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Krakow, then and now

posted 11 Jun 2017, 19:38 by Lodzer Shabbat-Bulletin

 

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Krakow as it looked in the 15th century

This medieval representation of Krakow and the city of Kazimierz appeared in Hartmann Schedl's Liber cronicarum, published in Nuremberg in 1493. It was just a year after Christopher Columbus had left for India and found himself in the New World to everybody's surprise. And two years later Nicolaus Copernicus completed his studies at the famous Krakow university.
The last decade of the 15th century marked the beginning of Poland's Golden Age when the democratic kingdom commanded a vast territory from the Baltic to the Black Sea and became a major European power as well as a powerhouse for the continent's economy while its culture flourished like never before. At the same time Krakow, the country's capital since 1038, entered upon one of its best periods in history.

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Memorial of chairs in Krakow Ghetto as Jews awaited being moved to what they thought was a new Ghetto but instead was concentration camps. They brought with them chairs to wait and luggage.

 

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Holocaust memorial in Krakow in the Jewish area

 

Old Synagogue, Kraków

 

The Old Synagogue on Szeroka Street, is the oldest Jewish house of prayer in Poland, built in 1407. Nowadays, the synagogue serves as the Jewish History Museum. The exhibits are divided into four sections: synagogue furnishings and paraphernalia, Jewish rituals and festivals, the history of Kazimierz District, and the Holocaust. The museum features numerous items related to religious ceremonies, for example, candle holders, Chanukah and menorot lamps, covers for the Torah, parochot Holy Ark covers, tallit prayer shawls, and kippahs or yarmulkes. The museum holds also a considerable collection of books including 2,500 volumes of Hebrew manuscripts and prints. On the walls, there are original oil paintings on display.

 

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With thanks to: Laura Davis

(Isi’s daughter)

This past month in Poland, Krakow and Auschwitz.

 

 


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