Haori is a Haori is a jacket of Kimono worn over kimono. It is'n meant to close in front, so you can wear it as a jacket. Originally worn by men only. Women allowed to wear after Meiji-era, and became all the rage in Taisyo period (1912-1926).
Men's black haori can be worn as a blazer for women too(those look great on both men and women!).
The original function of the haori was to keep the kimono from being exposed to the elements. Haori are of various lengths and widths, but most are approximately 50 inches wide by 30 inches long. Shorter ones are meant for domestic wear, whereas the longer ones are for more formal occasions. Length corresponds to formality. The kuro montsuki haori is a formal black silk or crepe haori that is meant for such formal occasions as graduations or mourning.
(色無地): single-colored kimonos that may be worn by married and unmarried women. They are mainly worn to tea ceremonies. The dyed silk may be figured (rinzu, similar to jacquard), but has no differently colored patterns. (From www.wikipedia.com)
The Mofuku is only worn to the funeral of a close relative. This kimono is all black with five crests. Obi and accessories are also black, but the whole juban, as the tabi are white. Not as close relatives would at a funeral could wear an iromuji kimono, but with a black obi with black accessories, a coloured obi with black obi-jime and obid obi-age. Also the woman (wife, sister or daugther) would change the mofuku for a coloured kimono with a black obi after some mourning time or the black mofuku kimono, and black accessories but a coloured obi. When even more time has passed, the woman would go into the last mourning step of just wearing a black obi-jime. When she changes, the mourning is over.
In contrast to women's kimonos, men's kimono outfits are far simpler, typically consisting of a maximum of five pieces, not including footwear.
Men's kimonos have sleeves which are attached to the body of the kimono with no more than a few inches unattached at the bottom, unlike the women's style of very deep sleeves mostly unattached from the body of the kimono. Men's sleeves are less deep than women's kimono sleeves to accommodate the obi around the waist beneath them, whereas on a woman's kimono, the long, unattached bottom of the sleeve can hang over the obi without getting in the way.
In the modern era, the principal distinctions between men's kimonos are in the fabric. The typical kimono has a subdued, dark color; black, dark blues, greens, and browns are common. Fabrics are usually matte. Some have a subtle pattern, and textured fabrics are common in more casual kimonos. More casual kimonos may be made in slightly brighter colors, such as lighter purples, greens and blues.
pic. from www.yamatoku.com
For men, haori is regarded as an essential kimono attire along with the hakama, the long pleated loose-fitting trousers. Black haori and hakama make the most formal ceremonial ensemble. Most of men's black haori are made of high quality fine silk called `habutae' and have the five family crest. In old pictures, men in black haori look very noble and dignified.
The most formal style of kimono is plain black with five kamon on the chest, shoulders and back. Slightly less formal is the three-kamon kimono. These are usually paired with white undergarments and accessories.
Especially for women, they can be worn as a blazer due to its color and length. Because the more modest nature of men's kimono the lining of the haori often has a variety of unique pictures woven, painted or printed on their linings. The motifs are limitless, from the Noh play mask to animals. You can even find the pictures with a militaristic tone. For this reason, men's haori can be excellent for wall hanging with the inside out.
Hakama is a kind of trousers remsembling a skirt. It can be split between the legs,line pants or not split like a skirt. Mostly women wear the unsplit version, and both men and women wear the split ones. They look exactly the same though, and in the split hakama, men fold the long kimono up in the obi, so the won't be in the way, but since the unsplit hakama allows for the long kimono to hang neatly underneath, the unsplit ones are always used at theather and traditional japanese dance.
The hakama originated from the samurai warriors, that wore them to protect the legs when riding. Nowadays they are mostly worn at ceremonies, martial arts and festivals, and the most popular type are striped white and black or white and navy blue.
Children are often wearing kimono at the "Shichi-go-san" ceremony that celebrates girls at seven and three, and boys at five years old. Boys of age five could wear hakama for the first time, while girls of age seven replaced the simple cords they used to tie their kimono with the traditional obi. Children's kimono have beautiful embroidering or pattern dyed. Three-year-old girls usually wear hifu (a type of padded vest) with their kimono. Especially for baby boys, parents often prepare sumptuous garment.
Children's kimono are similar to the adult's but more colorful and elaborate, with bright accessories. However, small children often wear a padded west with the kimono, that is easy to put on. For the older children it is just as complicated to put the kimono on, that of an adult. The boys wear either a happi coat or the traditional kimono with hakama pants.