More Commandments of God

"Do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophets; I have come not to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth pass away, not one letter, {Gk [one iota]} not one stroke of a letter, will pass from the law until all is accomplished. Therefore, whoever breaks {Or [annuls]} one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, will be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven."  (Matthew 5,17-19)

The Commandments of God

Exodus 20

The Ten Commandments

 

Then God spoke all these words:  

1.                  2. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; 3. you shall have no other gods before {Or [besides]} me. 

2.                  4. You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 5. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, 6. but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation {Or [to thousands]} of those who love me and keep my commandments. 

3.                  7. You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name. 

4.                  8. Remember the Sabbath day, and keep it holy. 9. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. 10. But the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God; you shall not do any work--you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. 11. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and consecrated it. 

5.                  12. Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 

6.                  13. You shall not murder. {Or [kill]} 

7.                  14. You shall not commit adultery. 

8.                  15. You shall not steal. 

9.                  16. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 

10.              17. You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. 

Exodus 21 

The Law concerning Slaves 

11.              2. When you buy a male Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, but

12.              in the seventh he (the male Hebrew slave) shall go out a free person, without debt. 

13.              3. If he comes in single, he shall go out single; 

14.              if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him. 

15.              4. If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's and he shall go out alone. 

16.              5. But if the slave declares, "I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out a free person," 6. then his master shall bring him before God. {Or [to the judges]} He shall be brought to the door or the doorpost; and his master shall pierce his ear with an awl; and he shall serve him for life. 

17.              7. When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do. 

18.              8. If she does not please her master, who designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed; 

19.              he (the master) shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has dealt unfairly with her. 

20.              9. If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter. 

21.              10. If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish the food, clothing, or marital rights of the first wife. 

22.              11. And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out without debt, without payment of money. 

The Law concerning Violence 

23.              12. Whoever strikes a person mortally shall be put to death. 

24.              13. If it was not premeditated, but came about by an act of God, then I will appoint for you a place to which the killer may flee. 

25.              14. But if someone willfully attacks and kills another by treachery, you shall take the killer from my altar for execution. 

26.              15. Whoever strikes father or mother shall be put to death. 

27.              16. Whoever kidnaps a person, whether that person has been sold or is still held in possession, shall be put to death. 

28.              17. Whoever curses father or mother shall be put to death. 

29.              18. When individuals quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or fist so that the injured party, though not dead, is confined to bed, 19. but recovers and walks around outside with the help of a staff, then the assailant shall be free of liability, except to pay for the loss of time, and to arrange for full recovery. 

30.              20. When a slave owner strikes a male or female slave with a rod and the slave dies immediately, the owner shall be punished. 

31.              21. But if the slave survives a day or two, there is no punishment; for the slave is the owner's property. 

32.              22. When people who are fighting injure a pregnant woman so that there is a miscarriage, and yet no further harm follows, the one responsible shall be fined what the woman's husband demands, paying as much as the judges determine. 

33.              23. If any harm follows, then you shall give life for life, 24. eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25. burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. 

34.              26. When a slave owner strikes the eye of a male or female slave, destroying it, the owner shall let the slave go, a free person, to compensate for the eye. 

35.              27. If the owner knocks out a tooth of a male or female slave, the slave shall be let go, a free person, to compensate for the tooth. 

Laws concerning Property 

36.              28. When an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox shall be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall not be liable. 

37.              29. If the ox has been accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has been warned but has not restrained it, and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall be put to death. 

38.              30. If a ransom is imposed on the owner, then the owner shall pay whatever is imposed for the redemption of the victim's life. 

39.              31. If it gores a boy or a girl, the owner shall be dealt with according to this same rule. 

40.              32. If the ox gores a male or female slave, the owner shall pay to the slave owner thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned. 

41.              33. If someone leaves a pit open, or digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34. the owner of the pit shall make restitution, giving money to its owner, but keeping the dead animal. 

42.              35. If someone's ox hurts the ox of another, so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and divide the price of it; and the dead animal they shall also divide. 

43.              36. But if it was known that the ox was accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has not restrained it, the owner shall restore ox for ox, but keep the dead animal. 

Exodus 22 

Laws of Restitution 

44.              When someone steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, the thief shall pay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. The thief shall make restitution, but if unable to do so, shall be sold for the theft. 

45.              2. If a thief is found breaking in, and is beaten to death, no bloodguilt is incurred; 

46.              3. but if it happens after sunrise, bloodguilt is incurred. 

47.              4. When the animal, whether ox or donkey or sheep, is found alive in the thief's possession, the thief shall pay double. 

48.              5. When someone causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets livestock loose to graze in someone else's field, restitution shall be made from the best in the owner's field or vineyard. 

49.              6. When fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that the stacked grain or the standing grain or the field is consumed, the one who started the fire shall make full restitution. 

50.              7. When someone delivers to a neighbor money or goods for safekeeping, and they are stolen from the neighbor's house, then the thief, if caught, shall pay double. 

51.              8. If the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall be brought before God, {Or [before the judges]} to determine whether or not the owner had laid hands on the neighbor's goods. 

52.              9. In any case of disputed ownership involving ox, donkey, sheep, clothing, or any other loss, of which one party says, "This is mine," the case of both parties shall come before God; {Or [before the judges]} the one whom God condemns {Or [the judges condemn]} shall pay double to the other. 

53.              10. When someone delivers to another a donkey, ox, sheep, or any other animal for safekeeping, and it dies or is injured or is carried off, without anyone seeing it, 11. an oath before the Lord shall decide between the two of them that the one has not laid hands on the property of the other; the owner shall accept the oath, and no restitution shall be made. 

54.              12. But if it was stolen, restitution shall be made to its owner.  

55.              13. If it was mangled by beasts, let it be brought as evidence; restitution shall not be made for the mangled remains. 

56.              14. When someone borrows an animal from another and it is injured or dies, the owner not being present, full restitution shall be made. 

57.              15. If the owner was present, there shall be no restitution; 

58.              if it was hired, only the hiring fee is due. 

Social and Religious Laws 

59.              16. When a man seduces a virgin who is not engaged to be married, and lies with her, he shall give the bride-price for her and make her his wife. 

60.              17. But if her father refuses to give her to him, he shall pay an amount equal to the bride-price for virgins. 

61.              18. You shall not permit a female sorcerer to live. 

62.              19. Whoever lies with an animal shall be put to death. 

63.              20. Whoever sacrifices to any god, other than the Lord alone, shall be devoted to destruction. 

64.              21. You shall not wrong or oppress a resident alien, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. 

65.              22. You shall not abuse any widow or orphan. 23. If you do abuse them, when they cry out to me, I will surely heed their cry; 24. my wrath will burn, and I will kill you with the sword, and your wives shall become widows and your children orphans. 

66.              25. If you lend money to my people, to the poor among you, you shall not deal with them as a creditor; you shall not exact interest from them. 

67.              26. If you take your neighbor's cloak in pawn, you shall restore it before the sun goes down; 27. for it may be your neighbor's only clothing to use as cover; in what else shall that person sleep? And if your neighbor cries out to me, I will listen, for I am compassionate. 

68.              28. You shall not revile God, or curse a leader of your people. 

69.              29. You shall not delay to make offerings from the fullness of your harvest and from the outflow of your presses. 

70.              The firstborn of your sons you shall give to me. 

71.              30. You shall do the same with your oxen and with your sheep: seven days it shall remain with its mother; on the eighth day you shall give it to me. 

72.              31. You shall be people consecrated to me; therefore you shall not eat any meat that is mangled by beasts in the field; you shall throw it to the dogs. 

Exodus 23 

Justice for All 

73.              You shall not spread a false report. 

74.              You shall not join hands with the wicked to act as a malicious witness. 

75.              2. You shall not follow a majority in wrongdoing; when you bear witness in a lawsuit, you shall not side with the majority so as to pervert justice; 

76.              3. nor shall you be partial to the poor in a lawsuit. 

77.              4. When you come upon your enemy's ox or donkey going astray, you shall bring it back. 

78.              5. When you see the donkey of one who hates you lying under its burden and you would hold back from setting it free, you must help to set it free. 

79.              6. You shall not pervert the justice due to your poor in their lawsuits. 

80.              7. Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent and those in the right, for I will not acquit the guilty. 

81.              8. You shall take no bribe, for a bribe blinds the officials, and subverts the cause of those who are in the right. 

82.              9. You shall not oppress a resident alien; you know the heart of an alien, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt. 

Sabbatical Year and Sabbath 

83.              10. For six years you shall sow your land and gather in its yield; 

84.              11. but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, so that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave the wild animals may eat. You shall do the same with your vineyard, and with your olive orchard. 

85.              12. Six days you shall do your work, but on the seventh day you shall rest, so that your ox and your donkey may have relief, and your home born slave and the resident alien may be refreshed. 

86.              13. Be attentive to all that I have said to you. Do not invoke the names of other gods; do not let them be heard on your lips. 

The Annual Festivals 

87.              14. Three times in the year you shall hold a festival for me. 

88.              15. You shall observe the festival of unleavened bread; as I commanded you, 

89.              you shall eat unleavened bread for seven days at the appointed time in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt. 

90.              No one shall appear before me empty-handed. 

91.              16. You shall observe the festival of harvest, of the first fruits of your labor, of what you sow in the field. 

92.              You shall observe the festival of ingathering at the end of the year, when you gather in from the field the fruit of your labor. 

93.              17. Three times in the year all your males shall appear before the Lord God. 

94.              18. You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened, or 

95.              (You shall not) let the fat of my festival remain until the morning. 

96.              19. The choicest of the first fruits of your ground you shall bring into the house of the Lord your God. 

97.              You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 

Exodus 31 

The Sabbath Law 

98.              12. The Lord said to Moses:13. You yourself are to speak to the Israelites: "You shall keep my sabbaths, for this is a sign between me and you throughout your generations, given in order that you may know that I, the Lord, sanctify you. 

99.              14. You shall keep the sabbath, because it is holy for you; everyone who profanes it shall be put to death; 

100.          whoever does any work on it shall be cut off from among the people. 

101.          15. Six days shall work be done, but 

102.          the seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall be put to death. 

103.          16. Therefore the Israelites shall keep the sabbath, observing the sabbath throughout their generations, as a perpetual covenant.17. It is a sign forever between me and the people of Israel that in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed." 

Exodus 34 

The Covenant Renewed 

104.          12. Take care not to make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you are going, or it will become a snare among you. 13. You shall tear down their altars, break their pillars, and cut down their sacred poles {Heb [Asherim]} 14. (for you shall worship no other god, because the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God). 

105.          15. You shall not make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, for when they prostitute themselves to their gods and sacrifice to their gods, someone among them will invite you, and you will eat of the sacrifice. 16. And you will take wives from among their daughters for your sons, and their daughters who prostitute themselves to their gods will make your sons also prostitute themselves to their gods. 

106.          17. You shall not make cast idols. 

107.          18. You shall keep the festival of unleavened bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out from Egypt. 

108.          19. All that first opens the womb is mine, all your male livestock, the firstborn of cow and sheep. 20. The firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. No one shall appear before me empty-handed. 

109.          21. Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest; even in plowing time and in harvest time you shall rest. 

110.          22. You shall observe the festival of weeks, the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the festival of ingathering at the turn of the year. 23. Three times in the year all your males shall appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel.24. For I will cast out nations before you, and enlarge your borders; no one shall covet your land when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year. 

111.          25. You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven, and the sacrifice of the festival of the passover shall not be left until the morning. 

112.          26. The best of the first fruits of your ground you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. 

113.          You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 

Exodus 35 

Sabbath Regulations 

114.          2. Six days shall work be done, but 

115.          on the seventh day you shall have a holy sabbath of solemn rest to the Lord; 

116.          whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. 

117.          3. You shall kindle no fire in all your dwellings on the sabbath day. 

Leviticus 11 

Clean and Unclean Foods 

118.          The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying to them:  2. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: From among all the land animals, these are the creatures that you may eat.  

119.          3. Any animal that has divided hoofs and is cleft-footed and chews the cud--such you may eat.  

120.          4. But among those that chew the cud or have divided hoofs, you shall not eat the following: the camel, for even though it chews the cud, it does not have divided hoofs; it is unclean for you. 

121.          5. The rock badger, for even though it chews the cud, it does not have divided hoofs; it is unclean for you.  6. The hare, for even though it chews the cud, it does not have divided hoofs; it is unclean for you.  7. The pig, for even though it has divided hoofs and is cleft-footed, it does not chew the cud; it is unclean for you.  8. Of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch; they are unclean for you. 

122.          9. These you may eat, of all that are in the waters. Everything in the waters that has fins and scales, whether in the seas or in the streams--such you may eat.  

123.          10. But anything in the seas or the streams that does not have fins and scales, of the swarming creatures in the waters and among all the other living creatures that are in the waters--they are detestable to you  11. and detestable they shall remain. Of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall regard as detestable.  12. Everything in the waters that does not have fins and scales is detestable to you. 

124.          13. These you shall regard as detestable among the birds. They shall not be eaten; they are an abomination: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey,  14. the buzzard, the kite of any kind;  15. every raven of any kind;  16. the ostrich, the nighthawk, the sea gull, the hawk of any kind;  17. the little owl, the cormorant, the great owl,  18. the water hen, the desert owl, {Or [pelican]} the carrion vulture,  19. the stork, the heron of any kind, the hoopoe, and the bat. {Identification of several of the birds in verses 13-19 is uncertain} 

125.          20. All winged insects that walk upon all fours are detestable to you.  

126.          21. But among the winged insects that walk on all fours you may eat those that have jointed legs above their feet, with which to leap on the ground.  22. Of them you may eat: the locust according to its kind, the bald locust according to its kind, the cricket according to its kind, and the grasshopper according to its kind.  

127.          23. But all other winged insects that have four feet are detestable to you. 

Unclean Animals 

128.          24. By these you shall become unclean; whoever touches the carcass of any of them shall be unclean until the evening,  

129.          25. and whoever carries any part of the carcass of any of them shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening.  

130.          26. Every animal that has divided hoofs but is not cleft-footed or does not chew the cud is unclean for you; everyone who touches one of them shall be unclean.  

131.          27. All that walk on their paws, among the animals that walk on all fours, are unclean for you; whoever touches the carcass of any of them shall be unclean until the evening,  

132.          28. and the one who carries the carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; they are unclean for you. 

133.          29. These are unclean for you among the creatures that swarm upon the earth: the weasel, the mouse, the great lizard according to its kind,  30. the gecko, the land crocodile, the lizard, the sand lizard, and the chameleon.  

134.          31. These are unclean for you among all that swarm; whoever touches one of them when they are dead shall be unclean until the evening.  

135.          32. And anything upon which any of them falls when they are dead shall be unclean, whether an article of wood or cloth or skin or sacking, any article that is used for any purpose; it shall be dipped into water, and it shall be unclean until the evening, and then it shall be clean.  

136.          33. And if any of them falls into any earthen vessel, all that is in it shall be unclean, and you shall break the vessel.  

137.          34. Any food that could be eaten shall be unclean if water from any such vessel comes upon it; and any liquid that could be drunk shall be unclean if it was in any such vessel.  

138.          35. Everything on which any part of the carcass falls shall be unclean; whether an oven or stove, it shall be broken in pieces; they are unclean, and shall remain unclean for you.  

139.          36. But a spring or a cistern holding water shall be clean, while whatever touches the carcass in it shall be unclean.  

140.          37. If any part of their carcass falls upon any seed set aside for sowing, it is clean;  

141.          38. but if water is put on the seed and any part of their carcass falls on it, it is unclean for you. 

142.          39. If an animal of which you may eat dies, anyone who touches its carcass shall be unclean until the evening.  

143.          40. Those who eat of its carcass shall wash their clothes and be unclean until the evening; and those who carry the carcass shall wash their clothes and be unclean until the evening. 

144.          41. All creatures that swarm upon the earth are detestable; they shall not be eaten.  

145.          42. Whatever moves on its belly, and whatever moves on all fours, or whatever has many feet, all the creatures that swarm upon the earth, you shall not eat; for they are detestable. 

146.          43. You shall not make yourselves detestable with any creature that swarms; you shall not defile yourselves with them, and so become unclean.  44. For I am the Lord your God; sanctify yourselves therefore, and be holy, for I am holy. 

147.          You shall not defile yourselves with any swarming creature that moves on the earth.  45. For I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Egypt, to be your God; you shall be holy, for I am holy. 

148.          46. This is the law pertaining to land animal and bird and every living creature that moves through the waters and every creature that swarms upon the earth,  47. to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the living creature that may be eaten and the living creature that may not be eaten. 

Leviticus 12 

Purification of Women after Childbirth 

149.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: If a woman conceives and bears a male child, she shall be ceremonially unclean seven days; as at the time of her menstruation, she shall be unclean.  

150.          3. On the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.  

151.          4. Her time of blood purification shall be thirty-three days; she shall not touch any holy thing, or come into the sanctuary, until the days of her purification are completed.  

152.          5. If she bears a female child, she shall be unclean two weeks, as in her menstruation; her time of blood purification shall be sixty-six days. 

153.          6. When the days of her purification are completed, whether for a son or for a daughter, she shall bring to the priest at the entrance of the tent of meeting a lamb in its first year for a burnt offering, and a pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering.  

154.          7. He (the priest) shall offer it before the Lord, and make atonement on her behalf; then she shall be clean from her flow of blood. This is the law for her who bears a child, male or female.  

155.          8. If she cannot afford a sheep, she shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons, one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement on her behalf, and she shall be clean. 

Leviticus 13 

Leprosy, Varieties and Symptoms 

156.          The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:  2. When a person has on the skin of his body a swelling or an eruption or a spot, and it turns into a leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease on the skin of his body, he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests.  

157.          3. The priest shall examine the disease on the skin of his body, and 

158.          if the hair in the diseased area has turned white and the disease appears to be deeper than the skin of his body, it is a leprous disease; after the priest has examined him he shall pronounce him ceremonially unclean.  

159.          4. But if the spot is white in the skin of his body, and appears no deeper than the skin, and the hair in it has not turned white, the priest shall confine the diseased person for seven days.  

160.          5. The priest shall examine him on the seventh day, and if he sees that the disease is checked and the disease has not spread in the skin, then the priest shall confine him seven days more.  

161.          6. The priest shall examine him again on the seventh day, and if the disease has abated and the disease has not spread in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean; it is only an eruption; and he shall wash his clothes, and be clean.  

162.          7. But if the eruption spreads in the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his cleansing, he shall appear again before the priest.  8. The priest shall make an examination, and if the eruption has spread in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is a leprous disease. 

163.          9. When a person contracts a leprous disease, he shall be brought to the priest.  10. The priest shall make an examination, and if there is a white swelling in the skin that has turned the hair white, and there is quick raw flesh in the swelling,  11. it is a chronic leprous disease in the skin of his body. The priest shall pronounce him unclean; he shall not confine him, for he is unclean.  

164.          12. But if the disease breaks out in the skin, so that it covers all the skin of the diseased person from head to foot, so far as the priest can see,  13. then the priest shall make an examination, and if the disease has covered all his body, he shall pronounce him clean of the disease; since it has all turned white, he is clean.  

165.          14. But if raw flesh ever appears on him, he shall be unclean;  15. the priest shall examine the raw flesh and pronounce him unclean. Raw flesh is unclean, for it is a leprous disease.  

166.          16. But if the raw flesh again turns white, he shall come to the priest;  17. the priest shall examine him, and if the disease has turned white, the priest shall pronounce the diseased person clean. He is clean. 

167.          18. When there is on the skin of one's body a boil that has healed, 19. and in the place of the boil there appears a white swelling or a reddish-white spot, it shall be shown to the priest.  

168.          20. The priest shall make an examination, and if it appears deeper than the skin and its hair has turned white, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; this is a leprous disease, broken out in the boil.  

169.          21. But if the priest examines it and the hair on it is not white, nor is it deeper than the skin but has abated, the priest shall confine him seven days.  

170.          22. If it spreads in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is diseased.  

171.          23. But if the spot remains in one place and does not spread, it is the scar of the boil; the priest shall pronounce him clean.  

172.          24. Or, when the body has a burn on the skin and the raw flesh of the burn becomes a spot, reddish-white or white,  25. the priest shall examine it. If the hair in the spot has turned white and it appears deeper than the skin, it is a leprous disease; it has broken out in the burn, and the priest shall pronounce him unclean. This is a leprous disease.  

173.          26. But if the priest examines it and the hair in the spot is not white, and it is no deeper than the skin but has abated, the priest shall confine him seven days.  

174.          27. The priest shall examine him the seventh day; if it is spreading in the skin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean. This is a leprous disease.  

175.          28. But if the spot remains in one place and does not spread in the skin but has abated, it is a swelling from the burn, and the priest shall pronounce him clean; for it is the scar of the burn.  

176.          29. When a man or woman has a disease on the head or in the beard,  30. the priest shall examine the disease. 

177.          If it appears deeper than the skin and the hair in it is yellow and thin, the priest shall pronounce him unclean; it is an itch, a leprous disease of the head or the beard.  

178.          31. If the priest examines the itching disease, and it appears no deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, the priest shall confine the person with the itching disease for seven days.  

179.          32. On the seventh day the priest shall examine the itch; if the itch has not spread, and there is no yellow hair in it, and the itch appears to be no deeper than the skin,  33. he shall shave, but the itch he shall not shave. The priest shall confine the person with the itch for seven days more.  

180.          34. On the seventh day the priest shall examine the itch; if the itch has not spread in the skin and it appears to be no deeper than the skin, the priest shall pronounce him clean. He shall wash his clothes and be clean.  

181.          35. But if the itch spreads in the skin after he was pronounced clean,  36. the priest shall examine him. If the itch has spread in the skin, the priest need not seek for the yellow hair; he is unclean.  

182.          37. But if in his eyes the itch is checked, and black hair has grown in it, the itch is healed, he is clean; and the priest shall pronounce him clean. 

183.          38. When a man or a woman has spots on the skin of the body, white spots,  39. the priest shall make an examination, and if the spots on the skin of the body are of a dull white, it is a rash that has broken out on the skin; he is clean. 

184.          40. If anyone loses the hair from his head, he is bald but he is clean.  

185.          41. If he loses the hair from his forehead and temples, he has baldness of the forehead but he is clean.  

186.          42. But if there is on the bald head or the bald forehead a reddish-white diseased spot, it is a leprous disease breaking out on his bald head or his bald forehead.  43. The priest shall examine him; if the diseased swelling is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead, which resembles a leprous { disease in the skin of the body,  44. he is leprous, he is unclean. The priest shall pronounce him unclean; the disease is on his head. 

187.          45. The person who has the leprous disease shall wear torn clothes and let the hair of his head be disheveled; and he shall cover his upper lip and cry out, "Unclean, unclean."  46. He shall remain unclean as long as he has the disease; he is unclean. He shall live alone; his dwelling shall be outside the camp. 

Leprosy of Clothes 

188.          47. Concerning clothing: when a leprous disease appears in it, in woolen or linen cloth,  48. in warp or woof of linen or wool, or in a skin or in anything made of skin,  49. if the disease shows greenish or reddish in the garment, whether in warp or woof or in skin or in anything made of skin, it is a leprous disease and shall be shown to the priest.  50. The priest shall examine the disease, and put the diseased article aside for seven days. 

189.          51. He shall examine the disease on the seventh day. If the disease has spread in the cloth, in warp or woof, or in the skin, whatever be the use of the skin, this is a spreading leprous disease; it is unclean.  52. He shall burn the clothing, whether diseased in warp or woof, woolen or linen, or anything of skin, for it is a spreading leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease; it shall be burned in fire.  

190.          53. If the priest makes an examination, and the disease has not spread in the clothing, in warp or woof or in anything of skin,  54. the priest shall command them to wash the article in which the disease appears, and he shall put it aside seven days more. 

191.          55. The priest shall examine the diseased article after it has been washed. If the diseased spot has not changed color, though the disease has not spread, it is unclean; you shall burn it in fire, whether the leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} spot is on the inside or on the outside.  

192.          56. If the priest makes an examination, and the disease has abated after it is washed, he shall tear the spot out of the cloth, in warp or woof, or out of skin.  57. If it appears again in the garment, in warp or woof, or in anything of skin, it is spreading; you shall burn with fire that in which the disease appears.  58. But the cloth, warp or woof, or anything of skin from which the disease disappears when you have washed it, shall then be washed a second time, and it shall be clean. 59. This is the ritual for a leprous disease in a cloth of wool or linen, either in warp or woof, or in anything of skin, to decide whether it is clean or unclean. 

Leviticus 14 

Purification of Lepers and Leprous Houses 

193.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. This shall be the ritual for the leprous person at the time of his cleansing:  He shall be brought to the priest;  3. the priest shall go out of the camp, and the priest shall make an examination. 

194.          If the disease is healed in the leprous person,  4. the priest shall command that two living clean birds and cedarwood and crimson yarn and hyssop be brought for the one who is to be cleansed.  

195.          5. The priest shall command that one of the birds be slaughtered over fresh water in an earthen vessel.  

196.          6. He shall take the living bird with the cedarwood and the crimson yarn and the hyssop, and dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was slaughtered over the fresh water.  

197.          7. He shall sprinkle it seven times upon the one who is to be cleansed of the leprous disease; then he shall pronounce him clean, and he shall let the living bird go into the open field.  

198.          8. The one who is to be cleansed shall wash his clothes, and shave off all his hair, and bathe himself in water, and he shall be clean. After that he shall come into the camp, but shall live outside his tent seven days.  

199.          9. On the seventh day he shall shave all his hair: of head, beard, eyebrows; he shall shave all his hair. Then he shall wash his clothes, and bathe his body in water, and he shall be clean. 

Purification Sacrifices 

200.          10. On the eighth day he shall take two male lambs without blemish, and one ewe lamb in its first year without blemish, and a grain offering of three-tenths of an ephah of choice flour mixed with oil, and one log {A liquid measure} of oil.  

201.          11. The priest who cleanses shall set the person to be cleansed, along with these things, before the Lord, at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  

202.          12. The priest shall take one of the lambs, and offer it as a guilt offering, along with the log {A liquid measure} of oil, and raise them as an elevation offering before the Lord.  13. He shall slaughter the lamb in the place where the sin offering and the burnt offering are slaughtered in the holy place; for the guilt offering, like the sin offering, belongs to the priest: it is most holy.  

203.          14. The priest shall take some of the blood of the guilt offering and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot.  

204.          15. The priest shall take some of the log {A liquid measure} of oil and pour it into the palm of his own left hand,  16. and dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand and sprinkle some oil with his finger seven times before the Lord.  

205.          17. Some of the oil that remains in his hand the priest shall put on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot, on top of the blood of the guilt offering.  

206.          18. The rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed. 

207.          Then the priest shall make atonement on his behalf before the Lord:  

208.          19. the priest shall offer the sin offering, to make atonement for the one to be cleansed from his uncleanness. Afterward he shall slaughter the burnt offering;  

209.          20. and the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the grain offering on the altar. Thus the priest shall make atonement on his behalf and he shall be clean. 

Poor Leper’s Sacrifice 

210.          21. But if he is poor and cannot afford so much, he shall take one male lamb for a guilt offering to be elevated, to make atonement on his behalf, and one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour mixed with oil for a grain offering and a log {A liquid measure} of oil;  22. also two turtledoves or two pigeons, such as he can afford, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.  

211.          23. On the eighth day he shall bring them for his cleansing to the priest, to the entrance of the tent of meeting, before the Lord;  24. and the priest shall take the lamb of the guilt offering and the log {A liquid measure} of oil, and the priest shall raise them as an elevation offering before the Lord.  

212.          25. The priest shall slaughter the lamb of the guilt offering and shall take some of the blood of the guilt offering, and put it on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of the right hand, and on the big toe of the right foot.  

213.          26. The priest shall pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand,  27. and shall sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before the Lord.  

214.          28. The priest shall put some of the oil that is in his hand on the lobe of the right ear of the one to be cleansed, and on the thumb of the right hand, and the big toe of the right foot, where the blood of the guilt offering was placed.  

215.          29. The rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put on the head of the one to be cleansed, to make atonement on his behalf before the Lord.  

216.          30. And he shall offer, of the turtledoves or pigeons such as he can afford,  31. one {Gk Syr: Heb [afford, V31 such as he can afford, one]} for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering, along with a grain offering; and the priest shall make atonement before the Lord on behalf of the one being cleansed.  32. This is the ritual for the one who has a leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease, who cannot afford the offerings for his cleansing. 

Leprosy of Houses 

217.          33. The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:  34. When you come into the land of Canaan, which I give you for a possession, and I put a leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease in a house in the land of your possession, 35. the owner of the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, "There seems to me to be some sort of disease in my house."  36. The priest shall command that they empty the house before the priest goes to examine the disease, or all that is in the house will become unclean; and afterward the priest shall go in to inspect the house.  37. He shall examine the disease; if the disease is in the walls of the house with greenish or reddish spots, and if it appears to be deeper than the surface,  38. the priest shall go outside to the door of the house and shut up the house seven days.  39. The priest shall come again on the seventh day and make an inspection; if the disease has spread in the walls of the house,  40. the priest shall command that the stones in which the disease appears be taken out and thrown into an unclean place outside the city.  41. He shall have the inside of the house scraped thoroughly, and the plaster that is scraped off shall be dumped in an unclean place outside the city.  42. They shall take other stones and put them in the place of those stones, and take other plaster and plaster the house. 

218.          43. If the disease breaks out again in the house, after he has taken out the stones and scraped the house and plastered it,  44. the priest shall go and make inspection; if the disease has spread in the house, it is a spreading leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease in the house; it is unclean.  45. He shall have the house torn down, its stones and timber and all the plaster of the house, and taken outside the city to an unclean place.  46. All who enter the house while it is shut up shall be unclean until the evening;  47. and all who sleep in the house shall wash their clothes; and all who eat in the house shall wash their clothes.  48. If the priest comes and makes an inspection, and the disease has not spread in the house after the house was plastered, the priest shall pronounce the house clean; the disease is healed.  49. For the cleansing of the house he shall take two birds, with cedarwood and crimson yarn and hyssop,  50. and shall slaughter one of the birds over fresh water in an earthen vessel,  51. and shall take the cedarwood and the hyssop and the crimson yarn, along with the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slaughtered bird and the fresh water, and sprinkle the house seven times.  52. Thus he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the fresh water, and with the living bird, and with the cedarwood and hyssop and crimson yarn;  53. and he shall let the living bird go out of the city into the open field; so he shall make atonement for the house, and it shall be clean. 

219.          54. This is the ritual for any leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease: for an itch,  55. for leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} diseases in clothing and houses,  56. and for a swelling or an eruption or a spot,  57. to determine when it is unclean and when it is clean. This is the ritual for leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} diseases. 

Leviticus 15 

Concerning Bodily Discharges 

220.          The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When any man has a discharge from his member, {Heb [flesh]} his discharge makes him ceremonially unclean.  3. The uncleanness of his discharge is this: whether his member {Heb [flesh]} flows with his discharge, or his member {Heb [flesh]} is stopped from discharging, it is uncleanness for him.  4. Every bed on which the one with the discharge lies shall be unclean; and everything on which he sits shall be unclean.  5. Anyone who touches his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  6. All who sit on anything on which the one with the discharge has sat shall wash their clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  7. All who touch the body of the one with the discharge shall wash their clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  8. If the one with the discharge spits on persons who are clean, then they shall wash their clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  9. Any saddle on which the one with the discharge rides shall be unclean.  10. All who touch anything that was under him shall be unclean until the evening, and all who carry such a thing shall wash their clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  11. All those whom the one with the discharge touches without his having rinsed his hands in water shall wash their clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  12. Any earthen vessel that the one with the discharge touches shall be broken; and every vessel of wood shall be rinsed in water. 

221.          13. When the one with a discharge is cleansed of his discharge, he shall count seven days for his cleansing; he shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in fresh water, and he shall be clean.  14. On the eighth day he shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons and come before the Lord to the entrance of the tent of meeting and give them to the priest.  15. The priest shall offer them, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make atonement on his behalf before the Lord for his discharge. 

222.          16. If a man has an emission of semen, he shall bathe his whole body in water, and be unclean until the evening.  17. Everything made of cloth or of skin on which the semen falls shall be washed with water, and be unclean until the evening. 

223.          18. If a man lies with a woman and has an emission of semen, both of them shall bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening. 

224.          19. When a woman has a discharge of blood that is her regular discharge from her body, she shall be in her impurity for seven days, and whoever touches her shall be unclean until the evening.  20. Everything upon which she lies during her impurity shall be unclean; everything also upon which she sits shall be unclean.  21. Whoever touches her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening.  22. Whoever touches anything upon which she sits shall wash his clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening;  23. whether it is the bed or anything upon which she sits, when he touches it he shall be unclean until the evening.  24. If any man lies with her, and her impurity falls on him, he shall be unclean seven days; and every bed on which he lies shall be unclean. 

225.          25. If a woman has a discharge of blood for many days, not at the time of her impurity, or if she has a discharge beyond the time of her impurity, all the days of the discharge she shall continue in uncleanness; as in the days of her impurity, she shall be unclean.  26. Every bed on which she lies during all the days of her discharge shall be treated as the bed of her impurity; and everything on which she sits shall be unclean, as in the uncleanness of her impurity.  27. Whoever touches these things shall be unclean, and shall wash his clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening. 

226.          28. If she is cleansed of her discharge, she shall count seven days, and after that she shall be clean.  29. On the eighth day she shall take two turtledoves or two pigeons and bring them to the priest at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  30. The priest shall offer one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make atonement on her behalf before the Lord for her unclean discharge. 

227.          31. Thus you shall keep the people of Israel separate from their uncleanness, so that they do not die in their uncleanness by defiling my tabernacle that is in their midst.  32. This is the ritual for those who have a discharge: for him who has an emission of semen, becoming unclean thereby,  33. for her who is in the infirmity of her period, for anyone, male or female, who has a discharge, and for the man who lies with a woman who is unclean. 

Leviticus 16 

The Day of Atonement 

228.          The Lord spoke to Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they drew near before the Lord and died.  2. The Lord said to Moses: Tell your brother Aaron not to come just at any time into the sanctuary inside the curtain before the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} that is upon the ark, or he will die; for I appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. {Or [the cover]}  3. Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bull for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.  4. He shall put on the holy linen tunic, and shall have the linen undergarments next to his body, fasten the linen sash, and wear the linen turban; these are the holy vestments. He shall bathe his body in water, and then put them on.  5. He shall take from the congregation of the people of Israel two male goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. 

229.          6. Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house.  7. He shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting;  8. and Aaron shall cast lots on the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. {Traditionally rendered [a scapegoat]}  9. Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the Lord, and offer it as a sin offering;  10. but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel {Traditionally rendered [a scapegoat]} shall be presented alive before the Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel. {Traditionally rendered [a scapegoat]} 

230.          11. Aaron shall present the bull as a sin offering for himself, and shall make atonement for himself and for his house; he shall slaughter the bull as a sin offering for himself.  12. He shall take a censer full of coals of fire from the altar before the Lord, and two handfuls of crushed sweet incense, and he shall bring it inside the curtain  13. and put the incense on the fire before the Lord, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} that is upon the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testament]; Heb [eduth]} or he will die.  14. He shall take some of the blood of the bull, and sprinkle it with his finger on the front of the mercy seat, {Or [the cover]} and before the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} he shall sprinkle the blood with his finger seven times. 

231.          15. He shall slaughter the goat of the sin offering that is for the people and bring its blood inside the curtain, and do with its blood as he did with the blood of the bull, sprinkling it upon the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} and before the mercy seat. {Or [the cover]}  16. Thus he shall make atonement for the sanctuary, because of the uncleannesses of the people of Israel, and because of their transgressions, all their sins; and so he shall do for the tent of meeting, which remains with them in the midst of their uncleannesses.  17. No one shall be in the tent of meeting from the time he enters to make atonement in the sanctuary until he comes out and has made atonement for himself and for his house and for all the assembly of Israel.  18. Then he shall go out to the altar that is before the Lord and make atonement on its behalf, and shall take some of the blood of the bull and of the blood of the goat, and put it on each of the horns of the altar.  19. He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it and hallow it from the uncleannesses of the people of Israel. 

The Scapegoat 

232.          20. When he has finished atoning for the holy place and the tent of meeting and the altar, he shall present the live goat.  21. Then Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the people of Israel, and all their transgressions, all their sins, putting them on the head of the goat, and sending it away into the wilderness by means of someone designated for the task. {Meaning of Heb uncertain}  22. The goat shall bear on itself all their iniquities to a barren region; and the goat shall be set free in the wilderness. 

233.          23. Then Aaron shall enter the tent of meeting, and shall take off the linen vestments that he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there.  24. He shall bathe his body in water in a holy place, and put on his vestments; then he shall come out and offer his burnt offering and the burnt offering of the people, making atonement for himself and for the people.  25. The fat of the sin offering he shall turn into smoke on the altar. 

234.          26. The one who sets the goat free for Azazel {Traditionally rendered [a scapegoat]} shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward may come into the camp.  27. The bull of the sin offering and the goat of the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall be taken outside the camp; their skin and their flesh and their dung shall be consumed in fire.  28. The one who burns them shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterward may come into the camp. 

The Fast 

235.          29. This shall be a statute to you forever: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall deny yourselves, {Or [shall fast]} and shall do no work, neither the citizen nor the alien who resides among you.  30. For on this day atonement shall be made for you, to cleanse you; from all your sins you shall be clean before the Lord.  31. It is a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall deny yourselves; {Or [shall fast]} it is a statute forever. 

236.          32. The priest who is anointed and consecrated as priest in his father's place shall make atonement, wearing the linen vestments, the holy vestments.  33. He shall make atonement for the sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tent of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly.  34. This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the people of Israel once in the year for all their sins. And Moses did as the Lord had commanded him. 

Leviticus 17 

CODE OF LEGAL HOLINESS 

The Slaughtering of Animals 

237.          The Lord spoke to Moses:  2. Speak to Aaron and his sons and to all the people of Israel and say to them: This is what the Lord has commanded.  3. If anyone of the house of Israel slaughters an ox or a lamb or a goat in the camp, or slaughters it outside the camp,  4. and does not bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, to present it as an offering to the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord, he shall be held guilty of bloodshed; he has shed blood, and he shall be cut off from the people.  5. This is in order that the people of Israel may bring their sacrifices that they offer in the open field, that they may bring them to the Lord, to the priest at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and offer them as sacrifices of well-being to the Lord.  6. The priest shall dash the blood against the altar of the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and turn the fat into smoke as a pleasing odor to the Lord,  7. so that they may no longer offer their sacrifices for goat-demons, to whom they prostitute themselves. This shall be a statute forever to them throughout their generations.  8. And say to them further: Anyone of the house of Israel or of the aliens who reside among them who offers a burnt offering or sacrifice,  9. and does not bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, to sacrifice it to the Lord, shall be cut off from the people. 

Eating Blood Prohibited 

238.          10. If anyone of the house of Israel or of the aliens who reside among them eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eats blood, and will cut that person off from the people.  11. For the life of the flesh is in the blood; and I have given it to you for making atonement for your lives on the altar; for, as life, it is the blood that makes atonement.  12. Therefore I have said to the people of Israel: No person among you shall eat blood, nor shall any alien who resides among you eat blood. 

239.          13. And anyone of the people of Israel, or of the aliens who reside among them, who hunts down an animal or bird that may be eaten shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth.  14. For the life of every creature--its blood is its life; therefore I have said to the people of Israel: You shall not eat the blood of any creature, for the life of every creature is its blood; whoever eats it shall be cut off. 

240.          15. All persons, citizens or aliens, who eat what dies of itself or what has been torn by wild animals, shall wash their clothes, and bathe themselves in water, and be unclean until the evening; then they shall be clean.  16. But if they do not wash themselves or bathe their body, they shall bear their guilt. 

Leviticus 18 

Sexual Relations 

241.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: I am the Lord your God.  3. You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt, where you lived, and you shall not do as they do in the land of Canaan, to which I am bringing you. You shall not follow their statutes.  4. My ordinances you shall observe and my statutes you shall keep, following them: I am the Lord your God.  5. You shall keep my statutes and my ordinances; by doing so one shall live: I am the Lord. 

242.          6. None of you shall approach anyone near of kin to uncover nakedness: I am the Lord.  7. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, which is the nakedness of your mother; she is your mother, you shall not uncover her nakedness.  8. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's wife; it is the nakedness of your father.  9. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your sister, your father's daughter or your mother's daughter, whether born at home or born abroad.  10. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your son's daughter or of your daughter's daughter, for their nakedness is your own nakedness.  11. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's wife's daughter, begotten by your father, since she is your sister.  12. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's sister; she is your father's flesh.  13. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister, for she is your mother's flesh.  14. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's brother, that is, you shall not approach his wife; she is your aunt.  15. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law: she is your son's wife; you shall not uncover her nakedness.  16. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother's wife; it is your brother's nakedness.  17. You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, and you shall not take {Or [marry]} her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are your {Gk: Heb lacks [your]} flesh; it is depravity.  18. And you shall not take {Or [marry]} a woman as a rival to her sister, uncovering her nakedness while her sister is still alive. 

243.          19. You shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness while she is in her menstrual uncleanness.  20. You shall not have sexual relations with your kinsman's wife, and defile yourself with her.  21. You shall not give any of your offspring to sacrifice them {Heb [to pass them over]} to Molech, and so profane the name of your God: I am the Lord.  22. You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination.  23. You shall not have sexual relations with any animal and defile yourself with it, nor shall any woman give herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it: it is perversion.  

244.          24. Do not defile yourselves in any of these ways, for by all these practices the nations I am casting out before you have defiled themselves.  25. Thus the land became defiled; and I punished it for its iniquity, and the land vomited out its inhabitants.  26. But you shall keep my statutes and my ordinances and commit none of these abominations, either the citizen or the alien who resides among you  27. (for the inhabitants of the land, who were before you, committed all of these abominations, and the land became defiled);  28. otherwise the land will vomit you out for defiling it, as it vomited out the nation that was before you.  29. For whoever commits any of these abominations shall be cut off from their people.  30. So keep my charge not to commit any of these abominations that were done before you, and not to defile yourselves by them: I am the Lord your God. 

Leviticus 19 

Ritual and Moral Holiness 

245.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel and say to them: You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.  3. You shall each revere your mother and father, and you shall keep my Sabbaths: I am the Lord your God. 

246.          Do not turn to idols or make cast images for yourselves: I am the Lord your God. 

247.          When you offer a sacrifice of well-being to the Lord, offer it in such a way that it is acceptable in your behalf.  6. It shall be eaten on the same day you offer it, or on the next day; and anything left over until the third day shall be consumed in fire.  

248.          7. If it is eaten at all on the third day, it is an abomination; it will not be acceptable.  

249.          8. All who eat it shall be subject to punishment, because they have profaned what is holy to the Lord; and any such person shall be cut off from the people. 

250.          9. When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap to the very edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest.  10. You shall not strip your vineyard bare, or gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the alien: I am the Lord your God. 

251.          11. You shall not steal; you shall not deal falsely; and you shall not lie to one another. 12. And you shall not swear falsely by my name, profaning the name of your God: I am the Lord. 

252.          13. You shall not defraud your neighbor; you shall not steal; and you shall not keep for yourself the wages of a laborer until morning.  14. You shall not revile the deaf or put a stumbling block before the blind; you shall fear your God: I am the Lord. 

253.          15. You shall not render an unjust judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great: with justice you shall judge your neighbor.  16. You shall not go around as a slanderer among your people, and you shall not profit by the blood {Heb [stand against the blood]} of your neighbor: I am the Lord. 

254.          17. You shall not hate in your heart anyone of your kin; you shall reprove your neighbor, or you will incur guilt yourself.  18. You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against any of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord. 

255.          19. You shall keep my statutes. You shall not let your animals breed with a different kind; you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed; nor shall you put on a garment made of two different materials. 

256.          20. If a man has sexual relations with a woman who is a slave, designated for another man but not ransomed or given her freedom, an inquiry shall be held. They shall not be put to death, since she has not been freed;  21. but he shall bring a guilt offering for himself to the Lord, at the entrance of the tent of meeting, a ram as guilt offering.  22. And the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of guilt offering before the Lord for his sin that he committed; and the sin he committed shall be forgiven him. 

257.          23. When you come into the land and plant all kinds of trees for food, then you shall regard their fruit as forbidden; {Heb [as their uncircumcision]} three years it shall be forbidden {Heb [uncircumcision]} to you, it must not be eaten.  24. In the fourth year all their fruit shall be set apart for rejoicing in the Lord.  25. But in the fifth year you may eat of their fruit, that their yield may be increased for you: I am the Lord your God.  

258.          26. You shall not eat anything with its blood. You shall not practice augury or witchcraft.  27. You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard.  28. You shall not make any gashes in your flesh for the dead or tattoo any marks upon you: I am the Lord. 

259.          29. Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, that the land not become prostituted and full of depravity.  30. You shall keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary: I am the Lord. 

260.          31. Do not turn to mediums or wizards; do not seek them out, to be defiled by them: I am the Lord your God. 

261.          32. You shall rise before the aged, and defer to the old; and you shall fear your God: I am the Lord. 

262.          33. When an alien resides with you in your land, you shall not oppress the alien.  34. The alien who resides with you shall be to you as the citizen among you; you shall love the alien as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. 

263.          35. You shall not cheat in measuring length, weight, or quantity.  36. You shall have honest balances, honest weights, an honest ephah, and an honest hin: I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.  37. You shall keep all my statutes and all my ordinances, and observe them: I am the Lord. 

Leviticus 20 

Penalties for Violations of Holiness 

264.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2. Say further to the people of Israel: Any of the people of Israel, or of the aliens who reside in Israel, who give any of their offspring to Molech shall be put to death; the people of the land shall stone them to death. 3. I myself will set my face against them, and will cut them off from the people, because they have given of their offspring to Molech, defiling my sanctuary and profaning my holy name. 4. And if the people of the land should ever close their eyes to them, when they give of their offspring to Molech, and do not put them to death, 5. I myself will set my face against them and against their family, and will cut them off from among their people, them and all who follow them in prostituting themselves to Molech. 6. If any turn to mediums and wizards, prostituting themselves to them, I will set my face against them, and will cut them off from the people. 7. Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy; for I am the Lord your God. 8. Keep my statutes, and observe them; I am the Lord; I sanctify you. 

265.          9. All who curse father or mother shall be put to death; having cursed father or mother, their blood is upon them. 

266.          10. If a man commits adultery with the wife of {Heb repeats [if a man commits adultery with the wife of]} his neighbor, both the adulterer and the adulteress shall be put to death. 11. The man who lies with his father's wife has uncovered his father's nakedness; both of them shall be put to death; their blood is upon them. 12. If a man lies with his daughter-in-law, both of them shall be put to death; they have committed perversion, their blood is upon them. 13. If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall be put to death; their blood is upon them. 14. If a man takes a wife and her mother also, it is depravity; they shall be burned to death, both he and they, that there may be no depravity among you. 15. If a man has sexual relations with an animal, he shall be put to death; and you shall kill the animal. 16. If a woman approaches any animal and has sexual relations with it, you shall kill the woman and the animal; they shall be put to death, their blood is upon them. 17. If a man takes his sister, a daughter of his father or a daughter of his mother, and sees her nakedness, and she sees his nakedness, it is a disgrace, and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people; he has uncovered his sister's nakedness, he shall be subject to punishment. 18. If a man lies with a woman having her sickness and uncovers her nakedness, he has laid bare her flow and she has laid bare her flow of blood; both of them shall be cut off from their people. 19. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister or of your father's sister, for that is to lay bare one's own flesh; they shall be subject to punishment. 20. If a man lies with his uncle's wife, he has uncovered his uncle's nakedness; they shall be subject to punishment; they shall die childless. 21. If a man takes his brother's wife, it is impurity; he has uncovered his brother's nakedness; they shall be childless. 

267.          22. You shall keep all my statutes and all my ordinances, and observe them, so that the land to which I bring you to settle in may not vomit you out. 

268.          23. You shall not follow the practices of the nation that I am driving out before you. Because they did all these things, I abhorred them. 24. But I have said to you: You shall inherit their land, and I will give it to you to possess, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am the Lord your God; I have separated you from the peoples. 25. You shall therefore make a distinction between the clean animal and the unclean, and between the unclean bird and the clean; you shall not bring abomination on yourselves by animal or by bird or by anything with which the ground teems, which I have set apart for you to hold unclean. 26. You shall be holy to me; for I the Lord am holy, and I have separated you from the other peoples to be mine. 

269.          27. A man or a woman who is a medium or a wizard shall be put to death; they shall be stoned to death, their blood is upon them. 

Leviticus 21 

The Holiness of Priests 

270.          The Lord said to Moses: Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them: No one shall defile himself for a dead person among his relatives,  2. except for his nearest kin: his mother, his father, his son, his daughter, his brother;  3. likewise, for a virgin sister, close to him because she has had no husband, he may defile himself for her.  4. But he shall not defile himself as a husband among his people and so profane himself. 

271.          They shall not make bald spots upon their heads, or shave off the edges of their beards, or make any gashes in their flesh. 6. They shall be holy to their God, and not profane the name of their God; for they offer the Lord's offerings by fire, the food of their God; therefore they shall be holy. 

272.          They shall not marry a prostitute or a woman who has been defiled; neither shall they marry a woman divorced from her husband. For they are holy to their God,  8. and you shall treat them as holy, since they offer the food of your God; they shall be holy to you, for I the Lord, I who sanctify you, am holy. 

273.          9. When the daughter of a priest profanes herself through prostitution, she profanes her father; she shall be burned to death. 

274.          10. The priest who is exalted above his fellows, on whose head the anointing oil has been poured and who has been consecrated to wear the vestments, shall not dishevel his hair, nor tear his vestments.  

275.          11. He shall not go where there is a dead body; he shall not defile himself even for his father or mother.  12. He shall not go outside the sanctuary and thus profane the sanctuary of his God; for the consecration of the anointing oil of his God is upon him: I am the Lord. 

276.          13. He shall marry only a woman who is a virgin.  14. A widow, or a divorced woman, or a woman who has been defiled, a prostitute, these he shall not marry. He shall marry a virgin of his own kin,  15. that he may not profane his offspring among his kin; for I am the Lord; I sanctify him. 

Irregularities 

277.          16. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  17. Speak to Aaron and say: No one of your offspring throughout their generations who has a blemish may approach to offer the food of his God.  18. For no one who has a blemish shall draw near, one who is blind or lame, or one who has a mutilated face or a limb too long,  19. or one who has a broken foot or a broken hand,  20. or a hunchback, or a dwarf, or a man with a blemish in his eyes or an itching disease or scabs or crushed testicles.  21. No descendant of Aaron the priest who has a blemish shall come near to offer the Lord's offerings by fire; since he has a blemish, he shall not come near to offer the food of his God.  22. He may eat the food of his God, of the most holy as well as of the holy.  23. But he shall not come near the curtain or approach the altar, because he has a blemish, that he may not profane my sanctuaries; for I am the Lord; I sanctify them.  24. Thus Moses spoke to Aaron and to his sons and to all the people of Israel. 

Leviticus 22 

The Use of Holy Offerings 

278.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Direct Aaron and his sons to deal carefully with the sacred donations of the people of Israel, which they dedicate to me, so that they may not profane my holy name; I am the Lord. 

279.          Say to them: If anyone among all your offspring throughout your generations comes near the sacred donations, which the people of Israel dedicate to the Lord, while he is in a state of uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from my presence: I am the Lord. 

280.          No one of Aaron's offspring who has a leprous {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} disease or suffers a discharge may eat of the sacred donations until he is clean. Whoever touches anything made unclean by a corpse or a man who has had an emission of semen,  5. and whoever touches any swarming thing by which he may be made unclean or any human being by whom he may be made unclean--whatever his uncleanness may be--6. the person who touches any such shall be unclean until evening and shall not eat of the sacred donations unless he has washed his body in water.  7. When the sun sets he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat of the sacred donations, for they are his food.  8. That which died or was torn by wild animals he shall not eat, becoming unclean by it: I am the Lord. 

281.          9. They shall keep my charge, so that they may not incur guilt and die in the sanctuary {Vg: Heb [incur guilt for it and die in it]} for having profaned it: I am the Lord; I sanctify them. 

282.          10. No lay person shall eat of the sacred donations. No bound or hired servant of the priest shall eat of the sacred donations;  11. but if a priest acquires anyone by purchase, the person may eat of them; and those that are born in his house may eat of his food.  12. If a priest's daughter marries a layman, she shall not eat of the offering of the sacred donations;  13. but if a priest's daughter is widowed or divorced, without offspring, and returns to her father's house, as in her youth, she may eat of her father's food. No lay person shall eat of it.  14. If a man eats of the sacred donation unintentionally, he shall add one-fifth of its value to it, and give the sacred donation to the priest.  15. No one shall profane the sacred donations of the people of Israel, which they offer to the Lord,  16. causing them to bear guilt requiring a guilt offering, by eating their sacred donations: for I am the Lord; I sanctify them. 

Acceptable Offerings 

283.          17. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  18. Speak to Aaron and his sons and all the people of Israel and say to them: When anyone of the house of Israel or of the aliens residing in Israel presents an offering, whether in payment of a vow or as a freewill offering that is offered to the Lord as a burnt offering,  19. to be acceptable in your behalf it shall be a male without blemish, of the cattle or the sheep or the goats.  20. You shall not offer anything that has a blemish, for it will not be acceptable in your behalf.  21. When anyone offers a sacrifice of well-being to the Lord, in fulfillment of a vow or as a freewill offering, from the herd or from the flock, to be acceptable it must be perfect; there shall be no blemish in it.  22. Anything blind, or injured, or maimed, or having a discharge or an itch or scabs--these you shall not offer to the Lord or put any of them on the altar as offerings by fire to the Lord.  23. An ox or a lamb that has a limb too long or too short you may present for a freewill offering; but it will not be accepted for a vow.  24. Any animal that has its testicles bruised or crushed or torn or cut, you shall not offer to the Lord; such you shall not do within your land,  25. nor shall you accept any such animals from a foreigner to offer as food to your God; since they are mutilated, with a blemish in them, they shall not be accepted in your behalf. 

284.          26. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  27. When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, it shall remain seven days with its mother, and from the eighth day on it shall be acceptable as the Lord's offering by fire.  28. But you shall not slaughter, from the herd or the flock, an animal with its young on the same day.  29. When you sacrifice a thanksgiving offering to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that it may be acceptable in your behalf.  30. It shall be eaten on the same day; you shall not leave any of it until morning: I am the Lord. 

285.          31. Thus you shall keep my commandments and observe them: I am the Lord.  32. You shall not profane my holy name, that I may be sanctified among the people of Israel: I am the Lord; I sanctify you,  33. I who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am the Lord. 

Leviticus 23 

Appointed Festivals 

286.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: These are the appointed festivals of the Lord that you shall proclaim as holy convocations, my appointed festivals. 

The Sabbath 

287.          Six days shall work be done; but the seventh day is a Sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no work: it is a Sabbath to the Lord throughout your settlements. 

288.          These are the appointed festivals of the Lord, the holy convocations, which you shall celebrate at the time appointed for them. 

Passover 

289.          In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, {Heb [between the two evenings]} there shall be a Passover offering to the Lord,  

Festival of Unleavened Bread 

290.          and on the fifteenth day of the same month is the festival of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.  7. On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations.  8. For seven days you shall present the Lord's offerings by fire; on the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation: you shall not work at your occupations. 

The Offering of First Fruits 

291.          9. The Lord spoke to Moses:  10. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When you enter the land that I am giving you and you reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest.  11. He shall raise (or wave) the sheaf before the Lord, that you may find acceptance; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall raise it.  12. On the day when you raise the sheaf, you shall offer a lamb a year old, without blemish, as a burnt offering to the Lord.  13. And the grain offering with it shall be two-tenths of an ephah of choice flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord; and the drink offering with it shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin.  14. You shall eat no bread or parched grain or fresh ears until that very day, until you have brought the offering of your God: it is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your settlements. 

Pentecost 

292.          15. And from the day after the Sabbath, from the day on which you bring the sheaf of the elevation offering, you shall count off seven weeks; they shall be complete.  16. You shall count until the day after the seventh Sabbath, fifty days; then you shall present an offering of new grain to the Lord.  17. You shall bring from your settlements two loaves of bread as an elevation offering, each made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of choice flour, baked with leaven, as first fruits to the Lord.  18. You shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, one young bull, and two rams; they shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, along with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord.  19. You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of well-being.  20. The priest shall raise them with the bread of the first fruits as an elevation offering before the Lord, together with the two lambs; they shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.  21. On that same day you shall make proclamation; you shall hold a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations. This is a statute forever in all your settlements throughout your generations. 

293.          22. When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap to the very edges of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest; you shall leave them for the poor and for the alien: I am the Lord your God. 

The Festival of Trumpets 

294.          23. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  24. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of complete rest, a holy convocation commemorated with trumpet blasts.  25. You shall not work at your occupations; and you shall present the Lord's offering by fire. 

The Day of Atonement 

295.          26. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  27. Now, the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you: you shall deny yourselves {Or [shall fast]} and present the Lord's offering by fire;  28. and you shall do no work during that entire day; for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God.  29. For anyone who does not practice self-denial {Or [does not fast]} during that entire day shall be cut off from the people.  30. And anyone who does any work during that entire day, such a one I will destroy from the midst of the people.  31. You shall do no work: it is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your settlements.  32. It shall be to you a Sabbath of complete rest, and you shall deny yourselves; {Or [shall fast]} on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening you shall keep your Sabbath. 

The Festival of Booths 

296.          33. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  34. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: On the fifteenth day of this seventh month, and lasting seven days, there shall be the festival of booths {Or [tabernacles]: Heb [succoth]} to the Lord.  35. The first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations.  36. Seven days you shall present the Lord's offerings by fire; on the eighth day you shall observe a holy convocation and present the Lord's offerings by fire; it is a solemn assembly; you shall not work at your occupations. 

297.          37. These are the appointed festivals of the Lord, which you shall celebrate as times of holy convocation, for presenting to the Lord offerings by fire--burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each on its proper day--38. apart from the Sabbaths of the Lord, and apart from your gifts, and apart from all your votive offerings, and apart from all your freewill offerings, which you give to the Lord. 

298.          39. Now, the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall keep the festival of the Lord, lasting seven days; a complete rest on the first day, and a complete rest on the eighth day.  40. On the first day you shall take the fruit of majestic {Meaning of Heb uncertain} trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.  41. You shall keep it as a festival to the Lord seven days in the year; you shall keep it in the seventh month as a statute forever throughout your generations.  42. You shall live in booths for seven days; all that are citizens in Israel shall live in booths,  43. so that your generations may know that I made the people of Israel live in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. 

299.          44. Thus Moses declared to the people of Israel the appointed festivals of the Lord. 

Leviticus 24 

The Lamp 

300.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Command the people of Israel to bring you pure oil of beaten olives for the lamp, that a light may be kept burning regularly.  3. Aaron shall set it up in the tent of meeting, outside the curtain of the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testament]; Heb [eduth]} to burn from evening to morning before the Lord regularly; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.  4. He shall set up the lamps on the lampstand of pure gold {Heb [pure lampstand]} before the Lord regularly. 

The Bread for the Tabernacle 

301.          You shall take choice flour, and bake twelve loaves of it; two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each loaf.  6. You shall place them in two rows, six in a row, on the table of pure gold. {Heb [pure table]}  7. You shall put pure frankincense with each row, to be a token offering for the bread, as an offering by fire to the Lord.  8. Every Sabbath day Aaron shall set them in order before the Lord regularly as a commitment of the people of Israel, as a covenant forever.  9. They shall be for Aaron and his descendants, who shall eat them in a holy place, for they are most holy portions for him from the offerings by fire to the Lord, a perpetual due. 

Blasphemy and Its Punishment 

302.          10. A man whose mother was an Israelite and whose father was an Egyptian came out among the people of Israel; and the Israelite woman's son and a certain Israelite began fighting in the camp.  11. The Israelite woman's son blasphemed the Name in a curse. And they brought him to Moses -- now his mother's name was Shelomith, daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan--12. and they put him in custody, until the decision of the Lord should be made clear to them. 

303.          13. The Lord said to Moses, saying:  14. Take the blasphemer outside the camp; and let all who were within hearing lay their hands on his head, and let the whole congregation stone him.  15. And speak to the people of Israel, saying: Anyone who curses God shall bear the sin.  16. One who blasphemes the name of the Lord shall be put to death; the whole congregation shall stone the blasphemer. Aliens as well as citizens, when they blaspheme the Name, shall be put to death.

304.          17. Anyone who kills a human being shall be put to death.  18. Anyone who kills an animal shall make restitution for it, life for life. 19. Anyone who maims another shall suffer the same injury in return:  20. fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; the injury inflicted is the injury to be suffered.  21. One who kills an animal shall make restitution for it; but one who kills a human being shall be put to death.  22. You shall have one law for the alien and for the citizen: for I am the Lord your God. 

305.          23. Moses spoke thus to the people of Israel; and they took the blasphemer outside the camp, and stoned him to death. The people of Israel did as the Lord had commanded Moses. 

Leviticus 25 

The Sabbatical Year 

306.          The Lord spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When you enter the land that I am giving you, the land shall observe a Sabbath for the Lord.  3. Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather in their yield;  4. but in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of complete rest for the land, a Sabbath for the Lord: you shall not sow your field or prune your vineyard.  5. You shall not reap the aftergrowth of your harvest or gather the grapes of your unpruned vine: it shall be a year of complete rest for the land.  6. You may eat what the land yields during its Sabbath--you, your male and female slaves, your hired and your bound laborers who live with you;  7. for your livestock also, and for the wild animals in your land all its yield shall be for food. 

The Year of Jubilee 

307.          You shall count off seven weeks {Or [sabbaths]} of years, seven times seven years, so that the period of seven weeks of years gives forty-nine years.  9. Then you shall have the trumpet sounded loud; on the tenth day of the seventh month--on the day of atonement--you shall have the trumpet sounded throughout all your land.  10. And you shall hallow the fiftieth year and you shall proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you: you shall return, every one of you, to your property and every one of you to your family.  11. That fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you: you shall not sow, or reap the aftergrowth, or harvest the unpruned vines.  12. For it is a jubilee; it shall be holy to you: you shall eat only what the field itself produces. 

308.          13. In this year of jubilee you shall return, every one of you, to your property.  14. When you make a sale to your neighbor or buy from your neighbor, you shall not cheat one another.  15. When you buy from your neighbor, you shall pay only for the number of years since the jubilee; the seller shall charge you only for the remaining crop years.  16. If the years are more, you shall increase the price, and if the years are fewer, you shall diminish the price; for it is a certain number of harvests that are being sold to you.  17. You shall not cheat one another, but you shall fear your God; for I am the Lord your God. 

309.          18. You shall observe my statutes and faithfully keep my ordinances, so that you may live on the land securely.  19. The land will yield its fruit, and you will eat your fill and live on it securely.  20. Should you ask, "What shall we eat in the seventh year, if we may not sow or gather in our crop?"  21. I will order my blessing for you in the sixth year, so that it will yield a crop for three years.  22. When you sow in the eighth year, you will be eating from the old crop; until the ninth year, when its produce comes in, you shall eat the old. 

Redemption of Property 

310.          23. The land shall not be sold in perpetuity, for the land is mine; with me you are but aliens and tenants.  24. Throughout the land that you hold, you shall provide for the redemption of the land.  25. If anyone of your kin falls into difficulty and sells a piece of property, then the next of kin shall come and redeem what the relative has sold.  26. If the person has no one to redeem it, but then prospers and finds sufficient means to do so,  27. the years since its sale shall be computed and the difference shall be refunded to the person to whom it was sold, and the property shall be returned.  28. But if there are not sufficient means to recover it, what was sold shall remain with the purchaser until the year of jubilee; in the jubilee it shall be released, and the property shall be returned. 

311.          29. If anyone sells a dwelling house in a walled city, it may be redeemed until a year has elapsed since its sale; the right of redemption shall be one year.  30. If it is not redeemed before a full year has elapsed, a house that is in a walled city shall pass in perpetuity to the purchaser, throughout the generations; it shall not be released in the jubilee.  31. But houses in villages that have no walls around them shall be classed as open country; they may be redeemed, and they shall be released in the jubilee. 

312.          32. As for the cities of the Levites, the Levites shall forever have the right of redemption of the houses in the cities belonging to them.  33. Such property as may be redeemed from the Levites--houses sold in a city belonging to them--shall be released in the jubilee; because the houses in the cities of the Levites are their possession among the people of Israel.  34. But the open land around their cities may not be sold; for that is their possession for all time. 

313.          35. If any of your kin fall into difficulty and become dependent on you, you shall support them; they shall live with you as though resident aliens.  

314.          36. Do not take interest in advance or otherwise make a profit from them, but fear your God; let them live with you.  

315.          37. You shall not lend them your money at interest taken in advance, or provide them food at a profit.  38. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, to be your God. 

316.          39. If any who are dependent on you become so impoverished that they sell themselves to you, you shall not make them serve as slaves.  40. They shall remain with you as hired or bound laborers. They shall serve with you until the year of the jubilee.  41. Then they and their children with them shall be free from your authority; they shall go back to their own family and return to their ancestral property.  42. For they are my servants, whom I brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves are sold.  43. You shall not rule over them with harshness, but shall fear your God. 

317.          44. As for the male and female slaves whom you may have, it is from the nations around you that you may acquire male and female slaves.  45. You may also acquire them from among the aliens residing with you, and from their families that are with you, who have been born in your land; and they may be your property.  46. You may keep them as a possession for your children after you, for them to inherit as property. These you may treat as slaves, but as for your fellow Israelites, no one shall rule over the other with harshness. 

318.          47. If resident aliens among you prosper, and if any of your kin fall into difficulty with one of them and sell themselves to an alien, or to a branch of the alien's family,  48. after they have sold themselves they shall have the right of redemption; one of their brothers may redeem them,  49. or their uncle or their uncle's son may redeem them, or anyone of their family who is of their own flesh may redeem them; or if they prosper they may redeem themselves.  50. They shall compute with the purchaser the total from the year when they sold themselves to the alien until the jubilee year; the price of the sale shall be applied to the number of years: the time they were with the owner shall be rated as the time of a hired laborer.  51. If many years remain, they shall pay for their redemption in proportion to the purchase price;  52. and if few years remain until the jubilee year, they shall compute thus: according to the years involved they shall make payment for their redemption.  53. As a laborer hired by the year they shall be under the alien's authority, who shall not, however, rule with harshness over them in your sight.  54. And if they have not been redeemed in any of these ways, they and their children with them shall go free in the jubilee year.  55. For to me the people of Israel are servants; they are my servants whom I brought out from the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God. 

Numbers 4 

The Duties of the Levites 

319.          5. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  6. Bring the tribe of Levi near, and set them before Aaron the priest, so that they may assist him.  7. They shall perform duties for him and for the whole congregation in front of the tent of meeting, doing service at the tabernacle;  8. they shall be in charge of all the furnishings of the tent of meeting, and attend to the duties for the Israelites as they do service at the tabernacle.  9. You shall give the Levites to Aaron and his descendants; they are unreservedly given to him from among the Israelites.  10. But you shall make a register of Aaron and his descendants; it is they who shall attend to the priesthood, and any outsider who comes near shall be put to death. 

320.          11. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  12. I hereby accept the Levites from among the Israelites as substitutes for all the firstborn that open the womb among the Israelites. The Levites shall be mine,  13. for all the firstborn are mine; when I killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, I consecrated for my own all the firstborn in Israel, both human and animal; they shall be mine. I am the Lord. 

The Redemption of the Firstborn 

321.          40. Then the Lord said to Moses: Enroll all the firstborn males of the Israelites, from a month old and upward, and count their names.  41. But you shall accept the Levites for me--I am the Lord--as substitutes for all the firstborn among the Israelites, and the livestock of the Levites as substitutes for all the firstborn among the livestock of the Israelites.  42. So Moses enrolled all the firstborn among the Israelites, as the Lord commanded him.  43. The total enrollment, all the firstborn males from a month old and upward, counting the number of names, was twenty-two thousand two hundred seventy-three. 

322.          44. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  45. Accept the Levites as substitutes for all the firstborn among the Israelites, and the livestock of the Levites as substitutes for their livestock; and the Levites shall be mine. I am the Lord.  46. As the price of redemption of the two hundred seventy-three of the firstborn of the Israelites, over and above the number of the Levites,  47. you shall accept five shekels apiece, reckoning by the shekel of the sanctuary, a shekel of twenty gerahs.  48. Give to Aaron and his sons the money by which the excess number of them is redeemed.  49. So Moses took the redemption money from those who were over and above those redeemed by the Levites;  50. from the firstborn of the Israelites he took the money, one thousand three hundred sixty-five shekels, reckoned by the shekel of the sanctuary;  51. and Moses gave the redemption money to Aaron and his sons, according to the word of the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 

Numbers 5 

Unclean Persons 

323.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Command the Israelites to put out of the camp everyone who is leprous, {A term for several skin diseases; precise meaning uncertain} or has a discharge, and everyone who is unclean through contact with a corpse;  3. you shall put out both male and female, putting them outside the camp; they must not defile their camp, where I dwell among them.  4. The Israelites did so, putting them outside the camp; as the Lord had spoken to Moses, so the Israelites did. 

Confession and Restitution 

324.          5. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  6. Speak to the Israelites: When a man or a woman wrongs another, breaking faith with the Lord, that person incurs guilt  7. and shall confess the sin that has been committed. The person shall make full restitution for the wrong, adding one-fifth to it, and giving it to the one who was wronged.  8. If the injured party has no next of kin to whom restitution may be made for the wrong, the restitution for wrong shall go to the Lord for the priest, in addition to the ram of atonement with which atonement is made for the guilty party.  9. Among all the sacred donations of the Israelites, every gift that they bring to the priest shall be his.  10. The sacred donations of all are their own; whatever anyone gives to the priest shall be his. 

Concerning an Unfaithful Wife 

325.          11. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  12. Speak to the Israelites and say to them: If any man's wife goes astray and is unfaithful to him,  13. if a man has had intercourse with her but it is hidden from her husband, so that she is undetected though she has defiled herself, and there is no witness against her since she was not caught in the act;  14. if a spirit of jealousy comes on him, and he is jealous of his wife who has defiled herself; or if a spirit of jealousy comes on him, and he is jealous of his wife, though she has not defiled herself;  15. then the man shall bring his wife to the priest. And he shall bring the offering required for her, one-tenth of an ephah of barley flour. He shall pour no oil on it and put no frankincense on it, for it is a grain offering of jealousy, a grain offering of remembrance, bringing iniquity to remembrance. 

326.          16. Then the priest shall bring her near, and set her before the Lord;  17. the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel, and take some of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle and put it into the water.  18. The priest shall set the woman before the Lord, dishevel the woman's hair, and place in her hands the grain offering of remembrance, which is the grain offering of jealousy. In his own hand the priest shall have the water of bitterness that brings the curse.  19. Then the priest shall make her take an oath, saying, "If no man has lain with you, if you have not turned aside to uncleanness while under your husband's authority, be immune to this water of bitterness that brings the curse.  20. But if you have gone astray while under your husband's authority, if you have defiled yourself and some man other than your husband has had intercourse with you,"  21. --let the priest make the woman take the oath of the curse and say to the woman--"the Lord make you an execration and an oath among your people, when the Lord makes your uterus drop, your womb discharge;  22. now may this water that brings the curse enter your bowels and make your womb discharge, your uterus drop!" And the woman shall say, "Amen. Amen."  23. Then the priest shall put these curses in writing, and wash them off into the water of bitterness.  24. He shall make the woman drink the water of bitterness that brings the curse, and the water that brings the curse shall enter her and cause bitter pain.  25. The priest shall take the grain offering of jealousy out of the woman's hand, and shall elevate the grain offering before the Lord and bring it to the altar;  26. and the priest shall take a handful of the grain offering, as its memorial portion, and turn it into smoke on the altar, and afterward shall make the woman drink the water.  27. When he has made her drink the water, then, if she has defiled herself and has been unfaithful to her husband, the water that brings the curse shall enter into her and cause bitter pain, and her womb shall discharge, her uterus drop, and the woman shall become an execration among her people.  28. But if the woman has not defiled herself and is clean, then she shall be immune and be able to conceive children. 

327.          29. This is the law in cases of jealousy, when a wife, while under her husband's authority, goes astray and defiles herself,  30. or when a spirit of jealousy comes on a man and he is jealous of his wife; then he shall set the woman before the Lord, and the priest shall apply this entire law to her.  31. The man shall be free from iniquity, but the woman shall bear her iniquity. 

Numbers 6 

The Nazirites 

328.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When either men or women make a special vow, the vow of a nazirite, {That is [one separated] or [one consecrated]} to separate themselves to the Lord,  3. they shall separate themselves from wine and strong drink; they shall drink no wine vinegar or other vinegar, and shall not drink any grape juice or eat grapes, fresh or dried.  4. All their days as nazirites {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} they shall eat nothing that is produced by the grapevine, not even the seeds or the skins.  5. All the days of their nazirite vow no razor shall come upon the head; until the time is completed for which they separate themselves to the Lord, they shall be holy; they shall let the locks of the head grow long.  6. All the days that they separate themselves to the Lord they shall not go near a corpse.  7. Even if their father or mother, brother or sister, should die, they may not defile themselves; because their consecration to God is upon the head.  8. All their days as nazirites {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} they are holy to the Lord. 

329.          9. If someone dies very suddenly nearby, defiling the consecrated head, then they shall shave the head on the day of their cleansing; on the seventh day they shall shave it.  10. On the eighth day they shall bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons to the priest at the entrance of the tent of meeting,  11. and the priest shall offer one as a sin offering and the other as a burnt offering, and make atonement for them, because they incurred guilt by reason of the corpse. They shall sanctify the head that same day,  12. and separate themselves to the Lord for their days as nazirites, {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} and bring a male lamb a year old as a guilt offering. The former time shall be void, because the consecrated head was defiled. 

330.          13. This is the law for the nazirites {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} when the time of their consecration has been completed: they shall be brought to the entrance of the tent of meeting,  14. and they shall offer their gift to the Lord, one male lamb a year old without blemish as a burnt offering, one ewe lamb a year old without blemish as a sin offering, one ram without blemish as an offering of well-being,  15. and a basket of unleavened bread, cakes of choice flour mixed with oil and unleavened wafers spread with oil, with their grain offering and their drink offerings.  16. The priest shall present them before the Lord and offer their sin offering and burnt offering,  17. and shall offer the ram as a sacrifice of well-being to the Lord, with the basket of unleavened bread; the priest also shall make the accompanying grain offering and drink offering.  18. Then the nazirites {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} shall shave the consecrated head at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and shall take the hair from the consecrated head and put it on the fire under the sacrifice of well-being. 19. The priest shall take the shoulder of the ram, when it is boiled, and one unleavened cake out of the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them in the palms of the nazirites, {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} after they have shaved the consecrated head.  20. Then the priest shall elevate them as an elevation offering before the Lord; they are a holy portion for the priest, together with the breast that is elevated and the thigh that is offered. After that the nazirites {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} may drink wine. 

331.          21. This is the law for the nazirites {That is [those separated] or [those consecrated]} who take a vow. Their offering to the Lord must be in accordance with the nazirite {That is [one separated] or [one consecrated]} vow, apart from what else they can afford. In accordance with whatever vow they take, so they shall do, following the law for their consecration. 

The Priestly Benediction 

332.          22. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  23. Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying, Thus you shall bless the Israelites: You shall say to them, 

24. The Lord bless you and keep you;

25. the Lord make his face to shine upon you, and be gracious to you;

26. the Lord lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace. 

333.          27. So they shall put my name on the Israelites, and I will bless them. 

Exodus 12 

The First Passover Instituted 

1. The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: 

334.          2. This month shall mark for you the beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year for you. 

335.          3. Tell the whole congregation of Israel that on the tenth of this month they are to take a lamb for each family, a lamb for each household. 

336.          4. If a household is too small for a whole lamb, it shall join its closest neighbor in obtaining one; 

337.          the lamb shall be divided in proportion to the number of people who eat of it. 

338.          5. Your lamb shall be without blemish, 

339.          a year-old male; 

340.          you may take it from the sheep or from the goats. 

341.          6. You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month; 

342.          then the whole assembled congregation of Israel shall slaughter it at twilight. 

343.           7. They shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 

344.          8. They shall eat the lamb that same night; they shall eat it roasted over the fire 

345.          with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. 

346.          9. Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted over the fire, 

347.          (They shall roast it) with its head, legs, and inner organs. 

348.          10. You shall let none of it remain until the morning; 

349.          anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. 

350.          11. This is how you shall eat it: your loins girded, 

351.          your sandals on your feet, and 

352.          your staff in your hand; 

353.          and you shall eat it hurriedly. It is the passover of the Lord. 12. For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both human beings and animals; on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord. 13. The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. 

354.          14. This day shall be a day of remembrance for you. You shall celebrate it as a festival to the Lord; 

355.          throughout your generations you shall observe it as a perpetual ordinance. 

356.          15. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread; 

357.          on the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses, for 

358.          whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day shall be cut off from Israel. 

359.          16. On the first day you shall hold a solemn assembly, and 

360.          on the seventh day (hold) a solemn assembly; 

361.          no work shall be done on those days; only 

362.          what everyone must eat, that alone may be prepared by you. 

363.          17. You shall observe the festival of unleavened bread, for on this very day I brought your companies out of the land of Egypt: 

364.          you shall observe this day throughout your generations as a perpetual ordinance. 

365.          18. In the first month, from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day, you shall eat unleavened bread. 

366.          19. For seven days no leaven shall be found in your houses; for 

367.          whoever eats what is leavened shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether an alien or a native of the land. 

368.          20. You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your settlements you shall eat unleavened bread. 

21. Then Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, "Go, select lambs for your families, and slaughter the passover lamb. 22. Take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood in the basin. None of you shall go outside the door of your house until morning. 23. For the Lord will pass through to strike down the Egyptians; when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the Lord will pass over that door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you down. 

369.          24. You shall observe this rite as a perpetual ordinance for you and your children. 

370.          25. When you come to the land that the Lord will give you, as he has promised, you shall keep this observance. 

371.          26. And when your children ask you, "What do you mean by this observance?' 27. you shall say, "It is the passover sacrifice to the Lord, for he passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, when he struck down the Egyptians but spared our houses.' " 

And the people bowed down and worshiped. 28. The Israelites went and did just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 

The Exodus: From Rameses to Succoth 

33. The Egyptians urged the people to hasten their departure from the land, for they said, "We shall all be dead." 34. So the people took their dough before it was leavened, with their kneading bowls wrapped up in their cloaks on their shoulders. 35. The Israelites had done as Moses told them; they had asked the Egyptians for jewelry of silver and gold, and for clothing, 36. and the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. And so they plundered the Egyptians. 37. The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides children. 

38. A mixed crowd also went up with them, and livestock in great numbers, both flocks and herds. 39. They baked unleavened cakes of the dough that they had brought out of Egypt; it was not leavened, because they were driven out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves. 

40. The time that the Israelites had lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years. 41. At the end of four hundred thirty years, on that very day, all the companies of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt. 42. That was for the Lord a night of vigil, to bring them out of the land of Egypt. That same night is a vigil to be kept for the Lord by all the Israelites throughout their generations. 

More Directions for the Passover 

372.          43. The Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the ordinance for the passover: no foreigner shall eat of it, 

373.          44. but any slave who has been purchased may eat of it after he has been circumcised; 

374.          45. no bound or hired servant may eat of it. 

375.          46. It shall be eaten in one house; 

376.          you shall not take any of the animal outside the house, and 

377.          you shall not break any of its bones. 

378.          47. The whole congregation of Israel shall celebrate it. 

379.          48. If an alien who resides with you wants to celebrate the passover to the Lord, all his males shall be circumcised; then he may draw near to celebrate it; 

380.          he shall be regarded as a native of the land. 

381.          But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it; 

382.          49. there shall be one law for the native and for the alien who resides among you. 

50. All the Israelites did just as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 51. That very day the Lord brought the Israelites out of the land of Egypt, company by company. 

Numbers 9 

The Passover at Sinai 

383.          The Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying:  2. Let the Israelites keep the passover at its appointed time.  3. On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, {Heb [between the two evenings]} you shall keep it at its appointed time; according to all its statutes and all its regulations you shall keep it.  4. So Moses told the Israelites that they should keep the Passover.  5. They kept the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, {Heb [between the two evenings]} in the wilderness of Sinai. Just as the Lord had commanded Moses, so the Israelites did. 

384.          6. Now there were certain people who were unclean through touching a corpse, so that they could not keep the Passover on that day. They came before Moses and Aaron on that day,  7. and said to him, "Although we are unclean through touching a corpse, why must we be kept from presenting the Lord's offering at its appointed time among the Israelites?"  8. Moses spoke to them, "Wait, so that I may hear what the Lord will command concerning you." 

385.          9. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  10. Speak to the Israelites, saying: Anyone of you or your descendants who is unclean through touching a corpse, or is away on a journey, shall still keep the Passover to the Lord.  11. In the second month on the fourteenth day, at twilight, {Heb [between the two evenings]} they shall keep it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.  12. They shall leave none of it until morning, nor break a bone of it; according to all the statute for the Passover they shall keep it.  13. But anyone who is clean and is not on a journey, and yet refrains from keeping the Passover, shall be cut off from the people for not presenting the Lord's offering at its appointed time; such a one shall bear the consequences for the sin. 

386.          14. Any alien residing among you who wishes to keep the Passover to the Lord shall do so according to the statute of the Passover and according to its regulation; you shall have one statute for both the resident alien and the native. 

Numbers 10 

The Silver Trumpets 

387.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Make two silver trumpets; you shall make them of hammered work; and you shall use them for summoning the congregation, and for breaking camp.  3. When both are blown, the whole congregation shall assemble before you at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  4. But if only one is blown, then the leaders, the heads of the tribes of Israel, shall assemble before you.  5. When you blow an alarm, the camps on the east side shall set out;  6. when you blow a second alarm, the camps on the south side shall set out. An alarm is to be blown whenever they are to set out.  7. But when the assembly is to be gathered, you shall blow, but you shall not sound an alarm.  8. The sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets; this shall be a perpetual institution for you throughout your generations.  

388.          9. When you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, so that you may be remembered before the Lord your God and be saved from your enemies.  

389.          10. Also on your days of rejoicing, at your appointed festivals, and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over your sacrifices of well-being; they shall serve as a reminder on your behalf before the Lord your God: I am the Lord your God. 

Numbers 15 

Various Offerings 

390.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to the Israelites and say to them: When you come into the land you are to inhabit, which I am giving you,  3. and you make an offering by fire to the Lord from the herd or from the flock--whether a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering or at your appointed festivals--to make a pleasing odor for the Lord,  4. then whoever presents such an offering to the Lord shall present also a grain offering, one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour, mixed with one-fourth of a hin of oil.  5. Moreover, you shall offer one-fourth of a hin of wine as a drink offering with the burnt offering or the sacrifice, for each lamb.  6. For a ram, you shall offer a grain offering, two-tenths of an ephah of choice flour mixed with one-third of a hin of oil;  7. and as a drink offering you shall offer one-third of a hin of wine, a pleasing odor to the Lord.  8. When you offer a bull as a burnt offering or a sacrifice, to fulfill a vow or as an offering of well-being to the Lord,  9. then you shall present with the bull a grain offering, three-tenths of an ephah of choice flour, mixed with half a hin of oil,  10. and you shall present as a drink offering half a hin of wine, as an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord.  11. Thus it shall be done for each ox or ram, or for each of the male lambs or the kids.  12. According to the number that you offer, so you shall do with each and every one.  

391.          13. Every native Israelite shall do these things in this way, in presenting an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord.  14. An alien who lives with you, or who takes up permanent residence among you, and wishes to offer an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord, shall do as you do.  15. As for the assembly, there shall be for both you and the resident alien a single statute, a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you and the alien shall be alike before the Lord.  16. You and the alien who resides with you shall have the same law and the same ordinance. 

392.          17. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  18. Speak to the Israelites and say to them: After you come into the land to which I am bringing you,  19. whenever you eat of the bread of the land, you shall present a donation to the Lord.  20. From your first batch of dough you shall present a loaf as a donation; you shall present it just as you present a donation from the threshing floor.  21. Throughout your generations you shall give to the Lord a donation from the first of your batch of dough. 

Sin Offerings 

393.          22. But if you unintentionally fail to observe all these commandments that the Lord has spoken to Moses--23. everything that the Lord has commanded you by Moses, from the day the Lord gave commandment and thereafter, throughout your generations--24. then if it was done unintentionally without the knowledge of the congregation, the whole congregation shall offer one young bull for a burnt offering, a pleasing odor to the Lord, together with its grain offering and its drink offering, according to the ordinance, and one male goat for a sin offering.  25. The priest shall make atonement for all the congregation of the Israelites, and they shall be forgiven; it was unintentional, and they have brought their offering, an offering by fire to the Lord, and their sin offering before the Lord, for their error.  26. All the congregation of the Israelites shall be forgiven, as well as the aliens residing among them, because the whole people was involved in the error. 

394.          27. An individual who sins unintentionally shall present a female goat a year old for a sin offering.  28. And the priest shall make atonement before the Lord for the one who commits an error, when it is unintentional, to make atonement for the person, who then shall be forgiven.  29. For both the native among the Israelites and the alien residing among them--you shall have the same law for anyone who acts in error. 

395.          30. But whoever acts high-handedly, whether a native or an alien, affronts the Lord, and shall be cut off from among the people.  31. Because of having despised the word of the Lord and broken his commandment, such a person shall be utterly cut off and bear the guilt. 

Penalty for Violating the Sabbath 

396.          32. When the Israelites were in the wilderness, they found a man gathering sticks on the sabbath day.  33. Those who found him gathering sticks brought him to Moses, Aaron, and to the whole congregation.  34. They put him in custody, because it was not clear what should be done to him.  35. Then the Lord said to Moses, "The man shall be put to death; all the congregation shall stone him outside the camp."  36. The whole congregation brought him outside the camp and stoned him to death, just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 

Fringes on Garments 

397.          37. The Lord said to Moses:  38. Speak to the Israelites, and tell them to make fringes on the corners of their garments throughout their generations and to put a blue cord on the fringe at each corner.  39. You have the fringe so that, when you see it, you will remember all the commandments of the Lord and do them, and not follow the lust of your own heart and your own eyes.  40. So you shall remember and do all my commandments, and you shall be holy to your God.  41. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the Lord your God. 

Numbers 18 

Responsibility of Priests and Levites 

398.          The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connected with the sanctuary, while you and your sons alone shall bear responsibility for offenses connected with the priesthood.  2. So bring with you also your brothers of the tribe of Levi, your ancestral tribe, in order that they may be joined to you, and serve you while you and your sons with you are in front of the tent of the covenant. {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]}  3. They shall perform duties for you and for the whole tent. But they must not approach either the utensils of the sanctuary or the altar, otherwise both they and you will die.  4. They are attached to you in order to perform the duties of the tent of meeting, for all the service of the tent; no outsider shall approach you.  5. You yourselves shall perform the duties of the sanctuary and the duties of the altar, so that wrath may never again come upon the Israelites. 

399.          6. It is I who now take your brother Levites from among the Israelites; they are now yours as a gift, dedicated to the Lord, to perform the service of the tent of meeting.  7. But you and your sons with you shall diligently perform your priestly duties in all that concerns the altar and the area behind the curtain. I give your priesthood as a gift; {Heb [as a service of gift]} any outsider who approaches shall be put to death. 

The Priests' Portion 

400.          8. The Lord spoke to Aaron: I have given you charge of the offerings made to me, all the holy gifts of the Israelites; I have given them to you and your sons as a priestly portion due you in perpetuity.  9. This shall be yours from the most holy things, reserved from the fire: every offering of theirs that they render to me as a most holy thing, whether grain offering, sin offering, or guilt offering, shall belong to you and your sons.  10. As a most holy thing you shall eat it; every male may eat it; it shall be holy to you. 

401.          11. This also is yours: I have given to you, together with your sons and daughters, as a perpetual due, whatever is set aside from the gifts of all the elevation offerings of the Israelites; everyone who is clean in your house may eat them. 12. All the best of the oil and all the best of the wine and of the grain, the choice produce that they give to the Lord, I have given to you.  13. The first fruits of all that is in their land, which they bring to the Lord, shall be yours; everyone who is clean in your house may eat of it.  14. Every devoted thing in Israel shall be yours.  15. The first issue of the womb of all creatures, human and animal, which is offered to the Lord, shall be yours; but the firstborn of human beings you shall redeem, and the firstborn of unclean animals you shall redeem.  16. Their redemption price, reckoned from one month of age, you shall fix at five shekels of silver, according to the shekel of the sanctuary (that is, twenty gerahs).  17. But the firstborn of a cow, or the firstborn of a sheep, or the firstborn of a goat, you shall not redeem; they are holy. You shall dash their blood on the altar, and shall turn their fat into smoke as an offering by fire for a pleasing odor to the Lord;  18. but their flesh shall be yours, just as the breast that is elevated and as the right thigh are yours.  19. All the holy offerings that the Israelites present to the Lord I have given to you, together with your sons and daughters, as a perpetual due; it is a covenant of salt forever before the Lord for you and your descendants as well.  20. Then the Lord said to Aaron: You shall have no allotment in their land, nor shall you have any share among them; I am your share and your possession among the Israelites. 

Tithes due the Levites 

402.          21. To the Levites I have given every tithe in Israel for a possession in return for the service that they perform, the service in the tent of meeting.  22. From now on the Israelites shall no longer approach the tent of meeting, or else they will incur guilt and die.  23. But the Levites shall perform the service of the tent of meeting, and they shall bear responsibility for their own offenses; it shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations. But among the Israelites they shall have no allotment,  24. because I have given to the Levites as their portion the tithe of the Israelites, which they set apart as an offering to the Lord. Therefore I have said of them that they shall have no allotment among the Israelites. 

403.          25. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  26. You shall speak to the Levites, saying: When you receive from the Israelites the tithe that I have given you from them for your portion, you shall set apart an offering from it to the Lord, a tithe of the tithe.  27. It shall be reckoned to you as your gift, the same as the grain of the threshing floor and the fullness of the wine press.  28. Thus you also shall set apart an offering to the Lord from all the tithes that you receive from the Israelites; and from them you shall give the Lord's offering to the priest Aaron.  29. Out of all the gifts to you, you shall set apart every offering due to the Lord; the best of all of them is the part to be consecrated. 

404.          30. Say also to them: When you have set apart the best of it, then the rest shall be reckoned to the Levites as produce of the threshing floor, and as produce of the wine press.  31. You may eat it in any place, you and your households; for it is your payment for your service in the tent of meeting.  32. You shall incur no guilt by reason of it, when you have offered the best of it. But you shall not profane the holy gifts of the Israelites, on pain of death. 

Numbers 19 

Ceremony of the Red Heifer 

405.          The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying:  2. This is a statute of the law that the Lord has commanded: Tell the Israelites to bring you a red heifer without defect, in which there is no blemish and on which no yoke has been laid.  3. You shall give it to the priest Eleazar, and it shall be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.  4. The priest Eleazar shall take some of its blood with his finger and sprinkle it seven times towards the front of the tent of meeting.  5. Then the heifer shall be burned in his sight; its skin, its flesh, and its blood, with its dung, shall be burned.  6. The priest shall take cedarwood, hyssop, and crimson material, and throw them into the fire in which the heifer is burning.  7. Then the priest shall wash his clothes and bathe his body in water, and afterwards he may come into the camp; but the priest shall remain unclean until evening.  8. The one who burns the heifer {Heb [it]} shall wash his clothes in water and bathe his body in water; he shall remain unclean until evening.  9. Then someone who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and deposit them outside the camp in a clean place; and they shall be kept for the congregation of the Israelites for the water for cleansing. It is a purification offering.  10. The one who gathers the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.  This shall be a perpetual statute for the Israelites and for the alien residing among them. 

Use of the Ashes 

406.          11. Those who touch the dead body of any human being shall be unclean seven days.  12. They shall purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day, and so be clean; but if they do not purify themselves on the third day and on the seventh day, they will not become clean.  13. All who touch a corpse, the body of a human being who has died, and do not purify themselves, defile the tabernacle of the Lord; such persons shall be cut off from Israel. Since water for cleansing was not dashed on them, they remain unclean; their uncleanness is still on them. 

407.          14. This is the law when someone dies in a tent: everyone who comes into the tent, and everyone who is in the tent, shall be unclean seven days.  15. And every open vessel with no cover fastened on it is unclean.  16. Whoever in the open field touches one who has been killed by a sword, or who has died naturally, {Heb lacks [naturally]} or a human bone, or a grave, shall be unclean seven days.  17. For the unclean they shall take some ashes of the burnt purification offering, and running water shall be added in a vessel;  18. then a clean person shall take hyssop, dip it in the water, and sprinkle it on the tent, on all the furnishings, on the persons who were there, and on whoever touched the bone, the slain, the corpse, or the grave.  19. The clean person shall sprinkle the unclean ones on the third day and on the seventh day, thus purifying them on the seventh day. Then they shall wash their clothes and bathe themselves in water, and at evening they shall be clean.  20. Any who are unclean but do not purify themselves, those persons shall be cut off from the assembly, for they have defiled the sanctuary of the Lord. Since the water for cleansing has not been dashed on them, they are unclean. 21. It shall be a perpetual statute for them. 

408.          The one who sprinkles the water for cleansing shall wash his clothes, and whoever touches the water for cleansing shall be unclean until evening.  22. Whatever the unclean person touches shall be unclean, and anyone who touches it shall be unclean until evening. 

Numbers 28 

Daily Offerings 

409.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Command the Israelites, and say to them: My offering, the food for my offerings by fire, my pleasing odor, you shall take care to offer to me at its appointed time. 

410.          And you shall say to them, This is the offering by fire that you shall offer to the Lord: two male lambs a year old without blemish, daily, as a regular offering.  4. One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight; {Heb [between the two evenings]}  5. also one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten oil.  6. It is a regular burnt offering, ordained at Mount Sinai for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord.  7. Its drink offering shall be one-fourth of a hin for each lamb; in the sanctuary you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the Lord.  8. The other lamb you shall offer at twilight {Heb [between the two evenings]} with a grain offering and a drink offering like the one in the morning; you shall offer it as an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord. 

Sabbath Offerings 

411.          9. On the sabbath day: two male lambs a year old without blemish, and two-tenths of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, and its drink offering--10. this is the burnt offering for every sabbath, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering. 

Monthly Offerings 

412.          11. At the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish;  12. also three-tenths of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; and two-tenths of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram;  13. and one-tenth of choice flour mixed with oil as a grain offering for every lamb--a burnt offering of pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord.  14. Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, one-third of a hin for a ram, and one-fourth of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.  15. And there shall be one male goat for a sin offering to the Lord; it shall be offered in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering. 

Offerings at Passover 

413.          16. On the fourteenth day of the first month there shall be a passover offering to the Lord.  17. And on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival; seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.  18. On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall not work at your occupations.  19. You shall offer an offering by fire, a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old; see that they are without blemish.  20. Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah shall you offer for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram;  21. one-tenth shall you offer for each of the seven lambs;  22. also one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.  23. You shall offer these in addition to the burnt offering of the morning, which belongs to the regular burnt offering.  24. In the same way you shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord; it shall be offered in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.  25. And on the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations. 

Offerings at the Festival of Weeks 

414.          26. On the day of the first fruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your festival of weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations.  27. You shall offer a burnt offering, a pleasing odor to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old.  28. Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ephah for each bull, two-tenths for one ram,  29. one-tenth for each of the seven lambs;  30. with one male goat, to make atonement for you.  31. In addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, you shall offer them and their drink offering. They shall be without blemish. 

Numbers 29 

Offerings at the Festival of Trumpets 

415.          On the first day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations. It is a day for you to blow the trumpets,  2. and you shall offer a burnt offering, a pleasing odor to the Lord: one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish.  3. Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of one ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the ram,  4. and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs;  5. with one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.  6. These are in addition to the burnt offering of the new moon and its grain offering, and the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings, according to the ordinance for them, a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord. 

Offerings on the Day of Atonement 

416.          7. On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and deny yourselves; {Or [and fast]} you shall do no work.  8. You shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord, a pleasing odor: one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old. They shall be without blemish.  9. Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram,  10. one-tenth for each of the seven lambs;  11. with one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the sin offering of atonement, and the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings. 

Offerings at the Festival of Booths 

417.          12. On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations. You shall celebrate a festival to the Lord seven days.  13. You shall offer a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord: thirteen young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old. They shall be without blemish.  14. Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ephah for each of the thirteen bulls, two-tenths for each of the two rams,  15. and one-tenth for each of the fourteen lambs;  16. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering. 

418.          17. On the second day: twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,  18. with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  19. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings. 

419.          20. On the third day: eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,  21. with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  22. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering. 

420.          23. On the fourth day: ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,  24. with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  25. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering. 

421.          26. On the fifth day: nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,  27. with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  28. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering. 

422.          29. On the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,  30. with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  31. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offerings. 

423.          32. On the seventh day: seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,  33. with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  34. also one male goat for a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering. 

424.          35. On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly; you shall not work at your occupations.  36. You shall offer a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish,  37. and the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bull, for the ram, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;  38. also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering. 

425.          39. These you shall offer to the Lord at your appointed festivals, in addition to your votive offerings and your freewill offerings, as your burnt offerings, your grain offerings, your drink offerings, and your offerings of well-being.  40. {Ch 30.1 in Heb} So Moses told the Israelites everything just as the Lord had commanded Moses. 

Numbers 30 

Vows Made by Women 

426.          Then Moses said to the heads of the tribes of the Israelites: This is what the Lord has commanded.  2. When a man makes a vow to the Lord, or swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.  3. When a woman makes a vow to the Lord, or binds herself by a pledge, while within her father's house, in her youth, 4. and her father hears of her vow or her pledge by which she has bound herself, and says nothing to her; then all her vows shall stand, and any pledge by which she has bound herself shall stand.  

427.          5. But if her father expresses disapproval to her at the time that he hears of it, no vow of hers, and no pledge by which she has bound herself, shall stand; and the Lord will forgive her, because her father had expressed to her his disapproval.  

428.          6. If she marries, while obligated by her vows or any thoughtless utterance of her lips by which she has bound herself, 7. and her husband hears of it and says nothing to her at the time that he hears, then her vows shall stand, and her pledges by which she has bound herself shall stand.  8. But if, at the time that her husband hears of it, he expresses disapproval to her, then he shall nullify the vow by which she was obligated, or the thoughtless utterance of her lips, by which she bound herself; and the Lord will forgive her.  9. (But every vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall be binding upon her.)  

429.          10. And if she made a vow in her husband's house, or bound herself by a pledge with an oath, 11. and her husband heard it and said nothing to her, and did not express disapproval to her, then all her vows shall stand, and any pledge by which she bound herself shall stand.  12. But if her husband nullifies them at the time that he hears them, then whatever proceeds out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning her pledge of herself, shall not stand. Her husband has nullified them, and the Lord will forgive her.  

430.          13. Any vow or any binding oath to deny herself, {Or [to fast]} her husband may allow to stand, or her husband may nullify. 14. But if her husband says nothing to her from day to day, {Or [from that day to the next]} then he validates all her vows, or all her pledges, by which she is obligated; he has validated them, because he said nothing to her at the time that he heard of them.  15. But if he nullifies them some time after he has heard of them, then he shall bear her guilt.  16. These are the statutes that the Lord commanded Moses concerning a husband and his wife, and a father and his daughter while she is still young and in her father's house. 

Deuteronomy 4 

Advantages of Fidelity 

431.          So now, Israel, give heed to the statutes and ordinances that I am teaching you to observe, so that you may live to enter and occupy the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, is giving you. 

432.          2. You must neither add anything to what I command you nor take away anything from it, but keep the commandments of the Lord your God with which I am charging you. 

Danger of Idolatry 

433.          15. Since you saw no form when the Lord spoke to you at Horeb out of the fire, take care and watch yourselves closely, 16. so that you do not act corruptly by making an idol for yourselves, in the form of any figure--the likeness of male or female, 17. the likeness of any animal that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged bird that flies in the air, 18. the likeness of anything that creeps on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the water under the earth. 19. And when you look up to the heavens and see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, do not be led astray and bow down to them and serve them, things that the Lord your God has allotted to all the peoples everywhere under heaven. 23. So be careful not to forget the covenant that the Lord your God made with you, and not to make for yourselves an idol in the form of anything that the Lord your God has forbidden you. 24. For the Lord your God is a devouring fire, a jealous God. 

God’s Fidelity 

434.          25. When you have had children and children's children, and become complacent in the land, if you act corruptly by making an idol in the form of anything, thus doing what is evil in the sight of the Lord your God, and provoking him to anger, 26. I call heaven and earth to witness against you today that you will soon utterly perish from the land that you are crossing the Jordan to occupy; you will not live long on it, but will be utterly destroyed. 27. The Lord will scatter you among the peoples; only a few of you will be left among the nations where the Lord will lead you. 28. There you will serve other gods made by human hands, objects of wood and stone that neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell. 29. From there you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find him if you search after him with all your heart and soul. 30. In your distress, when all these things have happened to you in time to come, you will return to the Lord your God and heed him. 31. Because the Lord your God is a merciful God, he will neither abandon you nor destroy you; he will not forget the covenant with your ancestors that he swore to them. 

435.          39. So acknowledge today and take to heart that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other. 40. Keep his statutes and his commandments, which I am commanding you today for your own well-being and that of your descendants after you, so that you may long remain in the land that the Lord your God is giving you for all time. 

II:  GOD AND HIS COVENANT 

Deuteronomy 5 

The Covenant at Horeb 

436.          Moses convened all Israel, and said to them:  Hear, O Israel, the statutes and ordinances that I am addressing to you today; you shall learn them and observe them diligently. 2. The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. 3. Not with our ancestors did the Lord make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today. 4. The Lord spoke with you face to face at the mountain, out of the fire. 5. (At that time I was standing between the Lord and you to declare to you the words {Q Mss Sam Gk Syr Vg Tg: MT [word]} of the Lord; for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain.) And he said: 

The Ten Commandments 

437.          6. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; 7. you shall have no other gods before {Or [besides]} me. 8. You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 9. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and fourth generation of those who reject me, 10. but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation {Or [to thousands]} of those who love me and keep my commandments. 

438.          11. You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name. 

439.          12. Observe the Sabbath day and keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. 13. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. 14. But the seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God; you shall not do any work -- you, or your son or your daughter, or your male or female slave, or your ox or your donkey, or any of your livestock, or the resident alien in your towns, so that your male and female slave may rest as well as you. 15. Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the Sabbath day. 

440.          16. Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God commanded you, so that your days may be long and that it may go well with you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 

441.          17. You shall not murder. {Or [kill]} 

442.          18. Neither shall you commit adultery. 

443.          19. Neither shall you steal. 

444.          20. Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbor. 

445.          21. Neither shall you covet your neighbor's wife. 

446.          Neither shall you desire your neighbor's house, or field, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. 

Deuteronomy 6 

The Great Commandment 

447.          Now this is the commandment--the statutes and the ordinances--that the Lord your God charged me to teach you to observe in the land that you are about to cross into and occupy, 2. so that you and your children and your children's children may fear the Lord your God all the days of your life, and keep all his decrees and his commandments that I am commanding you, so that your days may be long. 

448.          Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe them diligently, so that it may go well with you, and so that you may multiply greatly in a land flowing with milk and honey, as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has promised you. 4. Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord alone. 5. You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might. 6. Keep these words that I am commanding you today in your heart. 7. Recite them to your children and talk about them when you are at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you rise. 8. Bind them as a sign on your hand, fix them as an emblem on your forehead, 9. and write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. 

Fidelity in Prosperity 

449.          10. When the Lord your God has brought you into the land that he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give you--a land with fine, large cities that you did not build, 11. houses filled with all sorts of goods that you did not fill, hewn cisterns that you did not hew, vineyards and olive groves that you did not plant--and when you have eaten your fill, 12. take care that you do not forget the Lord, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 13. The Lord your God you shall fear; him you shall serve, and by his name alone you shall swear. 14. Do not follow other gods, any of the gods of the peoples who are all around you, 15. because the Lord your God, who is present with you, is a jealous God. The anger of the Lord your God would be kindled against you and he would destroy you from the face of the earth. 

450.          16. Do not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah. 17. You must diligently keep the commandments of the Lord your God, and his decrees, and his statutes that he has commanded you. 18. Do what is right and good in the sight of the Lord, so that it may go well with you, and so that you may go in and occupy the good land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give you, 19. thrusting out all your enemies from before you, as the Lord has promised. 

Instruction to Children 

451.          20. When your children ask you in time to come, "What is the meaning of the decrees and the statutes and the ordinances that the Lord our God has commanded you?" 21. then you shall say to your children, "We were Pharaoh's slaves in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand. 22. The Lord displayed before our eyes great and awesome signs and wonders against Egypt, against Pharaoh and all his household. 23. He brought us out from there in order to bring us in, to give us the land that he promised on oath to our ancestors. 24. Then the Lord commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the Lord our God, for our lasting good, so as to keep us alive, as is now the case. 25. If we diligently observe this entire commandment before the Lord our God, as he has commanded us, we will be in the right." 

Deuteronomy 7 

A Chosen People 

452.          When the Lord your God brings you into the land that you are about to enter and occupy, and he clears away many nations before you--the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations mightier and more numerous than you -- 2. and when the Lord your God gives them over to you and you defeat them, then you must utterly destroy them. Make no covenant with them and show them no mercy. 

453.          3. Do not intermarry with them, giving your daughters to their sons or taking their daughters for your sons, 4. for that would turn away your children from following me, to serve other gods. Then the anger of the Lord would be kindled against you, and he would destroy you quickly. 

454.          5. But this is how you must deal with them: break down their altars, smash their pillars, hew down their sacred poles, {Heb [Asherim]} and burn their idols with fire. 6. For you are a people holy to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on earth to be his people, his treasured possession. 

455.          9. Know therefore that the Lord your God is God, the faithful God who maintains covenant loyalty with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations, 10. and who repays in their own person those who reject him. He does not delay but repays in their own person those who reject him. 11. Therefore, observe diligently the commandment--the statutes and the ordinances--that I am commanding you today. 

Deuteronomy 8 

A Warning Not to Forget God in Prosperity 

456.          This entire commandment that I command you today you must diligently observe, so that you may live and increase, and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised on oath to your ancestors. 

Danger of Prosperity 

457.          6. Therefore keep the commandments of the Lord your God, by walking in his ways and by fearing him. 7. For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land, a land with flowing streams, with springs and underground waters welling up in valleys and hills, 8. a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive trees and honey, 9. a land where you may eat bread without scarcity, where you will lack nothing, a land whose stones are iron and from whose hills you may mine copper. 10. You shall eat your fill and bless the Lord your God for the good land that he has given you. 

458.          11. Take care that you do not forget the Lord your God, by failing to keep his commandments, his ordinances, and his statutes, which I am commanding you today. 12. When you have eaten your fill and have built fine houses and live in them, 13. and when your herds and flocks have multiplied, and your silver and gold is multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied, 14. then do not exalt yourself, forgetting the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery, 15. who led you through the great and terrible wilderness, an arid wasteland with poisonous {Or [fiery]; Heb [seraph]} snakes and scorpions. 

459.          18. But remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth, so that he may confirm his covenant that he swore to your ancestors, as he is doing today. 19. If you do forget the Lord your God and follow other gods to serve and worship them, I solemnly warn you today that you shall surely perish. 20. Like the nations that the Lord is destroying before you, so shall you perish, because you would not obey the voice of the Lord your God. 

Deuteronomy 10 

The Essence of the Law 

460.          12. So now, O Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you? Only to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, 13. and to keep the commandments of the Lord your God {Q Ms Gk Syr: MT lacks [your God]} and his decrees that I am commanding you today, for your own well-being. 14. Although heaven and the heaven of heavens belong to the Lord your God, the earth with all that is in it, 15. yet the Lord set his heart in love on your ancestors alone and chose you, their descendants after them, out of all the peoples, as it is today. 16. Circumcise, then, the foreskin of your heart, and do not be stubborn any longer. 17. For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who is not partial and takes no bribe, 18. who executes justice for the orphan and the widow, and who loves the strangers, providing them food and clothing. 19. You shall also love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. 20. You shall fear the Lord your God; him alone you shall worship; to him you shall hold fast, and by his name you shall swear. 21. He is your praise; he is your God, who has done for you these great and awesome things that your own eyes have seen. 22. Your ancestors went down to Egypt seventy persons; and now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars in heaven. 

Deuteronomy 12 

Pagan Shrines to Be Destroyed 

461.          These are the statutes and ordinances that you must diligently observe in the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has given you to occupy all the days that you live on the earth. 2. You must demolish completely all the places where the nations whom you are about to dispossess served their gods, on the mountain heights, on the hills, and under every leafy tree. 3. Break down their altars, smash their pillars, burn their sacred poles {Heb [Asherim]} with fire, and hew down the idols of their gods, and thus blot out their name from their places. 

462.          You shall not worship the Lord your God in such ways. 5. But you shall seek the place that the Lord your God will choose out of all your tribes as his habitation to put his name there. You shall go there, 6. bringing there your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and your donations, your votive gifts, your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and flocks. 7. And you shall eat there in the presence of the Lord your God, you and your households together, rejoicing in all the undertakings in which the Lord your God has blessed you. 8. You shall not act as we are acting here today, all of us according to our own desires, 9. for you have not yet come into the rest and the possession that the Lord your God is giving you. 

463.          10. When you cross over the Jordan and live in the land that the Lord your God is allotting to you, and when he gives you rest from your enemies all around so that you live in safety, 11. then you shall bring everything that I command you to the place that the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his name: your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and your donations, and all your choice votive gifts that you vow to the Lord. 12. And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you together with your sons and your daughters, your male and female slaves, and the Levites who reside in your towns (since they have no allotment or inheritance with you). 

A Prescribed Place of Worship 

464.          13. Take care that you do not offer your burnt offerings at any place you happen to see. 14. But only at the place that the Lord will choose in one of your tribes--there you shall offer your burnt offerings and there you shall do everything I command you. 

Profane and Sacred Meals 

465.          15. Yet whenever you desire you may slaughter and eat meat within any of your towns, according to the blessing that the Lord your God has given you; the unclean and the clean may eat of it, as they would of gazelle or deer. 

466.          16. The blood, however, you must not eat; you shall pour it out on the ground like water. 

467.          17. Nor may you eat within your towns the tithe of your grain, your wine, and your oil, the firstlings of your herds and your flocks, any of your votive gifts that you vow, your freewill offerings, or your donations; 18. these you shall eat in the presence of the Lord your God at the place that the Lord your God will choose, you together with your son and your daughter, your male and female slaves, and the Levites resident in your towns, rejoicing in the presence of the Lord your God in all your undertakings. 19. Take care that you do not neglect the Levite as long as you live in your land. 

468.          20. When the Lord your God enlarges your territory, as he has promised you, and you say, "I am going to eat some meat," because you wish to eat meat, you may eat meat whenever you have the desire. 

469.          21. If the place where the Lord your God will choose to put his name is too far from you, and you slaughter as I have commanded you any of your herd or flock that the Lord has given you, then you may eat within your towns whenever you desire. 22. Indeed, just as gazelle or deer is eaten, so you may eat it; the unclean and the clean alike may eat it. 

470.          23. Only be sure that you do not eat the blood; for the blood is the life, and you shall not eat the life with the meat. 24. Do not eat it; you shall pour it out on the ground like water. 25. Do not eat it, so that all may go well with you and your children after you, because you do what is right in the sight of the Lord. 

471.          26. But the sacred donations that are due from you, and your votive gifts, you shall bring to the place that the Lord will choose. 

472.          27. You shall present your burnt offerings, both the meat and the blood, on the altar of the Lord your God; the blood of your other sacrifices shall be poured out beside {Or [on]} the altar of the Lord your God, but the meat you may eat. 28. Be careful to obey all these words that I command you today, {Gk Sam Syr: MT lacks [today]} so that it may go well with you and with your children after you forever, because you will be doing what is good and right in the sight of the Lord your God.

Warning against Idolatry 

473.          29. When the Lord your God has cut off before you the nations whom you are about to enter to dispossess them, when you have dispossessed them and live in their land, 30. take care that you are not snared into imitating them, after they have been destroyed before you: do not inquire concerning their gods, saying, "How did these nations worship their gods? I also want to do the same." 31. You must not do the same for the Lord your God, because every abhorrent thing that the Lord hates they have done for their gods. They would even burn their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods. 32. {Ch 13.1 in Heb} You must diligently observe everything that I command you; do not add to it or take anything from it. 

Deuteronomy 13 

Penalties for Idolatry 

474.          If prophets or those who divine by dreams appear among you and promise you omens or portents, 2. and the omens or the portents declared by them take place, and they say, "Let us follow other gods" (whom you have not known) "and let us serve them," 3. you must not heed the words of those prophets or those who divine by dreams; for the Lord your God is testing you, to know whether you indeed love the Lord your God with all your heart and soul. 

475.          4. The Lord your God you shall follow, 

476.          him alone you shall fear, 

477.          his commandments you shall keep, 

478.          his voice you shall obey, 

479.          him you shall serve, and 

480.          to him you shall hold fast. 

481.          5. But those prophets or those who divine by dreams shall be put to death for having spoken treason against the Lord your God--who brought you out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you from the house of slavery--to turn you from the way in which the Lord your God commanded you to walk. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. 

482.          6. If anyone secretly entices you--even if it is your brother, your father's son or {Sam Gk Compare Tg: MT lacks [your father's son or]} your mother's son, or your own son or daughter, or the wife you embrace, or your most intimate friend--saying, "Let us go worship other gods," whom neither you nor your ancestors have known, 7. any of the gods of the peoples that are around you, whether near you or far away from you, from one end of the earth to the other, 8. you must not yield to or heed any such persons. 

483.          Show them no pity or compassion and do not shield them. 9. But you shall surely kill them; your own hand shall be first against them to execute them, and afterwards the hand of all the people. 10. Stone them to death for trying to turn you away from the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 11. Then all Israel shall hear and be afraid, and never again do any such wickedness. 

484.          12. If you hear it said about one of the towns that the Lord your God is giving you to live in, 13. that scoundrels from among you have gone out and led the inhabitants of the town astray, saying, "Let us go and worship other gods," whom you have not known, 14. then you shall inquire and make a thorough investigation. 

485.          If the charge is established that such an abhorrent thing has been done among you, 15. you shall put the inhabitants of that town to the sword, utterly destroying it and everything in it--even putting its livestock to the sword. 

486.          16. All of its spoil you shall gather into its public square; then burn the town and all its spoil with fire, as a whole burnt offering to the Lord your God. It shall remain a perpetual ruin, never to be rebuilt. 

487.          17. Do not let anything devoted to destruction stick to your hand, so that the Lord may turn from his fierce anger and show you compassion, and in his compassion multiply you, as he swore to your ancestors, 18. if you obey the voice of the Lord your God by keeping all his commandments that I am commanding you today, doing what is right in the sight of the Lord your God. 

Deuteronomy 14 

Pagan Practices Forbidden 

488.          You are children of the Lord your God. You must not lacerate yourselves or shave your forelocks for the dead. 2. For you are a people holy to the Lord your God; it is you the Lord has chosen out of all the peoples on earth to be his people, his treasured possession. 

Clean and Unclean Foods 

489.          You shall not eat any abhorrent thing. 4. These are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat, 5. the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the mountain-sheep. 6. Any animal that divides the hoof and has the hoof cleft in two, and chews the cud, among the animals, you may eat. 7. Yet of those that chew the cud or have the hoof cleft you shall not eat these: the camel, the hare, and the rock badger, because they chew the cud but do not divide the hoof; they are unclean for you. 8. And the pig, because it divides the hoof but does not chew the cud, is unclean for you. You shall not eat their meat, and you shall not touch their carcasses. 

490.          9. Of all that live in water you may eat these: whatever has fins and scales you may eat. 10. And whatever does not have fins and scales you shall not eat; it is unclean for you. 

491.          11. You may eat any clean birds. 12. But these are the ones that you shall not eat: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey, 13. the buzzard, the kite of any kind; 14. every raven of any kind; 15. the ostrich, the nighthawk, the sea gull, the hawk of any kind; 16. the little owl and the great owl, the water hen 17. and the desert owl, {Or [pelican]} the carrion vulture and the cormorant, 18. the stork, the heron of any kind; the hoopoe and the bat. {Identification of several of the birds in verses 12-18 is uncertain} 19. And all winged insects are unclean for you; they shall not be eaten. 20. You may eat any clean winged creature. 

492.          21. You shall not eat anything that dies of itself; you may give it to aliens residing in your towns for them to eat, or you may sell it to a foreigner. For you are a people holy to the Lord your God. 

493.          You shall not boil a kid in its mother's milk. 

Regulations concerning Tithes 

494.          22. Set apart a tithe of all the yield of your seed that is brought in yearly from the field. 23. In the presence of the Lord your God, in the place that he will choose as a dwelling for his name, you shall eat the tithe of your grain, your wine, and your oil, as well as the firstlings of your herd and flock, so that you may learn to fear the Lord your God always. 24. But if, when the Lord your God has blessed you, the distance is so great that you are unable to transport it, because the place where the Lord your God will choose to set his name is too far away from you, 25. then you may turn it into money. With the money secure in hand, go to the place that the Lord your God will choose; 26. spend the money for whatever you wish--oxen, sheep, wine, strong drink, or whatever you desire. And you shall eat there in the presence of the Lord your God, you and your household rejoicing together. 27. As for the Levites resident in your towns, do not neglect them, because they have no allotment or inheritance with you. 

495.          28. Every third year you shall bring out the full tithe of your produce for that year, and store it within your towns; 29. the Levites, because they have no allotment or inheritance with you, as well as the resident aliens, the orphans, and the widows in your towns, may come and eat their fill so that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work that you undertake. 

Deuteronomy 15 

Debts and the Poor 

496.          Every seventh year you shall grant a remission of debts. 2. And this is the manner of the remission: every creditor shall remit the claim that is held against a neighbor, not exacting it of a neighbor who is a member of the community, because the Lord's remission has been proclaimed. 3. Of a foreigner you may exact it, but you must remit your claim on whatever any member of your community owes you. 4. There will, however, be no one in need among you, because the Lord is sure to bless you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you as a possession to occupy, 5. if only you will obey the Lord your God by diligently observing this entire commandment that I command you today. 

497.          6. When the Lord your God has blessed you, as he promised you, you will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow; you will rule over many nations, but they will not rule over you. 7. If there is among you anyone in need, a member of your community in any of your towns within the land that the Lord your God is giving you, do not be hard-hearted or tight-fisted toward your needy neighbor. 8. You should rather open your hand, willingly lending enough to meet the need, whatever it may be. 9. Be careful that you do not entertain a mean thought, thinking, "The seventh year, the year of remission, is near," and therefore view your needy neighbor with hostility and give nothing; your neighbor might cry to the Lord against you, and you would incur guilt. 10. Give liberally and be ungrudging when you do so, for on this account the Lord your God will bless you in all your work and in all that you undertake. 11. Since there will never cease to be some in need on the earth, I therefore command you, "Open your hand to the poor and needy neighbor in your land." 

Hebrew Slaves 

498.          12. If a member of your community, whether a Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman, is sold {Or [sells himself or herself]} to you and works for you six years, in the seventh year you shall set that person free. 13. And when you send a male slave {Heb [him]} out from you a free person, you shall not send him out empty-handed. 14. Provide liberally out of your flock, your threshing floor, and your wine press, thus giving to him some of the bounty with which the Lord your God has blessed you. 15. Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God redeemed you; for this reason I lay this command upon you today. 16. But if he says to you, "I will not go out from you," because he loves you and your household, since he is well off with you, 17. then you shall take an awl and thrust it through his earlobe into the door, and he shall be your slave {Or [bondman]} forever. You shall do the same with regard to your female slave. {Or [bondwoman]} 18. Do not consider it a hardship when you send them out from you free persons, because for six years they have given you services worth the wages of hired laborers; and the Lord your God will bless you in all that you do. 

The Firstborn of Livestock 

499.          19. Every firstling male born of your herd and flock you shall consecrate to the Lord your God; you shall not do work with your firstling ox nor shear the firstling of your flock. 20. You shall eat it, you together with your household, in the presence of the Lord your God year by year at the place that the Lord will choose. 21. But if it has any defect--any serious defect, such as lameness or blindness--you shall not sacrifice it to the Lord your God; 22. within your towns you may eat it, the unclean and the clean alike, as you would a gazelle or deer. 23. Its blood, however, you must not eat; you shall pour it out on the ground like water. 

Deuteronomy 16 

The Passover Reviewed 

500.          Observe the month {Or [new moon]} of Abib by keeping the passover to the Lord your God, for in the month of Abib the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night. 2. You shall offer the passover sacrifice to the Lord your God, from the flock and the herd, at the place that the Lord will choose as a dwelling for his name. 3. You must not eat with it anything leavened. For seven days you shall eat unleavened bread with it--the bread of affliction--because you came out of the land of Egypt in great haste, so that all the days of your life you may remember the day of your departure from the land of Egypt. 4. No leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory for seven days; and none of the meat of what you slaughter on the evening of the first day shall remain until morning. 

501.          You are not permitted to offer the passover sacrifice within any of your towns that the Lord your God is giving you. 6. But at the place that the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his name, only there shall you offer the passover sacrifice, in the evening at sunset, the time of day when you departed from Egypt. 7. You shall cook it and eat it at the place that the Lord your God will choose; the next morning you may go back to your tents. 8. For six days you shall continue to eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a solemn assembly for the Lord your God, when you shall do no work. 

The Festival of Weeks Reviewed 

502.          9. You shall count seven weeks; begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. 10. Then you shall keep the festival of weeks to the Lord your God, contributing a freewill offering in proportion to the blessing that you have received from the Lord your God. 11. Rejoice before the Lord your God--you and your sons and your daughters, your male and female slaves, the Levites resident in your towns, as well as the strangers, the orphans, and the widows who are among you--at the place that the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his name. 12. Remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and diligently observe these statutes. 

The Festival of Booths Reviewed 

503.          13. You shall keep the festival of booths {Or [tabernacles]; Heb [succoth]} for seven days, when you have gathered in the produce from your threshing floor and your wine press. 14. Rejoice during your festival, you and your sons and your daughters, your male and female slaves, as well as the Levites, the strangers, the orphans, and the widows resident in your towns. 15. Seven days you shall keep the festival to the Lord your God at the place that the Lord will choose; for the Lord your God will bless you in all your produce and in all your undertakings, and you shall surely celebrate. 

504.          16. Three times a year all your males shall appear before the Lord your God at the place that he will choose: at the festival of unleavened bread, at the festival of weeks, and at the festival of booths. {Or [tabernacles]; Heb [succoth]} They shall not appear before the Lord empty-handed; 17. all shall give as they are able, according to the blessing of the Lord your God that he has given you. 

Municipal Judges and Officers 

505.          18. You shall appoint judges and officials throughout your tribes, in all your towns that the Lord your God is giving you, and they shall render just decisions for the people. 19. You must not distort justice; you must not show partiality; and you must not accept bribes, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of those who are in the right. 20. Justice, and only justice, you shall pursue, so that you may live and occupy the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 

Forbidden Forms of Worship 

506.          21. You shall not plant any tree as a sacred pole {Heb [Asherah]} beside the altar that you make for the Lord your God; 22. nor shall you set up a stone pillar -- things that the Lord your God hates. 

Deuteronomy 17 

507.          You must not sacrifice to the Lord your God an ox or a sheep that has a defect, anything seriously wrong; for that is abhorrent to the Lord your God. 

508.          If there is found among you, in one of your towns that the Lord your God is giving you, a man or woman who does what is evil in the sight of the Lord your God, and transgresses his covenant 3. by going to serve other gods and worshiping them--whether the sun or the moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have forbidden -- 4. and if it is reported to you or you hear of it, and you make a thorough inquiry, and the charge is proved true that such an abhorrent thing has occurred in Israel, 5. then you shall bring out to your gates that man or that woman who has committed this crime and you shall stone the man or woman to death. 6. On the evidence of two or three witnesses the death sentence shall be executed; a person must not be put to death on the evidence of only one witness. 7. The hands of the witnesses shall be the first raised against the person to execute the death penalty, and afterward the hands of all the people. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. 

Legal Decisions by Priests and Judges 

509.          8. If a judicial decision is too difficult for you to make between one kind of bloodshed and another, one kind of legal right and another, or one kind of assault and another -- any such matters of dispute in your towns--then you shall immediately go up to the place that the Lord your God will choose, 9. where you shall consult with the levitical priests and the judge who is in office in those days; they shall announce to you the decision in the case. 10. Carry out exactly the decision that they announce to you from the place that the Lord will choose, diligently observing everything they instruct you. 11. You must carry out fully the law that they interpret for you or the ruling that they announce to you; do not turn aside from the decision that they announce to you, either to the right or to the left. 12. As for anyone who presumes to disobey the priest appointed to minister there to the Lord your God, or the judge, that person shall die. So you shall purge the evil from Israel. 13. All the people will hear and be afraid, and will not act presumptuously again. 

Limitations of Royal Authority 

510.          14. When you have come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and have taken possession of it and settled in it, and you say, "I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me," 15. you may indeed set over you a king whom the Lord your God will choose. One of your own community you may set as king over you; you are not permitted to put a foreigner over you, who is not of your own community. 16. Even so, he must not acquire many horses for himself, or return the people to Egypt in order to acquire more horses, since the Lord has said to you, "You must never return that way again." 17. And he must not acquire many wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away; also silver and gold he must not acquire in great quantity for himself. 18. When he has taken the throne of his kingdom, he shall have a copy of this law written for him in the presence of the levitical priests. 19. It shall remain with him and he shall read in it all the days of his life, so that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, diligently observing all the words of this law and these statutes, 20. neither exalting himself above other members of the community nor turning aside from the commandment, either to the right or to the left, so that he and his descendants may reign long over his kingdom in Israel. 

Deuteronomy 18 

Privileges of Priests and Levites 

511.          The levitical priests, the whole tribe of Levi, shall have no allotment or inheritance within Israel. 

512.          They may eat the sacrifices that are the Lord's portion 2. but they shall have no inheritance among the other members of the community; the Lord is their inheritance, as he promised them. 

513.          3. This shall be the priests' due from the people, from those offering a sacrifice, whether an ox or a sheep: they shall give to the priest the shoulder, the two jowls, and the stomach. 

514.          4. The first fruits of your grain, your wine, and your oil, as well as the first of the fleece of your sheep, you shall give him. 5. For the Lord your God has chosen Levi {Heb [him]} out of all your tribes, to stand and minister in the name of the Lord, him and his sons for all time.  

515.          If a Levite leaves any of your towns, from wherever he has been residing in Israel, and comes to the place that the Lord will choose (and he may come whenever he wishes), 7. then he may minister in the name of the Lord his God, like all his fellow-Levites who stand to minister there before the Lord. 

516.          8. They shall have equal portions to eat, even though they have income from the sale of family possessions. {Meaning of Heb uncertain} 

Child-Sacrifice, Divination, and Magic Prohibited 

517.          9. When you come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, you must not learn to imitate the abhorrent practices of those nations. 

518.          10. No one shall be found among you who makes a son or daughter pass through fire, or who practices divination, or is a soothsayer, or an augur, or a sorcerer, 11. or one who casts spells, or who consults ghosts or spirits, or who seeks oracles from the dead. 12. For whoever does these things is abhorrent to the Lord; it is because of such abhorrent practices that the Lord your God is driving them out before you. 

519.          13. You must remain completely loyal to the Lord your God. 14. Although these nations that you are about to dispossess do give heed to soothsayers and diviners, as for you, the Lord your God does not permit you to do so. 

A New Prophet Like Moses 

520.          15. The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet {Or [prophets]} like me from among your own people; you shall heed such a prophet. {Or [such prophets]} 16. This is what you requested of the Lord your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said: "If I hear the voice of the Lord my God any more, or ever again see this great fire, I will die." 17. Then the Lord replied to me: "They are right in what they have said. 18. I will raise up for them a prophet {Or [prophets]} like you from among their own people; I will put my words in the mouth of the prophet, {Or [mouths of the prophets]} who shall speak to them everything that I command. 19. Anyone who does not heed the words that the prophet shall speak in my name, I myself will hold accountable. 

Deuteronomy 19 

Laws concerning the Cities of Refuge 

521.          When the Lord your God has cut off the nations whose land the Lord your God is giving you, and you have dispossessed them and settled in their towns and in their houses, 2. you shall set apart three cities in the land that the Lord your God is giving you to possess. 3. You shall calculate the distances {Or [prepare roads to them]} and divide into three regions the land that the Lord your God gives you as a possession, so that any homicide can flee to one of them. 

522.          Now this is the case of a homicide who might flee there and live, that is, someone who has killed another person unintentionally when the two had not been at enmity before: 5. Suppose someone goes into the forest with another to cut wood, and when one of them swings the ax to cut down a tree, the head slips from the handle and strikes the other person who then dies; the killer may flee to one of these cities and live. 6. But if the distance is too great, the avenger of blood in hot anger might pursue and overtake and put the killer to death, although a death sentence was not deserved, since the two had not been at enmity before. 7. Therefore I command you: You shall set apart three cities. 

523.          8. If the Lord your God enlarges your territory, as he swore to your ancestors--and he will give you all the land that he promised your ancestors to give you, 9. provided you diligently observe this entire commandment that I command you today, by loving the Lord your God and walking always in his ways--then you shall add three more cities to these three, 10. so that the blood of an innocent person may not be shed in the land that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, thereby bringing bloodguilt upon you. 

524.          11. But if someone at enmity with another lies in wait and attacks and takes the life of that person, and flees into one of these cities, 12. then the elders of the killer's city shall send to have the culprit taken from there and handed over to the avenger of blood to be put to death. 13. Show no pity; you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, so that it may go well with you. 

Property Boundaries 

525.          14. You must not move your neighbor's boundary marker, set up by former generations, on the property that will be allotted to you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you to possess. 

Law concerning Witnesses 

526.          15. A single witness shall not suffice to convict a person of any crime or wrongdoing in connection with any offense that may be committed. Only on the evidence of two or three witnesses shall a charge be sustained. 

527.          16. If a malicious witness comes forward to accuse someone of wrongdoing, 17. then both parties to the dispute shall appear before the Lord, before the priests and the judges who are in office in those days, 18. and the judges shall make a thorough inquiry. If the witness is a false witness, having testified falsely against another, 19. then you shall do to the false witness just as the false witness had meant to do to the other. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. 20. The rest shall hear and be afraid, and a crime such as this shall never again be committed among you. 21. Show no pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. 

Deuteronomy 20 

Rules of Warfare 

528.          When you go out to war against your enemies, and see horses and chariots, an army larger than your own, you shall not be afraid of them; for the Lord your God is with you, who brought you up from the land of Egypt. 

529.          Before you engage in battle, the priest shall come forward and speak to the troops, 3. and shall say to them: "Hear, O Israel! Today you are drawing near to do battle against your enemies. Do not lose heart, or be afraid, or panic, or be in dread of them; 4. for it is the Lord your God who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to give you victory." 

530.          Then the officials shall address the troops, saying, "Has anyone built a new house but not dedicated it? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another dedicate it. 6. Has anyone planted a vineyard but not yet enjoyed its fruit? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another be first to enjoy its fruit. 7. Has anyone become engaged to a woman but not yet married her? He should go back to his house, or he might die in the battle and another marry her." 8. The officials shall continue to address the troops, saying, "Is anyone afraid or disheartened? He should go back to his house, or he might cause the heart of his comrades to melt like his own." 

531.          9. When the officials have finished addressing the troops, then the commanders shall take charge of them. 

Cities of the Enemy 

532.          10. When you draw near to a town to fight against it, offer it terms of peace. 

533.          11. If it accepts your terms of peace and surrenders to you, then all the people in it shall serve you at forced labor. 

534.          12. If it does not submit to you peacefully, but makes war against you, then you shall besiege it; 13. and when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword. 14. You may, however, take as your booty the women, the children, livestock, and everything else in the town, all its spoil. You may enjoy the spoil of your enemies, which the Lord your God has given you. 

535.          15. Thus you shall treat all the towns that are very far from you, which are not towns of the nations here. 16. But as for the towns of these peoples that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, you must not let anything that breathes remain alive. 17. You shall annihilate them--the Hittites and the Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites--just as the Lord your God has commanded, 18. so that they may not teach you to do all the abhorrent things that they do for their gods, and you thus sin against the Lord your God. 

Trees of Besieged City 

536.          19. If you besiege a town for a long time, making war against it in order to take it, you must not destroy its trees by wielding an ax against them. Although you may take food from them, you must not cut them down. Are trees in the field human beings that they should come under siege from you? 

537.          20. You may destroy only the trees that you know do not produce food; you may cut them down for use in building siegeworks against the town that makes war with you, until it falls. 

Deuteronomy 21 

Law concerning Murder by Persons Unknown 

538.          If, in the land that the Lord your God is giving you to possess, a body is found lying in open country, and it is not known who struck the person down, 2. then your elders and your judges shall come out to measure the distances to the towns that are near the body. 

539.          3. The elders of the town nearest the body shall take a heifer that has never been worked, one that has not pulled in the yoke; 

540.          4. the elders of that town shall bring the heifer down to a wadi with running water, which is neither plowed nor sown, 

541.          and (the elders of the town) shall break the heifer's neck there in the wadi. 

542.          5. Then the priests, the sons of Levi, shall come forward, for the Lord your God has chosen them to minister to him and to pronounce blessings in the name of the Lord, and 

543.          by their (the priests, the sons of Levi) decision all cases of dispute and assault shall be settled. 

544.          6. All the elders of that town nearest the body shall wash their hands over the heifer whose neck was broken in the wadi, 7. and they shall declare: "Our hands did not shed this blood, nor were we witnesses to it. 8. Absolve, O Lord, your people Israel, whom you redeemed; do not let the guilt of innocent blood remain in the midst of your people Israel." Then they will be absolved of bloodguilt. 9. So you shall purge the guilt of innocent blood from your midst, because you must do what is right in the sight of the Lord. 

Marriage with a Female Captive 

545.          10. When you go out to war against your enemies, and the Lord your God hands them over to you and you take them captive, 11. suppose you see among the captives a beautiful woman whom you desire and want to marry, 12. and so you bring her home to your house: she shall shave her head, pare her nails, 13. discard her captive's garb, and shall remain in your house a full month, mourning for her father and mother; 

546.          after that you may go in to her and be her husband, and she shall be your wife. 

547.          14. But if you are not satisfied with her, you shall let her go free and not sell her for money. You must not treat her as a slave, since you have dishonored her. 

The Right of the Firstborn 

548.          15. If a man has two wives, one of them loved and the other disliked, and if both the loved and the disliked have borne him sons, the firstborn being the son of the one who is disliked, 16. then on the day when he wills his possessions to his sons, he is not permitted to treat the son of the loved as the firstborn in preference to the son of the disliked, who is the firstborn. 

549.          17. He must acknowledge as firstborn the son of the one who is disliked, giving him a double portion {Heb [two-thirds]} of all that he has; since he is the first issue of his virility, the right of the firstborn is his. 

Rebellious Children 

550.          18. If someone has a stubborn and rebellious son who will not obey his father and mother, who does not heed them when they discipline him, 19. then his father and his mother shall take hold of him and bring him out to the elders of his town at the gate of that place. 20. They shall say to the elders of his town, "This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious. He will not obey us. He is a glutton and a drunkard." 

551.          21. Then all the men of the town shall stone him to death. So you shall purge the evil from your midst; and all Israel will hear, and be afraid. 

Corpse of a Criminal 

552.          22. When someone is convicted of a crime punishable by death and is executed, and you hang him on a tree, 23. his corpse must not remain all night upon the tree; you shall bury him that same day, for anyone hung on a tree is under God's curse. You must not defile the land that the Lord your God is giving you for possession. 

Deuteronomy 22 

553.          You shall not watch your neighbor's ox or sheep straying away and ignore them; you shall take them back to their owner. 

554.          2. If the owner does not reside near you or you do not know who the owner is, you shall bring it to your own house, and it shall remain with you until the owner claims it; then you shall return it. 

555.          3. You shall do the same with a neighbor's donkey; you shall do the same with a neighbor's garment; and you shall do the same with anything else that your neighbor loses and you find. 

556.          You may not withhold your help. 4. You shall not see your neighbor's donkey or ox fallen on the road and ignore it; you shall help to lift it up. 

Various Precepts 

557.          A woman shall not wear a man's apparel, nor shall a man put on a woman's garment; for whoever does such things is abhorrent to the Lord your God. 

558.          If you come on a bird's nest, in any tree or on the ground, with fledglings or eggs, with the mother sitting on the fledglings or on the eggs, you shall not take the mother with the young. 7. Let the mother go, taking only the young for yourself, in order that it may go well with you and you may live long. 

559.          When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet for your roof; otherwise you might have bloodguilt on your house, if anyone should fall from it. 

560.          You shall not sow your vineyard with a second kind of seed, or the whole yield will have to be forfeited, both the crop that you have sown and the yield of the vineyard itself. 

561.          10. You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey yoked together. 

562.          11. You shall not wear clothes made of wool and linen woven together. 

563.          12. You shall make tassels on the four corners of the cloak with which you cover yourself. 

Laws concerning Sexual Relations 

564.          13. Suppose a man marries a woman, but after going in to her, he dislikes her 14. and makes up charges against her, slandering her by saying, "I married this woman; but when I lay with her, I did not find evidence of her virginity." 15. The father of the young woman and her mother shall then submit the evidence of the young woman's virginity to the elders of the city at the gate. 16. The father of the young woman shall say to the elders: "I gave my daughter in marriage to this man but he dislikes her; 17. now he has made up charges against her, saying, "I did not find evidence of your daughter's virginity.' But here is the evidence of my daughter's virginity." Then they shall spread out the cloth before the elders of the town. 18. The elders of that town shall take the man and punish him; 19. they shall fine him one hundred shekels of silver (which they shall give to the young woman's father) because he has slandered a virgin of Israel. She shall remain his wife; he shall not be permitted to divorce her as long as he lives. 

565.          20. If, however, this charge is true, that evidence of the young woman's virginity was not found, 21. then they shall bring the young woman out to the entrance of her father's house and the men of her town shall stone her to death, because she committed a disgraceful act in Israel by prostituting herself in her father's house. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. 

566.          22. If a man is caught lying with the wife of another man, both of them shall die, the man who lay with the woman as well as the woman. So you shall purge the evil from Israel. 

567.          23. If there is a young woman, a virgin already engaged to be married, and a man meets her in the town and lies with her, 24. you shall bring both of them to the gate of that town and stone them to death, the young woman because she did not cry for help in the town and the man because he violated his neighbor's wife. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. 

568.          25. But if the man meets the engaged woman in the open country, and the man seizes her and lies with her, then only the man who lay with her shall die. 26. You shall do nothing to the young woman; the young woman has not committed an offense punishable by death, because this case is like that of someone who attacks and murders a neighbor. 27. Since he found her in the open country, the engaged woman may have cried for help, but there was no one to rescue her. 

569.          28. If a man meets a virgin who is not engaged, and seizes her and lies with her, and they are caught in the act, 29. the man who lay with her shall give fifty shekels of silver to the young woman's father, and she shall become his wife. Because he violated her 

570.          he shall not be permitted to divorce her as long as he lives. 

571.          30. A man shall not marry his father's wife, thereby violating his father's rights. [uncovering his father's skirt] 

Deuteronomy 23 

Those Excluded from the Assembly 

572.          No one whose testicles are crushed or whose penis is cut off shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. 

573.           2. Those born of an illicit union shall not be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. 

574.          Even to the tenth generation, none of their descendants shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. 

575.          3. No Ammonite or Moabite shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. 

576.          Even to the tenth generation, none of their descendants shall be admitted to the assembly of the Lord, 4. because they did not meet you with food and water on your journey out of Egypt, and because they hired against you Balaam son of Beor, from Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you. 5. (Yet the Lord your God refused to heed Balaam; the Lord your God turned the curse into a blessing for you, because the Lord your God loved you.) 

577.          6. You shall never promote their welfare or their prosperity as long as you live. 

578.          7. You shall not abhor any of the Edomites, for they are your kin. 

579.          You shall not abhor any of the Egyptians, because you were an alien residing in their land. 

580.          8. The children of the third generation that are born to them may be admitted to the assembly of the Lord. 

Sanitary, Ritual, and Humanitarian Precepts 

581.          When you are encamped against your enemies you shall guard against any impropriety.           

582.          10. If one of you becomes unclean because of a nocturnal emission, then he shall go outside the camp; he must not come within the camp. 11. When evening comes, he shall wash himself with water, and when the sun has set, he may come back into the camp. 

583.          12. You shall have a designated area outside the camp to which you shall go. 13. With your utensils you shall have a trowel; when you relieve yourself outside, you shall dig a hole with it and then cover up your excrement. 14. Because the Lord your God travels along with your camp, to save you and to hand over your enemies to you, therefore your camp must be holy, so that he may not see anything indecent among you and turn away from you. 

Various Precepts 

584.          15. Slaves who have escaped to you from their owners shall not be given back to them. 

585.          16. They shall reside with you, in your midst, in any place they choose in any one of your towns, wherever they please; you shall not oppress them. 

586.          17. None of the daughters of Israel shall be a temple prostitute; none of the sons of Israel shall be a temple prostitute. 

587.          18. You shall not bring the fee of a prostitute or the wages of a male prostitute into the house of the Lord your God in payment for any vow, for both of these are abhorrent to the Lord your God. 

588.          19. You shall not charge interest on loans to another Israelite, interest on money, interest on provisions, interest on anything that is lent. 

589.          20. On loans to a foreigner you may charge interest, but on loans to another Israelite you may not charge interest, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all your undertakings in the land that you are about to enter and possess. 

590.          21. If you make a vow to the Lord your God, do not postpone fulfilling it; for the Lord your God will surely require it of you, and you would incur guilt. 

591.          22. But if you refrain from vowing, you will not incur guilt. 23. Whatever your lips utter you must diligently perform, just as you have freely vowed to the Lord your God with your own mouth. 

592.          24. If you go into your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat your fill of grapes, as many as you wish, but you shall not put any in a container. 

593.          25. If you go into your neighbor's standing grain, you may pluck the ears with your hand, but you shall not put a sickle to your neighbor's standing grain. 

Deuteronomy 24 

Laws concerning Marriage and Divorce 

594.          Suppose a man enters into marriage with a woman, but she does not please him because he finds something objectionable about her, and so he writes her a certificate of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house; she then leaves his house 2. and goes off to become another man's wife. 

595.          3. Then suppose the second man dislikes her, writes her a bill of divorce, puts it in her hand, and sends her out of his house (or the second man who married her dies); 4. her first husband, who sent her away, is not permitted to take her again to be his wife after she has been defiled; for that would be abhorrent to the Lord, and you shall not bring guilt on the land that the Lord your God is giving you as a possession. 

Miscellaneous Laws 

596.          5. When a man is newly married, he shall not go out with the army or be charged with any related duty. He shall be free at home one year, to be happy with the wife whom he has married. 

597.          6. No one shall take a mill or an upper millstone in pledge, for that would be taking a life in pledge. 

598.          7. If someone is caught kidnapping another Israelite, enslaving or selling the Israelite, then that kidnaper shall die. So you shall purge the evil from your midst. 

599.          8. Guard against an outbreak of a leprous skin disease by being very careful; you shall carefully observe whatever the levitical priests instruct you, just as I have commanded them. 9. Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam on your journey out of Egypt. 

600.          When you make your neighbor a loan of any kind, you shall not go into the house to take the pledge. 11. You shall wait outside, while the person to whom you are making the loan brings the pledge out to you. 

601.          12. If the person is poor, you shall not sleep in the garment given you as {Heb lacks [the garment given you as]} the pledge. 13. You shall give the pledge back by sunset, so that your neighbor may sleep in the cloak and bless you; and it will be to your credit before the Lord your God. 

602.          14. You shall not withhold the wages of poor and needy laborers, whether other Israelites or aliens who reside in your land in one of your towns. 15. You shall pay them their wages daily before sunset, because they are poor and their livelihood depends on them; otherwise they might cry to the Lord against you, and you would incur guilt. 

603.          16. Parents shall not be put to death for their children, nor shall children be put to death for their parents; only for their own crimes may persons be put to death. 

604.          17. You shall not deprive a resident alien or an orphan of justice; you shall not take a widow's garment in pledge. 18. Remember that you were a slave in Egypt and the Lord your God redeemed you from there; therefore I command you to do this. 

605.          19. When you reap your harvest in your field and forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it; it shall be left for the alien, the orphan, and the widow, so that the Lord your God may bless you in all your undertakings. 

606.          20. When you beat your olive trees, do not strip what is left; it shall be for the alien, the orphan, and the widow. 

607.          21. When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, do not glean what is left; it shall be for the alien, the orphan, and the widow. 22. Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt; therefore I am commanding you to do this. 

Deuteronomy 25 

608.          Suppose two persons have a dispute and enter into litigation, and the judges decide between them, declaring one to be in the right and the other to be in the wrong. 2. If the one in the wrong deserves to be flogged, the judge shall make that person lie down and be beaten in his presence with the number of lashes proportionate to the offense. 3. Forty lashes may be given but not more; if more lashes than these are given, your neighbor will be degraded in your sight. 

609.          You shall not muzzle an ox while it is treading out the grain. 

Levirate Marriage 

610.          When brothers reside together, and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a stranger. Her husband's brother shall go in to her, taking her in marriage, and performing the duty of a husband's brother to her, 6. and the firstborn whom she bears shall succeed to the name of the deceased brother, so that his name may not be blotted out of Israel. 

611.          7. But if the man has no desire to marry his brother's widow, then his brother's widow shall go up to the elders at the gate and say, "My husband's brother refuses to perpetuate his brother's name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother to me." 8. Then the elders of his town shall summon him and speak to him. If he persists, saying, "I have no desire to marry her," 9. then his brother's wife shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, pull his sandal off his foot, spit in his face, and declare, "This is what is done to the man who does not build up his brother's house." 10. Throughout Israel his family shall be known as "the house of him whose sandal was pulled off." 

Various Commands 

612.          If men get into a fight with one another, and the wife of one intervenes to rescue her husband from the grip of his opponent by reaching out and seizing his genitals, 12. you shall cut off her hand; show no pity. 

613.          You shall not have in your bag two kinds of weights, large and small. 14. You shall not have in your house two kinds of measures, large and small. 15. You shall have only a full and honest weight; you shall have only a full and honest measure, so that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 16. For all who do such things, all who act dishonestly, are abhorrent to the Lord your God. 

614.          17. Remember what Amalek did to you on your journey out of Egypt, 18. how he attacked you on the way, when you were faint and weary, and struck down all who lagged behind you; he did not fear God. 19. Therefore when the Lord your God has given you rest from all your enemies on every hand, in the land that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess, you shall blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; do not forget. 

Deuteronomy 26 

First Fruits and Tithes (Thanksgiving for the Harvest) 

615.          When you have come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance to possess, and you possess it, and settle in it, 2. you shall take some of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which you harvest from the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and you shall put it in a basket and go to the place that the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his name. 3. You shall go to the priest who is in office at that time, and say to him, "Today I declare to the Lord your God that I have come into the land that the Lord swore to our ancestors to give us." 

616.          4. When the priest takes the basket from your hand and sets it down before the altar of the Lord your God, 5. you shall make this response before the Lord your God: "A wandering Aramean was my ancestor; he went down into Egypt and lived there as an alien, few in number, and there he became a great nation, mighty and populous. 6. When the Egyptians treated us harshly and afflicted us, by imposing hard labor on us, 7. we cried to the Lord, the God of our ancestors; the Lord heard our voice and saw our affliction, our toil, and our oppression. 8. The Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, with a terrifying display of power, and with signs and wonders; 9. and he brought us into this place and gave us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. 10. So now I bring the first of the fruit of the ground that you, O Lord, have given me." 

617.          You shall set it down before the Lord your God and bow down before the Lord your God. 11. Then you, together with the Levites and the aliens who reside among you, shall celebrate with all the bounty that the Lord your God has given to you and to your house. 

Prayer with the Tithes 

618.          When you have finished paying all the tithe of your produce in the third year (which is the year of the tithe), giving it to the Levites, the aliens, the orphans, and the widows, so that they may eat their fill within your towns, 13. then you shall say before the Lord your God: "I have removed the sacred portion from the house, and I have given it to the Levites, the resident aliens, the orphans, and the widows, in accordance with your entire commandment that you commanded me; I have neither transgressed nor forgotten any of your commandments: 14. I have not eaten of it while in mourning; I have not removed any of it while I was unclean; and I have not offered any of it to the dead. I have obeyed the Lord my God, doing just as you commanded me. 15. Look down from your holy habitation, from heaven, and bless your people Israel and the ground that you have given us, as you swore to our ancestors--a land flowing with milk and honey." 

Concluding Exhortation 

619.          16. This very day the Lord your God is commanding you to observe these statutes and ordinances; so observe them diligently with all your heart and with all your soul. 17. Today you have obtained the Lord's agreement: to be your God; and for you to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, and his ordinances, and to obey him. 18. Today the Lord has obtained your agreement: to be his treasured people, as he promised you, and to keep his commandments; 19. for him to set you high above all nations that he has made, in praise and in fame and in honor; and for you to be a people holy to the Lord your God, as he promised. 

IV:  THE FINAL WORDS OF MOSES 

Deuteronomy 27 

The Inscribed Stones and Altar on Mount Ebal 

620.          Then Moses and the elders of Israel charged all the people as follows: Keep the entire commandment that I am commanding you today. 2. On the day that you cross over the Jordan into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, you shall set up large stones and cover them with plaster. 3. You shall write on them all the words of this law when you have crossed over, to enter the land that the Lord your God is giving you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, promised you. 

621.          4. So when you have crossed over the Jordan, you shall set up these stones, about which I am commanding you today, on Mount Ebal, and you shall cover them with plaster. 

622.          5. And you shall build an altar there to the Lord your God, an altar of stones on which you have not used an iron tool. 6. You must build the altar of the Lord your God of unhewn {Heb [whole]} stones. Then offer up burnt offerings on it to the Lord your God, 7. make sacrifices of well-being, and eat them there, rejoicing before the Lord your God. 

623.          8. You shall write on the stones all the words of this law very clearly. 

624.          Then Moses and the levitical priests spoke to all Israel, saying: Keep silence and hear, O Israel! This very day you have become the people of the Lord your God. 10. Therefore obey the Lord your God, observing his commandments and his statutes that I am commanding you today. 

625.          The same day Moses charged the people as follows:  12. When you have crossed over the Jordan, these shall stand on Mount Gerizim for the blessing of the people: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin. 13. And these shall stand on Mount Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, Asher, Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali. 

626.          14. Then the Levites shall declare in a loud voice to all the Israelites: 

Twelve Curses 

§         "Cursed be anyone who makes an idol or casts an image, anything abhorrent to the Lord, the work of an artisan, and sets it up in secret." All the people shall respond, saying, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who dishonors father or mother." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who moves a neighbor's boundary marker." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who misleads a blind person on the road." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who deprives the alien, the orphan, and the widow of justice." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who lies with his father's wife, because he has violated his father's rights." {Heb [uncovered his father's skirt]} All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who lies with any animal." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who lies with his sister, whether the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who lies with his mother-in-law." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who strikes down a neighbor in secret." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who takes a bribe to shed innocent blood." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

§         "Cursed be anyone who does not uphold the words of this law by observing them." All the people shall say, "Amen!" 

Deuteronomy 28 

Blessings for Obedience 

If you will only obey the Lord your God, by diligently observing all his commandments that I am commanding you today, the Lord your God will set you high above all the nations of the earth; 2. all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you, if you obey the Lord your God: 

Blessed shall you be in the city,

and blessed shall you be in the field. 

Blessed shall be the fruit of your womb,

the fruit of your ground,

and the fruit of your livestock,

both the increase of your cattle

and the issue of your flock.

Blessed shall be your basket and your kneading bowl. 

Blessed shall you be when you come in,

and blessed shall you be when you go out.

 

Victory and Prosperity 

The Lord will cause your enemies who rise against you to be defeated before you; they shall come out against you one way, and flee before you seven ways. 8. The Lord will command the blessing upon you in your barns, and in all that you undertake; he will bless you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. 9. The Lord will establish you as his holy people, as he has sworn to you, if you keep the commandments of the Lord your God and walk in his ways. 10. All the peoples of the earth shall see that you are called by the name of the Lord, and they shall be afraid of you. 11. The Lord will make you abound in prosperity, in the fruit of your womb, in the fruit of your livestock, and in the fruit of your ground in the land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give you. 12. The Lord will open for you his rich storehouse, the heavens, to give the rain of your land in its season and to bless all your undertakings. You will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow. 13. The Lord will make you the head, and not the tail; you shall be only at the top, and not at the bottom--if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I am commanding you today, by diligently observing them, 14. and if you do not turn aside from any of the words that I am commanding you today, either to the right or to the left, following other gods to serve them. 

Sickness and Defeat 

The Lord will send upon you disaster, panic, and frustration in everything you attempt to do, until you are destroyed and perish quickly, on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have forsaken me. 21. The Lord will make the pestilence cling to you until it has consumed you off the land that you are entering to possess. 22. The Lord will afflict you with consumption, fever, inflammation, with fiery heat and drought, and with blight and mildew; they shall pursue you until you perish. 23. The sky over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you iron. 24. The Lord will change the rain of your land into powder, and only dust shall come down upon you from the sky until you are destroyed. 25. The Lord will cause you to be defeated before your enemies; you shall go out against them one way and flee before them seven ways. You shall become an object of horror to all the kingdoms of the earth. 26. Your corpses shall be food for every bird of the air and animal of the earth, and there shall be no one to frighten them away. 27. The Lord will afflict you with the boils of Egypt, with ulcers, scurvy, and itch, of which you cannot be healed. 28. The Lord will afflict you with madness, blindness, and confusion of mind; 29. you shall grope about at noon as blind people grope in darkness, but you shall be unable to find your way; 

Despoilment 

and you shall be continually abused and robbed, without anyone to help. 30. You shall become engaged to a woman, but another man shall lie with her. You shall build a house, but not live in it. You shall plant a vineyard, but not enjoy its fruit. 31. Your ox shall be butchered before your eyes, but you shall not eat of it. Your donkey shall be stolen in front of you, and shall not be restored to you. Your sheep shall be given to your enemies, without anyone to help you. 32. Your sons and daughters shall be given to another people, while you look on; you will strain your eyes looking for them all day but be powerless to do anything. 33. A people whom you do not know shall eat up the fruit of your ground and of all your labors; you shall be continually abused and crushed, 34. and driven mad by the sight that your eyes shall see. 35. The Lord will strike you on the knees and on the legs with grievous boils of which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head. 

Exile 

36. The Lord will bring you, and the king whom you set over you, to a nation that neither you nor your ancestors have known, where you shall serve other gods, of wood and stone. 37. You shall become an object of horror, a proverb, and a byword among all the peoples where the Lord will lead you. 

Fruitless Labor 

38. You shall carry much seed into the field but shall gather little in, for the locust shall consume it. 39. You shall plant vineyards and dress them, but you shall neither drink the wine nor gather the grapes, for the worm shall eat them. 40. You shall have olive trees throughout all your territory, but you shall not anoint yourself with the oil, for your olives shall drop off. 41. You shall have sons and daughters, but they shall not remain yours, for they shall go into captivity. 42. All your trees and the fruit of your ground the cicada shall take over. 43. Aliens residing among you shall ascend above you higher and higher, while you shall descend lower and lower. 44. They shall lend to you but you shall not lend to them; they shall be the head and you shall be the tail. 

45. All these curses shall come upon you, pursuing and overtaking you until you are destroyed, because you did not obey the Lord your God, by observing the commandments and the decrees that he commanded you. 46. They shall be among you and your descendants as a sign and a portent forever. 47. Because you did not serve the Lord your God joyfully and with gladness of heart for the abundance of everything, 48. therefore you shall serve your enemies whom the Lord will send against you, in hunger and thirst, in nakedness and lack of everything. He will put an iron yoke on your neck until he has destroyed you. 

Invasion and Siege 

49. The Lord will bring a nation from far away, from the end of the earth, to swoop down on you like an eagle, a nation whose language you do not understand, 50. a grim-faced nation showing no respect to the old or favor to the young. 51. It shall consume the fruit of your livestock and the fruit of your ground until you are destroyed, leaving you neither grain, wine, and oil, nor the increase of your cattle and the issue of your flock, until it has made you perish. 52. It shall besiege you in all your towns until your high and fortified walls, in which you trusted, come down throughout your land; it shall besiege you in all your towns throughout the land that the Lord your God has given you. 53. In the desperate straits to which the enemy siege reduces you, you will eat the fruit of your womb, the flesh of your own sons and daughters whom the Lord your God has given you. 54. Even the most refined and gentle of men among you will begrudge food to his own brother, to the wife whom he embraces, and to the last of his remaining children, 55. giving to none of them any of the flesh of his children whom he is eating, because nothing else remains to him, in the desperate straits to which the enemy siege will reduce you in all your towns. 56. She who is the most refined and gentle among you, so gentle and refined that she does not venture to set the sole of her foot on the ground, will begrudge food to the husband whom she embraces, to her own son, and to her own daughter, 57. begrudging even the afterbirth that comes out from between her thighs, and the children that she bears, because she is eating them in secret for lack of anything else, in the desperate straits to which the enemy siege will reduce you in your towns. 

Plagues 

58. If you do not diligently observe all the words of this law that are written in this book, fearing this glorious and awesome name, the Lord your God, 59. then the Lord will overwhelm both you and your offspring with severe and lasting afflictions and grievous and lasting maladies. 60. He will bring back upon you all the diseases of Egypt, of which you were in dread, and they shall cling to you. 61. Every other malady and affliction, even though not recorded in the book of this law, the Lord will inflict on you until you are destroyed. 62. Although once you were as numerous as the stars in heaven, you shall be left few in number, because you did not obey the Lord your God. 

Exile 

63. And just as the Lord took delight in making you prosperous and numerous, so the Lord will take delight in bringing you to ruin and destruction; you shall be plucked off the land that you are entering to possess. 64. The Lord will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other; and there you shall serve other gods, of wood and stone, which neither you nor your ancestors have known. 65. Among those nations you shall find no ease, no resting place for the sole of your foot. There the Lord will give you a trembling heart, failing eyes, and a languishing spirit. 66. Your life shall hang in doubt before you; night and day you shall be in dread, with no assurance of your life. 67. In the morning you shall say, "If only it were evening!" and at evening you shall say, "If only it were morning!"--because of the dread that your heart shall feel and the sights that your eyes shall see. 68. The Lord will bring you back in ships to Egypt, by a route that I promised you would never see again; and there you shall offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but there will be no buyer. 

Deuteronomy 29 

These are the words of the covenant that the Lord commanded Moses to make with the Israelites in the land of Moab, in addition to the covenant that he had made with them at Horeb. 

The Covenant Renewed in Moab 

Moses summoned all Israel and said to them: You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land, 3. the great trials that your eyes saw, the signs, and those great wonders. 4. But to this day the Lord has not given you a mind to understand, or eyes to see, or ears to hear. 5. I have led you forty years in the wilderness. The clothes on your back have not worn out, and the sandals on your feet have not worn out; 6. you have not eaten bread, and you have not drunk wine or strong drink--so that you may know that I am the Lord your God. 7. When you came to this place, King Sihon of Heshbon and King Og of Bashan came out against us for battle, but we defeated them. 8. We took their land and gave it as an inheritance to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh. 

All Israel Bound to the Covenant 

627.          9. Therefore diligently observe the words of this covenant, in order that you may succeed {Or [deal wisely]} in everything that you do. 

10. You stand assembled today, all of you, before the Lord your God--the leaders of your tribes, {Gk Syr: Heb [your leaders, your tribes]} your elders, and your officials, all the men of Israel, 11. your children, your women, and the aliens who are in your camp, both those who cut your wood and those who draw your water -- 12. to enter into the covenant of the Lord your God, sworn by an oath, which the Lord your God is making with you today; 13. in order that he may establish you today as his people, and that he may be your God, as he promised you and as he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 14. I am making this covenant, sworn by an oath, not only with you who stand here with us today before the Lord our God, 15. but also with those who are not here with us today. 

Warning against Idolatry 

16. You know how we lived in the land of Egypt, and how we came through the midst of the nations through which you passed. 17. You have seen their detestable things, the filthy idols of wood and stone, of silver and gold, that were among them. 18. It may be that there is among you a man or woman, or a family or tribe, whose heart is already turning away from the Lord our God to serve the gods of those nations. It may be that there is among you a root sprouting poisonous and bitter growth. 19. All who hear the words of this oath and bless themselves, thinking in their hearts, "We are safe even though we go our own stubborn ways" (thus bringing disaster on moist and dry alike) -- 20. the Lord will be unwilling to pardon them, for the Lord's anger and passion will smoke against them. All the curses written in this book will descend on them, and the Lord will blot out their names from under heaven. 

Punishment for Infidelity 

The Lord will single them out from all the tribes of Israel for calamity, in accordance with all the curses of the covenant written in this book of the law. 22. The next generation, your children who rise up after you, as well as the foreigner who comes from a distant country, will see the devastation of that land and the afflictions with which the Lord has afflicted it -- 23. all its soil burned out by sulfur and salt, nothing planted, nothing sprouting, unable to support any vegetation, like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the Lord destroyed in his fierce anger -- 24. they and indeed all the nations will wonder, "Why has the Lord done thus to this land? What caused this great display of anger?" 25. They will conclude, "It is because they abandoned the covenant of the Lord, the God of their ancestors, which he made with them when he brought them out of the land of Egypt. 26. They turned and served other gods, worshiping them, gods whom they had not known and whom he had not allotted to them; 27. so the anger of the Lord was kindled against that land, bringing on it every curse written in this book. 28. The Lord uprooted them from their land in anger, fury, and great wrath, and cast them into another land, as is now the case." 29. The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the revealed things belong to us and to our children forever, to observe all the words of this law. 

Deuteronomy 30 

God's Fidelity Assured 

When all these things have happened to you, the blessings and the curses that I have set before you, if you call them to mind among all the nations where the Lord your God has driven you, 2. and return to the Lord your God, and you and your children obey him with all your heart and with all your soul, just as I am commanding you today, 3. then the Lord your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you, gathering you again from all the peoples among whom the Lord your God has scattered you. 

4. Even if you are exiled to the ends of the world, {Heb [of heaven]} from there the Lord your God will gather you, and from there he will bring you back. 5. The Lord your God will bring you into the land that your ancestors possessed, and you will possess it; he will make you more prosperous and numerous than your ancestors. 6. Moreover, the Lord your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, so that you will love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, in order that you may live. 7. The Lord your God will put all these curses on your enemies and on the adversaries who took advantage of you. 8. Then you shall again obey the Lord, observing all his commandments that I am commanding you today, 9. and the Lord your God will make you abundantly prosperous in all your undertakings, in the fruit of your body, in the fruit of your livestock, and in the fruit of your soil. For the Lord will again take delight in prospering you, just as he delighted in prospering your ancestors, 10. when you obey the Lord your God by observing his commandments and decrees that are written in this book of the law, because you turn to the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 

God’s Command is Clear 

Surely, this commandment that I am commanding you today is not too hard for you, nor is it too far away. 12. It is not in heaven, that you should say, "Who will go up to heaven for us, and get it for us so that we may hear it and observe it?" 13. Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, "Who will cross to the other side of the sea for us, and get it for us so that we may hear it and observe it?" 14. No, the word is very near to you; it is in your mouth and in your heart for you to observe. 

Exhortation to Choose Life 

15. See, I have set before you today life and prosperity, death and adversity. 16. If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God {Gk: Heb lacks [If you obey the commandments of the Lord your God]} that I am commanding you today, by loving the Lord your God, walking in his ways, and observing his commandments, decrees, and ordinances, then you shall live and become numerous, and the Lord your God will bless you in the land that you are entering to possess. 17. But if your heart turns away and you do not hear, but are led astray to bow down to other gods and serve them, 18. I declare to you today that you shall perish; you shall not live long in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to enter and possess. 19. I call heaven and earth to witness against you today that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Choose life so that you and your descendants may live, 20. loving the Lord your God, obeying him, and holding fast to him; for that means life to you and length of days, so that you may live in the land that the Lord swore to give to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 

Deuteronomy 31 

The Law to Be Read Every Seventh Year 

628.          9. Then Moses wrote down this law, and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel. 10. Moses commanded them: "Every seventh year, in the scheduled year of remission, during the festival of booths, {Or [tabernacles]; Heb [succoth]} 11. when all Israel comes to appear before the Lord your God at the place that he will choose, you shall read this law before all Israel in their hearing

629.          12. Assemble the people--men, women, and children, as well as the aliens residing in your towns--so that they may hear and learn to fear the Lord your God and to observe diligently all the words of this law, 13. and so that their children, who have not known it, may hear and learn to fear the Lord your God, as long as you live in the land that you are crossing over the Jordan to possess." 

The Law Placed in the Ark 

24. When Moses had finished writing down in a book the words of this law to the very end, 25. Moses commanded the Levites who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying, 26. "Take this book of the law and put it beside the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God; let it remain there as a witness against you. 27. For I know well how rebellious and stubborn you are. If you already have been so rebellious toward the Lord while I am still alive among you, how much more after my death! 28. Assemble to me all the elders of your tribes and your officials, so that I may recite these words in their hearing and call heaven and earth to witness against them. 29. For I know that after my death you will surely act corruptly, turning aside from the way that I have commanded you. In time to come trouble will befall you, because you will do what is evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking him to anger through the work of your hands." 

Deuteronomy 32 

Final Appeal 

45. When Moses had finished reciting all these words to all Israel, 46. he said to them: 

630.          "Take to heart all the words that I am giving in witness against you today; 

631.          give them as a command to your children, so that they may diligently observe all the words of this law. 

47. This is no trifling matter for you, but rather your very life; through it you may live long in the land that you are crossing over the Jordan to possess." 

Exodus 20 

The Law concerning the Altar 

22. The Lord said to Moses: Thus you shall say to the Israelites: "You have seen for yourselves that I spoke with you from heaven. 

632.          23. You shall not make gods of silver alongside me, nor shall you make for yourselves gods of gold. 

633.          24. You need make for me only an altar of earth and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your offerings of well-being, your sheep and your oxen; in every place where I cause my name to be remembered I will come to you and bless you. 

634.          25. But if you make for me an altar of stone, do not build it of hewn stones; for if you use a chisel upon it you profane it.  

635.          26. You shall not go up by steps to my altar, so that your nakedness may not be exposed on it." 

Exodus 23 

The Conquest of Canaan Promised 

20. I am going to send an angel in front of you, to guard you on the way and to bring you to the place that I have prepared. 21. Be attentive to him and listen to his voice; do not rebel against him, for he will not pardon your transgression; for my name is in him. 22. But if you listen attentively to his voice and do all that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes. 

636.          23. When my angel goes in front of you, and brings you to the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and I blot them out,24. you shall not bow down to their gods, or worship them, or follow their practices, but 

637.          you shall utterly demolish them and break their pillars in pieces. 

638.          25. You shall worship the Lord your God, 

639.          32. You shall make no covenant with them and their gods. 

640.          33. They shall not live in your land, or they will make you sin against me; for if you worship their gods, it will surely be a snare to you. 

Exodus 25 

Offerings for the Tabernacle 

1. The Lord said to Moses:  2. Tell the Israelites to 

641.          take for me an offering; from all whose hearts prompt them to give you shall receive the offering for me. 3. This is the offering that you shall receive from them: gold, silver, and bronze, 4. blue, purple, and crimson yarns and fine linen, goats' hair, 5. tanned rams' skins, fine leather, acacia wood, 6. oil for the lamps, spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense, 7. onyx stones and gems to be set in the ephod and for the breastpiece. 

642.          8. And have them make me a sanctuary, so that I may dwell among them.9. In accordance with all that I show you concerning the pattern of the tabernacle and of all its furniture, so you shall make it. 

The Ark of the Covenant 

643.          10. They shall make an ark of acacia wood; it shall be two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high. 11. You shall overlay it with pure gold, inside and outside you shall overlay it, and you shall make a molding of gold upon it all around. 

644.          12. You shall cast four rings of gold for it and put them on its four feet, two rings on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side. 13. You shall make poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. 14. And you shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark, by which to carry the ark. 15. The poles shall remain in the rings of the ark; they shall not be taken from it. 

645.          16. You shall put into the ark the covenant that I shall give you. 

646.          17. Then you shall make a mercy seat {Or [a cover]} of pure gold; two cubits and a half shall be its length, and a cubit and a half its width. 18. You shall make two cherubim of gold; you shall make them of hammered work, at the two ends of the mercy seat. {Or [the cover]} 19. Make one cherub at the one end, and one cherub at the other; of one piece with the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} you shall make the cherubim at its two ends. 20. The cherubim shall spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} with their wings. They shall face one to another; the faces of the cherubim shall be turned toward the mercy seat. {Or [the cover]} 21. You shall put the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} on the top of the ark; and in the ark you shall put the covenant {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} that I shall give you. 

647.          22. There I will meet with you, and from above the mercy seat, {Or [the cover]} from between the two cherubim that are on the ark of the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} I will deliver to you all my commands for the Israelites. 

The Table for the Bread of the Presence 

648.          23. You shall make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, one cubit wide, and a cubit and a half high. 24. You shall overlay it with pure gold, and make a molding of gold around it. 25. You shall make around it a rim a handbreadth wide, and a molding of gold around the rim. 26. You shall make for it four rings of gold, and fasten the rings to the four corners at its four legs. 27. The rings that hold the poles used for carrying the table shall be close to the rim. 28. You shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold, and the table shall be carried with these. 29. You shall make its plates and dishes for incense, and its flagons and bowls with which to pour drink offerings; you shall make them of pure gold. 30. And you shall set the bread of the Presence on the table before me always. 

The Lampstand 

649.          31. You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The base and the shaft of the lampstand shall be made of hammered work; its cups, its calyxes, and its petals shall be of one piece with it; 32. and there shall be six branches going out of its sides, three branches of the lampstand out of one side of it and three branches of the lampstand out of the other side of it; 33. three cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with calyx and petals, on one branch, and three cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with calyx and petals, on the other branch--so for the six branches going out of the lampstand.  34. On the lampstand itself there shall be four cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with its calyxes and petals. 35. There shall be a calyx of one piece with it under the first pair of branches, a calyx of one piece with it under the next pair of branches, and a calyx of one piece with it under the last pair of branches--so for the six branches that go out of the lampstand. 36. Their calyxes and their branches shall be of one piece with it, the whole of it one hammered piece of pure gold. 37. You shall make the seven lamps for it; and the lamps shall be set up so as to give light on the space in front of it. 

650.          38. Its snuffers and trays shall be of pure gold. 

651.          39. It, and all these utensils, shall be made from a talent of pure gold. 

652.          40. And see that you make them according to the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain. 

Exodus 26 

The Tabernacle 

653.          Moreover you shall make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twisted linen, and blue, purple, and crimson yarns; you shall make them with cherubim skillfully worked into them. 2. The length of each curtain shall be twenty-eight cubits, and the width of each curtain four cubits; all the curtains shall be of the same size. 3. Five curtains shall be joined to one another; and the other five curtains shall be joined to one another. 4. You shall make loops of blue on the edge of the outermost curtain in the first set; and likewise you shall make loops on the edge of the outermost curtain in the second set. 5. You shall make fifty loops on the one curtain, and you shall make fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is in the second set; the loops shall be opposite one another. 6. You shall make fifty clasps of gold, and join the curtains to one another with the clasps, so that the tabernacle may be one whole. 

654.          7. You shall also make curtains of goats' hair for a tent over the tabernacle; you shall make eleven curtains. 8. The length of each curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the width of each curtain four cubits; the eleven curtains shall be of the same size. 9. You shall join five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and the sixth curtain you shall double over at the front of the tent. 10. You shall make fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is outermost in one set, and fifty loops on the edge of the curtain that is outermost in the second set. 11. You shall make fifty clasps of bronze, and put the clasps into the loops, and join the tent together, so that it may be one whole. 12. The part that remains of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remains, shall hang over the back of the tabernacle. 13. The cubit on the one side, and the cubit on the other side, of what remains in the length of the curtains of the tent, shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle, on this side and that side, to cover it. 14. You shall make for the tent a covering of tanned rams' skins and an outer covering of fine leather. 

The Framework 

655.          15. You shall make upright frames of acacia wood for the tabernacle. 16. Ten cubits shall be the length of a frame, and a cubit and a half the width of each frame. 17. There shall be two pegs in each frame to fit the frames together; you shall make these for all the frames of the tabernacle. 18. You shall make the frames for the tabernacle: twenty frames for the south side; 19. and you shall make forty bases of silver under the twenty frames, two bases under the first frame for its two pegs, and two bases under the next frame for its two pegs; 20. and for the second side of the tabernacle, on the north side twenty frames, 21. and their forty bases of silver, two bases under the first frame, and two bases under the next frame; 22. and for the rear of the tabernacle westward you shall make six frames. 23. You shall make two frames for corners of the tabernacle in the rear; 24. they shall be separate beneath, but joined at the top, at the first ring; it shall be the same with both of them; they shall form the two corners. 25. And so there shall be eight frames, with their bases of silver, sixteen bases; two bases under the first frame, and two bases under the next frame. 26. You shall make bars of acacia wood, five for the frames of the one side of the tabernacle, 27. and five bars for the frames of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames of the side of the tabernacle at the rear westward. 28. The middle bar, halfway up the frames, shall pass through from end to end. 29. You shall overlay the frames with gold, and shall make their rings of gold to hold the bars; and you shall overlay the bars with gold. 30. Then you shall erect the tabernacle according to the plan for it that you were shown on the mountain. 

The Curtain 

656.          31. You shall make a curtain of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen; it shall be made with cherubim skillfully worked into it. 32. You shall hang it on four pillars of acacia overlaid with gold, which have hooks of gold and rest on four bases of silver. 33. You shall hang the curtain under the clasps, and bring the ark of the covenant {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} in there, within the curtain; and the curtain shall separate for you the holy place from the most holy. 

657.          34. You shall put the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} on the ark of the covenant {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} in the most holy place. 

658.          35. You shall set the table outside the curtain, and the lampstand on the south side of the tabernacle opposite the table; and you shall put the table on the north side. 36. You shall make a screen for the entrance of the tent, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen, embroidered with needlework. 37. You shall make for the screen five pillars of acacia, and overlay them with gold; their hooks shall be of gold, and you shall cast five bases of bronze for them. 

Exodus 27 

The Altar of Burnt Offering 

659.          You shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits wide; the altar shall be square, and it shall be three cubits high. 2. You shall make horns for it on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze. 3. You shall make pots for it to receive its ashes, and shovels and basins and forks and firepans; you shall make all its utensils of bronze. 4. You shall also make for it a grating, a network of bronze; and on the net you shall make four bronze rings at its four corners. 5. You shall set it under the ledge of the altar so that the net shall extend halfway down the altar. 6. You shall make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with bronze; 7. the poles shall be put through the rings, so that the poles shall be on the two sides of the altar when it is carried.  8. You shall make it hollow, with boards. They shall be made just as you were shown on the mountain. 

The Court and Its Hangings 

660.          9. You shall make the court of the tabernacle. On the south side the court shall have hangings of fine twisted linen one hundred cubits long for that side; 10. its twenty pillars and their twenty bases shall be of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their bands shall be of silver. 11. Likewise for its length on the north side there shall be hangings one hundred cubits long, their pillars twenty and their bases twenty, of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their bands shall be of silver. 12. For the width of the court on the west side there shall be fifty cubits of hangings, with ten pillars and ten bases. 13. The width of the court on the front to the east shall be fifty cubits. 14. There shall be fifteen cubits of hangings on the one side, with three pillars and three bases. 15. There shall be fifteen cubits of hangings on the other side, with three pillars and three bases. 16. For the gate of the court there shall be a screen twenty cubits long, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen, embroidered with needlework; it shall have four pillars and with them four bases. 17. All the pillars around the court shall be banded with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their bases of bronze. 18. The length of the court shall be one hundred cubits, the width fifty, and the height five cubits, with hangings of fine twisted linen and bases of bronze. 19. All the utensils of the tabernacle for every use, and all its pegs and all the pegs of the court, shall be of bronze. 

The Oil for the Lamp 

661.          20. You shall further command the Israelites to bring you pure oil of beaten olives for the light, so that a lamp may be set up to burn regularly. 21. In the tent of meeting, outside the curtain that is before the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} Aaron and his sons shall tend it from evening to morning before the Lord. It shall be a perpetual ordinance to be observed throughout their generations by the Israelites. 

Exodus 28 

Vestments for the Priesthood 

662.          Then bring near to you your brother Aaron, and his sons with him, from among the Israelites, to serve me as priests--Aaron and Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 

663.          You shall make sacred vestments for the glorious adornment of your brother Aaron.  3. And you shall speak to all who have ability, whom I have endowed with skill, that they make Aaron's vestments to consecrate him for my priesthood. 4. These are the vestments that they shall make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a checkered tunic, a turban, and a sash. When they make these sacred vestments for your brother Aaron and his sons to serve me as priests, 5. they shall use gold, blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and fine linen. 

The Ephod 

664.          6. They shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen, skillfully worked. 7. It shall have two shoulder-pieces attached to its two edges, so that it may be joined together. 8. The decorated band on it shall be of the same workmanship and materials, of gold, of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen. 9. You shall take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the sons of Israel, 10. six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the other stone, in the order of their birth. 11. As a gem-cutter engraves signets, so you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel; you shall mount them in settings of gold filigree. 12. You shall set the two stones on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel; and Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord on his two shoulders for remembrance. 13. You shall make settings of gold filigree, 14. and two chains of pure gold, twisted like cords; and you shall attach the corded chains to the settings. 

The Breastplate 

665.          15. You shall make a breastpiece of judgment, in skilled work; you shall make it in the style of the ephod; of gold, of blue and purple and crimson yarns, and of fine twisted linen you shall make it. 16. It shall be square and doubled, a span in length and a span in width. 17. You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of carnelian, {The identity of several of these stones is uncertain} chrysolite, and emerald shall be the first row; 18. and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire {Or [lapis lazuli]} and a moonstone; 19. and the third row a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 20. and the fourth row a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper; they shall be set in gold filigree. 21. There shall be twelve stones with names corresponding to the names of the sons of Israel; they shall be like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes. 22. You shall make for the breastpiece chains of pure gold, twisted like cords; 23. and you shall make for the breastpiece two rings of gold, and put the two rings on the two edges of the breastpiece. 24. You shall put the two cords of gold in the two rings at the edges of the breastpiece; 25. the two ends of the two cords you shall attach to the two settings, and so attach it in front to the shoulder-pieces of the ephod. 26. You shall make two rings of gold, and put them at the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inside edge next to the ephod. 27. You shall make two rings of gold, and attach them in front to the lower part of the two shoulder-pieces of the ephod, at its joining above the decorated band of the ephod. 28. The breastpiece shall be bound by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a blue cord, so that it may lie on the decorated band of the ephod, and so that the breastpiece shall not come loose from the ephod. 29. So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart when he goes into the holy place, for a continual remembrance before the Lord. 30. In the breastpiece of judgment you shall put the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be on Aaron's heart when he goes in before the Lord; thus Aaron shall bear the judgment of the Israelites on his heart before the Lord continually. 

Other Priestly Vestments 

666.          31. You shall make the robe of the ephod all of blue. 32. It shall have an opening for the head in the middle of it, with a woven binding around the opening, like the opening in a coat of mail, {Meaning of Heb uncertain} so that it may not be torn. 33. On its lower hem you shall make pomegranates of blue, purple, and crimson yarns, all around the lower hem, with bells of gold between them all around-- 34. a golden bell and a pomegranate alternating all around the lower hem of the robe. 35. Aaron shall wear it when he ministers, and its sound shall be heard when he goes into the holy place before the Lord, and when he comes out, so that he may not die. 36. You shall make a rosette of pure gold, and engrave on it, like the engraving of a signet, "Holy to the Lord." 37. You shall fasten it on the turban with a blue cord; it shall be on the front of the turban. 38. It shall be on Aaron's forehead, and Aaron shall take on himself any guilt incurred in the holy offering that the Israelites consecrate as their sacred donations; it shall always be on his forehead, in order that they may find favor before the Lord. 39. You shall make the checkered tunic of fine linen, and you shall make a turban of fine linen, and you shall make a sash embroidered with needlework. 40. For Aaron's sons you shall make tunics and sashes and headdresses; you shall make them for their glorious adornment. 41. You shall put them on your brother Aaron, and on his sons with him, and shall anoint them and ordain them and consecrate them, so that they may serve me as priests. 42. You shall make for them linen undergarments to cover their naked flesh; they shall reach from the hips to the thighs; 43. Aaron and his sons shall wear them when they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister in the holy place; or they will bring guilt on themselves and die. This shall be a perpetual ordinance for him and for his descendants after him. 

Exodus 29 

The Ordination of the Priests 

667.          Now this is what you shall do to them to consecrate them, so that they may serve me as priests. Take one young bull and two rams without blemish, 2. and unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers spread with oil. You shall make them of choice wheat flour. 3. You shall put them in one basket and bring them in the basket, and bring the bull and the two rams. 

668.          You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them with water. 5. Then you shall take the vestments, and put on Aaron the tunic and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastpiece, and gird him with the decorated band of the ephod; 6. and you shall set the turban on his head, and put the holy diadem on the turban. 7. You shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head and anoint him. 8. Then you shall bring his sons, and put tunics on them, 9. and you shall gird them with sashes {Gk: Heb [sashes, Aaron and his sons]} and tie headdresses on them; and the priesthood shall be theirs by a perpetual ordinance. You shall then ordain Aaron and his sons. 

669.          10. You shall bring the bull in front of the tent of meeting. 

670.          Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the bull, 

671.          11. and you shall slaughter the bull before the Lord, at the entrance of the tent of meeting, 

672.          12. and shall take some of the blood of the bull and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger, and 

673.          all the rest of the blood you shall pour out at the base of the altar. 

674.          13. You shall take all the fat that covers the entrails, and the appendage of the liver, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, and turn them into smoke on the altar. 

675.          14. But the flesh of the bull, and its skin, and its dung, you shall burn with fire outside the camp; it is a sin offering. 

676.          15. Then you shall take one of the rams, and 

677.          Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram, 

678.          16. and you shall slaughter the ram, 

679.          and (you) shall take its blood and dash it against all sides of the altar. 

680.          17. Then you shall cut the ram into its parts, and wash its entrails and its legs, and put them with its parts and its head, 

681.          18. and turn the whole ram into smoke on the altar; it is a burnt offering to the Lord; it is a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord. 

682.          19. You shall take the other ram; and 

683.          Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram, 

684.          20. and you shall slaughter the ram, and 

685.          take some of its blood and put it on the lobe of Aaron's right ear and on the lobes of the right ears of his sons, and on the thumbs of their right hands, and on the big toes of their right feet, and dash the rest of the blood against all sides of the altar. 

686.          21. Then you shall take some of the blood that is on the altar, and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and his vestments and on his sons and his sons' vestments with him; then he and his vestments shall be holy, as well as his sons and his sons' vestments. 

687.          22. You shall also take the fat of the ram, the fat tail, the fat that covers the entrails, the appendage of the liver, the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, and the right thigh (for it is a ram of ordination), 23. and one loaf of bread, one cake of bread made with oil, and one wafer, out of the basket of unleavened bread that is before the Lord; 24. and you shall place all these on the palms of Aaron and on the palms of his sons, and raise them as an elevation offering before the Lord. 

688.          25. Then you shall take them from their hands, and turn them into smoke on the altar on top of the burnt offering of pleasing odor before the Lord; it is an offering by fire to the Lord. 

689.          26. You shall take the breast of the ram of Aaron's ordination and raise it as an elevation offering before the Lord; and it shall be your portion.690.          27. You shall consecrate the breast that was raised as an elevation offering and the thigh that was raised as an elevation offering from the ram of ordination, from that which belonged to Aaron and his sons. 

691.          28. These things shall be a perpetual ordinance for Aaron and his sons from the Israelites, for this is an offering; and it shall be an offering by the Israelites from their sacrifice of offerings of well-being, their offering to the Lord. 

692.          29. The sacred vestments of Aaron shall be passed on to his sons after him; they shall be anointed in them and ordained in them. 

693.          30. The son who is priest in his place shall wear them seven days, when he comes into the tent of meeting to minister in the holy place. 

694.          31. You shall take the ram of ordination, and boil its flesh in a holy place; 32. and 

695.          Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram and the bread that is in the basket, at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 33. They themselves shall eat the food by which atonement is made, to ordain and consecrate them, but no one else shall eat of them, because they are holy. 

696.          34. If any of the flesh for the ordination, or of the bread, remains until the morning, then you shall burn the remainder with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holy. 

697.          35. Thus you shall do to Aaron and to his sons, just as I have commanded you; through seven days you shall ordain them. 

698.          36. Also every day you shall offer a bull as a sin offering for atonement. Also you shall offer a sin offering for the altar, when you make atonement for it, and shall anoint it, to consecrate it. 

699.          37. Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar, and consecrate it, and the altar shall be most holy; whatever touches the altar shall become holy. 

The Daily Offerings 

700.          38. Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two lambs a year old regularly each day. 39. One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer in the evening; 40. and with the first lamb one-tenth of a measure of choice flour mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten oil, and one-fourth of a hin of wine for a drink offering. 

701.          41. And the other lamb you shall offer in the evening, and shall offer with it a grain offering and its drink offering, as in the morning, for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord. 

702.          42. It shall be a regular burnt offering throughout your generations at the entrance of the tent of meeting before the Lord, where I will meet with you, to speak to you there. 43. I will meet with the Israelites there, and it shall be sanctified by my glory; 44. I will consecrate the tent of meeting and the altar; Aaron also and his sons I will consecrate, to serve me as priests. 45. I will dwell among the Israelites, and I will be their God. 46. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt that I might dwell among them; I am the Lord their God. 

Exodus 30 

The Altar of Incense 

703.          You shall make an altar on which to offer incense; you shall make it of acacia wood. 2. It shall be one cubit long, and one cubit wide; it shall be square, and shall be two cubits high; its horns shall be of one piece with it. 3. You shall overlay it with pure gold, its top, and its sides all around and its horns; and you shall make for it a molding of gold all around. 4. And you shall make two golden rings for it; under its molding on two opposite sides of it you shall make them, and they shall hold the poles with which to carry it. 5. You shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. 6. You shall place it in front of the curtain that is above the ark of the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} in front of the mercy seat {Or [the cover]} that is over the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} where I will meet with you. 7. Aaron shall offer fragrant incense on it; every morning when he dresses the lamps he shall offer it, 8. and when Aaron sets up the lamps in the evening, he shall offer it, a regular incense offering before the Lord throughout your generations. 9. You shall not offer unholy incense on it, or a burnt offering, or a grain offering; and you shall not pour a drink offering on it. 10. Once a year Aaron shall perform the rite of atonement on its horns. Throughout your generations he shall perform the atonement for it once a year with the blood of the atoning sin offering. It is most holy to the Lord. 

The Half Shekel for the Sanctuary 

704.          11. The Lord spoke to Moses: 12. When you take a census of the Israelites to register them, at registration all of them shall give a ransom for their lives to the Lord, so that no plague may come upon them for being registered. 

705.          13. This is what each one who is registered shall give: half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel is twenty gerahs), half a shekel as an offering to the Lord. 14. Each one who is registered, from twenty years old and upward, shall give the Lord's offering. 

706.          15. The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less, than the half shekel, when you bring this offering to the Lord to make atonement for your lives. 

707.          16. You shall take the atonement money from the Israelites and shall designate it for the service of the tent of meeting; before the Lord it will be a reminder to the Israelites of the ransom given for your lives. 

The Bronze Basin 

708.          17. The Lord spoke to Moses: 18. You shall make a bronze basin with a bronze stand for washing. You shall put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and you shall put water in it; 19. with the water {Heb [it]} Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet. 

709.          20. When they go into the tent of meeting, or when they come near the altar to minister, to make an offering by fire to the Lord, they shall wash with water, so that they may not die. 

710.          21. They shall wash their hands and their feet, so that they may not die: it shall be a perpetual ordinance for them, for him and for his descendants throughout their generations. 

The Anointing Oil and Incense 

711.          22. The Lord spoke to Moses: 23. Take the finest spices: of liquid myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet-smelling cinnamon half as much, that is, two hundred fifty, and two hundred fifty of aromatic cane, 24. and five hundred of cassia--measured by the sanctuary shekel--and a hin of olive oil; 25. and you shall make of these a sacred anointing oil blended as by the perfumer; it shall be a holy anointing oil. 

712.          26. With it you shall anoint the tent of meeting and the ark of the covenant, {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} 27. and the table and all its utensils, and the lampstand and its utensils, and the altar of incense, 28. and the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the basin with its stand; 29. you shall consecrate them, so that they may be most holy; whatever touches them will become holy. 

713.          30. You shall anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, in order that they may serve me as priests. 

714.          31. You shall say to the Israelites, "This shall be my holy anointing oil throughout your generations. 

715.          32. It shall not be used in any ordinary anointing of the body, and you shall make no other like it in composition; it is holy, and it shall be holy to you. 

716.          33. Whoever compounds any like it or whoever puts any of it on an unqualified person shall be cut off from the people." 

717.          34. The Lord said to Moses: Take sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, sweet spices with pure frankincense (an equal part of each), 35. and make an incense blended as by the perfumer, seasoned with salt, pure and holy; 36. and you shall beat some of it into powder, and put part of it before the covenant {Or [treaty], or [testimony]; Heb [eduth]} in the tent of meeting where I shall meet with you; it shall be for you most holy. 

718.          37. When you make incense according to this composition, you shall not make it for yourselves; it shall be regarded by you as holy to the Lord. 

719.          38. Whoever makes any like it to use as perfume shall be cut off from the people. 

Exodus 35 

Preparations for Making the Tabernacle 

4. Moses said to all the congregation of the Israelites: This is the thing that the Lord has commanded: 5. Take from among you an offering to the Lord; let whoever is of a generous heart bring the Lord's offering: gold, silver, and bronze; 6. blue, purple, and crimson yarns, and fine linen; goats' hair, 7. tanned rams' skins, and fine leather; {Meaning of Heb uncertain} acacia wood, 8. oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense, 9. and onyx stones and gems to be set in the ephod and the breastpiece. 

10. All who are skillful among you shall come and make all that the Lord has commanded: the tabernacle, 11. its tent and its covering, its clasps and its frames, its bars, its pillars, and its bases; 12. the ark with its poles, the mercy seat, {Or [the cover]} and the curtain for the screen; 13. the table with its poles and all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence; 14. the lampstand also for the light, with its utensils and its lamps, and the oil for the light; 15. and the altar of incense, with its poles, and the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, and the screen for the entrance, the entrance of the tabernacle; 16. the altar of burnt offering, with its grating of bronze, its poles, and all its utensils, the basin with its stand; 17. the hangings of the court, its pillars and its bases, and the screen for the gate of the court; 18. the pegs of the tabernacle and the pegs of the court, and their cords; 19. the finely worked vestments for ministering in the holy place, the holy vestments for the priest Aaron, and the vestments of his sons, for their service as priests. 

Offerings for the Tabernacle 

20. Then all the congregation of the Israelites withdrew from the presence of Moses. 21. And they came, everyone whose heart was stirred, and everyone whose spirit was willing, and brought the Lord's offering to be used for the tent of meeting, and for all its service, and for the sacred vestments. 22. So they came, both men and women; all who were of a willing heart brought brooches and earrings and signet rings and pendants, all sorts of gold objects, everyone bringing an offering of gold to the Lord. 23. And everyone who possessed blue or purple or crimson yarn or fine linen or goats' hair or tanned rams' skins or fine leather, {Meaning of Heb uncertain} brought them. 24. Everyone who could make an offering of silver or bronze brought it as the Lord's offering; and everyone who possessed acacia wood of any use in the work, brought it. 

25. All the skillful women spun with their hands, and brought what they had spun in blue and purple and crimson yarns and fine linen; 26. all the women whose hearts moved them to use their skill spun the goats' hair. 

27. And the leaders brought onyx stones and gems to be set in the ephod and the breastpiece, 28. and spices and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the fragrant incense. 

29. All the Israelite men and women whose hearts made them willing to bring anything for the work that the Lord had commanded by Moses to be done, brought it as a freewill offering to the Lord. 

Leviticus 1 

The Burnt Offering (Holocausts) 

720.          The Lord summoned Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When any of you bring an offering of livestock to the Lord, you shall bring your offering from the herd or from the flock. 

721.          If the offering is a burnt offering from the herd (of bulls), you shall offer a male without blemish; you shall bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, for acceptance in your behalf before the Lord.  4. You shall lay your hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be acceptable in your behalf as atonement for you.  5. The bull shall be slaughtered before the Lord; and Aaron's sons the priests shall offer the blood, dashing the blood against all sides of the altar that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  6. The burnt offering shall be flayed and cut up into its parts.  7. The sons of the priest Aaron shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire.  8. Aaron's sons the priests shall arrange the parts, with the head and the suet, on the wood that is on the fire on the altar;  9. but its entrails and its legs shall be washed with water. Then the priest shall turn the whole into smoke on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord. 

722.          10. If your gift for a burnt offering is from the flock, from the sheep or goats, your offering shall be a male without blemish.  11. It shall be slaughtered on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron's sons the priests shall dash its blood against all sides of the altar.  12. It shall be cut up into its parts, with its head and its suet, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood that is on the fire on the altar;  13. but the entrails and the legs shall be washed with water. Then the priest shall offer the whole and turn it into smoke on the altar; it is a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord. 

723.          14. If your offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, you shall choose your offering from turtledoves or pigeons.  15. The priest shall bring it to the altar and wring off its head, and turn it into smoke on the altar; and its blood shall be drained out against the side of the altar.  16. He shall remove its crop with its contents {Meaning of Heb uncertain} and throw it at the east side of the altar, in the place for ashes.  17. He shall tear it open by its wings without severing it. Then the priest shall turn it into smoke on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire; it is a burnt offering, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord. 

Leviticus 2 

Grain Offerings 

724.          When anyone presents a grain offering to the Lord, the offering shall be of choice flour; the worshiper shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it,  2. and bring it to Aaron's sons the priests. After taking from it a handful of the choice flour and oil, with all its frankincense, the priest shall turn this token portion into smoke on the altar, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord.  3. And what is left of the grain offering shall be for Aaron and his sons, a most holy part of the offerings by fire to the Lord. 

725.          When you present a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be of choice flour: unleavened cakes mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.  5. If your offering is grain prepared on a griddle, it shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, unleavened;  6. break it in pieces, and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering.  7. If your offering is grain prepared in a pan, it shall be made of choice flour in oil.  8. You shall bring to the Lord the grain offering that is prepared in any of these ways; and when it is presented to the priest, he shall take it to the altar.  9. The priest shall remove from the grain offering its token portion and turn this into smoke on the altar, an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord.  10. And what is left of the grain offering shall be for Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the offerings by fire to the Lord. 

726.          11. No grain offering that you bring to the Lord shall be made with leaven, for you must not turn any leaven or honey into smoke as an offering by fire to the Lord.  12. You may bring them to the Lord as an offering of choice products, but they shall not be offered on the altar for a pleasing odor.  13. You shall not omit from your grain offerings the salt of the covenant with your God; with all your offerings you shall offer salt. 

727.          14. If you bring a grain offering of first fruits to the Lord, you shall bring as the grain offering of your first fruits coarse new grain from fresh ears, parched with fire.  15. You shall add oil to it and lay frankincense on it; it is a grain offering.  16. And the priest shall turn a token portion of it into smoke--some of the coarse grain and oil with all its frankincense; it is an offering by fire to the Lord. 

Leviticus 3 

Offerings of Well-Being 

728.          If the offering is a sacrifice of well-being, if you offer an animal of the herd, whether male or female, you shall offer one without blemish before the Lord.  2. You shall lay your hand on the head of the offering and slaughter it at the entrance of the tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons the priests shall dash the blood against all sides of the altar.  3. You shall offer from the sacrifice of well-being, as an offering by fire to the Lord, the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is around the entrails; 4. the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver, which he shall remove with the kidneys.  5. Then Aaron's sons shall turn these into smoke on the altar, with the burnt offering that is on the wood on the fire, as an offering by fire of pleasing odor to the Lord. 

729.          6. If your offering for a sacrifice of well-being to the Lord is from the flock, male or female, you shall offer one without blemish.  7. If you present a sheep as your offering, you shall bring it before the Lord  8. and lay your hand on the head of the offering. It shall be slaughtered before the tent of meeting, and Aaron's sons shall dash its blood against all sides of the altar.  9. You shall present its fat from the sacrifice of well-being, as an offering by fire to the Lord: the whole broad tail, which shall be removed close to the backbone, the fat that covers the entrails, and all the fat that is around the entrails;  10. the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver, which you shall remove with the kidneys. 11. Then the priest shall turn these into smoke on the altar as a food offering by fire to the Lord. 

730.          If your offering is a goat, you shall bring it before the Lord  13. and lay your hand on its head; it shall be slaughtered before the tent of meeting; and the sons of Aaron shall dash its blood against all sides of the altar. 14. You shall present as your offering from it, as an offering by fire to the Lord, the fat that covers the entrails, and all the fat that is around the entrails;  15. the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver, which you shall remove with the kidneys.  16. Then the priest shall turn these into smoke on the altar as a food offering by fire for a pleasing odor. All fat is the Lord's.  17. It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations, in all your settlements: you must not eat any fat or any blood. 

Leviticus 4 

Sin Offerings 

731.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: When anyone sins unintentionally in any of the Lord's commandments about things not to be done, and does any one of them:  

For Priests 

732.          If it is the anointed priest who sins, thus bringing guilt on the people, he shall offer for the sin that he has committed a bull of the herd without blemish as a sin offering to the Lord.  4. He shall bring the bull to the entrance of the tent of meeting before the Lord and lay his hand on the head of the bull; the bull shall be slaughtered before the Lord.  5. The anointed priest shall take some of the blood of the bull and bring it into the tent of meeting.  6. The priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the Lord in front of the curtain of the sanctuary.  7. The priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense that is in the tent of meeting before the Lord; and the rest of the blood of the bull he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  8. He shall remove all the fat from the bull of sin offering: the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is around the entrails;  9. the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins; and the appendage of the liver, which he shall remove with the kidneys,  10. just as these are removed from the ox of the sacrifice of well-being. The priest shall turn them into smoke upon the altar of burnt offering.  11. But the skin of the bull and all its flesh, as well as its head, its legs, its entrails, and its dung -- 12. all the rest of the bull--he shall carry out to a clean place outside the camp, to the ash heap, and shall burn it on a wood fire; at the ash heap it shall be burned. 

For the Community 

733.          13. If the whole congregation of Israel errs unintentionally and the matter escapes the notice of the assembly, and they do any one of the things that by the Lord's commandments ought not to be done and incur guilt;  14. when the sin that they have committed becomes known, the assembly shall offer a bull of the herd for a sin offering and bring it before the tent of meeting.  15. The elders of the congregation shall lay their hands on the head of the bull before the Lord, and the bull shall be slaughtered before the Lord.  16. The anointed priest shall bring some of the blood of the bull into the tent of meeting, 17. and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord, in front of the curtain.  18. He shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is before the Lord in the tent of meeting; and the rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  19. He shall remove all its fat and turn it into smoke on the altar.  20. He shall do with the bull just as is done with the bull of sin offering; he shall do the same with this. The priest shall make atonement for them, and they shall be forgiven.  21. He shall carry the bull outside the camp, and burn it as he burned the first bull; it is the sin offering for the assembly. 

For the Ruler 

734.          22. When a ruler sins, doing unintentionally any one of all the things that by commandments of the Lord his God ought not to be done and incurs guilt, 23. once the sin that he has committed is made known to him, he shall bring as his offering a male goat without blemish.  24. He shall lay his hand on the head of the goat; it shall be slaughtered at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the Lord; it is a sin offering.  25. The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering.  26. All its fat he shall turn into smoke on the altar, like the fat of the sacrifice of well-being. Thus the priest shall make atonement on his behalf for his sin, and he shall be forgiven. 

For Private Persons 

735.          27. If anyone of the ordinary people among you sins unintentionally in doing any one of the things that by the Lord's commandments ought not to be done and incurs guilt,  28. when the sin that you have committed is made known to you, you shall bring a female goat without blemish as your offering, for the sin that you have committed.  29. You shall lay your hand on the head of the sin offering; and the sin offering shall be slaughtered at the place of the burnt offering.  30. The priest shall take some of its blood with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and he shall pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar.  31. He shall remove all its fat, as the fat is removed from the offering of well-being, and the priest shall turn it into smoke on the altar for a pleasing odor to the Lord. Thus the priest shall make atonement on your behalf, and you shall be forgiven. 

736.          32. If the offering you bring as a sin offering is a sheep, you shall bring a female without blemish.  33. You shall lay your hand on the head of the sin offering; and it shall be slaughtered as a sin offering at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered.  34. The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar.  35. You shall remove all its fat, as the fat of the sheep is removed from the sacrifice of well-being, and the priest shall turn it into smoke on the altar, with the offerings by fire to the Lord. Thus the priest shall make atonement on your behalf for the sin that you have committed, and you shall be forgiven. 

Leviticus 5 

For Special Cases 

737.          When any of you sin in that you have heard a public adjuration to testify and--though able to testify as one who has seen or learned of the matter--do not speak up, you are subject to punishment.  2. Or when any of you touch any unclean thing--whether the carcass of an unclean beast or the carcass of unclean livestock or the carcass of an unclean swarming thing--and are unaware of it, you have become unclean, and are guilty.  3. Or when you touch human uncleanness--any uncleanness by which one can become unclean--and are unaware of it, when you come to know it, you shall be guilty.  4. Or when any of you utter aloud a rash oath for a bad or a good purpose, whatever people utter in an oath, and are unaware of it, when you come to know it, you shall in any of these be guilty.  5. When you realize your guilt in any of these, you shall confess the sin that you have committed. 

738.          6. And you shall bring to the Lord, as your penalty for the sin that you have committed, a female from the flock, a sheep or a goat, as a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement on your behalf for your sin.  7. But if you cannot afford a sheep, you shall bring to the Lord, as your penalty for the sin that you have committed, two turtledoves or two pigeons, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt offering.  8. You shall bring them to the priest, who shall offer first the one for the sin offering, wringing its head at the nape without severing it.  9. He shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar, while the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar; it is a sin offering.  10. And the second he shall offer for a burnt offering according to the regulation. Thus the priest shall make atonement on your behalf for the sin that you have committed, and you shall be forgiven. 

739.          11. But if you cannot afford two turtledoves or two pigeons, you shall bring as your offering for the sin that you have committed one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour for a sin offering; you shall not put oil on it or lay frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.  12. You shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall scoop up a handful of it as its memorial portion, and turn this into smoke on the altar, with the offerings by fire to the Lord; it is a sin offering.  13. Thus the priest shall make atonement on your behalf for whichever of these sins you have committed, and you shall be forgiven. Like the grain offering, the rest shall be for the priest. 

Offerings with Restitution 

740.          14. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  15. When any of you commit a trespass and sin unintentionally in any of the holy things of the Lord, you shall bring, as your guilt offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, convertible into silver by the sanctuary shekel; it is a guilt offering.  16. And you shall make restitution for the holy thing in which you were remiss, and shall add one-fifth to it and give it to the priest. The priest shall make atonement on your behalf with the ram of the guilt offering, and you shall be forgiven. 

741.          17. If any of you sin without knowing it, doing any of the things that by the Lord's commandments ought not to be done, you have incurred guilt, and are subject to punishment.  18. You shall bring to the priest a ram without blemish from the flock, or the equivalent, as a guilt offering; and the priest shall make atonement on your behalf for the error that you committed unintentionally, and you shall be forgiven.  19. It is a guilt offering; you have incurred guilt before the Lord. 

Leviticus 6 

742.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. When any of you sin and commit a trespass against the Lord by deceiving a neighbor in a matter of a deposit or a pledge, or by robbery, or if you have defrauded a neighbor,  3. or have found something lost and lied about it--if you swear falsely regarding any of the various things that one may do and sin thereby -- 4. when you have sinned and realize your guilt, and would restore what you took by robbery or by fraud or the deposit that was committed to you, or the lost thing that you found,  5. or anything else about which you have sworn falsely, you shall repay the principal amount and shall add one-fifth to it. You shall pay it to its owner when you realize your guilt.  6. And you shall bring to the priest, as your guilt offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish from the flock, or its equivalent, for a guilt offering.  7. The priest shall make atonement on your behalf before the Lord, and you shall be forgiven for any of the things that one may do and incur guilt thereby. 

Instructions concerning Sacrifices 

743.          8. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  9. Command Aaron and his sons, saying: This is the ritual of the burnt offering. The burnt offering itself shall remain on the hearth upon the altar all night until the morning, while the fire on the altar shall be kept burning.  10. The priest shall put on his linen vestments after putting on his linen undergarments next to his body; and he shall take up the ashes to which the fire has reduced the burnt offering on the altar, and place them beside the altar.  11. Then he shall take off his vestments and put on other garments, and carry the ashes out to a clean place outside the camp.  

744.          12. The fire on the altar shall be kept burning; it shall not go out. Every morning the priest shall add wood to it, lay out the burnt offering on it, and turn into smoke the fat pieces of the offerings of well-being.  13. A perpetual fire shall be kept burning on the altar; it shall not go out. 

Daily Cereal Offering 

745.          14. This is the ritual of the grain offering: The sons of Aaron shall offer it before the Lord, in front of the altar.  15. They shall take from it a handful of the choice flour and oil of the grain offering, with all the frankincense that is on the offering, and they shall turn its memorial portion into smoke on the altar as a pleasing odor to the Lord.  16. Aaron and his sons shall eat what is left of it; it shall be eaten as unleavened cakes in a holy place; in the court of the tent of meeting they shall eat it.  17. It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it as their portion of my offerings by fire; it is most holy, like the sin offering and the guilt offering.  18. Every male among the descendants of Aaron shall eat of it, as their perpetual due throughout your generations, from the Lord's offerings by fire; anything that touches them shall become holy. 

746.          19. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  20. This is the offering that Aaron and his sons shall offer to the Lord on the day when he is anointed: one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour as a regular offering, half of it in the morning and half in the evening.  21. It shall be made with oil on a griddle; you shall bring it well soaked, as a grain offering of baked {Meaning of Heb uncertain} pieces, and you shall present it as a pleasing odor to the Lord.  22. And so the priest, anointed from among Aaron's descendants as a successor, shall prepare it; it is the Lord's--a perpetual due--to be turned entirely into smoke.  23. Every grain offering of a priest shall be wholly burned; it shall not be eaten. 

Sin Offerings 

747.          24. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  25. Speak to Aaron and his sons, saying: This is the ritual of the sin offering. The sin offering shall be slaughtered before the Lord at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered; it is most holy.  26. The priest who offers it as a sin offering shall eat of it; it shall be eaten in a holy place, in the court of the tent of meeting.  27. Whatever touches its flesh shall become holy; and when any of its blood is spattered on a garment, you shall wash the bespattered part in a holy place.  28. An earthen vessel in which it was boiled shall be broken; but if it is boiled in a bronze vessel, that shall be scoured and rinsed in water.  29. Every male among the priests shall eat of it; it is most holy.  30. But no sin offering shall be eaten from which any blood is brought into the tent of meeting for atonement in the holy place; it shall be burned with fire. 

Leviticus 7 

Guilt Offerings 

748.          This is the ritual of the guilt offering. It is most holy; 2. at the spot where the burnt offering is slaughtered, they shall slaughter the guilt offering, and its blood shall be dashed against all sides of the altar.  3. All its fat shall be offered: the broad tail, the fat that covers the entrails,  4. the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the appendage of the liver, which shall be removed with the kidneys.  5. The priest shall turn them into smoke on the altar as an offering by fire to the Lord; it is a guilt offering.  6. Every male among the priests shall eat of it; it shall be eaten in a holy place; it is most holy. 

749.          7. The guilt offering is like the sin offering, there is the same ritual for them; the priest who makes atonement with it shall have it.  8. So, too, the priest who offers anyone's burnt offering shall keep the skin of the burnt offering that he has offered.  9. And every grain offering baked in the oven, and all that is prepared in a pan or on a griddle, shall belong to the priest who offers it.  10. But every other grain offering, mixed with oil or dry, shall belong to all the sons of Aaron equally. 

Peace Offerings 

750.          11. This is the ritual of the sacrifice of the offering of well-being that one may offer to the Lord.  12. If you offer it for thanksgiving, you shall offer with the thank offering unleavened cakes mixed with oil, unleavened wafers spread with oil, and cakes of choice flour well soaked in oil.  13. With your thanksgiving sacrifice of well-being you shall bring your offering with cakes of leavened bread.  14. From this you shall offer one cake from each offering, as a gift to the Lord; it shall belong to the priest who dashes the blood of the offering of well-being. 

751.          15. And the flesh of your thanksgiving sacrifice of well-being shall be eaten on the day it is offered; you shall not leave any of it until morning.  16. But if the sacrifice you offer is a votive offering or a freewill offering, it shall be eaten on the day that you offer your sacrifice, and what is left of it shall be eaten the next day;  17. but what is left of the flesh of the sacrifice shall be burned up on the third day.  18. If any of the flesh of your sacrifice of well-being is eaten on the third day, it shall not be acceptable, nor shall it be credited to the one who offers it; it shall be an abomination, and the one who eats of it shall incur guilt.  19. Flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten; it shall be burned up. 

752.          As for other flesh, all who are clean may eat such flesh.  20. But those who eat flesh from the Lord's sacrifice of well-being while in a state of uncleanness shall be cut off from their kin.  21. When any one of you touches any unclean thing--human uncleanness or an unclean animal or any unclean creature--and then eats flesh from the Lord's sacrifice of well-being, you shall be cut off from your kin. 

Prohibition against Blood and Fat 

753.          22. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  23. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: You shall eat no fat of ox or sheep or goat.  24. The fat of an animal that died or was torn by wild animals may be put to any other use, but you must not eat it.  25. If any one of you eats the fat from an animal of which an offering by fire may be made to the Lord, you who eat it shall be cut off from your kin.  26. You must not eat any blood whatever, either of bird or of animal, in any of your settlements.  27. Any one of you who eats any blood shall be cut off from your kin. 

754.          28. The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  29. Speak to the people of Israel, saying: Any one of you who would offer to the Lord your sacrifice of well-being must yourself bring to the Lord your offering from your sacrifice of well-being.  30. Your own hands shall bring the Lord's offering by fire; you shall bring the fat with the breast, so that the breast may be raised as an elevation offering before the Lord.  

The Portions for Priests 

755.          31. The priest shall turn the fat into smoke on the altar, but the breast shall belong to Aaron and his sons.  32. And the right thigh from your sacrifices of well-being you shall give to the priest as an offering;  33. the one among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood and fat of the offering of well-being shall have the right thigh for a portion.  34. For I have taken the breast of the elevation offering, and the thigh that is offered, from the people of Israel, from their sacrifices of well-being, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons, as a perpetual due from the people of Israel. 

756.          35. This is the portion allotted to Aaron and to his sons from the offerings made by fire to the Lord, once they have been brought forward to serve the Lord as priests;  36. these the Lord commanded to be given them, when he anointed them, as a perpetual due from the people of Israel throughout their generations. 

757.          37. This is the ritual of the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the guilt offering, the offering of ordination, and the sacrifice of well-being,  38. which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai, when he commanded the people of Israel to bring their offerings to the Lord, in the wilderness of Sinai. 

Leviticus 8 

CEREMONY OF ORDINATION 

Ordination of Aaron and His Sons 

758.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Take Aaron and his sons with him, the vestments, the anointing oil, the bull of sin offering, the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread;  3. and assemble the whole congregation at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  4. And Moses did as the Lord commanded him. When the congregation was assembled at the entrance of the tent of meeting,  

759.          5. Moses said to the congregation, "This is what the Lord has commanded to be done."  6. Then Moses brought Aaron and his sons forward, and washed them with water.  7. He put the tunic on him, fastened the sash around him, clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him. He then put the decorated band of the ephod around him, tying the ephod to him with it.  8. He placed the breastpiece on him, and in the breastpiece he put the Urim and the Thummim.  9. And he set the turban on his head, and on the turban, in front, he set the golden ornament, the holy crown, as the Lord commanded Moses. 

760.          10. Then Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and consecrated them.  11. He sprinkled some of it on the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all its utensils, and the basin and its base, to consecrate them.  

761.          12. He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head and anointed him, to consecrate him.  13. And Moses brought forward Aaron's sons, and clothed them with tunics, and fastened sashes around them, and tied headdresses on them, as the Lord commanded Moses. 

Ordination Sacrifices 

762.          14. He led forward the bull of sin offering; and Aaron and his sons laid their hands upon the head of the bull of sin offering,  15. and it was slaughtered. 

763.          Moses took the blood and with his finger put some on each of the horns of the altar, purifying the altar; then he poured out the blood at the base of the altar. Thus he consecrated it, to make atonement for it.  

764.          16. Moses took all the fat that was around the entrails, and the appendage of the liver, and the two kidneys with their fat, and turned them into smoke on the altar.  17. But the bull itself, its skin and flesh and its dung, he burned with fire outside the camp, as the Lord commanded Moses. 

765.          18. Then he brought forward the ram of burnt offering. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram,  19. and it was slaughtered. 

766.          Moses dashed the blood against all sides of the altar.  

767.          20. The ram was cut into its parts, and Moses turned into smoke the head and the parts and the suet.  

768.          21. And after the entrails and the legs were washed with water, Moses turned into smoke the whole ram on the altar; it was a burnt offering for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord, as the Lord commanded Moses. 

769.          22. Then he brought forward the second ram, the ram of ordination. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram,  23. and it was slaughtered. 

770.          Moses took some of its blood and put it on the lobe of Aaron's right ear and on the thumb of his right hand and on the big toe of his right foot.  

771.          24. After Aaron's sons were brought forward, Moses put some of the blood on the lobes of their right ears and on the thumbs of their right hands and on the big toes of their right feet; and Moses dashed the rest of the blood against all sides of the altar.  

772.          25. He took the fat--the broad tail, all the fat that was around the entrails, the appendage of the liver, and the two kidneys with their fat--and the right thigh.  

773.          26. From the basket of unleavened bread that was before the Lord, he took one cake of unleavened bread, one cake of bread with oil, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat and on the right thigh.  

774.          27. He placed all these on the palms of Aaron and on the palms of his sons, and raised them as an elevation offering before the Lord.  

775.          28. Then Moses took them from their hands and turned them into smoke on the altar with the burnt offering. This was an ordination offering for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord.  

776.          29. Moses took the breast and raised it as an elevation offering before the Lord; it was Moses' portion of the ram of ordination, as the Lord commanded Moses.  

777.          30. Then Moses took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was on the altar and sprinkled them on Aaron and his vestments, and also on his sons and their vestments. Thus he consecrated Aaron and his vestments, and also his sons and their vestments. 

778.          31. And Moses said to Aaron and his sons, "Boil the flesh at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and eat it there with the bread that is in the basket of ordination offerings, as I was commanded, "Aaron and his sons shall eat it';  

779.          32. and what remains of the flesh and the bread you shall burn with fire.  

780.          33. You shall not go outside the entrance of the tent of meeting for seven days, until the day when your period of ordination is completed. For it will take seven days to ordain you;  34. as has been done today, the Lord has commanded to be done to make atonement for you.  

781.          35. You shall remain at the entrance of the tent of meeting day and night for seven days, keeping the Lord's charge so that you do not die; for so I am commanded."  36. Aaron and his sons did all the things that the Lord commanded through Moses. 

Leviticus 9 

Aaron's Priesthood Inaugurated (Octave of the Ordination) 

782.          On the eighth day Moses summoned Aaron and his sons and the elders of Israel.  2. He said to Aaron, "Take a bull calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the Lord.  

783.          3. And say to the people of Israel, "Take a male goat for a sin offering; a calf and a lamb, yearlings without blemish, for a burnt offering;  4. and an ox and a ram for an offering of well-being to sacrifice before the Lord; and a grain offering mixed with oil. For today the Lord will appear to you.' "  5. They brought what Moses commanded to the front of the tent of meeting; and the whole congregation drew near and stood before the Lord.  

784.          6. And Moses said, "This is the thing that the Lord commanded you to do, so that the glory of the Lord may appear to you."  7. Then Moses said to Aaron, "Draw near to the altar and sacrifice your sin offering and your burnt offering, and make atonement for yourself and for the people; and sacrifice the offering of the people, and make atonement for them; as the Lord has commanded." 

785.          8. Aaron drew near to the altar, and slaughtered the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself.  

786.          9. The sons of Aaron presented the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood and put it on the horns of the altar; and the rest of the blood he poured out at the base of the altar.  

787.          10. But the fat, the kidneys, and the appendage of the liver from the sin offering he turned into smoke on the altar, as the Lord commanded Moses;  11. and the flesh and the skin he burned with fire outside the camp.  

788.          12. Then he slaughtered the burnt offering. Aaron's sons brought him the blood, and he dashed it against all sides of the altar.  13. And they brought him the burnt offering piece by piece, and the head, which he turned into smoke on the altar.  14. He washed the entrails and the legs and, with the burnt offering, turned them into smoke on the altar. 

789.          15. Next he presented the people's offering. He took the goat of the sin offering that was for the people, and slaughtered it, and presented it as a sin offering like the first one.  16. He presented the burnt offering, and sacrificed it according to regulation.  

790.          17. He presented the grain offering, and, taking a handful of it, he turned it into smoke on the altar, in addition to the burnt offering of the morning.  

791.          18. He slaughtered the ox and the ram as a sacrifice of well-being for the people. Aaron's sons brought him the blood, which he dashed against all sides of the altar,  19. and the fat of the ox and of the ram--the broad tail, the fat that covers the entrails, the two kidneys and the fat on them, {Gk: Heb [the broad tail, and that which covers, and the kidneys]} and the appendage of the liver.  20. They first laid the fat on the breasts, and the fat was turned into smoke on the altar;  21. and the breasts and the right thigh Aaron raised as an elevation offering before the Lord, as Moses had commanded. 

Leviticus 10 

Nadab and Abihu 

Now Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, each took his censer, put fire in it, and laid incense on it; and they offered unholy fire before the Lord, such as he had not commanded them.  2. And fire came out from the presence of the Lord and consumed them, and they died before the Lord.  3. Then Moses said to Aaron, "This is what the Lord meant when he said, 

"Through those who are near me

I will show myself holy,

and before all the people

I will be glorified.' " 

And Aaron was silent.  4. Moses summoned Mishael and Elzaphan, sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said to them, "Come forward, and carry your kinsmen away from the front of the sanctuary to a place outside the camp."  5. They came forward and carried them by their tunics out of the camp, as Moses had ordered. 

Conduct of the Priests 

792.          6. And Moses said to Aaron and to his sons Eleazar and Ithamar, "Do not dishevel your hair, and do not tear your vestments, or you will die and wrath will strike all the congregation; but your kindred, the whole house of Israel, may mourn the burning that the Lord has sent.  7. You shall not go outside the entrance of the tent of meeting, or you will die; for the anointing oil of the Lord is on you." And they did as Moses had ordered. 

793.          8. And the Lord spoke to Aaron:  9. Drink no wine or strong drink, neither you nor your sons, when you enter the tent of meeting, that you may not die; it is a statute forever throughout your generations.  

794.          10. You are to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;  11. and 

795.          you are to teach the people of Israel all the statutes that the Lord has spoken to them through Moses. 

The Eating of the Priestly Portions 

796.          12. Moses spoke to Aaron and to his remaining sons, Eleazar and Ithamar: Take the grain offering that is left from the Lord's offerings by fire, and eat it unleavened beside the altar, for it is most holy;  13. you shall eat it in a holy place, because it is your due and your sons' due, from the offerings by fire to the Lord; for so I am commanded.  

797.          14. But the breast that is elevated and the thigh that is raised, you and your sons and daughters as well may eat in any clean place; for they have been assigned to you and your children from the sacrifices of the offerings of well-being of the people of Israel.  

798.          15. The thigh that is raised and the breast that is elevated they shall bring, together with the offerings by fire of the fat, to raise for an elevation offering before the Lord; they are to be your due and that of your children forever, as the Lord has commanded. 

16. Then Moses made inquiry about the goat of the sin offering, and--it had already been burned! He was angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's remaining sons, and said,  17. "Why did you not eat the sin offering in the sacred area? For it is most holy, and God {Heb [he]} has given it to you that you may remove the guilt of the congregation, to make atonement on their behalf before the Lord.  18. Its blood was not brought into the inner part of the sanctuary. You should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded."  

19. And Aaron spoke to Moses, "See, today they offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord; and yet such things as these have befallen me! If I had eaten the sin offering today, would it have been agreeable to the Lord?"  20. And when Moses heard that, he agreed. 

Leviticus 27 

REDEMPTION OF OFFERINGS 

Votive Offerings 

799.          The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:  2. Speak to the people of Israel and say to them: When a person makes an explicit vow to the Lord concerning the equivalent for a human being,  3. the equivalent for a male shall be: from twenty to sixty years of age the equivalent shall be fifty shekels of silver by the sanctuary shekel.  4. If the person is a female, the equivalent is thirty shekels.  5. If the age is from five to twenty years of age, the equivalent is twenty shekels for a male and ten shekels for a female.  6. If the age is from one month to five years, the equivalent for a male is five shekels of silver, and for a female the equivalent is three shekels of silver.  7. And if the person is sixty years old or over, then the equivalent for a male is fifteen shekels, and for a female ten shekels.  8. If any cannot afford the equivalent, they shall be brought before the priest and the priest shall assess them; the priest shall assess them according to what each one making a vow can afford. 

800.          If it concerns an animal that may be brought as an offering to the Lord, any such that may be given to the Lord shall be holy.  10. Another shall not be exchanged or substituted for it, either good for bad or bad for good; and if one animal is substituted for another, both that one and its substitute shall be holy.  11. If it concerns any unclean animal that may not be brought as an offering to the Lord, the animal shall be presented before the priest.  12. The priest shall assess it: whether good or bad, according to the assessment of the priest, so it shall be.  13. But if it is to be redeemed, one-fifth must be added to the assessment. 

801.          14. If a person consecrates a house to the Lord, the priest shall assess it: whether good or bad, as the priest assesses it, so it shall stand.  15. And if the one who consecrates the house wishes to redeem it, one-fifth shall be added to its assessed value, and it shall revert to the original owner. 

802.          16. If a person consecrates to the Lord any inherited landholding, its assessment shall be in accordance with its seed requirements: fifty shekels of silver to a homer of barley seed.  17. If the person consecrates the field as of the year of jubilee, that assessment shall stand;  18. but if the field is consecrated after the jubilee, the priest shall compute the price for it according to the years that remain until the year of jubilee, and the assessment shall be reduced.  19. And if the one who consecrates the field wishes to redeem it, then one-fifth shall be added to its assessed value, and it shall revert to the original owner; 20. but if the field is not redeemed, or if it has been sold to someone else, it shall no longer be redeemable.  21. But when the field is released in the jubilee, it shall be holy to the Lord as a devoted field; it becomes the priest's holding. 

803.          22. If someone consecrates to the Lord a field that has been purchased, which is not a part of the inherited landholding,  23. the priest shall compute for it the proportionate assessment up to the year of jubilee, and the assessment shall be paid as of that day, a sacred donation to the Lord.  24. In the year of jubilee the field shall return to the one from whom it was bought, whose holding the land is. 

804.          25. All assessments shall be by the sanctuary shekel: twenty gerahs shall make a shekel. 

Offerings Not To Be Redeemed 

805.          26. A firstling of animals, however, which as a firstling belongs to the Lord, cannot be consecrated by anyone; whether ox or sheep, it is the Lord's.  27. If it is an unclean animal, it shall be ransomed at its assessment, with one-fifth added; if it is not redeemed, it shall be sold at its assessment. 

806.          28. Nothing that a person owns that has been devoted to destruction for the Lord, be it human or animal, or inherited landholding, may be sold or redeemed; every devoted thing is most holy to the Lord.  29. No human beings who have been devoted to destruction can be ransomed; they shall be put to death. 

807.          30. All tithes from the land, whether the seed from the ground or the fruit from the tree, are the Lord's; they are holy to the Lord.  31. If persons wish to redeem any of their tithes, they must add one-fifth to them.  32. All tithes of herd and flock, every tenth one that passes under the shepherd's staff, shall be holy to the Lord.  33. Let no one inquire whether it is good or bad, or make substitution for it; if one makes substitution for it, then both it and the substitute shall be holy and cannot be redeemed. 

34. These are the commandments that the Lord gave to Moses for the people of Israel on Mount Sinai.

 

 

 

 

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