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Maude Maddox on Welsh

One could possibly overtell the stories of Maddox ascendents from Wales, the families' mother country.  But written material relating to Madoc/Madog is hard to come by and so on this website, we elect to to provide more, rather than less, and beg your indulgence.  Most of this entire section on Wales and the Madogs comes from James G. Perry's "Kinfolk" because he assembled some rare but revealing sources--Rudyard Kipling being the most well known.  And he quotes other obscure documents, including Maude Maddux Jones from her book Nathaniel Maddux and Descendents. --the Webmaster.

The history of Wales in antiquity and in the middle ages was turbulent.  When the Romans came in the first century A.D., the Welsh resisted stoutly even after their leader, Prince Caradoc (the Romans called him Cartacus) fell into the hands of the enemy and was carried off to Rome in chains.  The Romans built roads, worked the copper, lead, and gold mines and introduced Christianity, but did not really pacify Wales.  Fiercely independent Princes led equally fierce fighters against invaders.  The Norman conquerors, after their coming in the 11th century, erected great stronghold castles against the Welsh.

Not until 1485, when the Welsh descended Henry Tudor defeated the English king, Richard III at Bosworth Field, to become, himself, King Henry VI of England, did the proud Welsh begin to live peacefully alongside the realm of England.  The heir apparent to the British Throne is traditionally given the title Prince of Wales.  The Welsh sent members to represent them in the British House of Commons, and Nobles to the House of Lords.

Part of Britain though it be, Wales is still Wales, and the Welsh are still Welsh: different, unique, a race of lithe and handsome men, Celtic, strong featured and fine looking women.  The Welsh cling to their own lilting speech, many of them still using their own ancient language -- older than English in England.

The Welsh are above all a poetic people, with much of the unconquerable spirit of their warrior past.  The grandeur of their mountains and the serenity of their lovely valleys finds expression in their poetry and song.

Port Madoc and Tremadoc, romantic ports on the northwest coast of Wales were so named for the North Welsh Industrialist and a member of Parliament, William Alexander Maddock - 1773 to 1828.

Prince Madoc, son of Owain Gwynedd (Wales' most noted hero) has been confused with other Madocs throughout early Welsh history, and others have been given credit for his adventures.  Owain ab Gwynedd, ruler of Powys and Gwynedd for thirty-two years (1137 to 1169) was a dynamic and mighty Warrior.  He was wise, firm and restless of spirit.  He fought to gain unity for Wales and is given credit for creating a Welsh culture which is distinct even today. He died December, 1169 and is buried at Bangor, Wales.  Angharad, daughter of Owain ab Gwynedd, whose son Madoc ab Gruffedd ruled over Powys in 1197, was thought to be in sympathy with King John, but rejected the English control at the end of his reign. He died in 1236 and is buried in Vale Crucis Abbey.

Another Prince Madoc, son of Llewelyn, left Wales in the year 1269 on an exploring expedition.  Historians tell us that he could not have discovered America as he led an insurrection in 1294, over 100 years after the famous Prince was reputed to have done so.

(Perry's note: This reference to leading an insurrection in 1294 implies acceptance of this Llewelyn as Llewelyn the Last.  Reference to Prince Madoc as son of Owain ab Gwynned would suggest acceptance of Owen Glendower as a part of the Madoc line, as later documented.  The dates recited do not agree with other reports, and throughout the various quotations, variances of dates are seen.  Even this author continues and dates the discovery in 1170, not 1269.  Possibly the insurrection referenced is that of Glendower in 1400, but the reference could refer to an earlier and lesser conflict.  The history has grown into legends, and there is considerable difficulty in knowing which Prince Madog did a particular act, and exactly when, for the line was long).
Tudors in the past have attempted to prove that they descended from Prince Madoc, son of Owain ab Gwynedd.  A genealogical chart seems to prove that this is true.  These facts have been found in standard encyclopedias and Welsh historical works, and reveal to us that Madogs were prominent historical figures in early Welsh history.
The name seems to have been a favorite one of that period in Welsh history and later became the surname of many Welsh descendants. and has evolved to present day spelling.

"Madog, Madauc,  Madawch, and Madawg" are some of the ways spelled in ancient Welsh history. "Maddock, Mattocks,  Mattix, Maddoc, and Maddox some of the spellings found today. (Mad) meaning good, the termination (oc-og) are the same as (y or ous) in English; (og) signifies animation or activity, (oc) greatness, (ux or ox) quickness and promptitude.

At the parish Church of Llangeynoyd.  Glamorganshire, Wales (an old church dating back to the 13th century) are tablets to the memory of members of the Maddock family.  The name at that time as spelled Maddock.  They were the local land owners and County Gentry.  In the counties Cheshire and Shropshire, near Wrexham, in the vale of Clwyd, lay the Welsh properties of the Maddock families for over 600 years.

Though Madoc's saga lies in the twilight of legend, the Welsh have left their imprint on America.  The pioneers who settled Jamestown and Virginia in 1607 included 'twenty Welsh gentlemen', and the Mayflower was commanded by a Welshman named Jones, who brought several Welshmen to Plymouth Rock in 1620.  These facts being true, it is understandable that it is most difficult to trace a family in a straight line back over the past eight hundred years............"

Perry note: No serious student would accept all of that as true, without references to authorities.  It appears to skip lightly across a great deal of history, and one would anticipate that interest in the subject would demand more.  Error is seen.  For instance, it was not Henry VI but Henry VII who reached the throne after Bosworth Field.  I believe there were two persons named Llewelyn in the Madoc line.  It would require far greater study than I have made to claim oneself as an authority.  Name variations coupled with the Welsh language make any study difficult and likely inadequate.  In short, the subject is too exciting to omit and too foreign to really understand.  Let us do our best        .