A great many American families trace their roots to the more recent immigration from Europe from about 1850 to 1920. However the Maddox family is one of those which arrived in the very beginning--in the 1600's. This is a very colorful story set in the beginning of American History. You'll read about more than a few famous names and see pictures associated with your ancestors. Read on to find out about sailing adventure, war with Indians, religious battles, revolution and provincial politics, and the beginning of a very large family--your family.
Maryland Immigrant Maddox's
Samuel Maddox (abt 1644-1683) was born in Wales and he arrived aboard ship in 1665, landing at Maryland's Chesapeake Bay in the settlement which was known as St Mary's City--not far from what is now Washington D.C. Specifically, this line settled on the Potomac River side of the western shore pininsula. Samuel's oldest son, Notley Sr. married Margaret Gerard Goldsmith. The Gerard Family was one of the most prestigious and colorful among Maryland's early settlers, and financiers of the original 1634 expedition of the ships "Ark" and "Dove" --a replica of the "Dove" sails today. One Maddox recently found Samuel's Green Springs Farm homestead! Parts of the Samuel Maddox line also moved to Charles County.
Cornelius Maddox (abt 1660-1706) settled in Charles Co MD, married Mary Smallwood in 1685, and had six children. Records show he was a merchant and was allotted 1800 pounds of tobacco in payment by the Maryland assembly for public expenses.
Dr. Richard Maddox (birth and death unkn) is mentioned in Maryland arhives in 1657 as examining the body of a murdered man. His lineage is unknown.
Virginia Immigrant Maddox's
Alexander Maddox, (abt 1613-1659) arrived in Virginia in 1635 (well before Samuel). Alexander was about 22 when he arrived aboard the ship Abraham out of London. He apparently married twice, had six children, owned large tracts of land, had numerous slaves, and died in Virginia. He married twice and at least one wife, a son and daughter moved from Virginia to Somerset County, Md.
John Maddox, Immigrant of Goochland Cnty Virginia (abt 1667-1717), who probably arrived from England, married Margaret Kent. Some of his descendants are believed to have stayed in Virgina and others moved later to Kentucky and Georgia. Do understand John Maddox is a common one and likely will appear many times. Be sure to check marriages and dates and suspected origins.
Other States Immigrant Maddox's not yet submitted
Contact webmaster if you have information about other original Maddox's arriving in the colonies. Thx.
Hard Life in the New Land
The settlement of Maryland was ordered by the King of England who granted lands and Proprietary Manors. It was their incentive for leaving the relative comfort of civilized Europe. Maddoxes and others came for the adventure and promise of the vast but untamed land. Let there be no mistake. Daily life was miserable, often fatal as colonists of all lines battled disease, starvation, and freezing winters. Maddoxes were engaged in fighting with Indians who came to resent and fight the Europeans over land--a fight the Indians lost very quickly. And some more well-to-do Maddox's held slaves.
Religion, War, and Wilderness
Maryland history, in particular, is filled with great stories of religious struggles and war for freedom. The Maddox family was involved in both. Samuel Maddox is displayed prominently in Christ Church, a National Historic Monument in Chaptico, MD which has a remarkable history during the War of 1812. Maddox's fought as patriots in the Revolutionary War (see the "Military Maddox's" link.) Some Maddox's remained to face difficult times in Maryland during the Civil War and others took more journeys to head west. Some descendants of Samuel Maddox headed west to the frontier of Kentucky and Ohio before 1800. Others took difficult overland routes to Virginia and further south to Georgia and other states.
Maddox's have detailed colonial ancestryGenealogists have studied the wills, property records, and remaining artifacts to gain insight into the history of Maddox's and the families connected to them by marriage. It turns out the Maddox name has some highly regarded heritage in Maryland and to European Gentry--the kind of lineage which genealogists love to study because it was recorded and related to famous old families in European history-- Magna Carta Barons, participants in great wars, campaigns and even building castles! Well-known Samuel Maddox ancestors linked in Maryland and before include the House of Warren, Gerard, Hatton, and Notley.