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A log home (or log house) is technically the same thing as a log cabin. The term log home is contemporary and is preferred by most log home builders, while log cabin indicates a smaller, more rustic log house such as a hunting cabin in the woods.
This fairly simple type of log house; was built both in rural areas and in cities in timber-rich regions around the world, but particularly in the northern hemisphere. Log structures in the US were first constructed by Swedes in what is now south-east Pennsylvania, c.1640. Nineteenth century cabins that were used as dwellings occasionally had plastered interior walls.
Log cabins were built from logs laid horizontally and interlocked on the ends with notches, although there are many log cabins that are laid up without notches and simply spiked together. This is not common as it is not as structurally sound as are notched log walls, but modern building methods now allow for this short-cut.
Log cabins reached their peak of complexity and elaboration in the Adirondack style cabins of the mid 18th century. Log cabin building never died out nor fell out of favor, although it was surpassed by the needs of a growing urban America.
The modern version of the log cabin is most often built from premilled logs. The logs are quite visible on the exterior and sometimes interior of the house. With the advent of the crane, modern construction, and design techniques (such as CAD), these cabins are mass manufactured, using squared pre-cut milled logs for an easy self build. Log homes are popular in rural areas, and in some suburban locations. In the American West, McMansions (houses of over 3,000 sq ft) of log and stone are turning up in many resort communities. And kit log homes are major consumers of logs in the US west. [Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Log_cabin]
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