Georgia Maddox's

Georgia Maddox GenealogyGeorgia is a state where you'll find many Maddox lines.  Some immigrated to Georgia from Maryland and Virginia.   Lester Maddox was a mid 1960's Georgia Governor, known generally around the nation for his outspoken segregationist views.  There are Maddoxes all over the state; it's a common name.
 

Some Georgia Genealogy

One Maddox line, in Putnam County, Georgia came originally from the Samuel Maddox line of MarylandNotley Maddox (1751/54) was born at the old Maddox family farm (Green Springs Farm) in St. Mary's County, Md.  His wife, Mary Ann Compton, was born in Charles County, Md.  After their marriage and the birth of their seven children in Cumberland Virginia,  they moved to Rowan, North Carolina.  One of their children was John Compton Maddox (1791-1863). 
John Compton Maddox was the oldest son of Notley and Mary Ann Compton Maddox.  He was the first to come to Putnam County GA, where he married 1st Elizabeth Sample on 10 Jun 1819,. 2nd Mary (Polly) Buckner on 23 Jun 1831.
 
All of Notley and Mary Ann's  children were born in Cumberland Co., VA.


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One of John Compton's sons was Samuel Mansfield Maddox, b 8/19/1853. He was a farmer and deputy sheriff who married Mary Elizabeth Dawson.  The couple is pictured here (abt 1902) with the youngest of their 11 children. (submitted by descendent  Ruth Ann Maddox Kataoka)

Putnam County, GA is located in the middle of the Antebellum Trail where you will find a multitude of the finest homes in the South.  One of the most popular attractions located in Eatonton, GA is the Uncle Remus Museum.  The museum is part of the home place of Joseph Sidney Turner, the "Little Boy" of the Uncle Remus stories.  The museum is a tribute to the author who penned the colorful folktales - Joel Chandler Harris.  A riding tour has recently been completed recognizing important locations in the early life of Pulitizer Prize winning author, Alice Walker, who is best known for writing The Color Purple.  The tour gives you a closer look at the beautiful countryside where Walker grew up.  You will see how easy it would be to feed your imagination and creative spirit in this area.   --Dorothy Maddox Bishop

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Brother of John Compton and the 7th child of Notley & Mary Ann, was Alexander Compton Maddox, 1803 - 1859.  He was married to 1st Elizabeth Ann Howard in 1827, 2nd Sarah Mitchell in 1837 and 3rd Elizabeth Mitchell in 1858.  His 5th child was Notley (red headed) Maddox who married Lucy Moreland then Eugenia Maddox.  Notley and Lucy had Sallie 1869 - 1936, who married my Grandfather, Notley Glawson.
--Marie Maddox Lewis, Morrow GA.


Not the first neighbor child to often be around at dinner time 

The story goes that when Ida Louella Nix (b 1869) was just a little girl and her family lived in rural Cherokee County, GA, the Cherokee Indians were still quite numerous in the area.  Ida and her siblings played with these Indian children. She said that once when Mildred called the children in to eat dinner, there was a little Indian boy sitting on the back steps. Mildred invited him in to eat with them. Many times, thereafter, he was found sitting on those same steps at the same time of day.

In those days the kitchen was built away from the house. This
one was about 50 feet from the house with a walkway between the back door and the kitchen. Often wolves would be seen on this walkway waiting for scraps of food to be dropped.

--Eve Yarbrough, Atlanta, GA, Gr Grdaugher of Ida Louella Nix, dauther of Engenia Mildred Maddox (dau of Edward Jefferson Maddox, Jr, grd Edward Jefferson Maddox Sr.

More on Edward Jefferson Maddox

 I found a copy of the book "Descendants of Edward Jefferson Maddox, Jr. North Georgia Pioneer" by Caroline Matheny Dillman in our local library.

It has a picture of Cynthia Caroline McCutcheson and another of Edward Jefferson Maddox, Jr. and appears to be well written. It is a new book, just recently published by Chattahoochee Press. You will find all you ever wanted to know (at least back to about 1800).

It's  in the "Georgia Room" in the Marietta, GA. (Cobb County) Library. 
-- Jim Tabb, GA.


Introduction to Georgia History

Written By:  James C. Bonner  ("The Historical News, Vol. 19 No. 1-GA, Southern Historical News, Inc." dated January 1999.)

Colonial Georgia

Georgia was a privately founded colony and was managed by a board of trustees who obtained their authority through a twenty-one year charter from the king of England.  The group of 125 carefully screened settlers who first arrived on February 12, 1733 governed initially by General Oglethorpe, the first administrative head of the colony.

Antebellum Georgia 

Settlement and agriculture flourished between 1803 and 1832 as people moved into the thirty million acres, which the state distributed in seven land lotteries.  The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 gave these lands added value, and the states farmers paid increasing attention to cotton, a new cash crop.

Cessation and the Civil War

Georgians, like other Southerners, were in general agreement on the expansion of slavery into the western territories, the Mexican War, the annexation of Texas, and the admission of California to the Union.  However, only on abolition and its social implications to a dominate white society were some inclined to form what could be called hard core opposition. 

Since the great majority of Georgians owned no slaves and had no direct economic interest in preserving that institution, it is sometimes puzzling to understand why the state was swept into secession in 1861.

In the elective of delegates to the secession convention, it is noteworthy that 37,000 Georgians voted for delegates who opposed the movement while only 50,000 stood for immediate action to dissolve the Union.  The convention made Georgia an independent nation similar in law to the Union it rejected, and appointed delegates to a Confederate convention of representatives from all seceding states.

Although initially reluctant to secede from the Union, Georgia committed herself to the cause and made a valiant effort in the armed conflict, which followed.  Georgia supplied over 120,000 soldiers to the Confederate military establishment, and may of her leaders played important roles in the newly formed Confederate government.

Reconstruction and Recovery

At the end of the war, Georgia's state government was replaced by federal military authorities were charged with re-orienting Georgia to its proper place in the Union.

In the early decades of the twentieth century nearly all Georgia politicians supported white supremacy, lower taxes, minimum government services and the Democratic party, which had now embraced some Populist principles.  Racism remained rampant and the Ku Klux Klan was a major force in state politics.

Despite a slight rise in manufacturing activity, Georgia was still chiefly 
agricultural, with cotton serving as the most important crop until the scourge of the boll weevil in the 1920's.  Two decades of agricultural prosperity ended just after World War I when an agricultural production forced many people, black and white, to leave the farms and seek employment in the towns and cites.  Diversification industry and agriculture progressed little until after the first quarter of the twentieth century.



Robert Flournoy Maddox became a member of Wesley Chapel when he was 29. He was a native of Putnam County and had been reared on a farm near LaGrange, where his popularity and great physical strength had won him the office of sheriff at the age of 21. He would also serve as county treasurer and a member of the LaGrange town council. Grandson of Notely Maddox, a Revolutionary War officer, Maddox was of sturdy Scotch extraction. He received a good education and displayed an early ability to put to use everything he learned. Although he had had some success in LaGrange politics, his interest was merchandising and he was attracted to Atlanta as a promising commercial center. 
 
Soon after moving to Atlanta in 1858, he opened a grocery store and quickly became a prominent and promising member of the commercial circle. He was single until 1860, when he married Nancy Reynolds of Newton County. A year later, when the Civil War began he closed his grocery store to organize the Calhoun Guards, serving as Captain. The Calhoun Guards, named after Atlanta’s wartime mayor, was Company K, 42nd Regiment, Ga. Vol. Infantry, of the Army of Tennessee.

For a time, he commanded 6,000 troops at Camp McDonald. In 1862, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the Forty-second Georgia Regiment and finished the war as a full Colonel, commanding the Third Georgia Reserves. But, Robert Flournoy Maddox (1829-1899) returned home at the end of the war penniless, his business destroyed. He got a job clearing away the debris of the shattered city. After saving a small amount of money he entered the produce brokerage business. In 1866, he again ran for political office as he had done in his hometown of LaGrange. He was elected to represent Fulton County in the state legislature and while there, was appointed by the governor to travel to other states to buy food for the destitute. He also became involved in cotton brokerage during this time. Incidentally, many years earlier, Maddox had served on the LaGrange city council with Benjamin Hill. 
 
With the end of Reconstruction came the return of  prosperity for many of Wesley Chapel's members. In 1869, just four years after returning from the war destitute, Robert Maddox erected an imposing two-story red brick house at the northeast corner of Peachtree and Ellis streets about a block south of the Lawshé home and a block north of the Ezzard home and Wesley Chapel. It may be that Robert and Nannie Maddox needed a new house because a baby was coming in 1870.

That baby, also named Robert-but with the middle name of "Foster", his mother's maiden name-would grow up to be a very important citizen of Atlanta as well as an invaluable member of First Methodist Church. 

In addition to wholesale grocery and cotton businesses, from 1869 to 1879 Robert Flournoy Maddox had a tobacco and liquor store in the National Hotel. In 1880 he organized the Maddox-Rucker Banking Company which would in 1908 be merged with Atlanta National Bank.

A photo taken at the turn of the century shows him in a buggy hitched to two fine horses, parked in front of his home at the northeast corner of Peachtree and Ellis streets. He sports a derby and a white handlebar mustache and looks very much the part of a banker. 

Three generations of Maddoxes would call First Methodist Church home and their industriousness  would help build the city’s economy for over 100 years. His son, Robert Foster Maddox was also a banker and active in many civic organizations for most of his 90-plus years. He served as mayor of Atlanta 1908 to 1910. He was an important officer of First Methodist Church all his life.Baxter Maddox, the next generation was also a banker and active member of the Church until his death in the 1980s.

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