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Samuel Descendants

Matthews Arm, Virginia - Maddox Genealogy

A national park range named after a Maddox soldier

by Larry Maddox

I don’t know what possessed young Samuel Maddox from Llanfrynach Parish, Wales to leave, but being at the end of A Welsh civil war and as he probably wasn’t the eldest son, an older brother would inherit the family’s holdings of hundreds of years. What we do know is that in 1665 he arrived in Lord Baltimore’s colony of Maryland in St Mary’s County just a couple of miles from the original landing site in 1635 of St Clement’s Island. We also know that he arrived with Thomas Nottley, who would become the fourth Governor of Maryland. Thomas Nottley never married but had a niece named Anne Nottley whom young Samuel married and as Thomas had an estate of 20,000 acres, Samuel soon acquired 300 acres--50 acres for just being brave enough to venture into the New World.  (More on Samuel and the Maryland landings...)

   Sam and Anne had four children and we also know from the Maryland Archives he was voted 900 lbs. of Tobacco for his services against the Susquehanna Indians and again in 1678, 700 lbs. for services against the Nanticoke Indians. He was a God-fearing and literate man we learn from his will in 1684, shortly before his Death,    He left his estate of Green Springs farm  (300 acres), to son Nottley. Aged 12 and to son Samuel. Aged 10 Indian Fields (100 acres). A Maddox lived on Green Springs until 1948 by which time it had been in the family for 263 years!

Other members of the family acquired estates on both sides of the Wicomoco River.  Unfortunately, several of these burnt with the family portraits and belongings. They were West Hatton; Maddox Troubles and Green Springs farm, very little remains today.    Just up the road from what has become Maddox, Maryland, is the village of Chaptico.  Its church, that some maintain was designed by Wren, was built with bricks that came over to the New World as ballast in British ships, and in this church are three beautiful stained glass windows to the Maddox family.

  A grandson, John Maddox and his wife Mary did what most of America did at the time, and moved west into Culpepper County, Virginia.  They apparently wanted to be near their sons and daughters,  Notley Maddox and Sally Conn. Where they eventually retired on the main road with their orchards

Next, the story of their son Matthew Maddox, who at the age of 17 or 18 married his new wife Rachel (Bonnifield) a twin from Frederick Maryland. With the help of his inheritance from his uncle back in Maryland, and his slaves moved west over the Blue Ridge Mountains of the Shenandoah and into Indian Territory.  It was then Dunmore County, named for Lord Dunmore.   he bought 401 acres in 1769 from Jeremy Odell on--a place called Jeremy’s Run.  It is now a National Park. A part of that land that still bears the name of Matthews Arm. This is where they lived until he was drafted into the army of General Greene of Virginia in 1780.

We have learned from a letter written by his son Matthew Maddox Jr. in 1848 that Matthew Sr fought in seven hand-to-hand baffles in the Carolina’s against General Cornwallis during the American Revolution. He was left for dead on the Battlefield at Camden SC.   For five days and was found by the crew that was burying the dead, having lived off the dew on the grass. A one-ounce ball had shot him through.  He must have been a very tough man because he lived for another 51 years, leaving in 1831 ten children, two adopted. In 1848, in the letter by his son, Matthew’s oldest child was 76; the youngest 54 and he had 64 grand children and 115 great grand children, all living.  He is buried in Parkersburg, in what is now West Virginia. (Separate story on the dedication of his gravestone)   A son of Matthew’s, Rosell Maddox, continued moving west to homestead in Jackson County, Ohio. There, they lived for 30 years in the days without fertilizer but plenty of hard work of clearing the land of trees with horses, until the land played out!   There were also coal mines (Open cast) and being the great great grandson of a Welshman, what else!   Then again the move ever westward, this time to Iowa and again open cast coalmines and farming.

By now the American Civil War was starting and their movements are a little unclear. But from the census records we know that the states of Illinois and Indiana were involved.  This brings us to Cherokee County, Kansas, in 1871 where the descendants of Samuel Maddox occupied homestead land bought from the railroad, only a few years after the land belonged to the Indians. With very good records it has been easy to follow the major events in their lives. Here we find open cast coal mines and pit mines as well as lead and zinc mines (jack mines) and farming.

My grandfather, Samuel E. Maddox, has been gone from this life for nearly 50 year and I doubt he knew of the origins of his family, but I’ve made sure that my father knows, including a trip last year back to Brecon and Llanfrynach, Scethrog and Afon Wysg in Wales. What a beautiful place, why did they ever leave?

All this started by a simple question to my dad of, ‘Where did all the Maddoxes come from?’ Many hours of research and a lot of trips to the library with the help from Mrs. Fredonia Maddox Webster’s book (1957) With 50 years work on the Maddox family and I can fill in some of the blanks Hopefully, with the help of the Maddox family home page members we can fill in some more blanks.

  Webmaster's note - Submittor Larry Maddox of Liberty MO has traveled extensively tracing his Maddox/Madoc roots in Virginia, Maryland and frequent trips to Wales.  He has submitted some fine photos from his trips to this site.