Construction: Construction of roads and Highways to mining and logging sites in the amazon has also lead to deforestation. It has also opened new forest land that can exploited by peasant farmers, looking for new land or expansion of old land.


One of the major constructions that lead to deforestation and economic development in the amazon basin was the construction of the Trans- Amazonian High way. The Trans- Amazonian highway was created to open up new forest land to poor farmers, and also allow the production of timber and minerals.


However, the Trans- Amazonian Highway did not create prosperity as expected by the Brazilian government. It was subjected to erosion, traffic caused by flooding, and loss of soil productivity within short periods in the Amazon basin due to the slash and burn method that was practiced by the peasant farmers.