Mandell, Douglas,Bennett’s

Principles and Practice of  Infectious Diseases

Eighth Edition, 2015

 اين مجموعه، با انواع مختلف رايانه، موبايل و تبلت، سازگاري كاملي  دارد

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Part I: Basic Principles in the Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diseases. 3 001

Section A: Microbial Pathogenesis. 3 

Section B Host Defense Mechanisms 026

Section C. 4 Epidemiology of Infectious Disease 146 

Section D. 4 Clinical Microbiology 191

Section E. 4 Anti-Infective Therapy 224

Part II Major Clinical Syndromes. 6

Section A.. 6 Fever

Section B. 6 Upper Respiratory Tract Infections

Section C Pleuropulmonary and Bronchial Infections

Section D. 7 Urinary Tract Infections

Section E. 7  Sepsis

Section F. 7 Intra-Abdominal Infection

Section G. 7 Cardiovascular Infections

Section H. 8 Central Nervous System Infections

Section I 8 Skin and Soft Tissue Infections

Section J 8 Gastrointestinal Infections and Food Poisoning

Section K. 9 Bone and Joint Infections

Section L. 9 Diseases of the Reproductive Organs and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Section M.. 9 Eye Infections

Section N. 10 Hepatitis

Section O. 10 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Section P. 10 Miscellaneous Syndromes

Part III Infectious Diseases and Their Etiologic Agents. 11

Section A.. 11 Viral Diseases

Section B. 11 Herpesviridae

Section C. 11 Adenoviridae

Section D. 11 Papovaviridae

Section E. 12 Parvoviridae

PART IV:  Flaviviruses. 12

Section A.. 12 Coronaviridae

Section B. 12 Paramyxoviridae

Section C. 13 Rhabdoviridae

Section D. 13 Filoviridae

Section E. 13 Orthomyxoviridae

Section F. 13 Bunyaviridae

Section G. 13  Arenaviridae

Section H Retroviridae

Section I Picornaviridae

PART V:  Caliciviridae and Other Gastrointestinal Viruses. 14

Section A.. 14 Unclassified Viruses

Section B. 14 Prion Diseases

Section C. 14 Chlamydial Diseases

Section D. 14 Mycoplasma Diseases

Section E. 14 Rickettsioses, Ehrlichioses, and Anaplasmosis

Section F. 15 Bacterial Diseases

Section G. 15 Gram-Positive Cocci

Section H. 15 Gram-Positive Bacilli

Section I 16 Gram-Negative Cocci

Section J 16 Gram-Negative Bacilli

Section K. 17 Spirochetes

Section L. 17 Anaerobic Bacteria

Section M.. 18 Mycobacterial Diseases

Section N. 18 Higher Bacterial Diseases

Section O. 18 Mycoses

Section H. 19 Protozoal Diseases

Section I 20 Diseases Due to Toxic Algae

Section J 20 Diseases Due to Helminths

Section K. 20 Ectoparasitic Diseases

Section L. 20 Diseases of Unknown Etiology

Part VI    Special Problems. 21

Section A.. 21 Nosocominal Infections

Section B. 21 Infections in Special Hosts

Section C. 22 Surgical and Trauma-Related Infections

Section D. 22 Immunization

Section E. 22 Zoonoses

Section F. 22 Protection of Travelers


 

 Contributors, … Preface,

000

Part I: Basic Principles in the Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diseases  

001

Section A: Microbial Pathogenesis 

001

Chapter-001

 A Molecular Perspective of Microbial Pathogenicity      

001

Chapter-002

 Microbiome of Local Sites and their Unique Biology      

011

Chapter-003

 Prebiotics, Probiotics and Synbiotics      

019

Section B

 Host Defense Mechanisms   

026

Chapter-004

 Innate (General or Nospecific) Host Defense Mechanisms       

026

Chapter-005

 Adaptive Immunity: Antibodies and Immunodefiencies        

034

Chapter-006

 Cell Mediated defense Against Infection

050

Chapter-007

 Mucosal Immunity      

070

Chapter-008

 Granulocytic Phagocytes and Deficiency States        

078

Chapter-009

 Complement and Deficiencies       

093

Chapter-010

 Human Genetics and Infection      

116

Chapter-011

 Nutrition, Immunity, and Infection

125

Chapter-012

 Evaluation of the Patient with Suspected Immunodeficiency and Other Host Defense Defects      

134

Section C

 Epidemiology of Infectious Disease        

146

Chapter-013

 Epidemiologic Principles      

146

Chapter-014

 Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Disease Threat       

158

Chapter-015

 Bioterrorism: An Overview  

178

Section D

 Clinical Microbiology 

191

Chapter-016

 The Clinician and the Microbiology Laboratory

191

Section E

 Anti-Infective Therapy

224

Chapter-017

 Principles of Anti-infective Therapy       

224

Chapter-018

 Molecular Mechanisms of Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria 

235

Chapter-019

 Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Anti-infective Agents    

252

Chapter-020

 Penicillins 

263

Chapter-021

 Cephalosporins 

278

Chapter-022

 Other ß-Lactam Antibiotics 

293

Chapter-023

 Antibiotic Allergy        

298

Chapter-024

 Fusidic Acid       

304

Chapter-025

 Aminoglycosides

310

Chapter-026

 Tetracyclines and Chloramphenicol       

322

Chapter-027

 Rifamycins         

339

Chapter-028

 Metronidazole   

350

Chapter-029

 Macrolides, Clindamycin, and Ketolides

358

Chapter-030

 Glycopeptides (Vancomycin and Teicoplanin), Streptogramins (Quinupristin-Dalfopristin), and Lipopeptides (Daptomycin)      

377

Chapter-031

 Polymyxins (Polymyxin B and Colistin)  

401

Chapter-032

 Oxazolidinones  

406

Chapter-033

 Sulfonamides and Trimethoprim   

410

Chapter-034

 Quinolones        

419

Chapter-035

 Unique Antibacterial Agents

440

Chapter-036

 Urinary Tract Agents: Nitrofurantoin and Methenamine      

447

Chapter-037

 Topical Antibacterials

452

Chapter-038

 Antimycobacterial Agents    

463

Chapter-039

 Drugs Active Against Fungi, Pneumocystis and Microsporidia        

479

Chapter-040

 Drugs for Malaria      

495

Chapter-041

 Drugs for Parasites Other Than Malaria         

510

Chapter-042

 Drugs for Helminths   

519

Chapter-043

 Antiviral Drugs General Principles         

528

Chapter-044

 Antivirals Against Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses     

531

Chapter-045

 Antivirals Against Herpes Viruses 

546

Chapter-046

 Antivirals Against Hepatitis Viruses       

563

Chapter-047

 Other Antiviral Drugs 

576

Chapter-048

 Immunomodulators     

581

Chapter-049

 Hyperbaric Oxygen     

591

Chapter-050

 Complementary and Alternative Medicines for Infectious Diseases      

597

Chapter-051

 Antimicrobial Management: Cost and Resistance 

605

Chapter-052

 Interpretation of Clinical Trials of Antimicrobial Agents   

612

Chapter-053

 Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy         

625

Chapter-054

 Tables of Antimicrobial Agent Pharmacology         

631

Part II Major Clinical Syndromes  

 

Section A

 Fever        

 

Chapter-055

 Temperature Regulation and the Pathogenesis of Fever 

708

Chapter-056

 Fever of Unknown Origin    

721

Chapter-057

 The Acutely Ill Patient with Fever and Rash         

732

Section B

 Upper Respiratory Tract Infections        

 

Chapter-058

 The Common Cold     

748

Chapter-059

 Pharyngitis        

753

Chapter-060

 Acute Laryngitis

760

Chapter-061

 Acute Laryngotracheobronchitis (Croup)         

762

Chapter-062

 Otitis Externa, Otitis Media, and Mastoiditis         

767

Chapter-063

 Sinusitis    

774

Chapter-064

 Epiglottitis

785

Chapter-065

 Infections of the Oral Cavity, Neck, and Head         

789

Section C

 Pleuropulmonary and Bronchial Infections         

 

Chapter-066

 Acute Bronchitis

806

Chapter-067

 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Bronchitis, and Acute Exacerbations         

810

Chapter-068

 Bronchiolitis      

818

Chapter-069

 Acute Pneumonia        

823

Chapter-070

 Empyema and Pleural Effusion     

847

Chapter-071

 Lung Abscess    

855

Chapter-072

 Chronic Pneumonia    

860

Chapter-073

 Cystic Fibrosis  

874

Section D

 Urinary Tract Infections      

 

Chapter-074

 Urinary Tract Infections      

886

Section E

 Sepsis       

 

Chapter-075

 Sepsis, Severe Sepsis, and Septic Shock 

914

Section F

 Intra-Abdominal Infection    

 

Chapter-076

 Peritonitis and Intraperitoneal Abscesses         

935

Chapter-077

 Infections of the Liver and Biliary System         

960

Chapter-078

 Pancreatic Infections  

969

Chapter-079

 Splenic Abscess 

979

Chapter-080

 Appendicitis       

982

Chapter-081

 Diverticulitis and Typhlitis   

986

Section G

 Cardiovascular Infections    

 

Chapter-082

 Endocarditis and Intravascular Infections         

990

Chapter-083

 Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis       

1029

Chapter-084

 Infections of Non-Valvular Cardiovascular Devices      

1041

Chapter-085

 Prophylaxis of Infective Endocarditis     

1057

Chapter-086

 Myocarditis and Pericarditis

1066

Chapter-087

 Mediastinitis      

1080

Section H

 Central Nervous System Infections         

 

Chapter-088

 Approach to the Patient with Central Nervous System Infection 

1091

Chapter-089

 Acute Meningitis         

1097

Chapter-090

 Chronic Meningitis     

1138

Chapter-091

 Encephalitis, Myelitis, and Neuritis        

1144

Chapter-092

 Brain Abscess    

1164

Chapter-093

 Subdural Empyema, Epidural Abscess, and Intracranial Suppurative Thrombophlebitis         

1177

Chapter-094

 Cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections       

1186

Section I

 Skin and Soft Tissue Infections     

 

Chapter-095

 Cellulitis, Necrotizing Fasciitis and Subcutaneous Tissue Infections     

1194

Chapter-096

 Myositis   

1216

Chapter-097

 Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis  

1226

Section J

 Gastrointestinal Infections and Food Poisoning  

 

Chapter-098

 Principles and Syndromes of Enteric Infection         

1238

Chapter-099

 Esophagitis        

1248

Chapter-100

 Nausea, Vomiting, and Noninflammatory Diarrhea   

1253

Chapter-101

 Inflammatory Enteritides     

1263

Chapter-102

 Enteric Fever and Other Causes of Abdominal Symptoms with Fever   

1270

Chapter-103

 Food Poisoning

1283

Chapter-104

 Tropical Sprue/Enteropathy

1297

Section K

 Bone and Joint Infections    

 

Chapter-105

 Infectious Arthritis      

1302

Chapter-106

 Osteomyelitis     

1318

Chapter-107

 Orthopedic Implant Infections       

1328

Section L

 Diseases of the Reproductive Organs and Sexually Transmitted Diseases       

 

Chapter-108

 Genital Skin and Mucous Membrane Lesions         

1341

Chapter-109

 Urethritis  

1349

Chapter-110

 Vulvovaginitis and Cervicitis

1358

Chapter-111

 Infections of the Female Pelvis      

1372

Chapter-112

 Prostatitis, Epididymitis, and Orchitis    

1381

Section M

 Eye Infections    

 

Chapter-113

 Introduction to Ocular Infections  

1388

Chapter-114

 Microbial Conjunctivitis      

1392

Chapter-115

 Microbial Keratitis     

1402

Chapter-116

 Endophthalmitis

1415

Chapter-117

 Infectious Causes of Uveitis 

1423

Chapter-118

 Periocular Infections  

1432

Section N

 Hepatitis   

 

Chapter-119

 Hepatitis   

1439

Section O

 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome  

 

Chapter-120

 Global Perspectives on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome   

1469

Chapter-121

 Epidemiology and Prevention of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection  

1483

Chapter-122

 Diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection    

1503

Chapter-123

 The Immunology of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection    

1526

Chapter-124

 General Clinical Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Including the Acute Retroviral Syndrome and Oral, Cutaneous, Renal, Ocular, Metabolic and Cardiac Diseases)        

1541

Chapter-125

 Pulmonary Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection  

1558

Chapter-126

 Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection    

1567

Chapter-127

 Neurologic Diseases Caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 and Opportunistic Infections  

1574

Chapter-128

 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Women      

1590

Chapter-129

 Pediatric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection    

1616

Chapter-130

 Antiretroviral Therapy for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection  

1622

Chapter-131

 Management of Opportunistic Infections Associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection    

1642

Chapter-132

 Vaccines for Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Infection 

1666

Section P

 Miscellaneous Syndromes    

 

Chapter-133

 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

1674

Part III: Infectious Diseases and Their Etiologic Agents      

 

Section A

 Viral Diseases   

 

Chapter-134

 Biology of Viruses and Viral Diseases    

1681

Chapter-135

 Orthopoxviruses: Vaccinia (Smallpox Vaccine), Variola (Smallpox), Monkeypox, and Cowpox     

1694

Chapter-136

 Other Poxviruses That Infect Humans: Parapoxviruses, Molluscum Contagiosum, and Tanapox    

1703

Section B

 Herpesviridae    

 

Chapter-137

 Introduction to Herpesviridae       

1707

Chapter-138

 Herpes Simplex Virus 

1713

Chapter-139

 Chickenpox and Herpes Zoster (Varicella-Zoster Virus)      

1731

Chapter-140

 Cytomegalovirus         

1738

Chapter-141

 Epstein-Barr Virus (Infectious Mononucleosis)  

1754

Chapter-142

 Human Herpesvirus Types 6 and 7

1772

Chapter-143

 Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus (Human Herpesvirus Type 8)

1777

Chapter-144

 Herpes B Virus  

1783

Section C

 Adenoviridae     

 

Chapter-145

 Adenovirus        

1787

Section D

 Papovaviridae   

 

Chapter-146

 Papillomaviruses         

1794

Chapter-147

 JC, BK, and Other Polyomaviruses; Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Hepadnaviridae  

1808

Chapter-148

 Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis Delta Virus         

1815

Section E

 Parvoviridae      

 

Chapter-149

 Human Parvoviruses  

1840

Chapter-150

 Orthoreoviruses, Orbiviruses, Coltiviruses         

1848

Chapter-151

 Seadornaviruses (Colorado Tick Fever)

1851

Chapter-152

 Rotaviruses       

1854

Chapter-153

 Alphaviruses, Including Chickungunya  

1865

Chapter-154

 Rubella Virus (German Measles)  

1875

Part IV:  Flaviviruses

 

Chapter-155

 Flaviviruses (Yellow Fever, Dengue, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, West Nile Encephalitis, St Louis Encephalitis, Tick-Borne Encephalitis)

1881

Chapter-156

 Hepatitis C        

1904

Section A

 Coronaviridae   

 

Chapter-157

 Coronaviruses, Including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)-Associated Coronavirus       

1928

Section B

 Paramyxoviridae         

 

Chapter-158

 Parainfluenza Viruses 

1937

Chapter-159

 Mumps Virus     

1942

Chapter-160

 Respiratory Syncytial Virus 

1948

Chapter-161

 Human Metapneumovirus    

1961

Chapter-162

 Measles Virus (Rubeola)      

1967

Chapter-163

 Zoonotic Paramyxoviruses: Hendra, Nipah, and Menangle Viruses 

1974

Section C

 Rhabdoviridae   

 

Chapter-164

 Vesicular Stomatitis Virus and Related Viruses      

1981

Chapter-165

 Rabies (Rhabdoviruses)       

1984

Section D

 Filoviridae

 

Chapter-166

 Marburg and Ebola Virus Hemorrhagic Fevers       

1995

Section E

 Orthomyxoviridae       

 

Chapter-167

 Influenza Viruses Including Avian Influenza         

2000

Section F

 Bunyaviridae     

 

Chapter-168

 California Encephalitis, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, and Bunyavirid Hemorrhagic Fevers    

2025

Section G

 Arenaviridae      

 

Chapter-169

 Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus, Lassa Virus, and the South American Hemorrhagic Fevers       

2031

Section H

 Retroviridae      

 

 

Chapter-170

 Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Types I and II    

2038

Chapter-171

 Human Immunodeficiency Viruses

2054

Section I

 Picornaviridae   

 

Chapter-172

 Introduction to the Enteroviruses  

2066

Chapter-173

 Poliovirus 

2073

Chapter-174

 Coxsackieviruses, Echoviruses, and Newer Enteroviruses     

2080

Chapter-175

 Parechoviruses  

2091

Chapter-176

 Hepatitis A Virus        

2095

Chapter-177

 Rhinovirus

2113

Part V:  Caliciviridae and Other Gastrointestinal Viruses         

 

Chapter-178

 Noroviruses and Other Caliciviruses      

2122

Chapter-179

 Astroviruses and Picobirnaviruses

2128

Section A

 Unclassified Viruses    

 

Chapter-180

 Hepatitis E Virus        

2131

Section B

 Prion Diseases   

 

Chapter-181

 Prions and Prion Diseases of the Central Nervous System (Transmissible Neurodegenerative Diseases)

2142

Section C

 Chlamydial Diseases   

 

Chapter-182

 Chlamydia trachomatis (Trachoma, Perinatal Infections, Lymphogranuloma Venereum, and Other Genital Infections)      

2154

Chapter-183

 Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) Psittaci (Psittacosis)        

2171

Chapter-184

 Chlamydia Pneumoniae       

2174

Chapter-185

 Mycoplasma Pneumoniae and Atypical Pneumonia

2183

Section D

 Mycoplasma Diseases

 

Chapter-186

 Genital Mycoplasmas: Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, and Ureaplasma Species     

2190

Section E

 Rickettsioses, Ehrlichioses, and Anaplasmosis         

 

Chapter-187

 Introduction to Rickettsioses, Ehrlichioses and Anaplasmosis        

2194

Chapter-188

 Rickettsia Rickettsii and Other Spotted Fever Group Rickettsiae (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Other Spotted Fevers)   

2198

Chapter-189

 Rickettsia Akari (Rickettsialpox)  

2206

Chapter-190

 Coxiella Burnetii (Q Fever)  

2208

Chapter-191

 Rickettsia Prowazekii (Epidemic or Louse-Borne Typhus)    

2217

Chapter-192

 Rickettsia typhi (Murine Typhus)  

2221

Chapter-193

 Orientia Tsutsugamushi       

2225

Chapter-194

 Ehrlichia Chaffeensis and Ehrlichia Phagocytophila   

2227

Section F

 Bacterial Diseases      

 

Chapter-195

 Introduction to Bacteria and Bacterial Diseases    

2234

Section G

 Gram-Positive Cocci  

 

Chapter-196

 Staphylococcus aureus (Including Staphylococcal Toxic Shock)

2237

Chapter-197

 Staphylococcus epidermidis and Other Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci

2272

Chapter-198

 Classification of Streptococci        

2283

Chapter-199

 Streptococcus Pyogenes       

2285

Chapter-200

 Nonsuppurative Poststreptococcal Sequelae: Rheumatic Fever and Glomerulonephritis         

2300

Chapter-201

 Streptococcus pneumoniae  

2310

Chapter-202

 Enterococcus Species, Streptococcus bovis, and Leuconostoc Species      

2328

Chapter-203

 Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus)    

2340

Chapter-204

 Viridans Streptococci, Groups C and G Streptococci, and Gemella morbillorum  

2349

Chapter-205

 Streptococcus anginosus Group    

2362

Section H

 Gram-Positive Bacilli 

 

Chapter-206

 Corynebacterium diphtheriae        

2366

Chapter-207

 Corynebacteria other than Diphtheria and Rhodococcus      

2373

Chapter-208

 Listeria Monocytogenes       

2383

Chapter-209

 Bacillus Anthracis (Anthrax)

2391

Chapter-210

 Bacillus Species and Other than Bacillus anthracis   

2410

Chapter-211

 Erysipelothrix Rhusiopathiae        

2415

Chapter-212

 Whipple's Disease       

2418

Section I

 Gram-Negative Cocci 

 

Chapter-213

 Neisseria Meningitidis

2425

Chapter-214

 Neisseria Gonorrhoeae        

2446

Chapter-215

 Moraxella Catarrhalis and Other Gram-Negative Cocci   

2463

Section J

 Gram-Negative Bacilli

 

Chapter-216

 Vibrio Cholerae 

2471

Chapter-217

 Other Pathogenic Vibrios    

2480

Chapter-218

 Campylobacter Jejuni and Related Species         

2485

Chapter-219

 Helicobacter Pylori and Other Gastric Helicobacter Species   

2494

Chapter-220

 Enterobacteriaceae    

2503

Chapter-221

 Pseudomonas Species, Including Ps Aeruginosa

2518

Chapter-222

 Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia and Burkholderia Cepacia Complex     

2532

Chapter-223

 Burkholderia Pseudomallei and Burkholderia Mallei        

2541

Chapter-224

 Acinetobacter Species

2552

Chapter-225

 Salmonella Species, Including Salmonella Typhi         

2559

Chapter-226

 Shigella Species (Bacillary Dysentery)   

2569

Chapter-227

 Haemophilus Species (Incluing H Influenzae and Chancroid)

2575

Chapter-228

 Brucella Species

2584

Chapter-229

 Francisella Tularensis (Tularemia)        

2590

Chapter-230

 Pasteurella Species     

2603

Chapter-231

 Yersinia Species, Including Plague

2607

Chapter-232

 Bordetella Pertussis    

2619

Chapter-233

 Rat-Bite Fever Streptobacillus Moniliformis and Spirillum Minus    

2629

Chapter-234

 Legionella and Other Legionella Species

2633

Chapter-235

 Capnocytophaga         

2645

Chapter-236

 Bartonella, Including Cat-Scratch Disease         

2649

Chapter-237

 Calymmatobacterium Granulomatis (Donovanosis, Granuloma Inguinale)      

2664

Chapter-238

 Other Gram-Negative and Gram-Variable Bacilli        

2667

Section K

 Spirochetes        

 

Chapter-239

 Treponema pallidum (Syphilis)      

2684

Chapter-240

 Endemic Treponematoses    

2710

Chapter-241

 Leptospira Species (leptospirosis) 

2714

Chapter-242

 Relapsing Fevers Due to Borrelia Species         

2721

Chapter-243

 Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme Disease, Lyme Borreliosis)         

2725

Section L

 Anaerobic Bacteria     

 

Chapter-244

 Anaerobic Infections: General Concepts

2736

Chapter-245

 Clostridium Difficile   

2744

Chapter-246

 Clostridium Tetani (Tetanus)        

2757

Chapter-247

 Clostridium Botulinum (Botulism) 

2763

Chapter-248

 Gas Gangrene and Other Clostridium-Associated Diseases     

2768

Chapter-249

 Bacteroides, Prevotella, Porphyromonas, and Fusobacterium Species (and Other Medically Important Anaerobic Gram-Negative Bacilli)         

2773

Chapter-250

 Anaerobic Cocci and Anaerobic Gram-Positive Non-sporulating Bacilli     

2781

Section M

 Mycobacterial Diseases       

 

Chapter-251

 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis        

2787

Chapter-252

 Mycobacterium Leprae        

2819

Chapter-253

 Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare     

2832

Chapter-254

 Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Other Than M Avium-Intracellulare Complex

2844

Section N

 Higher Bacterial Diseases    

 

Chapter-255

 Nocardia Species        

2853

Chapter-256

 Agents of Actinomycosis      

2864

Section O

 Mycoses   

 

Chapter-257

 Introduction to Mycoses      

2874

Chapter-258

 Candida Species

2879

Chapter-259

 Aspergillus Species     

2895

Chapter-260

 Agents of Mucormycosis      

2909

Chapter-261

 Sporothrix schenckii   

2920

Chapter-262

 Agents of Chromomycosis   

2925

Chapter-263

 Agents of Mycetoma   

2929

Chapter-264

 Cryptococcus neoformans   

2934

Chapter-265

 Histoplasma capsulatum      

2949

Chapter-266

 Blastomyces dermatitidis     

2963

Chapter-267

 Coccidioides Species  

2974

Chapter-268

 Dermatophytosis and Other Superficial Mycoses    

2985

Chapter-269

 Paracoccidioides brasiliensis         

2995

Chapter-270

 Uncommon Fungi and Prototheca 

3003

Chapter-271

 Pneumocystis     

3016

Chapter-272

 Microsporidiosis

3031

Section H

 Protozoal Diseases     

 

Chapter-273

 Introduction to Protozoal Diseases         

3045

Chapter-274

 Entamoeba species including amoebiasis         

3047

Chapter-275

 Free-Living Amebas   

3059

Chapter-276

 Plasmodium Species (Malaria)      

3070

Chapter-277

 Leishmania Species: Visceral (Kala-Azar), Cutaneous, and Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis         

3091

Chapter-278

 Biology of Trypanosoma Species (American Trypanosomiasis, Chagas' Disease): Biology of Trypanosomes

3108

Chapter-279

 Agents of African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness)   

3116

Chapter-280

 Toxoplasma gondii     

3122

Chapter-281

 Giardia lamblia 

3154

Chapter-282

 Trichomonas vaginalis

3161

Chapter-283

 Babesia Species 

3165

Chapter-284

 Cryptosporidium Species     

3173

Chapter-285

 Isospora belli, Sarcocystis Species, Blastocystis hominis and Cyclospora       

3184

Section I

 Diseases Due to Toxic Algae

 

Chapter-286

 Human Illness Associated with Harmful Algal Blooms      

3192

Section J

 Diseases Due to Helminths   

 

Chapter-287

 Introduction to Helminth Infections        

3196

Chapter-288

 Intestinal Nematodes (Roundworms)      

3199

Chapter-289

 Tissue Nematodes, Including Trichinosis, Dracunculiasis, and the Filariases 

3208

Chapter-290

 Trematodes (Schistosomes and Other Flukes)         

3216

Chapter-291

 Cestodes (Tapeworms)        

3227

Chapter-292

 Visceral Larva Migrans and Other Unusual Helminth Infections      

3237

Section K

 Ectoparasitic Diseases

 

Chapter-293

 Introduction to Ectoparasitic Diseases   

3243

Chapter-294

 Lice (Pediculosis)        

3246

Chapter-295

 Scabies     

3250

Chapter-296

 Myiasis and Tungiasis

3255

Chapter-297

 Mites (Including Chiggers)  

3260

Chapter-298

 Ticks (Including Tick Paralysis)   

3266

Section L

 Diseases of Unknown Etiology      

 

Chapter-299

 Kawasaki Disease      

3280

Part VI Special Problems      

 

Section A

 Nosocominal Infections        

 

Chapter-300

 Organization for Infection Control and Isolation    

3286

Chapter-301

 Disinfection, Sterilization, and Control of Hospital Waste   

3294

Chapter-302

 Infections Caused by Percutaneous Intravascular Devices  

3310

Chapter-303

 Nosocomial Pneumonia        

3325

Chapter-304

 Nosocomial Urinary Tract Infections     

3334

Chapter-305

 Nosocomial Hepatitis  

3347

Chapter-306

 Infections Transmitted by Transfusion and Transplantation  

3351

Chapter-307

 Human Immunodeficiency Virus in Health Care Settings      

3361

Chapter-308

 Nosocomial Herpesvirus Infections        

3376

Section B

 Infections in Special Hosts   

 

Chapter-309

 Infections in the Immunocompromised Host: General Principles       

3384

Chapter-310

 Prophylaxis and Empirical Therapy of Infection in Cancer Patients 

3395

Chapter-311

 Risk Factors and Approaches to Infections in Transplant Recipients 

3395

Chapter-312

 Infections in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Recipients 

3414

Chapter-313

 Infections in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients 

3425

Chapter-314

 Infections in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury         

3440

Chapter-315

 Infections in the Elderly       

3459

Chapter-316

 Infections in Asplenic Patients       

3466

Chapter-317

 Infections in Injection Drug Users 

3475

Chapter-318

 Postoperative Infections and Antimicrobial Prophylaxis         

3492

Section C

 Surgical and Trauma-Related Infections

 

Chapter-319

 Infections in Patients with Burns   

3505

Chapter-320

 Bites

3510

Section D

 Immunization     

 

Chapter-321

 Immunization     

3516

Section E

 Zoonoses  

 

Chapter-322

 Zoonoses  

3554

Section F

 Protection of Travelers        

 

Chapter-323

 Protection of Travelers        

3559

Chapter-324

 Infections in Returning Travelers 

3568