Many people  turning to higher quality skin care products are focusing on natural ingredients and are preferring to create their own lotions as they have full control of what goes in the lotion and eventually on their skin.
Essentially all creams and lotions are emulsions. An emulsion or lotion is formed when using an emulsifier in combination with oils, butters and water.

There are  many emulsifiers available on the market, how do you know which one is the best one or the right one for you? Natural emulsifiers are not easy to find so, it seems that food based emulsifiers are the next best choice. In fact the most natural and skin appropriate emulsifier is lecithin. For the sake of simplicity and stability, in the following the emulsifier is E Wax. There are many variations of E Wax, if purchasing E Wax, look for NF, which National Formulary and is standard.

Water components can be composed of distilled water, hydrosols or even many plant gels. Oils and butters are numerous and also contain varying amounts of antioxidants and vitamins as well as fatty acids that aid the skin.

Naturally a preservative must be used. This is to protect the lotion from becoming contaminated and causing irritation or worse on the skin. A preservative must be used if you are intending to use the lotion over more than a few days. It should also be kept refrigerated, but that will only slow the proliferation of micro-fauna, but will not stop it. A natural solution is the use of ethyl alcohol or ethanol. This has been used successfully to reduce contamination, however the shelf life is very short. In order to be certain that your products are safe, you must test them. Fortunately such tests are available.

When making a lotion the proportions of water to oil are up to you and this is very easy to calculate as there are online calculators available or you can create a spreadsheet to do the work for you.

The percentages of a lotion are usually 20-30% oils and butters and 70-80% water based. How much emulsifier should be used? That depends on the requirements of the emulsifier. That information you will find have when you choose an emulsifier. Of course, you can create one as well. If using the HLB system a good explanation and great information is available at Chemists Corner.

A lotion or cream is a simple emulsion of water, oil and emulsifier. Lotion ingredients must be weighed as oil is not as dense as water. Using a Lotion Calculator will make it much easier and less likely to have a sloppy mess of a lotion!

After weighing your ingredients, melt the emulsifier into your oils using a double boiler system. Best to use  stainless steel or glass. Often times, the microwave will do just as well. Then heat your water to approximately the same temperature as your oils. Combine, pouring water into oil while blending. Continue blending until the mixture cools down and you have just made a lotion. Add your preservative after cool down and blend it in thoroughly.

You can add essential oils to enhance the fragrance as you choose, but best not over 1% of the total weight. Some are extremely irritating. Read the information with regards to the various uses of essential oils and their properties.

Choosing oils and butters is similar . There are many pleasant oils to choose from as well as butters. Some are known for having some very strong over powering scents. Refined or unrefined. You can choose.

Extremely important. Don't rely on preservatives to keep your products safe for use. You must sterilize your tools using 20% bleach in water as a minimum.

Tools necessary for making a simple lotion:

A. Ingredients: Water, Oils, Emulsifier and preservative
B. Digital scale
C. Mixing bowls.
D. Blender or high sheer device.
E. Sterilized bottles to store your lotion.

There are infinite possibilities when it comes to creating simple lotions and creams. At the same time, when you venture off the beaten track with lotion making, the complexity increases as well as the chances for failure. It's as easy you want to make it, or as complex as you want to take it.

Subpages (1): Lotion Calculator