Many eastern colonial Maddoxes settled the near west--Kentucky
"The Great Migration," a grueling and dangerous trip! Early on, the trails were more like paths winding over the Alegheny Mountainst (shown in green, above.)
Some Maddox families from the St. Marys, Md area traveled in open ox carts; some in one-seater buggies with baggage piled on top, some on horseback, others on foot pushing their belongings in a wheelbarrow towards the Ohio River... where they boarded barges and headed to Kentucky and Ohio. Whenever they met along the trail, they shared news about the location of the best land or conditions of the road ahead. Some took a northern route to use the Ohio River. Others moved south through Virginia along the Great Valley Road over the mountains to the Wilderness Trail towards Central Kentucky or south into Tennessee.
Flatboat on the Ohio River to Kentucky. Below: the Trail Westward. Source: Snow Hill RememberedAbove: Maryland Maddox's probably took a difficult wagon trail from Maryland over mountainous Allegheny's (in black) on the Braddock Road over the Cumberland to Ft. Necessity and finally along the National Road (later US 40 Hwy) to Ft. Red Stone (now Brownsville.) There, the settlers began a river trip by flatboat down the winding Ohio River to Kentucky. Central Virginians took a southern route over the mountains into Tennessee and upward to western Kentucky. Routes traced here on a map with modern state boundaries.
(Maysville, 1821, public domain)
Maryland Maddoxes to Northern Kentucky (William) Notley Maddox arrived and then this Notley Maddox brought his large family from Maryland to what finally became Campbell County Kentucky, and specifically "Grant's Lick, Ky." We don't know if he stopped at Maysville's for awhile like many did to hang out in a safer settlement, or went a bit more westward to what is now Grant's Lick, Ky in what's now "Campbell County" and settled on their own. The Maysville History doesn't mention this Notley but in his will cited here.
In the very detailed story of Maysville KY, they have Daniel Boone and plenty of people but not our Maddox guy until they publish his 1801 will in the back of their History! No matter WHAT Boone's romantic adventures are published, we have him FIRMLY several times signed and written in the long but original and proven "History of Maysville and Mason County Ky" circa 1800+" (We havent seen the internet document but on the fee-based Ancestry.com.)
Notley Maddox and his wife Violetta "Tarvin" (unproven parentage in MD), had nine children in ages from 23 to just seven. This line of Maddox-- believed from Samuel Maddox b.1634 of Maryland--settled in Kenton, Mason, and Campbell counties on the northern Ohio River border. (We know these children, proven from his explicit will (printed in original posts and the history of Maysville and Mason Ky book). The only thing we DON'T know is if in 1801, he called himself "William Notley Maddox" (reportedly his brother) or not. We just have the will itself.
Harris, Spalding, Gosney, Losey, and more to began their new lives. (We have some books (Snow Hill Remembered) and documents (by Wiley) that mention Notley but not clerk's online or early Maryland or Kentucky census entries.) Our documents came from 3 independent genealogists (Richard E. Stevens, Roberta Wiley, Fredonia Maddox) who did extensive research and published it the hard way...before the internet. Yes, they do admit some assumptions! (At right, marker for Wesley Gosney and Rachel E Maddox (Dau of Notley Maddox b 1802 Mason Co Ky and Theodosia Caldwell b 1824, Campbell Co Ky)
Click here to see the stories we compiled:
Early Kentucky/Mason County excitement
Issues whether this "Notley" is "William Notley Maddox" or just "Notley."
Maddox Spellings. In anycase, first know this: Literacy 250 years ago wasn't so good. So even County Clerks spelt names as they sounded. A Maddox, could have been spelled, Mattox, Maddix, Maddock. Notley might have been spelt "Notly", even "Motly". See what we're dealing with? Computer searches look for exact spellings and that's not how clerks always spelled them! So when searching, don't be too specific, try alternate spellings!
Link to earliest Maysville Ky in far northern Mason County. A gateway LINK!
Even better, drilling down to Campbell County Rootsweb History - great site!
Note especially, this Rootsweb sub-site with photos from all over and one of our friends submitted some Maddox lineage there.
(You could visit Campbell County, it's right south of Cincinatti across the big Ohio River.)
Virginia Maddoxes to Western Kentucky
Another line of Maddox arrived a few years later. Revolutionary War soldier John Maddox III brought his wife Ellinor Aston and their children over the Cumberland Gap from Goochland County in Central Virginia, southwest through Tennessee and up into Kentucky. This Maddox, and others, settled in western Kentucky to make names for themselves.Click to browse the list.
Frontier recreators like these help us see how
our ancestors would have looked and carried
Settlers leaving the east were looking for land and escape of colonial war with Britain but they found a bloody frontier war with Indians instead.
In 1784, William Maddox arrived and then Notley Maddox brought his large family from Maryland to Kentucky. Kenton, Mason, and Campbell counties on the northern Ohio River border. They intermarried with other families like Harris, Spalding, Gosney, Losey, and more to began their new lives. John Maddox was another who settled there. And also came Reverend John Jackson Maddox.
Kentucky was largely settled after the Revolutionary War when soldiers served--not for money which the new government didn't have for it's soldiers-- but for grants to Indian land out west in the place called Kentucky. After the war, many soldiers migrated westward to pioneer this land. Which they had to clear and then farm. Risky business because Indians living there did not welcome these eastern colonists!
Here's some lineage recorded by an early Kentucky Census.