Matthew Maddox enlisted in Shenandoah County, Virginia, in October 1780 for 18 months, and served as a private two years under Captain Oldham in the third Virginia Line Regiment, commanded by Colonel Campbell and Generals Green and Muhlenberg. Congress sent General Gates to the south with an army composed of regulars and militia in about equal numbers. At Camden (present South Carolina) Gates unexpectedly encountered a British Force under Lord Cornwallis and was badly defeated (August 1780). MATHEW MADDOX WAS THERE. A few months later, Nathaniel Greene was put in command of the remnant of the army of the South. He was an efficient officer and was able to inspire his men with hope and confidence. He had such a small force that he could not act on the offensive and several times suffered defeat at the hands of the enemy. The most important of the battles engaged by him was the one fought with Cornwallis at Guilford Courthouse (March 15, 1781). In this severe encounter, losses were heavy on both sides; and since Greene ordered a retreat, it was technically a British victory. But Cornwallis’s forces was badly crippled that he withdrew to Wilmington, NC. MATTHEW MADDOX WAS IN THE BATTLE OF GUILFORD COURTHOUSE.
A letter written by Matthew Maddox Jr. Relates, “My father fought in seven hand battles and at the general battle between General Green and Lord Cornwallis. He was wounded and carried off the ground by a man of the name of Cisen and left in the woods. He remained in the woods for five days without diet or water, only the dew that he got off the grass. At length he was taken up by those who came to bury the dead. Cisen was tried or leaving him in the woods and received 100 lashes. My father was taken to the hospital and his wounds examined. He was shot through the leg with an ounce ball. His leg was split open on both sides and the small bone of his leg was taken out form one joint to the other. He also had other wounds that caused him to be opened 30 years after the war.”
It was this last year before the surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown that cost so many patriots their lives to win our freedom.
After the War the family moved to Harrison County in Western
They lived on Blue Lick Run, branch of Rooting Creek below Romine
On March 19, 1807 Thomas and Elizabeth Asberry of Harrison County,
deeded to Matthew and Rossel Maddox for $1,000 the plot of 200 acres on
Rooting Creek on head of Blue Lick Run.