Make A Multi-Mineral Supplement
Minerals are an essential nutrient that cannot be made by the body or obtained in any other way except from the environment. If you have enough minerals in your system, it will keep your heart functioning, production of necessary vitamins going, bones strong, pH at its proper level and unwanted toxins out. Once upon a time, when people drank wild water and did not acidify the air and soil by burning vast quantities of oil, it may have been possible to get all the minerals you needed from food and drink alone. Today it will almost always require a mineral supplement of some form.

 Building A Mineral Supplement

Minerals are often referred to as the "building blocks of life". To put it another way, minerals are what we are made of. A deficiency in any necessary minerals will result in disease. Different microbes or parasites may be involved that give the disease a modern name, but the root cause of the disease is not enough minerals to give the body the strength and ability to resist invaders. The earth is a giant pile of minerals, so they should not be excessively expensive.Minerals should be obtained from a wide a variety of sources to get as many different kinds of minerals as possible.

   How Much to Take 

A healthy young person could probably maintain their health and fulfill their mineral requirements with a teaspoon to a tablespoon of mixed minerals a day. A sick person or someone who is trying to make up for years of deficient foods and chemical medicines would probably need more, such as a quarter cup a day. Start in small doses whenever you introduce anything new to the diet and use your own biofeedback to determine what is best for you. Always drink plenty of water when you are taking mineral supplements. If you become constipated after increasing the amount of minerals you are taking, you aren't drinking enough water and should add more.

Acids are added to the minerals to help make them more digestible and available to the body. Your own body would supply the acids if you didn't include them with the minerals, but mixing acids with minerals helps make the process of chelating and using the minerals easier for the body.

I suggest the following be combined to build a full-array mineral supplement with companion nutrients:

MINERALS -- 9 tablespoons (combined) of
Bentonite clay, Powdered dolomite, Plant ashes, Garden fertilizer grade Epsom Salts,Borax and/or Azomite
ACIDS -- 3 tablespoons (combined) of
Ascorbic acid, Citric acid or Tartaric acid (cream of tartar)
BIOFLAVONOIDS -- 2 tablespoons (combined) of:
Ground lemon, orange or grapefruit peel, camu-camu, paprika, mango powder (amchoor), chili powder, cayenne powder, ginger and/or turmeric
GULONOLACTONE -- 1 tablespoon (combined) of
Cinnamon and/or Dessicated Liver

Mix together and pack into gelatin capsules. Eat 3 tablespoons' worth a day for general maintenance and good health.
You may want to start with a small amount and then gradually increase as you are sure you are comfortable with it.
Can be increased up to a quarter cup if you have serious health issues, but make sure you drink plenty of water with it.

 Why Those Ingredients?

Bentonite clay -- A good all-around source of minerals that is easy to find.
Powdered Dolomite - A good all-around source of minerals that is easy to find.
Plant ashes --  Full-array minerals that are bio-active by being derived from life, includes trace minerals plants took from soil
Garden fertilizer grade Epsom Salts - Less easy to find, but a good source of magnesium which is often deficient in our food. Don't substitute with Food or Medical grade epsom salts, which has been processed ("purified" as they call it) so that all the other minerals that should come with the magnesium have been removed (probably to be sold separately.). Use something else instead (see Magnesium) for sources. Bath grade epsom salts may be acceptable if they are pure epsom salts mined from the ground with no additives. Too much magnesium can cause diarrhea, so increase the amount of magesium slowly and then reduce it if you start to get this reaction. But definitely include some magnesium as this is one of the most deficient minerals in our western diets..
Borax - Easy to get in the U.S. (it's the 20-mule team Borax in the laundry aisle), this contains boron which is important for bone strength and often deficient in our diets. Limit to 1/4 teaspoon per day dosage, however.
Azomite - A good source of trace minerals, can be bought online.
Acids, either Ascorbic acid, Citric acid or Tartaric acid  - Minerals need acids to function properly in the body. Your body can supply many of these acids, but it is good to add some more to be sure. Citric and ascorbic acid are both very good at making minerals work right in the body, and citric and ascorbic have the added advantage of being part of the Vitamin C complex. Ground black pepper and ground cayenne pepper are also a good source of chelating acids.
Bioflavonoids - Will enhance the activity of the acids, making minerals more "bio-active", or usable by your body.
Gulonolactone - An enzyme needed to make ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) which our bodies cannot make.

  Isn't there any other way to take them?

Sure. Take them any way that is convenient for you. Mixed with beef tallow will create the stearate version of the mineral. Mix with honey or jam if you like. You can make them into pills by pressing them into molds (see my page on making magnesium lactate pills
here). or mix with gelatine or jello to make "jello shots".

Personally, I prefer the gelatin capsule route. I pack everything into gelatine capsules now. I used to mix them with liquid food acids and slow-cook to chelate them and then pack them into pill mold forms, but they were too difficult to swallow. Two things I am considering and will experiment with when I get a round tuit are: (1) Mixing the minerals mixture with soft tallow and putting that into the pill mold forms That should be easier to swallow. The tallow is stearic acid, so that will chelate the minerals. (2) Making a thick jel from bones such as pigs' feet or oxtail and then mixing the minerals into that and letting it set, basically making a mineral "jello shot", which I hear goes down very easily.

 Are There Any Other Minerals Sources You Could Use?

Yes. If you are aware you have a deficiency in one mineral and not another, you may want to add or substitute some other minerals sources, or you may find it easier to get one type of mineral source rather than another. Soil, dirt and clay are all composed mainly of minerals and you can forage for them and then treat them to sterilize them.

 Other Sources And Substitutes  

Bone meal. Good source of calcium and phosphorus to balance the magnesium and sulfate if you're taking epsom salts. Calcium works with magnesium; phosphorus works with sulfur. Bone meal is primarily calcium and phosphorus. Epsom salts are primarily magnesium and sulfur. Together they provide a balanced source of the major minerals and, if derived from a natural, non-synthetic source, will also provide varied trace minerals.
Magnesium carbonate
Calamine Powder. Can be ordered online. Not sold for internal consumption but if it says "pure calamine" it is powdered zinc with a little iron (which is what makes it pink). Zinc is especially good for healing wounds and male fertility.

Chalk Make sure it doesn't have any colors or perfumes in it. You can also use grip chalk from an athletic supply store. Plain chalk is magnesium carbonate or magnesite.
Charcoal. Gray and black powder and small pieces left behind after a garden or campfire. This is ash and charcoal. Ordinary wood or plant charcoal is similar to activated charcoal. Charcoal can also be purchased in the aquarium department of pet stores to use in water filters.
Earth (the dirt in the ground) Find some area of land that has not been exposed to chemicals, preferably under tall trees whose leaves are left to decompose on the soil and dig there. Let dry and sift out pebbles. I have three sources. One: I picked up some red earth in Devon (which is supposed to be very high in iron). I let it dry for several months to be sure all that was living in it got out and then blended it. I take it in capsules but I tasted it and it actually did taste sweet. I guess that's what they mean when they say some soil is sweet. Two: After I scooped up the gray powder from the fire, I took what what left of the ash and charcoal mixed with the upper layer of soil. Three, some dirt by a river that was kindly dig up by moles and left deposited neatly in piles on the ground.
French green clay. That's another type of dirt. I order it online. You can also get red desert clay in the US. I believe the clay is from the Mojave Desert in the US. NASA uses it for the astronauts to prevent mineral loss from bones in space. If you use green clay you can reduce the amount of acids needed because it is already partially chelated by the kelp in in it.
Gravel dust, supposed to be available free from the silt ponds at gravel sites.
Iodine. I use Lugol's solution which I either drop onto vitamin D tablets and add to powdered kelp or I mix with French green clay (which has some kelp in it). I pack either into gelatin capsules. I ordered the Lugol's online.
Kelp, powdered. Ordered online. If I lived near the shore I would gather it when it is washed ashore and let it dry and when it is dry, put it through the blender to powder it. If you use kelp, you can reduce the amount of acids needed because it is already chelated.
Leaf mulch Foraged from the ground about a foot deep in the soil, in old woods that are undisturbed. Trees bring up minerals from the earth and deposit them in their leaves, so fine leaf mulch will have a lot of "deep-down" trace minerals. Put it through the blender to make it finer and either pack it in capsules or mix it with food if it is palatable to you..

Mirabilite. Also called "sal mirabile" or miracle salt. It's used as an herb in Chinese Traditional Medicine and as part of the process that results in making DMSO. I can order it online at a CTM site but it's too expensive so it may be processed. I understand it can be found in its natural state in the Great Salt Lake in Utah; Trona, California and the Mammoth Cave Plateau in Kentucky.
Nigari. Used to make tofu. This is magnesium chloride but be sure to get nigari made in China because the nigari usually sold is from Japan which synthesizes it.
Potash (if you can find a source you are sure is made from wood ash and not purified). You can make your own by burning wood or plant material that you know does not contain chemicals in a pot and collecting the ash. Usually, a good source for potassium, which was named after the "pot ash" where it was first discovered.
Sand. Get sand that is as fine and clay-like as you can find, Dry it thoroughly and then put it thru a blender on high to pulverize more finely, then sift it through a fine sieve or cloth..
Volcanic rock dust (another name for dolomite powder). Used to spread on organic gardens.
Wood ash Either gray or white, scooped up from the ashes of a wood or natural vegetation fire (not charcoal briquettes or fires started with lighter fluid. Burning all the garden waste at the end of the harvest season is a good source. You can also use ashes from a wood stove as long as it is not chemically treated wood. .

   Where Can I Find My Own Mineral Sources?

Minerals are the  main ingredient in dirt.
• Go for a picnic along the river.
Look at the bank on the side of the river for clay, which is fine-particled dirt.
• Hardware or garden supply shops.
Read the labels of the all the boxes of fertilizer. You're looking for ones that indicate that it is composed solely of crushed rock dug from the ground. Write to the manufacturer and ask them if you find any likely candidate.
• Go for a walk in the woods.
Find some place under a tall tree where you are sure there has been no artificial chemicals added to it, and dig up some dirt. Dry and sift until it is a fine powder.
• Take the kids to the beach. If you see any kelp, harvest it. Seashells will also supply minerals but you'll have to be able to crush it, so don't get thick clam shells. Fine sand by the shoreline can also be used.

 How Should I Process or Prepare My Own Foraged Minerals?

Let them dry out in the air, and sun if possible, and  filter through a coarse sieve or colander to remove larger pebbles or contaminants. Then filter through a finer sieve, then run them through a blender on high until they are as fine as you can get them. If you prefer sterilizing it, put it in an oven at 250F and let it stay there a half hour. You will lose the probiotics value of raw dirt but some people will feel more comfortable cooking it at first. At least the minerals will still be in it. Afterwards, if it is clumpy, run it through a blender at high speed.

We often don't get enough minerals from our food.
Pollution caused by burning carbon dioxide into the air causes the rain to turn acidic as the carbon dioxide converts into carbonic acid. This acidic rain, in turn, falls onto the ground and depletes the minerals in our soil and thus our food. (A good reason to be against pumping carbon dioxide into the air regardless of your opinion about its effect on the climate.)

And often, we don't even get enough minerals in our minerals.
Minerals are bulky and take up space. For that reason, many manufacturers of multi-vitamin tablets just leave them out, or put in a few well-known minerals and leave out the rest. Unfortunately, minerals work in concert with each other and putting in one mineral without including its companion  minerals can result in deficiency symptoms of the missing minerals. The most common example is calcium and magnesium. Calcium is often added as a supplement to foods such as bread or to multi vitamin and mineral supplements, but calcium by itself without magnesium will leach magnesium from the body, causing its deficiency. For this reason, I recommend looking at a magnesium source as a base for taking minerals, and then expanding outwards from there to get a wide variety of minerals.

Minerals need to be chelated with acids so that they are more bio-available to the body, and acids should be taken with minerals so that they don't deplete the minerals of the body causing mineral deficiencies. Read more about ways to mix and prepare minerals for ingestion. See vitamin C for more details on chelating with ascorbic acid, magnesium diy for information on chelating chalk (magnesite) with kitchen acids and making pills, and magnesium sulfate diy for more on using epsom salts as your source for mineral chelation and supplementation. Citric acid can also be used to form the citrate version of a mineral.

All disease has a mineral deficiency component, either as cause, exacerbation or inhibiting healing. A drop in the amount of minerals in the blood (referrred to as "blood pH)* occurs at the beginning of every disease state.

Is Brix the same as minerals?
There is anecdotal evidence supporting that high brix means high minerals, but there has never been a scientific study done on the subject that we know about..

What's the difference between minerals and electrolytes, alkali and ions?
In a science lab there may be some difference, but in the kitchen they mean the same thing, except that if it is called "minerals" it will cost you less than the other words.

 Other Words That Mean "MInerals"

• Alkalize,  buffer, buffering, electrolyze, and ionize are expensive words that basically mean "add minerals to". Electrolytes and ions are minerals.
• "Atoms" can often be read as meaning minerals, although this usage is uncommon.
• "Basic" or "base" means minerals.
• Bone meal is minerals that came from living things so it doesn't need to be chelated with an acid, but it should be balanced with magnesium and potassium
• Borax is a mineral
• "Brix", technically, does not mean minerals but in practice it is believed by people who are into brix that high minerals is part of what makes high brix.
 "Chelate complex" means minerals with the acid already mixed in.
• Clay and rock dust mean minerals. If clay is mixed with some life-based matter, like french green clay has kelp mixed in with it, then it is a mineral with its own life-based or acidic matter in it. If a mineral is naturally part life-based or acidic, like green clay or ordinary dirt, it doesn't need to be chelated.
 Lime or dolomite are particular types of minerals.
 Potash and ash mean the ash leftover from burning plant material, which used to be burned in a pot. It is pure minerals. Charcoal is some minerals with some wood (acid, life-based) still left.
 Salt is a mineral. "Salts" means "minerals".
• Soda can mean minerals but I do not recommend using anything called "soda ash" (unless you made it yourself by burning seaweed), and substituting with "pot ash" instead. Baking  soda and washing soda are both minerals, named after the sodium in them, which is a mineral.

 Iron Deficiency

Many people, especially women, have low-grade deficiencies in iron. Anemia is a symptom of iron deficiency, but there are other symptoms of lesser deficiency that still degrade the quality of life even if they don't show up on iron deficiency tests. If you have brittle nails, cold hands and/or feet or are often cold when other people in the room are warm, occasional, mild erratic heartbeat (more severe erratic heartbeat may indicate a deficiency in magnesium) or overhanging fat (fat that folds down over the skin rather than just grows outward) that is difficult to get rid of even on starvation diets, then it is possible that you have iron deficiency. Mainstream medical tests often do not detect low-grade mineral deficiencies, so the next test to determine if you are iron deficient is to take some iron supplements and see if that helps you any.

Some good iron supplements are:
Red clay, which is not only rich in iron oxide but comes with companion minerals to balance the iron.
Ferrous sulfate, the traditional remedy
Chelated iron with blackstrap molasses
An iron tonic such as Floridax (Not the greatest-tasting stuff in the world. Mix it with fruit juice and drink it through a straw to bypass as many of the tastebuds as possible.)
Make your own iron tonic with yellow dock root
Adding iron-rich foods to your diet may help, as long as you intend to keep eating them indefinitely, but food is questionable as a source for anything because our soils and food chains have been so depleted themselves, and the nutrient quantities of any food is only as good as the soil it grew on or the food it ate.

As with all medical/nutritional supplements, start with small amounts of each and listen to your own biofeedback to determine dosage.

Overdoses of iron can be dangerous and even fatal in children. It is unlikely that an adult could take a dangerous amount of iron because it would cause constipation long before it got to that level. There are a rare number of people who are genetically disposed to being averse to large quantities of iron. Exercise caution and common sense.


Borax. The government says that a quarter teaspoon a day is safe. Not that I believe the governmet, but that's the dosage that others in the alternative health community use so I go along with it for now. I don't know if a "00" capsule is exactly a 1/4 teaspoon, but they look to be in the same ball park.

Tooth decay and Teeth Re-Mineralization
Teeth will re-mineralize if there are enough minerals in the saliva for them to draw from. However, they cannot re-make themselves where pieces have fallen off or been drilled out of the tooth..

Natural minerals dug from the soil will contain trace amounts of all the elements, including such things as lead, aluminum and arsenic. These are only a problem in their synthetic versions. Minute amounts in their natural, wild state are probably essential nutrients. If you find a mineral source for sale that says it is pure or something-free without contaminants, that usually means it has been subjected to various procedures to extract the other elements which are then sold separately and the now-denatured salt, soil etc. without its full array of minerals is them sold at a premium price because it has been purified. With minerals, it is often the case that the cheaper it is, the closer it is to the earth it came from.
Coral calcium is hard to absorb. Very true. It should be crushed and powdered, mixed with a natural magnesium source such as chalk, and then chelated with organic acids so that it can be utilized by the body, otherwise it just passes through the body unused.

Dolomite is hard to absorb. Somewhat true. It needs to be combined with acids in order to be fully utilized by the body, otherwise most of it may pass through the body unused. Some of it will be chelated by the hydrochloric acid in the stomach, however, or by the other acids in the body.

Why garden fertilizer grade Epsom salts and not food or medical grade?  Any magnesium that is food or pharmaceutical grade will be refined, heated, mixed with sulfuric acid, extracted etc. so that it is "pure". If you want an all-natural source of magnesium fresh from the rocks it came from with all its companion and trace minerals, you will have to get something that is not made for or intended as food. A little "extra added bonus" you will get from garden fertilizer epsom salts/magnesium sulfate is, because sulfur and selenium are very closely related and usually found together in nature, it is very likely that your garden grade epsom salts will contain some of this vital mineral that is frequently depleted in our soil and food.

What about the lead, mercury, arsenic etc. found in trace amounts in naturally sourced minerals?
Any natural mineral source mined from the soil will contain trace elements of lead etc, as does soil  The lead-free sources  will be artificially manufactured in the lab. The presence of lead in minerals is mostly made an issue by people selling processed minerals. Lead is most likely a trace element that we need in minute amounts from an organic source and is only toxic when it is taken in in large amounts from inorganic sources.

To protect against accumulations of lead or other toxic heavy metals in the body, take a lot of fully-array, earth-sourced minerals (one to four tablespoons a day, with plenty of water). The body will not retain unwanted metals as long as there are enough of the other minerals in it to supply the functions the body needs.

Diatomaceous earth or DE. Diatomaceous earth is not an earth-based source of minerals but is the crushed-up skeletons of dead microbes. It is good to kill parasites and can safely be taken as a dewormer, or sprinkled on surfaces to kill fleas or other invertebrates. I do not recommend it as a regular source of minerals but suggest fine sand instead to get silicon.

Disclaimer: The information on this site is provided for informational purposes only and if followed is done so solely on the initiative of the reader.

Nourishing Traditions by Sally Fallon
Cure Tooth Decay  by Ramiel Nagel
Salt: Your Way To Health by Dr. David Brownstein. A good book for those who have been told by their doctor to cut down on salt because of high blood pressure, and why natural sea salt is good for you.

My e-Books


Site-Related Products Available For Sale Online
Magnesium Carbonate Powder

Lugol's Iodine
Epsom Salts

(Magnesium sulfate)
Azomite Powder
(Trace Minerals)

Empty Gelatin Capsules

Calamine Powder

(only available from Amazon UK)
Dolomite Lime

Rock Dust

Bentonite Clay

Epsom Salts

Gelatin Capsules

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