(Wm) Notley of Ky

Pioneer Notley Maddox
...or was he William Notley Maddox?

Notley Maddox (1731-1807) moved from Maryland to far northern  Kentucky in what was Mason, then became Campbell County.  Discussed below, one Maddox author has him named "William" Notley Maddox, citing a Mason County document.  Whatever is his first name, he was one of five sons of Notley Maddox Jr. b. abt 1720, and Mary Warren b. abt 1708, and arriving with some of his children in 1784.   They likely went over the mountains on foot or wagon and barged down the Ohio River to the area near Grant's Lick, Ky, in Mason County.  Yet this Maddox pioneer called himself Notley and we have a will to that effect.  He married a  Violetta Tarvin, whose ancestry is unknown, in Maryland, presumably St Marys County.  They had nine children, born before the Kentucky trip and most are mentioned by name in this Notley's will:

  • Sarah, 1761
  • Elizabeth (Lanham), 1763
  • James, 1765
  • Notley, 1767,
  • Charles, 1769
  • Martha "Patsy", 1771
  • Townley, 1773
  • Mary, 1775
  • Hezekiah, 1777
 Confusion: Author Richard Stevens, who wrote of this line in his book Snow Hill Remembered about the Harris Family, said matter-of-factly this Maddox "William" Notley, whose parentage, he writes, is Notley Maddox Jr. and Mary Warren of Maryland.  Stevens could be mistaken in identifying this Kentucky pioneer as "William" even though he references "History of Mason County" which he says showed a "William Notley" at this time.  HOWEVER!  This Maddox, with these children, does not call himself "William" in his will and that has ;more than just one genealogist raising eyebrows!     The lineage, written by Stevens and also Roberta Wiley in 1974 presumes the same individuals are the same.  The lineage does get more clear after their arrival in Kentucky.

Daughter "Patsy" Maddox (1773-1823)

Martha "Patsy" Maddox  was a young teenager when she took the long and dangerous journey from Maryland with her parents and siblings in 1784.  Ten years later, George Harris (1773-1836) arrived with his father Charles Harris -- probably following much the same route from Maryland along the Braddock Road to the Ohio River and a flatboat trip to Limestone (now Maysville,) Kentucky.  Harris, the oldest among 18 children,  was a soldier, farmer and politician who grew up on his father's Maryland plantation.  In 1801, George and Patsy married and they had eight children.  Patsy died at age 50 and Harris married Jane Hudson of Boone County and had eight more children, including Patsy Violetta in memory of his first wife and her mother. 

Son Hezekiah Maddox (1777-1847)

Born in Maryland before his father's journey, Hezekiah Maddox, presumably traveled to Kentucky at about age seven.  He grew to manhood and married Rhoda Harris in 1801 in Maysville.  Rhoda (1783-1851) was the daughter of Charles and Mary Green Harris.  Hezekiah and Rhoda had ten children. 

  • Notley, (1802-1886) m. Theodosia Caldwell
  • Tabitha R. (1804) m. Mahlon Barnes to Ohio
  • Violetta (1805) m. John Tarvin
  • Nancy Ann (1810-1889) m. Elisha Harris *
  • Charles H. (b 1811) m. Mary Winston
  • Elijah ( -1856) m. Margaret Janes Smith
  • Mary m. Robert Williams in 1840
  • Katturah
  • Elizabeth
  • William
Grandson Notley Maddox (1802-1886)

So typical of Maddoxes, Hezekiah named his first born Notley Maddox, who married Theodosia Caldwell (1807-1884) in 1824.  They, too, had ten children:


     Notley Maddox (b. 1802), son Hezekiah (b. 1832) and Rachel Maddox (b. 1828); churchyard, Pleasant Ridge Baptist Church, Campbell Co Ky
              - photos by Ron Strickley, Newport, Ky
Notley and Theodosia had ten children as well:
  • William H. (1824-1875) m. Rachel Butcher
  • John (1830) m. Hanna Jane Butcher
  • Hezekiah (1832-1906) 
  • Charles (1834-1891) m. Barbara A. Vaughn (photo to right)
  • James Columbus (1839-1902) m. Emily Gosney
  • Rhoda (1840) m. Wesley Gosney
  • Hester Ann (1843-1889) m. George W Martin
  • Robert (1844)
  • George (1846)
  • Notley (1849-1890)
Above Charles b 1834, James b 1839, William H 1827.

Grant's Lick, Ky

"Pioneer Festival" is open on Memorial weekends in Campbell County.  Ken Ries, a local Grant's Lick historian operates an out-of-pocket pioneer museum located next to Oakland Cemetery where some early Campbell County Maddoxes are buried.  Here is his view of local area history:

"Grant's Lick area was first surveyed Oct. 10, 1797 and was laid out on a  larger scale than you find today. One man is credited with mapping area for town site: John Grant formed a business based on selling salt with several  partners. Salt was readily available from the many salt springs located around the northern Bluegrass region. John Grant boiled the salty spring water till rock salt appeared. His salt works was one of the first businesses operated in Campbell Co. 

Mary Boone Bryant, sister of Col. Daniel Boone, is buried in Oakland cemetery next to log cabin museum.  She originally was buried on her son's farm on Wolfe Road, but was  reburied in 1920 by DAR ladies.  Some of the earliest pioneer families were Baker, Bryant, Gosney,  Grant, Harris, Kees, Maddox, Tarvin, Thatcher, Smith & Spilman.
Oakland Cemetery began in 1850. Its tombstones have names of pioneer families who gave their names to county roads.  Many small family cemeteries are scattered over the area on family farms. Original settlers didn't have large cemeteries to bury their loved ones until Oakland was started."  

 Left: Wedding pictures, Elisha Byron Maddox (1863-1914) and Jennie Culbertson (1863-1920).  Elisha was killed in a Pullman railroad plant when he was hit by a crane in Springfield.  (The three children in this Springfield carriage photo at left.)

Below: Maddox Women Group (left to right:)  Elisha's mother Barbara Vaughn Maddox (b.1840) ; Mary Maddox (  ), Hettie Maddox Losey ( ), Jennie Culbertson Maddox, Hettie Jane Maddox;  photo circa 1890, Covington Ky.  Barbara was wife of Charles Maddox (1834-1891), son of Notley, grandson of Ky child immigrant Hezekiah Maddox of Md.  

Elisha B and Jennie Maddox had three children, in Covington, KY but they raised them in Springfield, MO.  They were Byron, Stella and Joan Maddox (McGuire.)    Byron (1893-1961), a Belton farmer, and Stella (1891-1969) settled in Kansas City.  Joan Maddox (McGuire) (1897-1928) lived in Springfield.

Miss Stella Maddox (right) was a longtime English and Latin teacher at Westport High School during the 1940s-50s.

Early settlers lived in forts called "stations" for defense

While lone hunters and trappers like Simon Kenton  came first to the frontier, they were followed by families which first lived in fortifications built for protection.  Indian summer [usually late fall] was a dreaded time for Shawnee raids. 

Family stations were a cluster of log cabins built within a stockade--a tall fence with rifle holes. Women and children sheltered within the cabins while men guarded stockade fence. Indians attacked by shooting fire arrows to burn the fence/gate for access. Mothers hid their children in "root cellars" and told them to hush, while they molded bullets from pewter spoons. Usually women could handle a rifle if needed. 

The British, angry over the Revolutionary War, were literally paying Indians for settlers' scalps and whole settlements were wiped out by Indian raiding parties crossing the Ohio into Kentucky.  Unlike Maryland where Indians and settlers tolerated each other, it was warfare in Kentucky, in part led by a foreign power. 

Not until Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne led a sweeping campaign against the Miami villages in Indiana/Ohio and the Treaty of Greenville was signed in 1791, were western settlers relieved from travail of Indian attack

Wm. Maddox arrives at Kenton Station

(from History of Maysville and Mason County)

In July or August (1784)  work was begun on Kenton's blockhouse at his old campsite at Drennon's spring on Lawrence creek.  It was completed by fall and stood, significant, inspiring, Kentucky's northernmost post.

From this vantage point Kenton kept guard over Mason county.  He watched for Indians and immigration boats: he was not disappointed in either.

  About the 1st of October, 1784, came down the Ohio River on a small keel boat Thomas Dowden's window, sister of Simon Kenton's wife, and her our children.  Kenton took them to his station, four miles distant.

  November and December brought increased numbers to Limestone creek.  Abner Overfield landed in November, and "found one family at Kenton's station."  George Berry brought his family from Virginia and in December settled with t eh Elijah Berrys at Kenton's camp.  Bethel Owens arrived between the 9th and 15th of December, adding his strength to that of the three families.  This month also brought William Maddox, William Henry, and Job Masterson and his family.

William Wood, a Baptist minister, landed with his family and Benjamin Fry and James Turner and others at Limeston on the last day of 1784.



Left: sketch of a typical family station near Wilderness Road and photo of  a recreated station cabin.  If the Maddoxes came as early as records show, they may have lived in a station stockade like this replica of the 1775 Fort at Harrodsburg, Ky.

Daniel Boone- trailblazer

A Pennsylvania pioneer of Quaker stock, Daniel Boone blazed Wilderness Trail into Kentucky from Kanawha Settlements in NC through the Cumberland Gap.  On Boone's first trip with his family, his son was killed by Indians along the trail. The family settled at Boone's Family Station which became Boonesborough, where there is now a replica of the station. Boone died a pauper in Missouri because he couldn't remember to register his land at patent office, pay for a survey and receive a land certificate. He didn't stay in one place very long. Kentucky pays him homage as the first scout who led a pioneer community into central Bluegrass region of state.

Below: Breckenridge cabin is east of Lexington near Versailles, Woodford County, Ky.  Shelby County Maddoxes lived nearby.  Notice it has no windows on the lower portion.  Glass was not available and expensive because King George taxed glass.  And Indian attackers could gain access through windows.  Look closely to see the gun ports along the eves.

Log cabins in Campbell County are still  located on family farms but they're usually covered with siding. Today's owners know logs are underneath, but prefer "log cabin" ancestry to be covered.

Boone Print by The Print Shop; Photos and drawing from Pat Doster.

Daughter Elizabeth Maddox Lanham (1763)

A slave named Sarah may prove Notley's link back to Maryland

Webmaster's Note:  "William" or "Notley's" proven link back to Maryland has been elusive until now.  Researcher Roberta Wiley could not verify Steven's report that they are one and the same.   In 2000, researcher Diana Bara of Longmont, CO spent considerable time looking into the confusion.  She writes, and has provided copies of all her research to this web site but we have seen little proof but this:

Just like the Notley Maddoxes, you can see there are numerous William Maddoxes.... I've been using land tracts and rent rolls along with probate to try to sort the families in Maryland. 

Charles County Land Records Liber K#4 folio 155-156 Gift Deed.   At the Request of Elizabeth Lanham the following Deed of Gift was recorded this 6th day of October 1790 Charles County, "Whereas Notley Maddocke of the county aforesaid did heretofore..on or about the 20th day of March last give and deliver to my daughter ELIZABETH LANHAM one Negro girl named Sarah to her the said Elizabeth Lanham her exec. admin. and assigns...Witness my hand and seal 6th day of Oct. 1790 ....etc.
 Elizabeth Lanham also appears in the Will of Notley Maddox in  Kentucky:  Key Point. Bara has linked this Kentucky Maddox back to Maryland with this discovery:
March 17th 1801.  I, Notly (sic) Maddox, of Mason County Kentucky...I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Violetta Maddox the following Negroes (several slaves, household property and land in Campbell County Ky)...(and the land be given by her to) my son Ezekiah....(and slaves to) Exekiah, Sarah Maddox, Martha Maddox....son Charles Maddox (sum of fifty pounds)...sons Notly, Townby and my daughter Elizabeth Lanham one English shilling....etc.

I have a HUNCH that Elizabeth Maddox the daughter of Notley was married to Moses Lanham the son of Nathan.  The Lanham family seems to be primarily from Prince Georges County (Maryland).  Nathan Lanham was from either PG {Prince George's County) or Charles Co MD and there is a deed from him to Elizabeth and Moses Lanham out of love for his grandson Isaiah, which indicates CCo and another deed to a William Cox which shows PG Co.  There are lots of Lanhams in the PG Marriages from Maryland Colonial Records. 
Charles County Deed Book N #4 F. 388. 
I Nathan Lanham of Charles County, for 5 shillings which I owe Moses Lanham and his wife Elizabeth, and for the love I have of my grandson, Isaiah Lanham, .. I give...part of a tract of land called Friendship....3/18/1795
I have a few volumes of TLC, Charles County Land Records at home, nicely indexed.  It looks like Elizabeth Lanham remained in MD, at least till 1795.  Is there any indication that she showed up in Kentucky?
    --D Bara

Notley wife Violetta is reported as Violetta Tarvin in the Stevens book.  Bara disagrees with this conclusion as well and suggests the evidence points to Notley's wife as being a Boswell.

Violetta Boswell was daughter of John and Sarah Boswell.  She had brothers named Charles and Edward plus other siblings.  The Boswells are most likely connected to Notley Maddox, Sr, because he was a surety for Edward Boswell, who was the executor for the estate of Stephen Mankin, in 1781.  Violetta Maddox had a brother named Edward and a brother-in-law named Charles Mankin.  There appears to be a family connection between Boswell, Maddox, and the Mankin families.  Since Notley Maddox was married to a Violetta, which is confirmed by his will, the Maddox-Boswell connection might be through him.  Contrary to Richard Steven's work, Snow Hill Remembered, where Violetta's maiden name was listed as Tarvin.  Stevens does not quote his source, which makes her a loose end.

I am not 100 percent certain on the placement of this pioneer as the son of Notley and Elizabeth because of so many Notleys and previously published material.  More digging is needed in Maryland, Virginia, and Kentucky.
             Diana Bara

Bara did provide this web site with a passage from the History of Maysville and Mason County (pg. 46) of the December 1784 arrival of William Maddox.  This does match what Stevens wrote in asserting the pioneer of this article arrived so early and was named William.  This Maddox we're discussing did however have a large family and the notes of the 1784 arrivals mentioned several families but not any accompanying this William Maddox (Reprint of the passage on the right side of this page).  This is six years before a Charles County MD record shows Notley giving his daughter Elizabeth Lanham that slave girl Sarah (above).  Both son  Hezekiah and grandson Notley names sons "William". "James", and "Notley."  It seems inconclusive to draw from that, except that our "William " or Notley" Kentucky pioneer names a boy "Townley".    This is not an ordinary first name.  It is not the name of the governor.    It is the maiden name of the woman attributed to be his mother!

(Conclusion in 2002:) Bara and others are very right when they say more investigation is need because this has been questioned.  But what to do?  Who to pin this lineage onto?  The webmaster is hardly an arbiter of Truth, but the webmaster, B Maddox, believes the circumstantial evidence pointing to Notley Maddoch, descendant of Cornelius is too thin, and too unlikely.  If for no other reason, no one other than a descendant of Samuel would name one of his kids "Townley" but for a relative?  Whether he's "William" (and hated his name ) or was really always been "Notley", we leave him parented by Notley and Mary "Townley" Warren as Stevens originally placed him--in the Samuel Line... which has no shortage of Notleys and Townleys. 

(--webmaster, and direct descendant of this particular line).