Cite the data you use and produce

... to credit the data producer and to help readers find the data

  • Cite the dataset following the instructions here

  • Alternatively, cite the publication that describes the data





Prevent data distortions and manipulation

... to retain data integrity and the accuracy of research results 


Conduct the following completely and accurately:
  • Write descriptions of the data collection conditions

  • Record the equipment used and its responses

  • Retain a copy of the raw original data

  • Document all changes made to the data





Know your intellectual property rights and obligations for data

... to protect your interests and to prevent infringements 


You can not copyright data, but you can copyright an expression of the data like a table or chart in a book.  If this raises concerns for you, re-consider data sharing.

Data providers may license data with limits on how the data can be used (e.g., forbidding for-profit use or requiring attribution).

Therefore, when using data collected from other sources, check for a license and its terms of use.

Laws about data vary outside the U.S. 





Follow the ethical and legal requirements for research data

... to ensure compliance with federal, state, and university regulations


Review the data requirements by your funding agency and any other research requirements at UC Berkeley.