The Early Maryland Maddoxes
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Samuel Maddox (abt 1644-1683), called this line's "progenitor", was born in Wales and he arrived aboard ship in 1665, landing at Maryland's Chesapeake Bay in the settlement which was known as St Mary's City.--not far from what is now Washington D.C. Specifically, this line settled on the Potomac River side of the western shore pininsula. Samuel's oldest son, Notley Sr. married Margaret Gerard Goldsmith. The Gerard Family was one of the most prestigious and colorful among Maryland's early settlers, and financiers of the original 1634 expedition of the ships "Ark" and "Dove" --a replica of the "Dove" sails today.
Alexander Maddox, (abt 1613-1659) arrived in Virginia in 1635 (well before Samuel). Alexander was about 22 when he arrived aboard the ship Abraham out of London. He apparently married twice, had six children, owned large tracts of land, had numerous slaves, and died in Virginia. He married twice and at least one wife, a son and daughter moved from Virginia to Somerset County, Md.
Maddox (abt 1660-1706) settled in Charles Co MD, married Mary
in 1685, and had six children. Records show he was a merchant and
was allotted 1800 pounds of tobacco in payment by the Maryland assembly
for public expenses.
Dr. Richard Maddox (birth and death unkn) is mentioned in Maryland arhives in 1657 as examining the body of a murdered man. His lineage is unknown.
Maddox and others came for the adventure and promise of the vast but untamed land. Let there be no mistake. Life was at times, miserable. Daily life was hard and often fatal as colonists battled disease, starvation, and freezing winters. Maddoxes were engaged in fighting with Indians who came to resent and fight the Europeans over land--a fight the Indians lost. And some Maddoxes held slaves.
Religion, War, and Wilderness
Maryland history is filled with great stories of religious struggles and war for freedom. The Maddox family was involved in both. Maddox is displayed prominently in Christ Church, a National Historic Monument in Chaptico, MD which has a remarkable history during the War of 1812. Maddoxes fought as patriots in the Revolutionary War (see the "Famous Maddoxes" link.) Some Maddoxes remained to face difficult times in Maryland during the Civil War and others took more journeys to head west. Descendents of Samuel Maddox headed to the frontiers of Kentucky and Ohio before 1800. Others took overland routes to Georgia and other states.
Maddoxes have detailed colonial ancestryGenealogists have studied the wills, property records, and remaining artifacts to gain insight into the history of Maddoxes and the families connected to them by marriage. It turns out the Maddox name has some highly regarded heritage in Maryland and to European Gentry--the kind of lineage which genealogists love to study because it was recorded and related to famous old families in history--Magna Carta Barons, participants in great wars, campaigns and even building castles! Well-known names linked in Maryland and before include the House of Warren, Gerard, Hatton, and Notley.
Many of the descendants of the European immigrants remained in Maryland for decades, even a lifetime. Others moved west or south, especially after the Revolutionary War. Veterans of that war could get land grants to pioneer in the Wilderness.
Maryland Maddoxes >