Maryland Maddoxes

Do you have another Maddox settlement here?  Write the webmaster with your group story email/word doc, and a couple early pictures!  Let's feature your Maddox page!  Prepare the photos, your family bio story, and then write the Maddox Family Website to upload your contribution!

A great many American families trace their roots to the more recent immigration from Europe from about 1850 to 1920.  However the Maddox family is one of those which arrived in the very beginning--in the 1600's.  This is a very colorful story set in the beginning of American History.  You'll read about more than a few famous names and see pictures associated with your ancestors.  Read on to find out about sailing adventure, war with Indians, religious battles, revolution and provincial politics, and the beginning of a very large family--your family.

 Maryland Immigrant Maddox's

Samuel Maddox (abt 1644-1683) was born in Wales and he arrived aboard ship in 1665, landing at Maryland's Chesapeake Bay in the settlement which was known as St Mary's City--not far from what is now Washington D.C.  Specifically, this line settled on the Potomac River side of the western shore pininsula.  Samuel's oldest son, Notley Sr. married Margaret Gerard Goldsmith. The Gerard Family was one of the most prestigious and colorful among Maryland's early settlers, and financiers of the original 1634 expedition of the ships "Ark" and "Dove" --a replica of the "Dove" sails today.  One Maddox recently found Samuel's Green Springs Farm homestead!  Parts of the Samuel Maddox line also moved to Charles County.

Dr. Richard Maddox (birth and death unkn) is mentioned in Maryland arhives in 1657 as examining the body of a murdered man.  His lineage is unknown.

Other States Immigrant Maddox's not yet submitted

Contact webmaster if you have information about other original Maddox's arriving in the colonies.   Be sure to look into Virginia Maddoxes on this site.   Several were immigrants.

Hard Life in the New Land

The settlement of Maryland was ordered by the King of England who granted lands and Proprietary Manors.  It was their incentive for leaving the relative comfort of civilized Europe.  Maddoxes and others came for the adventure and promise of the vast but untamed land.    Let there be no mistake.  Daily life was miserable, often fatal as colonists of all lines battled disease, starvation, and freezing winters.  Maddoxes were engaged in fighting with Indians who came to resent and fight the Europeans over land--a fight the Indians lost very quickly.  And some more well-to-do Maddox's held slaves.

Religion, War, and Wilderness

Maryland history, in particular, is filled with great stories of religious struggles and war for freedom.  The Maddox family was involved in both.  Samuel Maddox is displayed prominently in Christ Church, a National Historic Monument in Chaptico, MD which has a remarkable history during the War of 1812.  Maddox's fought as patriots in the Revolutionary War (see the "Military Maddox's" link.)  Some Maddox's remained to face difficult times in Maryland during the Civil War and others took more journeys to head west.  Some descendants of Samuel Maddox headed west to the frontier of Kentucky and Ohio before 1800.  Others took difficult overland routes to Virginia and further south to Georgia and other states.

Maddox's have detailed colonial ancestry

Genealogists have studied the wills, property records, and remaining artifacts to gain insight into the history of Maddox's and the families connected to them by marriage.  It turns out the Maddox name has some highly regarded heritage in Maryland and to European Gentry--the kind of lineage which genealogists love to study because it was recorded and related to famous old families in European history-- Magna Carta Barons, participants in great wars, campaigns and even building castles!  Well-known Samuel Maddox ancestors linked in Maryland and before include the House of Warren, Gerard, Hatton, and Notley.

Variations of  Maddox Coats of Arms are registered with Burke's General Armory-- this one is of Benjamin Maddox,  Baronet of Wormley, Herts in 1675. Two of three Maddock arms are nearly identical and a third replaces the tiger  at the top with an elephant's head. Colors azure (blue) and gules (red). The two lions are postured as above, in gold. Minor additions may distinguish heraldic peerage--such as stars or fleur-de-lis signifying the order of sons.


Maddox Heraldry 

The Maddox Coat of Arms validates a gentry heritage from the Middle Ages when reality begot legend.  And part of the symbol, found on a seal of Notley Maddox Jr.s will
in early Maryland, is like a fine wine to genealogist Pat Doster who has seen it herself and marveled at the feel of its historical significance. 

Maddox, Maddock, Mattox, and other spelling variations are found in England and Wales and even in documents in the colonies--in early times, names were often spelled several ways for the same individual, even in official documents.  Some brought permanent spelling changes even in the same descendent lines.

The Maddox families are briefly outlined in this site but detailed in books discussing lineage and the times and places where family members settled.  Find lists of these sources on the Credits and Sources page of this website and click on links to learn more about the people, places, and events of the Maryland Maddoxes and their fellow  colonists and settlers.