A 1913 tax plate from a French slot machine.
German silver, 39mm
Contributions indirectes = indirect tax.
A tax introduced in France by a law of April 8, 1910 and imposed from 1910 to 1934. Control of course was difficult so these plates were designed to be fixed to slot machines by the owner or operator and were renewed each year, therefore an inspector could see at a glance if the tax had been paid. After 1934 these were replaced by a 2% tax on turnover.
Made of German silver until 1915 and then aluminum 1916-1920, from 1920 both brass and aluminum.
Some of my other pages.
By Mike Carter and Malcolm Johnson
British Machine Tokens, Ralph Hayes 1986
British Machine Tokens - Supplement No.5, Ralph Hayes, Apr. 1988.
Amusement Machines, Lynn F Pearson; Shire Publications Ltd.
Arcades and Slot Machines, Paul Braithwaite 1997
Automatic Pleasures, The History of the Coin Machine. Nic Costa 1988
More Automatic Pleasures, The Slot Machine Revolution. Nic Costa 2013
Slot Machines, Dieter Ladwig 1994. Originally publ. in German 1992
The Nic Costa Collection of Amusement Machines Christies, 19 Jan 2006
Video Arcade, Pinball, Slot Machine and other Amusement Tokens of North America, Alpert & Smith. 1984