Names and Boundaries
an arduous trek from eastern Maryland into Virginia's western frontier
for the purpose of claiming new land. They settled along a tributary of
the Ohio River called the Licking.
The Licking River
Kentucky's northern region is known as the "Outer Bluegrass." The Licking
is unique for it is among a few rivers in the world which flows north.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Shawnee inhabitants of the state
called the Licking "Nepepninethipi," or Salt River. Later, the Licking
allowed settlers easy access through the lush forests of the northern
Northern Kentucky has
ancient, beautifully rounded hills, thanks to warm Gulf winds that kept
Ice Age glaciers primarily in Ohio, Northern Kentucky. Rivers and creeks
etched through the landscape sculpting places once inhabited by Indians.
During the 18th Century, the region was settled by Old World ancestors
whose descendants live there today. "Settlers" is a word which describes
who tame a wild place." The Maddox families, as well as the
Harrises and others, created the region's communities. They came into a
wilderness, purchased land and began communities along the Licking. Our
ancestors tamed a wilderness making it their own!
relief map of Kentucky. Campbell County is at the very northern tip.
Below: 1818 map of counties; Cincinnati was just a few hundred houses
just north of Campbell County, across the Ohio River. Earlier maps
describe southern Ohio as "Indian Territory." In 1840, the western
part of Campbell County (left side shown below) became Kenton County,
by the Licking River. Most Maddox farms were located approximately where
the "B" of CampBell is shown, east of the Licking.
Campbell county as
is today, only 12 miles across at the widest point. It is bordered by
Licking on the west and the Ohio on the east. Few Maddox's
remain but the farms once owned by men like Notley Maddox, JJ Maddox,
Maddox, BA Maddox, SA Maddox were scattered north of Grant's Lick.
Neighboring farms were owned by Harrises, Gosneys, Loseys and others
kin married Wm. Notley Maddox descendants.
As the Declaration of
was being signed in 1776, the State of Virginia formed Kentucky,
and Washington Counties out of Fincastle Co., Virginia. By 1780,
County was divided into three new counties that placed Northern Ky in Fayette
In 1789, Fayette was
along the Licking River into Woodford County in the west and Mason
County in the east. By the time of Kentucky's statehood in 1792, the
area west of the Licking was named
Scott County while the eastern
part remained Mason County. Three years later Campbell County
formed which included all of Northern Kentucky and even into today's
County. After the Treaty of Greenville was signed with native
in 1795, Kentucky's population growth took off, and by 1840 there were
enough citizens living in the northern region to create three counties:
Kenton and Campbell. These county dates and names are important to
genealogists who must know where to look for ancestral records.
region towns near where Maddox's lived
Kentucky was admitted to the Union
as the 15th state in 1792, (giving the flag 15 stars) and many hoped the
thriving village of Washington, with its 199 logs houses and 462 people
would be the state capital.
Much history was forged there.
Daniel Boone stopped many times on his travels through Kentucky. Harriet
Beecher Stowe while visiting one of her pupils at Col. Marshall Key's home,
witnessed a slave auction in front of the courthouse. Her experience influenced
"Uncle Tom's Cabin," one of the contributing causes of the Civil
Confederate Gen. Albert Sidney
Johnston grew up in Washington; while James A. Paxton, Washington inn keeper,
helped the underground railroad by hiding runaway slaves under his stairwell at
Federal Hill, an imposing manse
overlooking the town, was built by Thomas Marshall Jr., s/o Col. Thomas
Marshall, staff officer to Gen. George Washington, whose son John Marshall
became Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court 1801-1835.
Road, Campbell Co, Ky. The 1883 Atlas shows Maddox families living
-Source: Ron Strickley, Newport Ky
A five minute drive south
of Maysville on U.S. 68 takes you up a steep
hill from the river to Old Washington, Mason Co.'s historic village
in time. The town's narrow main street was cut hundreds of years ago by
buffalo heading for salt licks south of town. The village was founded in
1785 on part of a tract purchased from Simon Kenton for fifty cents an
Located four miles up the Buffalo Trace from the Ohio River landing at
Limestone, the village was a welcome stopping place for heavily laden
and their animals who spent an entire day struggling up the steep hill
from the river landing. Settlers, adventurers, hunters & traders all
required lodging & protection from Indian attack. As more people
west on the Buffalo Trace, later called Smith's Wagon Road to Lexington,
Washington grew rapidly from a way-station to a flourishing commercial
center. In 1790, it had the first post office west of the Alleghenies.
Later the Buffalo Trace became part of the National Road from Lexington
to Zanesville, Ohio
and genealogy documents
At Mason County
Museum in Maysville, tourists can view slides, old papers and documents
[Wm. Notley Maddox file], photos, artifacts, river dioramas, displays
exhibits geared for young and old. Housed in a century-old restored
building listed on the National Register, the museum along with its
genealogical library and art gallery, entertains and educates in an
and well-illustrated blend of pioneer history.