Lucknow City - General Information- List of Nawabs of Lucknow


Lucknow Travel Guide- Lucknow City - General information about the city and suburban areas-outskirts of the city  and cares to be taken during your travel to Lucknow
Lucknow  is the  capital city of Uttar Pradesh State in India and  the 2nd most populous city of the State. At present, population of Lucknow is about 28,81,416. Lucknow is also the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. 

Lucknow has always been a multicultural city. Courtly manners, beautiful gardens, poetry, music, and fine cuisine patronized by the earlier Nawabs of the city are well known in the whole world.  Lucknow is popularly known as the The City of Nawabs. 

History of Lucknow is believed to begin after the brother of Suryawanshi king Lord Rama, Lakshmana,   established a town at the present site of Lakshman Tila (Tile Vali Mosque). Lucknow was then named Lakshmanpuri or Lakhanpuri or Laknamau after him. Slowly the name Lakhanpuri became 'Lakhnau' and then named Lucknow.
Lucknow's Bhool-Bhoolaiya, Rumi Darwaja, Bada Imambara complex, La Martiniere Collage are all examples of architectural masterpieces. Lucknow city is so charming that it brings  smile on one's face. You can feel the Nafast, Nazakat, tehzeed, ada of city during your tour.  Lucknow is well known for its Chikankari (clothes, art, zari, zardozi, warq or tazia makers, marsia singers,and the Lakhnavi foods.
  A new Heritage Walk  is being organised daily from 7.00 am to 12.00 am. If interested, please contact Volunteer: Shri  Naved Zia: 94150 13047 Tourist Guide, or   UPTOURS Travel Division.0522-2612659,2615005

Lucknow is now most preferred tourist destination due to its imperial splendor which always fascinated people from all over the world. The city still preserves the Nawabi (Royal) culture, leisurely habits, etiquette, manners, architecture, veg/non-veg. foods and taste. The Nawabs of the 18th century, imparted a distinct and unique image to the city by providing Lucknow the feeling of religious and secular edifices.

The architectural blend of European style and Mughal stylistic legacy that could be seen in surviving monuments is probably best of the world. The city spread evenly on both sides of Gomti River, offers a plenty of places of tourist importance. You may get here information and latest photos of Lucknow City and also places (outskirt) of Tourist interest, etc.

Bibiapur Kothi    ►   Lucknow Zoo   ►       Helplines in Lucknow  ►   Florists in Lucknow  ►       Food in Lucknow   ►     Florists in Lucknow  ►      Picnic Spots in Lucknow  Dilkusha-lucknow  ►      Butler Palace_Lucknow  ►   Jama_Masjid_Lucknow ►     GPO-Lucknow

Lucknow  is one of the most educated cities in India with a literacy rate of about 82.5%. Besides being a major market & trading city of Northern India, it is also an emerging hub for producers of goods and services. Lucknow is   now one of the many booming sectors of the economy. There are several shopping malls, residential complexes (view list of upcoming flats and apartments for sale in Lucknow) and business complexes throughout the city.

Lucknow has been a mandi town for mangoes, melons, and grains grown in the surrounding areas. Sugarcane-growing plantations and sugar industries are also in close proximity. The city is also famous for its chikan clothes, zardozi, pottery in addition to kite making, handicrafts, Kivam and bone carving products. Lucknow is famous for its small scale industries that are based on unique styles of embroidery, namely, Chikan and Lakhnawi Zardozi, both of which are significant foreign exchange earners. Chikan clothes style has caught the fancy of fashion designers in Bollywood and abroad. Lucknow is in fact famous for Chikan clothes and tourists coming to Lucknow, take with them at least one piece of Chikan clothes. 

Lucknow, with its excellent educational, commercial, banking and legal infrastructure, is witnessing fast  growth in information technology, banking, retailing, bio-technology, construction and other service sectors. Private coaching institutions for preparing aspirants of competitive exams and services, hailing from UP and nearby cities, is another business that is flourishing in Lucknow. 

Lucknow is a Historical Place. A number of monuments are main attractions for tourists here. Great Bara Imambara, Chhota Imambara, Residency, and Shah Najaf Imambara, The Constantia, are some of the great  monuments of architectural importance at Lucknow that are still in good shape. The famous 'Bhul Bhulaiyan' (Labyrinth) is part of Asafi Imambara complex. Some other places of interest are the Picture Gallery, Chattar Manzil, State Museum / Lucknow Zoo, Shaheed Smarak, Dilkusha, Ambedkar Memorial, Planetarium, Baradari and Ram Krishna Math, Residency, and so on. Beautiful Vidhan Sabha (State Legislative Assembly), the Clock Tower and the Charbagh Railway Station, are some of the most splended buildings of the city with its distinctive domes, arches and pillars. In Hazratganj area, St Joseph's Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lucknow. Some of the oldest schools in India are also situated in Lucknow: La Martiniere Lucknow,  Loreto Convent Lucknow and the Colvin Taluqdar's College.Amiruddaula Islamia Inter collge is about 100 years old.

Lucknow has several well-kept parks that attract the citizenry in large numbers of evenings, holidays and weekends. The bigger parks are Lohia park in Gomti Nagar, Swarn Jayanti park and , Dilkusha Park, Begum Hazrat Mahal Park, Globe Park, Mukherjee Phuhaar, Haathi Park, Buddha park, and Neebu Park  and Botanical Garden (You can view and read all about them here). The sprawling National Botanical Garden at Sikandarbagh on the banks of Gomti river is also worth visiting. Kukrail Picnic spot is another most beautiful place that is also known as Reserve Forest, Kukrail Crocodile Park besides   Moosa Bagh.  Nearby areas of interest are the  Katarnia Ghat, Dudhwa National Park, Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary (Unnao)and Samaspur Bird Sanctuary. You can have more information about these here.

Lucknow is bravely struggling to retain its old world charm while at the same time acquiring a modern lifestyle. Regarded as one of the finest cities of India, Lucknow represents a culture that combines emotional warmth, a high degree of sophistication, courtesy, and a love for gracious living. Aminabad, a famous market is situated in the heart of the city.Today, Lucknow is a city that is witnessing an economic boom and is among the top ten fastest growing non-major-metropolitan cities of India. It is a centre of Hindi and Urdu literature. Lucknow is lovely. Please smile you are visiting Lucknow. You will like it. 

Guidance for Tourists:

Lucknow is a  city famous worldwide for its  manners and etiquette, culture and crafts, for its splendid historical buildings and for the beautiful gardens. But like all other places, some kind of care is required in view of changed environment and place. Dress:  Please put on normal kind of clothing. At least for ladies, short skirts, particularly in religious places and the main markets of Lucknow, are not advisable. There are now modern Malls, like Saharaganj, Fun Republic, Wave East end Mall and Hajratganj, where one can put on any type of clothing. People in the  crowded places of old city  are in fact not used to such type of culture or dresses.

Roads :  Be careful when you cross the roads. There are rarely zebra crossings on the road. Onething more, in Lucknow left turn is allowed for vehicles even without signals. Hence be careful while crossing the roads.

Care : During Festivals, like Moharram, Id, Bara Mangal  and other Melas (बड़ा मंगल मेला  -हनुमान जी की विशेष आराधना), a portion of roads may be closed. Please take guidance from the Guide or Hotel people before visiting any place during festiv season.

Bara Imambara is one of the most amaziung Monuments in Lucknow. While visiting Bara Imambara (Bhool Bhlaiyan) keep a torch with you. Remember, most staris go upwards. So dont be alarmed of inside Imambara. Go straight upwards and there you will find roof where you will get direct down stairs.You may have to remove your shoes before going inside Imambaras or other Religious places  like temples. Please keep them in trusted hands before leaving.

Beggars :  Very little numbers of beggers are in the city. They  may follow politely  but do not encourage them by providing money. Keep yourself in groups. If you are alone avoid lonely places. People in Lucknow are kind and soft spoken with full of manners and courtesy but still there may be  some avoidable unpleasant moments.

Toilets and Wash Rooms:  A number of toilets and wash rooms in almost all localities are available with a very nominal fee of Re.1 or 2.  These are called SULABH Shauchalaya. The facility is also available in Residency and other Imambaras. The toilets may be little dirty but at least they are availale.

Conveyance :  It is advisable to take pre-paid taxi or autos from government sponsored counters at Airport and railway station. They will provide you proper receipt. Other modes like three wheelers, Tempos, private taxi, Rickshaw walas and the old Ekka, Tanga (with horse) are also available.If you are staying in a Hotel, please ask them to provide you proper taxi. 

Drinking Water: Take only aqua water (available in bottles). Buy it only from reliable shops. Do not use water outside, it may be contaminated and you may fell ill.

Shopping : Lucknow is famous for most beautiful light chikan clothes, suitable especially for summers, Tundre Kabab (special dish), gazak, revari,  Dushahari Mangoes (a very sweet variety of mango grown in outskirts of the city). Chikan is a delicate  (craft) cloth, involving unique  and artistic embroidery done by hands, mostly by women in Lucknow,  on a variety of textile fabrics  like muslin, silk, chiffon, organiza, doriya and organdi. There are around 59  types of stitches used in chikan work, of which murri, tepchi, tappa, dhum, katao bakhia, jali  are mainly  used to  develop exquisite designs and look.  In addition to kurtas, sarees, salwar suits, topis, rumal and dupattas, chikan craft  is being used on new items like table covers, tray covers, napkins and other pieces of decoration. The demand for these art pieces is increasing daybyday in India and abroad.  In Lucknow city mainly chikan work is to done  in the chowk locality (old city) and Daliganj. Besides chikan work the Zardozi and  Kandani works of Lucknow are also appreciated far and wide.  These hand embroidery works are done on sarees, deputtas and many other clothes of daytoday use. 

While buying clothes, please note there is bargaining in some shops of chowk area and Aminabad. But there are fixed rates in Hazratganj and malls. Sewa Chikan Shops are some of the trusted shops.

Photography in some religious places may not be allowed. Please ensure to avoid an awkward situation. But still remember people in Lucknow are soft spoken and seldom hurt  anyone. Guests and tourists are most liked and respected.

Best time to visit Lucknow - Climate of Lucknow

Lucknow has a lovely climate in November and December.Generally,  it has warm subtropical climate with cool, dry winters from December to February and dry, hot summers from April to June. The sky of Lucknow is covered with clouds in July and August. However,rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September, when Lucknow gets an average rainfall of 1010 mm (40 in) mostly from the south-west monsoon winds. In winter the maximum temperature is around 21 degrees Celsius and the minimum is in the 3 to 4 degrees Celsius range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January.It may be difficult to drive sometimes. Summers can be quite hot with temperatures rising to the 40 to 45 degree Celsius range.

Beautiful Photos Pictures of Lucknow Monuments, city and Outskirts   ►     Hazratganj   ►     Dewa Sarif Dargah in Lucknow       Lucknow Helplines

How to reach Lucknow : 


Lucknow Amausi Airport (Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport) is directly connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Kolkata, and Varanasi with regular flights. Distance from Airport to City (Hazratganj)  is about 20 Kms.  

Lucknow Airport- Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport, Lucknow  


Lucknow Railway Station (Charbagh)  is well connected to almost all major cities of India. New trains have also been introduced, information can be had from Indian Railway site.  Some of the important trains are : 2003/2004 Shatabdi Exp., 5063/5064 Awadh Exp., 9165/9166 Sabarmati Exp., 2553/2554 Vaishali Exp., 5609/5610 Avadh Assam Exp., 8475/8476 Neelanchal Exp., 3483/3484 Ganga Yamuna Exp., 4229/4230 Lucknow Mail., 2419/2420 Gomti Exp.,4057/4058 Kashi-Vishwanath Exp., 4011/4012 Nauchandi Exp., 1015/1016 Bombay Gorakhpur Exp., 5011/5012 Cochin-Gorakhpur Exp.

More Information about Lucknow Railway Station : Charbagh


Lucknow is well connected by road with most of the  cities of our country. For  pre-paid taxi booking you may contact Pre-paid booth at Charbagh Railway Station.

Roads connecting Lucknow :

The high ways connecting Lucknow are (i)  Kanpur Road (Unnao-Kanpur-Agra), (ii)  Allahabad Road (Rae-Bareli - Allahabad-Varanasi- onwards), (iii) Faizabad Road (Barabanki-Faizabad(Ayodhya)-Basti, Gorakhpur-onwards)  Sultanpur Road (Lucknow -Sultanpur -Varanasi), Sitapur Road ( Lucknow -Sitapur-Bareilly-New Delhi) and Hardoi Road.  You can view all these roads maps as well as cities  on Lucknow Search Map.

Road Distances

Some of the major road distances are :

Agra - 363 km, Allahabad - 210 km, Ayodhya - 134 km, Calcutta - 985 km, Kanpur - 80 km, Khajuraho - 320 km,
Varanasi - 286  km., Gorakhpur -265 Km. Delhi-500 Km
Dewa Sharif Dargah: 25 Km., Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary: 43 Kms. Neemsaar: 95 Kms. Jhansi: 297 Km. Khajuraho: 320 Km.

More Distances - Road Distances from Lucknow

Transportation in Lucknow-Information about local means of transport in Lucknow city, UP, India

The readily available modes of public transport in the city are Auto Rickshaw (Three Whealer), Tempo, Taxi , city buses, cycle rickshaws   and CNG Buses. Tanga is also used in some part in the old city for visitors.

Lucknow is well linked with all parts of the country.
Amausi Airport and Charbagh Railway station are the air port and main railway station.  You can use taxi, bus for visiting Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Ayodhya, Neemsaar, and Gorakhpur or other nearby places of importance in Lucknow [must-see in Lucknow. ] For outstation travel from Lucknow AC buses are available for different places.  You may book  them online through the following link: 

Bus Service in Lucknow

Taxi/Auto at Lucknow Railway (Charbagh) Station:

Prepaid auto,taxi are available at Railway Sation in Lucknow at nominal rates and the arrangement is looked by government agency, Government Railway Police.  It is safe always to hire a taxi, auto at Pre-paid Centre at Railway Station.  After reaching Lucknow, Hotel authorities also provides taxi services. Taxi from strangers should be avoided.

Films based on Lucknow and Films wherein shooting in Lucknow was done:
Nazma of Ashok Kumar, Sheesh Mahal  by Sohrab Modi, Dahej by V. Shanta ram, Anhoni  of Nargis, Paying Guest; Chaudahvi ka Chand; Bahu Begam; Mere Huzur; Mere Mehboob; Palki; Shatranj Ke Khilari by Satya Jeet Ray; Shole of Ashok Kumar and Reena Rai; Mehandi; Shama of Suraiya; Umrao Jaan; Gadar; Babar, ; Ishqjade; Ya Rab,; Kuchh Log

Population of Lucknow District : 45,89,838 - (Male : 2394476, Female 2195362)

Lanugage of Lucknow - Hindi, English, Urdu

Time zone: IST (UTC+5:30) State : Uttar Pradesh

Mayor of Lucknow :  

District Magistrate :  

Area of Lucknow: 2,345 km² (905 sq mi) 

Density   331/km² (857/sq mi)  Pincode : 226 xxx, STD Code : 0522, Vehicle : UP-32

Elevation : 123 Mts. above sea level

Latitude:  26° 50' North 
Longitude:  80° 54' East 

Lucknow STD Code: 0522
Lucknow Pin Codes : begins with 226 ...

Nawabs of Lucknow -Chronology of Awadh rulers:
Although early history of Awadh is not available, it is the King Akbar’s regime when he divided the whole country into 12 provinces. Lucknow was selected as the seat of Subedar of Awadh. Firstly, Shaikh Abdur Rahim, a nobleman was entrusted with the jagir of Awadh. He built Panch Mahla and his tomb can be still seen at the Nadan Mahal. He also constructed Macchi Bhawan at the present site of Medical College in Lucknow. The power of the Shaikhzadas had remained unchallenged till Saadat Khan stepped in who was appointed as Subedar in the year 1722. Nawab Saadat Khan in fact, laid the real royal foundations of Lucknow. At present, a locality called Saadat ganj in Lucknow is one of the most thickly populated area of Lucknow.

  1. Meer Muhammad Amin - Saadat Khan - Burhan-ul-Mulk 1720-1739 - He was the first ruler of Awadh and the real founder of Awadh 
  2. Abul Mansur Khan Safdar Jung 1739-1754
  3. Shuja-ud-Daula 1754-1775
  4. Asaf-ud-Daula 1775-1797
  5. Wazir Ali 1797-1798
  6. Saadat Ali Khand 1798-1814
  7. Ghazi-ud-din Haider 1814-1827
  8. Nasir-ud-din Haider 1827-1837
  9. Muhammad Ali Shah 1837-1847
  10. Amjad Ali Shah 1842-1847
  11. Wajid Ali Shah 1847-1856

Tips before your travel:

1. Know the geography - Keep a map of the Lucknow city and also addresses of your destination- Hotel,etc.. You may used  Google maps and locate your places of visit. 

2. Keep a copy of all important information e.g. Ticket PNR numbers, credit card and phone numbers, driving license number, ID Card, passport copy  and your itinerary. Post a copy of these to yourself through e-mail (keep encrypted file) so that these are easily available anywhere through net, if required. Please note if you have PNR number, you can get duplicate ticket issued at the Airport.

3. Find how much luggage you are allowed  to take through airlines, particularly size of hand bag. Travel light as you may need more space for all news things you will buy. Keep an extra mobile set and chip, if possible. Mark your luggage with stickers, etc. to easily identify as luggage may look same at the Airport luggage collection tables. You may simply tie a handkerchief with its handle to easily identify.

4. Prefer resealable  bags to put toiletries. It will save your clothes from any spillages.

5. Pack a Medical Kit - Get advice from your Doctor and carry a  medical kit with all necessary tablets -headache, fever stomach, digestive disorders and most important is the pill that takes care of anxiety and fear.

6. Know the climate of your destination and pack suitable clothes  as per the climatic conditions and accordingly to the likes/dislikes prevailing at the place of destination.. Just check Net for climate future predictions.

7. Do not ignore it  - Do inform someone about your trip. Keep in touch on your cell phone. 

8. Ask the Hotel/Resort to arrange for your local trip. It is safer. It is always advisable to hire services by trusted people.

9. While traveling with children always keep enough to snack and drink, particularly water bottles. Do not accept anything from strangers. Avoid food at not well-known place.

If you are reaching at your destination late at night, pack your undergarments, Bermuda, paijamas ready to use. Have number of taxi  and name of taxi driver ready in advance. It is advised to use toilets provided in the train instead of toilets at Station during night.

Avoid services offered by stranger guides. Prefer only those recommended by Government/Hotel.

Know the features of your camera/Mobile. You may miss important shorts due to ignorance. Don't forget to keep chargers and additional sim cards as well as memory card.

13. Take Care of your valuables. Do not leave them in open. Zip all your bags. Carry a pouch with you that can be secured to the waist using a strap. Put all your money, tickets and cards inside it.

14. Do not share food or drinks offered by strangers. Just Politely refuse it. There have been instances of people being druged and robbed.

A  link appears to be useful if you are going abroad: 



What to see and things to do in Lucknow, places to see in Lucknow, Sightseeing and Tourist Attractions in Lucknow  -  information  on what to see in Lucknow, places of Historical importance and other important and must see places in Lucknow -  

  1. Lucknow Sight Seeing Day -1
  2. Lucknow -Sight Seeting Day -1 -After lunch
  3. Lucknow Sight Seeing Day-2
  4. Lucknow Sight Seeing Day-3
  5. Lucknow Sight Seeing Day-4 - Lucknow Outskirts - worth visiting during your tour to Lucknow: 
  6. Lucknow Sight Seeing Day-5
  7. 16 Worth Seeing Places in Lucknow


What to do in Lucknow - Places of Tourist attraction -What to do in leisurely time in Lucknow - what to know about Lucknow - Places to see in Lucknow - Must See in Lucknow - Best time to visit Lucknow - How to get a House  and Flat in Lucknow, River in Lucknow - Newspapers in Lucknow - Parks and Picnic spots in Lucknow- Hotels and Guest House in Lucknow, Emergency in Lucknow, Map of Lucknow, What is important in Lucknow

1. You may like to drive and Visit outskirts to see place worth visiting and the beauty of rural Lucknow -specially mustered fields -More

2. Visit 16 most important historical places worth visiting in Lucknow

3. Lucknow city   is also famous for hand-embroidered 'Chikan' work on both male and female traditional attires which not only look elegant but are also comfortable wears for summer season. You may like to purchase a number of  hand crafted articles depicting traditional Indian, Hindu and Muslim cultures at one place.  

4.  Lucknow is also famous for  mouth-watering    kebabs-  that melt the moment they are put on the tongue.  Biryani is also one of the most liked dish.
5. See the beautiful banks/temples around the river Gomti in Lucknow

लखनऊ नाम  महज गुम्बद वो मीनार नही , सिर्फ़ एक शहर नहीं  कूचा वो बाज़ार नहीं , इसके दामन में मुहब्बत के फूल खिलते हैं - इसकी गलियों में फरिश्तों के पते मिलते हैं a Lucknow Shayar