|Justinian Washington "J. W." "Jesse"
was the son of John Maddox and Rebecca Teague.
He was a Captain and organized Company C, 55th Alabama Infantry
Confederate States of America, which was made up of men from around the
Oxford, Alabama area.
In April 1862 he was in the first major battle of the War Between
the States, the Battle of Shiloh, TN, where General Albert Sidney
Johnston was killed. Afterwards, he received an Honorable Discharge due
to ill health. Justinian's wife Margaret Malissa Hughes, was the
daughter of Chesley Hughes, one of the first Coldwater, Alabama
He is buried in Hopewell Missionary Baptist Church Cemetery,
on Highway 411 outside of Ashville, Alabama (St. Clair Co., AL).
His tombstone was furnished by the government and has an emblem of a
Cross above his name.
Private Augustin C. Maddox, Co. A, 29th Alabama Infantry,
Enlisted Sep 12, 1861, Shelby Springs, AL. Appears on a Muster Roll
of Officers and Men paroled in accordance with the terms of a Military
Convention entered into on the 26th day of April, 1865, between Gen
E Johnston, Commanding Confederate Army and MajG en W.T. Sherman,
US Army in North Carolina.
Webmaster's Notes: It is not the purpose of this site to
list every soldier named Maddox who served or died in the Civil War.
There were likely too many. Maddoxes no doubt served on both sides
of the War. We have no records yet of Union Maddoxes but we note
that there were very large groups of Maddoxes in southern states and
of that, Maddox is considered largely a southern family. We could
suppose from that fact that there were more Maddoxes fighting for the
cause, but we have no statistical references.
We do intend to list a few Civil War soldiers in order to give
sense of how Maddoxes served and what can be known about them through
Certainly photos during the mid 19th Century were rarel. Through
the courtesy of Dorothy Maddox Bishop, we have two of her kin
Justinian Maddox was her gr-gr-grandfather. Wrote Dorothy:
Here is a list of my Maddox Civil War Ancestors that I
proven so far, I am working on another one (Sgt. John Jackson Maddox,
B & C, TX Cavalry, 1st Bn, State Troops). He moved to Sabine
Co., TX before 1858. I sent for his Civil War records from the
National Archives in Washington, D.C.
Captain Justinian Washington Maddox, Co. A, 55th Infantry,
Private Chesley Benton Maddox, Co. A, 51st Cavalry, Alabama
Private John Maddox, Co. D, 10th Infantry, Alabama C.S.A.
Private William Teague Maddox, Co. A, 29th Infantry, Alabama
Private Samuel Carroll Maddox, Co. G, 41st Infantry, Alabama
I am a member of the Lizzie Rutherford Chapter #60 of the United
of the Confederacy (UDC), Columbus, GA. I have
also proved 7 maternal Civil War Ancestors. I could not submit a
supplement on my most famous Civil War ancestor, Edmund Ruffin, as he is
not in my direct line. He is my 3rd cousin, 5 times removed and was
given the honor or firing the first shot at Fort Sumter, S.C. thus
the Civil War. Also I could not submit a supplemental on Augustine
"Gus" Maddox, the son of William Teague Maddox.
Getting Military Records
The US government has always kept records on all military and civilian
workers. Most of these files have very detailed information,
such as the individual's name, their spouse's name, date of birth, place
of residence, which wars the individual served in, their military
(Navy, marines, or Army), when the individual's service began and
where and when the individual died, and where the individual was
The amount of information you get will depend on the record and the
at which the file began. The National Archives has the following
types of military records: pension records, bounty land records,
service records, personnel records, draft or conscription records,
military forces records, and burial or cemetery records. You can
get copies of military records through the National Archives and
Personnel Records Center. The address is: National Archives
and Records Admnistration, Washington, DC 20408. NOTE:
A NATF Form 80, Veteran's Records (Before WWI only) is required to be
from the National Archives and filled out and mailed back to them in
to receive Confederate Military Records.
A good web link on how to Order Military & Pension Records
. Dorothy Maddox Bishop,
Two Bennett Maddox Soldiers
There is evidence of two 19th century soldiers bearing the same
The following was researched by Sharon M Grandle:
Bennett D. Maddox enlisted in 1864 with Keyser's Boys at age
18 in Page County (Luray), VA. That organization did not last long,
ws disbanded, and then he rode with Mosby's Rangers, the 43rd Cavalry..
A document at the Warren County courthouse reports he was killed in
and hs parents are listed there but not available here.
Bennett Maddox reportdly served in the War of 1812.
resided in Hunley (Flint Hill), VA. He was the son of Revolutionary
War contributor John Maddox, who reportedly was too old to fight but was
credited with donating cattle and money to the cause.. John's other
son Notley, was in the 43rd Culpeper Minuteman--according to a report in
Ancestry.com, seen by Grandle. (More information is desired on these
For a general overview of the Civil War and it's effects on the
click to our Southern
to Military Maddox Page
Pvt Augustin Maddox
It doesn't matter where you
are from. . . we've all heard this
haunting trumpeted, "Taps." It gives us that lump in our throats and
creates tears in our eyes. But, do you know the story behind the melody?
If not, I think you will be pleased to find
out about its humble beginnings.
Reportedly, it all began in 1862 during the Civil War, when Union
Captain Robert Ellicombe was with his men near Harrison's Landing in
The Confederate Army was on the other side of the narrow strip of land.
During the night,Captain Ellicombe heard the moans of a soldier who lay
severely wounded on the field.
Not knowing if it was a Union or Confederate soldier, the Captain
to risk his life and bring the stricken man back for medical attention.
Crawling on his stomach through the gunfire, the Captain reached the
soldier and began pulling him toward his
encampment. When the Captain finally reached his own lines, he
discovered it was actually a Confederate soldier, but the soldier
dead. The Captain lit a lantern and suddenly caught his breath and
went numb with shock. In the dim light, he saw the face of the
It was his own son. The boy had been studying music in the South when
war broke out. Without telling his father, the boy enlisted in the
The following morning, heartbroken, the father asked permission
superiors to give his son a full military burial despite his enemy
His request was only partially granted.
The Captain had asked if he could have a group of Army band
play a funeral dirge for his son at
the funeral. The request was turned down since the soldier was a
Confederate. But, out of respect for the father, they did say they
could give him only one musician. The Captain chose a bugler. He asked
the bugler to play a series of musical notes he had found on a piece of
paper in the pocket of the dead youth's uniform. This wish was granted.
The haunting melody, we now know as "Taps" used at military funerals,
Day is done.
Gone the sun
From the Lakes
From the hills
From the sky.
All is well,
God is nigh.
Dims the sight
And a star
Gems the sky,
Falls the night.
Thanks and praise,
For our days,
Neath the sun,
Neath the stars,
Neath the sky.
As we go,
This we know,
God is nigh.