - Oxford bags - A young man fresh from England.


CHAPTER 12.   Some More Old Identities: Outstanding personalities about town - Mid-Victorian figures - Immaculately dressed men - Early Nurserymen - Boffin - Early Concert Hall performances - Early oarsmen - Uncle Tom's Coffee House - Wine licenses held by refreshment shops.


CHAPTER 13.   More Old IdentitiesAn enterprising photographer - Old familiar figures - St. John's Choir - A popular Church - Flying Peter - The monocled erstwhile Anglican Parson - The rotund cabby - Death of Mr Hobden - A well known maternity nurse - A gentleman jockey and a good all round "sport" - The sine qua non of successful chemists - The registrar of births, deaths and marriages - A googly bowler - Launching the Beautifying Association - Three well known railway officials - Uncle Sam the pawnbroker - Early services at Durham Street Church.


CHAPTER 14    Our Public Squares: Anniversary Day Sports at Latimer Square - Richardson's Show - The Wheel of Fortune - Doodlum Buck - The first velocipede race in Christchurch - A satisfactory raffle - Fireworks at Hagley Park - Early Firemen - Christchurch Bowling Club - Residences at Cranmer Square - Popular Schools for girls and boys - Association Football - Well known exponents of the game.


CHAPTER 15    Red Letter Days: The Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry - The first coach service between Lyttelton and Christchurch – Christchurch Streets lighted with kerosene lamps - Horticultural Society's Show – Foundation stone laid at Lyttelton of Roman Catholic Church. The Messiah Oratorio rendered in Town Hall - The Extinguisher fire engine - St. Mark's Anglican Church - Interprovincial telegraph line opened to Bluff - Browning's Pass - Townships laid out on West Coast - A terrific thunderstorm - First overland mail from West Coast to Christchurch - Many wrecks on Hokitika bar - Fatal accident on Sumner Lyttelton Road - Move to separate the North Island from the Middle Island - A severe period or economic depression - Telegraphic communication opened with West Coast - Present site of post office purchased by Provincial Government - The importation of birds and fish - The Town Hall strained by earthquake - Town Hall destroyed by fire - Anglican Cathedral foundation stone - Day of great rejoicing.


CHAPTER 16.   Olla PodridaEdward Gibbon Wakefield's portrait presented to Canterbury - Medical and Chirurgical Society formed in Christchurch - Disastrous fire in Colombo Street - Roller skating introduced - Special exhibits at Horticultural Society's Show - The Thomson steam traction engine - The water race system of irrigation introduced - Rival schemes for connecting Lyttelton with Christchurch - Sumner Road opened by Fitzgerald in his "circulating medium" - First attempt to navigate Sumner bar by steam failed - Boats up to 100 tons discharged cargo at Heathcote wharf - Tunnel ultimately decided upon - Contract let but abandoned - Holmes and Richardson sign contract - Tunnel opened for public inspection - Lieutenant Dugald McFarlane and Sir Walter Scott - Hunt Club formed - The first rose Show - First wheeled vehicle to Akaroa - Birds liberated at Botanic Gardens­ - Oddfellows Hall opened - First concert performance - Canterbury Club formed - The first golf club started - Attempt to introduce street trams - Phenomenal development of Canterbury Province - Pioneer manufacturers of tweed from local wool - Exhibition in old drill shed - Christchurch Domains Board constituted - Offer by Provincial Council for Cathedral Site rejected - Early milk vendors - Christchurch popular for bicycles - First mid-winter show held on Sydenham Park - Gale sweeps ground clear of tents - Rakaia Bridge opened - Saleyards Company formed for cattle and sheep - First meeting of Board of Governors of Canterbury College.


CHAPTER 17.   Schools of the Sixties: Pioneer WomenMrs Thompson's ladies' school - Well known early pupils - Mrs Furby's school - Mrs Hornbrook's school - Misses Leete's school - Miss Rose Godfrey's school in Barracks, Lyttelton - Miss Ashwin - Misses Smith of Cranmer House - Miss Lohse - Mrs, Clark - Miss Manchee - Mrs Alabaster - Miss Martin - The Florence Nightingale of the first hospital.


CHAPTER 18.    Early Horse RacingThe sport of kings - Proposal to form Jockey Club - The first horse race - Races run in heats over long distances - Stamina essential - Anniversary Day racing in Hagley Park - Jockey Club materialises - The embryonic Grand National - The first president Canterbury Jockey Club - Provincial Government donates prize for "Queen's Plate" race to foster sport - Three days' racing in Hagley Park - Early jockeys - First meeting held at Riccarton - Steeplechase over cross country at Riccarton - Trotting race on North Road -1867 C.J.C. meeting attended by Sir George Grey and staff - Hunt Club formed - Hunt Club steeplechases.