THE admission of the people of MACTAN to Christianity

 and the HISTORY of the


Raja Mangubat in year 1565 was the Sovereign of Mactan during the time of Legazpi.

Mactan Island’s refusal under the rule of Lapu-Lapu to embrace Colonization resulted to the demise of the world known Portuguese explorer and delayed the Spanish occupation of the Philippine Island for more than four decades.

Mangubat's conversion to Christianity signals the starts of the conquest of Luzon and neighboring Islands and led to the conversion of the Archipelago to Christianization and Hispanic rule(he was the son and successor of Lapu-Lapu)

There said to be a miracle that happened during the time when a fire occurred in the village of Cebu that was believed to be the doings of the people of the natives of Mactan.

all the houses were burned except the cross., the incident were witnessed by many villagers. Many of those who have seen it both natives and Spaniards were convinced that a miracle had happened that day.

The news reached to the people of Mactan and other islands that led their conversion and to Christianity

When Mangubat was converted he set sail to volunteer war and conquest, turning the archipelago into a Christian dominated region and united chiefdom into one country under the tutelage of Spain now known as the Filipinas.

He was granted a coat of arms with blazon symbolizing great military service, Honourable warrior and valiant knight, and granted the title of a Spanish hidalgo(Spanish noble)

A street in Opon in Mactan Island and in Manila(the place was now part of Pasay) were named after him by the Spanish Government during Spanish time, the “calle mangubat” to honor Datu Mangubat for his contribution to the fall of Lacan Dula, Raja Sulayman, and Raja Ache during the early period of the Spanish Conquest.

the spanish road “CALLE MANGUBAT” co-existed with the Spanish “CALLE CELERIDAD(swiftness)”, the “CALLE LACANDULA”, and the “CALLE LIBERTAD(Liberty)”, both located near ESTERO TRIPA de GALLINA river.

However Calle Libertad was now renamed ANTONIO ARNAIZ AVE.

There were few Spanish soldiers in the country during the pacification of Luzon to preserve their men the Spanish soldiers often served only as war facilitator or guards of the Spanish post and gallons. The Spanish relied much on their native allies in close combat battles and in running after the enemy.

it was the warriors from Mactan who were the forefronts of every battles during the conquest as ATTESTED through their coat of arms “THE GOLD PICA or PIKE”... and as narrated by Fray Medina in the book HISTORIA" ... AS THE MOST WARLIKE RACE OF PEOPLE IN THE COUNTRY...AS HAS BEEN SEEN WHEN THEY HAVE JOINED WITH THE SPANIARDS" on the accounts of their war exploit and service.

no known Filipinos, tribes and races, even Spanish Soldiers, officers, Spanish captains, and generals in
the Filipinas earned the Symbol of a “PICA” in their coat of arms except the "Mangubat people" which in the Cebuano language the word means "TO WAGE WAR".......

Granted by Spanish Heraldry as recognition and symbol of GALLANT MILITARY SERVICE and the PERFECTION OF MARTIAL AFFAIRS...

For their contribution of the conquest , pacification of revolts, and the successful repulse against the attacking Chinese in Manila to which in this battle the Chinese pirates were humiliated, and retreated.. and the punishment of Limahong their leader in Pangasinan
whose name after the fateful encounter never again appeared as a threat throughout history.

Pike (weapon) were used regularly in European warfare from the early Middle Ages until around 1700, and were wielded by foot soldiers deployed in close quarters.

the PICA symbol will be granted only for those who performed extraordinary military achievement.

it is the highest military Symbol granted to a warrior, and only few individuals and families were granted to it throughout history of the entire Spanish empire.   

 By:  Eng'r. Brient D. Mangubat

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