James Lockhart and Christina McKelvie

James Lockhart (B) c1786 (Bible entry is Feb 27th 1782)
(D) 1st of November 1847 (from bible entry) 
(M) on the 29/11/1811, (Bible entry says 2nd December 1811), Aryshire, Scotland to
Christina McKelvie (B) 6/08/1791, (Bible entry says 6th August 1790), Isle of Arran 
(D) 19/09/1871 Wanganui aged 81yrs, buried at the Heads Rd cemetery along with daughter, Agnes Stevenson, (photo below).

Christina’s parents, Robert McKelvie and Isabella Downie were married on the 20th of December 1786 in Kilmory, Bute, Scotland. 

Baptism of Robert McKelvie and Isabel Downie in Shedog had a daughter born the 6th August 1791 and baptised the 7th Inst. named Christian.

The other children of Robert and Isabel McKelvie.
Mary baptised 13th June 1788
Catherine baptised 9th Feb 1794
Neil baptised 2nd July 1797

James Lockhart’s parents are not known at this stage. He was born around 1786 and spent his early working years in the Ayrshire militia. On the 1841 census aged 55yrs, his occupation is given as Agricultural labourer. His son James's death certificate states that he'd been a mill worker. 
There is a birth of a Isabella Lockhart in Edinburgh for 1816 (military).
The bible has James born 27/2/1782, Alexander born 6/7/1784, Robert 26/1/87,  Janet 17/11/1789, Anna born 7/6/1795, Agnes 4/12/99

1841 Scottish Census 
Lawmoor Place, Hutchesontown, Gorbals 

James Lochart age 55
Christina Lochart age 45
Agnes age 25
Mary 20
Christina age 15
Janet age 17
Catherine age 15
Isabella age 12
Alexander age 7 

1851 Scottish Census 
3 McNeil St, Hutchesontown, Gorbals 

Christina Lockhard 59 Shopkeeper 
Isabella Lockhard 21 Winder Born New Mills Ayrshire 
Janet Lockhard 28 Cop Maker born New Mills Ayrshire, 
Mary Lockhart 30 House maid born Newmill Ayrshire 

Christina and daughters Mary, Janet and Ferrier arrived in NZ on the 'Simlah' in 1851. The Simlah left Gravesend on the 23rd of April 1851 bound for New Zealand. The vessel replaced the 'Thames' which was to sail on the 15th of April. (The 'Thames' left on the 5th of May). 

Christina and her daughters arrived in Wanganui because her daughter Isabella McGregor had lived there for over 10 years and was financially established. The others, James, Catherine and Agnes arrived a few years later. Only Catherine came with her husband.

Bible entries

Big thanks to Chrissie, daughter of Robert James Mckelvie Lockhart born 15th December 1925, died 25th March 1997 for letting the rest of the family know the details in the bible in her possession. Chrissie lives in Australia.

A new development for our Lockhart researchers is that Chrissie found more information in the bible recently. James Lockhart's birth and his brothers and sisters (see below). Although I did extensive searches on Scotlands People for the family, I did not find it, Scotland Archives has not been searched, I'm not sure how to do it. So we are still stymied for locations and parents. Thanks again Chrissie.

The images of the bible entries are on another page.

James Lockhart born 27th February 1782
Robert Lockhart born 26th January 1787
Alexander Lockhart born  6th July 178?
Janet Lockhart born 17th November 1789
Anna Lockhart born 7th June 1795
Agnes Lockhart born 4th December 1799

The family of James Lockhart and Christina McKelvie
Agnes Lockhart Born September 7th 1813
Isabella Lockhart Born September 8th 1816
Mary Lockhart Born June 20th 1818
Christina Lockhart Born November 14th 1820
Janet Lockhart Born September 10th 1822
Catherine Lockhart Born August 5th 1824
James Lockhart Born October 19th 1826
Robert Lockhart Born November 6th 1828
Faria Lockhart Born February 28th 1831
Alexander Lockhart Born October 25th 1833
Alexander Lockhart Died May 17th 1849
Christina Lockhart Died March 25th 1848
Christina McKelvie Died September 17th 1871
Robert Lockhart Died March 15th 1841
Merle Grace Griffin Died March 16 1997 Born 23-3-1917
Robert James Lockhart Died March 26th 1997 Born 15-12-1925
Father Died First November 1847
.......Lockhart Died 17th May 1843
Chrisan (as written) died 25th March 1848
Christina died 17 September 1848

(Note) There was a cholera epidemic in Glasgow 1848-49.

Conditions in Glasgow in the 1840's - 1850's


Letter to the Australian Government by another relative of mine, also a weaver living near Glasgow.
Reported in the Sydney Morning Herald 25th of November 1854 Girvan, 28th August, 1854. Such being the unhappy position of the hand-loomweavers in Scotland, he had considered it advisableto bring their distressed condition under the notice of the Legislature of the colony. Those persons had also memorialized the Government of the colony in thefollowing terms :- To His Excellency the Governor-General and Executive Council of New South Wales. The Memorial of the Girvan Weaver's Emigration Society Humbly Sheweth, - 

That your Memorialists are Hand-loomWeavers, in the Town of Girvan, Scotland, in circumstances of great poverty, arising from ; 
  • First-The rapid improvement made in power-loom weaving,which threatens, at no distant period, the total extinction of their trade. 
  • Second-The periodical depression their trade is subject to. 
  • Third-The supply of labourers being greater than the demand. 
  • Fourth - The general lowness of average wages which has been shown by government inquiry, to average about 5s. 6d. per week. 

That your Memorialists are anxious to emigrate to one of the Australian Colonies. 
That they have applied to the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners for passages to Australia, and have been informed by them in reply, that Scotland has already received more than her share of passages from the Colonial Fund, and also, that Hand-loom Weavers were not eligible candidates. 
That your Memorialists would farther humbly, state, that their Society numbers, including juvenile members of families, about 900 souls ; above 300 of whom, are able-bodied persons - male and female. 
That, situated in a rural district, they are more or less acquainted with agricultural pursuits, being necessitated in times of depression, to betake themselves to out-door labour, such as making roads, building dykes or fences, and the general operations of seed-time and harvest. That your memorialists believe they would be useful in Australia, which stands in need of such labourers they are persuaded they could supply ; and in these circumstances, your Memorialists humbly beg your Excellency and Executive Council, to grant them free passages to Australia, upon such terms as you may think proper, which they will bind themselves to repay from their wages or otherwise, after their arrival in the colony, and your Memorialists as in duty bound will ever pray. 
(Signed) JOHN DRAFFIN, Presce. Honorary Directors of the Society : William Corson, Minister, Established Church. Adam Blyth, Minister, Free Church. M, G. Easton, Minister, Reformed Presbyterian Church. John Stillie, Minister, United Presbyterian Church, J. L. H. Forrester, Schoolmaster, G K. Young, of Glendoune. William Brown, Banker. Samuel McClymont, Manufacturer. John Graham, Banker. William McMorran, Merchant. John B Ross, Factor. Thomas McKechnie, Merchant. Alexander Muir, Postmaster.Girvan, Scotland, August, 1854.

The voyage of the 'Simlah'


The Simlah left Gravesend on the 23rd of April 1851 bound for New Zealand. The vessel replaced the 'Thames' which was to sail on the 15th of April. (The 'Thames' left on the 5th of May). On board were 30 cabin passengers and a151 persons in steerage plus crew according to the Hobarton Guardian (Tasmania, Australia).

The ship put into Hobart to refresh on the 14th of August with a harrowing tale of insubordination of a group of the crew members who plundered the stores, got drunk and threatened the rest of the crew and passengers in the middle of July. Consequently, the passengers formed a watch for their own safety and helped run the ship. The Captain, Charles Robertson, doesn't appear to have had the situation under control until berthing in Hobart.

At Hobart, the crew members involved were arrested and sentenced to 3 months hard labour and 1 month forfeiture of wages. The ship then left Hobart on the 19th of August for Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch.

The passenger list.
A transcription of the passenger list from the "New Zealander" arriving in Auckland Saturday, 3th September, 1851 had 113 of the passengers listed on Ancestry.com.
Did 38 passengers decide to stay in Tasmania? The Daily Southern Cross newspaper thought about 120 passengers were on board and said this on the 2nd of September 1851 and by this date, hadn't read the newspapers from Hobart and didn't know that the vessel was to arrive the following day.
The "New Zealand" newspaper has 114 passengers listed and I know which one is missing from the above transcription, Isabella (Ferrier) Lockhart.
The Spicer's disembarked at Auckland.

On October the 1st, the 'Simlah' left Auckland for Otago via New Plymouth and Wellington. It sailed up the east coast of the North Island, called into Wangarei and went around the top and down to New Plymouth.
According to the online diary of the trip by John Blackett, the boat arrived at New Plymouth on the 11th of October. He notes a couple of births on board. There are letters by Hugh Ronald about the voyage at Puke Ariki,(New Plymouth District Council). This site says 45 passengers were for New Plymouth. A letter by Henry Halse in Ngamotu to Sir Donald McLean at the Alexander Turnbull Library says "The passenger by "Simlah" are a desirable addition in every way but it is said some contemplate leaving owing to the difficulty of getting land." John and Mary Crisp may have got off at New Plymouth.
The ship arrived in Otago on the on the 23rd of November where 33 people disembarked. Robert Thomson wrote letters about the voyage, these are at National Library Australia.

Christina's probate    

Dated: 1st of August 1864 
This is the Last Will and Testament of me, Christina Lockhart of Wanganui in the Province of Wellington and Colony of New Zealand, Widow. I direct that my debts funeral and testamentary expenses be paid out of my personal Estate. And subject to such payments I give devise and bequeath All my real and personal Estate and effects whatsoever and wheresoever unto the Reverend David Hogg of Wanganui aforesaid Presbyterian Minister and to Hugh Montgomery of Wanganui aforesaid,,,,,,,,,,,,, To hold to them and the survivor of them and the Trustees or Trustee from time to time acting the Trust of this my Will hereinafter styled the Trustees and or Trustee. Upon Trust with the written consent of my daughter Isabella McGregor the wife of John McGregor ( now living separate from him) during her life and after there decease at the discretion of the said Trustees or Trustee to sell call in and convert into money my said Estate and effects except the old Arran chair and clock hereinafter mentioned and to invest the monies to arise from or be produced hereby in or upon land in the said Colony or at interest upon General Government or Freehold mortgage securities. And from time to time with such consent or at such discretion as aforesaid to vary the said investments into or for others of the same or a like nature and shall stand possessed of the said Trust monies and the securities in or upon which the same shall from time to time be invested and of the net rents and profits of the said real estate in the meantime until sold (hereinafter called the said Trust funds). Upon the Trusts following that is to say Upon Trust to pay the annual income arising from the said trust monies and such net rents and profits as aforesaid unto my said daughter during her life and so that during the lifetime of her present or any future husband the same shall be for her sperate use and so that she shall not have power to dispose thereof in the way of anticipation. And from and after the decease of my said daughter and subject to the use thereof by my said daughter during her life I give the old Arran chair and clock now in my possession to my son James. And as to the residue of my said Estate and the property and securities in or upon which the same may be invested I direct the said Trustees or Trustee to stand possessed of one sixth part thereof In Trust for my son James Lockhart and to be paid transferred or assigned to him within six months after the decease of my said daughter Isabella McGregor. And of one other sixth part thereof In Trust for my daughter Agnes, the wife of George Menzies and to be paid transferred or assigned as she by writing or writings under her hand shall from time to time direct free from the control or interference of her husband and without being subject to his debts or engagements or any of them. And of one other sixth part thereof In Trust for my daughter Mary the wife of William Craighead and to be paid transferred or assigned as she by writing or writings under her hand shall from time to time direct free from the control or interference of her said husband and without being subject to his debts or engagements or any of them. And of one other sixth part thereof In Trust for my daughter Janet, wife of Thomas Henson and to be paid transferred or assigned as she by writing or writings under her hand shall from time to time direct free from the control or interference of her husband and without being subject to his debts or engagements or any of them. And of one other sixth part thereof In Trust for my daughter Catherine the wife of James Neilson and to be paid transferred or assigned as she by writing or writings under her hand hall from time to time direct free from the control of her said husband and without being subject to his debts or engagements or any of them. And as to the remaining sixth part thereof In Trust for Isabella Ferrier the wife of George Fowler and to be paid transferred or assigned as he by writing and or writings under her hand shall from time to time direct free from the control or interference of her said husband and without being subject to his debts or engagements or any of them. 

And in case of the death of any one or more of my said children other than the said Isabella McGregor during her life or the life of the said Isabella McGregor leaving a child or children living at the decease of the survivor of us the said Isabella McGregor and myself and in case of the death of any one or more of my said daughters dying after the decease of the survivors of us the said Isabella McGregor and myself and leaving a child or children without having directed the payment transfer or assignment of the sixth part or share parts or shares hereinbefore directed to be held in Trust for such daughter to daughters so dying as aforesaid the sixth part or share hereinbefore directed to be held in Trust for any such child or daughter shall be In Trust for the child or children of the person whose share, if living, it would have been if more than one in equal shares. And to be paid or applied for the benefit of such child or children respectively in such manner in all respects as the Trustees or Trustee for the time being acting in the Trusts of this will shall in their or his discretion think fit. And in the event of the Trustees herein named dying declining or refusing to act in the trusts hereby created or departing from the colony for three calendar months then and from time to time whenever the same shall happen during the lifetime of the said Isabella McGregor it shall be lawful for the said Isabella McGregor by any writing or writings under her hand to appoint a new Trustee or Trustees to act in the execution of the said trusts. And I direct that otherwise in relation to the appointment of new Trustees and in all other respects the property hereby devised and bequeathed shall be subject to the provisions of the conveyancing Ordinance of New Zealand. And I appoint the said Reverend David Hogg and Hugh Montgomery the Executors of this my Will. In Witness whereof I the said Christina Lockhart have hereunto set my hand the First day of August in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty four. 

Codicil 22nd February 1867 

This is a codicil to the will of me Christiana Lockhart of Wanganui in the Province of Wellington and Colony of New Zealand widow which said will bears date the first day of August in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and Sixty four There as by my said Will I have appointed the Reverend David Hogg of Wanganui aforesaid Presbyterian Minister and Hugh Montgomery of Wanganui aforesaid Bailiff to be executors of my said will. And there as by my said will, have given devised and bequeathed all my real and personal estate and effects whatsoever and wheresoever unto the said Reverend David Hogg and Hugh Montgomery to hold to them and the survivors of them and the Trustees or Trustee from time to time acting in the trusts of my said will Upon the trusts and for the purposes therein declared of and concerning the same. And whereas I am desirous of revoking and (unravelling) sic, the appointment of the said Reverend David Hogg as such executor and Trustee as aforesaid and of appointing William Aiken, William Hutchieson and Gregor MacGregor hereinafter (particularly) sic, described to executors of my said will and to act on the trusts thereof in conjunction with the said Hugh Montgomery. Now I do hereby absolutely revoke and annul the appointment of the said David Hogg as such executor and Trustee as aforesaid and I do hereby appoint William Aiken of Wanganui aforesaid carpenter, William Hutchieson of the same place Editor of the Wanganui Chronicle Newspaper and Gregor MacGregor of Wanganui aforesaid farmer to be executors of my said will in conjunction with the said Hugh Montgomery. And I do herein give devise and bequeath all my real and personal estate and effects whatsoever and wheresoever unto the said Hugh Montgomery, William Aiken, William Hutchieson and Gregor MacGregor to hold to them and the survivors of them and the trustees and trustee from time to time acting on the trusts of my said will. Upon and for the trusts interests and purposes by and by and …my said will expressed and declared of and concerning the same. And I declare that my said will shall throughout be read and construed as if the said William Aiken, William Hutchieson and Gregor MacGregor had been named therein as Trustees and executors jointly with the said Hugh Montgomery and I confirm my said will in all respects except so far as the same is altered by the codicil. In witness whereof the said Christina Lockhart have to this codicil to my said will set my hand this twenty second day of February in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and sixty seven. 

Note on Rev David Hogg from the Presbyterian Archives Internet Site 
HOGG, Rev David 
From United Presbyterian Church Scotland. 
Arrived Wellington 12.1852 - Ordained 1853 
Wanganui 1853 - resigned 1866 due to ill-health. 
‘He came to Wellington on eve of Christmas 1852 for the sake of his health,and narrowly escaped in Palliser Bay where the “Slains Castle” hung for hours on a dangerous reef, but was eventually floated off on the rising tide.’He went to Wanganui in 1.1853. His first Church was of toitoi and he had an attendance of about 30. His was a truly pioneer ministry. He lived for years with his family in a small 4 roomed cottage, unlined, on $200 a year, his wife grinding all the flour needed in a little steel hand mill. When not trudging along muddy and uneven cattle tracks he rode a bullock. A new Church was built in 1854. After 13 years of arduous labour he resigned through ill-health in 1866; he lived in Wanganui till 12.1874 when his name disappears from records. 
Resided in a Lunatic Asylum, Adelaide Road, Wellington – had been there some years. 
Died 2.6.1880

Sale of the Lockhart Estate

Wanganui 26th March 1903 
Great interest is being taken in the sale of the valuable properties in the estate of the late Mrs Christina Lockhart, which will be conducted by Messrs C.L. Duigan and Co., the well-known auctioneers in conjunction with the New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Co., Ltd., at their Ridgeway Street rooms, on Thursday, the 26th instant, at 2.30pm. Speculators and investors are specially reminded that the properties are all for absolute sale as the estate must be wound up. The properties to be submitted to the public comprise 36 choice building allotments, one-sixth of an acre each (44ft by 165ft) with frontages to Glasgow, Keith, Niblet and Ball streets. The land is of spended quality, each section being dry and level, would make a splended site; 1¼ acres first-class level suburban land, divided into lots of from two to five acres. The two-acre section has a good six-roomed house and large stable on it. the land is all well grassed, adjoins the properties of Mrs May and Mrs McGregor, behind the racecourse, and is reached by a good level metalled road, only 15 minutes walk from the post office. Two good cottages in Park Place, on the heart of the borough, each with choice allotment (42ft by 132ft). These adjoin the residence of Mr A.A. Gower. Also a valuable section, 30ft by 82ft, Market Square, facing Moutoa Gardens, with good two-storied building thereon, divided into two shops, let for 20s a week. The whole of the properties in the estate are under the Land transfer Act. The sale promises to be the most important real estate auction held in Wanganui for some years. 

Sale of the Lockhart Estate - A Pronounced Success 
The whole of the town properties were sold under the hammer and the only unsold properties are Lot 1, 5 acres behind the golf course, the reserve price being 450 pounds, and lot 2, adjoining 4 acres, reserve price 380 pounds. These two lots are in the auctioneer's hand for private sale at the above prices. The sale realised a total of 5942 pounds 3 shillings.