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语用学术语 Terms in Pragmatics

  • 比喻metaphor
  • 表达类expressives
  • 表述句constatives
  • 不可分离性non-detachability
  • 不可取消性non-cancellability
  • 不确定性indeterminacy
  • 承诺类commissives
  • 代码模式code model
  • 等级含意scalar implicatures
  • 地点指示space deixis
  • 调节性规则regulative rules
  • 动态语用学dynamic pragmatics
  • 断言类assertives
  • 对方修正other-repair
  • 二元关系dyadic relation
  • 发展语用学developmental pragmatics
  • 反讽/反语irony
  • 方式准则manner maxim
  • 非规约性non-conventionality
  • 讽刺sarcasm
  • 符号sign
  • 符号关系学syntactics
  • 符号学semiotics
  • 负面礼貌策略negative politeness strategy
  • 负面面子negative face
  • 负向转移negative transfer
  • 概念意义conceptual meaning
  • 功能语言学functional linguistics
  • 共知common knowledge
  • 构成性规则constitutive rules
  • 关联/关联性relevance
  • 关联理论relevance theory
  • 关系准则relevant maxim
  • 规定语法prescriptive grammar
  • 规约含意conventional implicature
  • 规约性conventionality
  • 规则rule
  • 含混ambivalence
  • 含意implicature
  • 合适条件felicity condition
  • 后指用法cataphoric use
  • 互补性complementarity
  • 互动语用学interactive pragmatics
  • 互明mutual manifestness
  • 互知mutual knowledge
  • 互指co-referential
  • 话轮turn-taking
  • 话语utterance
  • 话语分析discourse analysis
  • 话语意义utterance meaning
  • 话语指示discourse deixis
  • 缓叙meiosis
  • 会话分析conversation analysis
  • 会话含意conversational implicature
  • 会话结构conversational structure
  • 会话修正conversational repair
  • 会话原则conversational principle
  • 或然性probability
  • 记号symbol
  • 间接言语行为indirect speech act
  • 交际目的communicative goal/purpose
  • 交际能力communicative competence
  • 交际意图communicative intention
  • 交际用意communicative force
  • 交际原则communicative principle
  • 近指proximal terms
  • 经济原则principle of economy
  • 旧信息old information
  • 句法学syntax
  • 句子意义sentence meaning
  • 可接收性acceptability
  • 可取消性cancellability
  • 可推导性calculability
  • 可行性feasibility
  • 客观环境physical situation
  • 夸张hyperbole
  • 跨文化语用学cross-cultural pragmatics
  • 离格deviance
  • 礼貌politeness
  • 礼貌策略politeness strategy
  • 礼貌原则politeness principle
  • 连贯coherence
  • 两可性ambiguity
  • 量准则quantity maxim
  • 临床语用学clinical pragmatics
  • 笼统性generality
  • 论言有所为How to do things with words
  • 逻辑语义学logical semantics
  • 蒙塔古语法Montague grammar
  • 面子face
  • 明示-推理过程ostensive‑inferential process
  • 明说explicature
  • 命题行为propositional act
  • 模糊限制语hedges
  • 模糊性fuzziness
  • 内嵌施为句embedded performatives
  • 恰当性appropriateness
  • 前提presupposition
  • 前提触发语presupposition triggers
  • 前指用法anaphoric use
  • 人称指示person deixis
  • 人类文化方法论ethnomethodology
  • 认知效果cognitive effect
  • 认知语用学cognitive pragmatics
  • 认知语用学cognitive pragmatics
  • 认知原则cognitive principle
  • 弱陈meiosis
  • 三元关系triadic relation
  • 社会语用学societal pragmatics
  • 社交语用学social pragmatics
  • 社交-语用学socio-pragmatics
  • 社交指示social deixis
  • 施为动词performative verb
  • 施为假设performative hypothesis
  • 施为句performatives
  • 施为用意illocutionary force
  • 时间指示time deixis
  • 实用主义pragmatism
  • 顺应理论adaptation theory
  • 说话人意义speaker meaning
  • 随意言谈loose talk
  • 特殊含意particularized conversational implicature
  • 同义反复句tautology
  • 投射规则projection rule
  • 推理努力processing effort
  • 威胁面子的行为face threatening acts
  • 委婉语understatement
  • 未知信息unknown information
  • 衔接机制cohesive device
  • 显性施为句explicit performatives
  • 新格赖斯会话含意理论neo-Gricean theory of conversational implicature
  • 新格赖斯语用学neo-Gricean pragmatics
  • 新信息new information
  • 信息意图informative intention
  • 信息照应information bridging
  • 形式语用学formal pragmatics
  • 修辞学rhetoric
  • 宣告类declarations
  • 选择限制selectional restriction
  • 言语交际verbal communication
  • 言语情景speech situation
  • 言语行为speech act
  • 言语行为理论speech act theory
  • 一般会话含意generalized conversational implicature
  • 已知信息known information
  • 以言成事perlocutionary act
  • 以言行事illocutionary act
  • 以言行事目的/施为目的illocutionary goal
  • 以言指事locutionary act
  • 意思 sense
  • 意图intention
  • 意向性intentionality
  • 隐含结论implicated conclusion
  • 隐含前提implicated premise
  • 隐性施为句implicit performatives
  • 隐喻metaphor
  • 语法性grammaticality
  • 语际语interlanguage
  • 语际语用学interlanguage pragmatics
  • 语境暗含contextual implication
  • 语境化contextualization
  • 语境假设contextual assumptions
  • 语境效果contextual effect
  • 语境意义contextual meaning
  • 语境因素contextual factor
  • 语句sentence
  • 语句意义sentence meaning
  • 语言学转向linguistic turn
  • 语言语境linguistic context
  • 语言语用学linguistic pragmatics
  • 语义前提semantic presupposition
  • 语义学semantics
  • 语用代码pragmatic code
  • 语用含糊pragmatic vagueness
  • 语用含意pragmatic force
  • 语用类属pragmatic category
  • 语用能力pragmatic competence
  • 语用歧义pragmatic ambiguity
  • 语用迁移pragmatic transfer
  • 语用前提pragmatic presupposition
  • 语用推理pragmatic inference
  • 语用行为pragmatic act
  • 语用学pragmatics
  • 语用移情pragmatic empathy
  • 语用语言学pragmalinguistics
  • 语用原则pragmatic principle
  • 寓意言谈metaphorical talk
  • 元交际行为metacommunicative behaviour
  • 元指用法meta-phoric use
  • 原意或刻意言谈literal talk
  • 原则principle
  • 远指distal terms
  • 约略性approximation
  • 蕴涵entailment
  • 哲学语用学philosophical pragmatics
  • 正面礼貌positive politeness
  • 正面面子positive face
  • 正向转移positive transfer
  • 指称 reference
  • 指令类directives
  • 指示词语deictic expressions
  • 指示语deixis, indexicals
  • 质准则quality maxim
  • 中介语/语际语 interlanguage
  • 主题topic
  • 字面用意literal force
  • 自我修正self-repair

A                                         
adaptor (8/1)
 
adjunct (2/2.2) 
ambiguity (10/1) 
applied pragmatics (2/3.3) 
appropriateness (1/2, 11/1.2) 
approximation (10/7.4) 
approximator (8/1) 
assertion (6/1.2) 
assertives (7/4.1) 
attribution shield (8/2) 
  
C 
calculability (4/4.3) 
cancellability (4/4.1) 
clause (6/2.3) 
cognitive pragmatics (1/7) 
comment (6/1.3) 
common ground (6/4.2) 
commissives (7/4.3) 
common knowledge (1/1) 
communicative competence (2/1.3) 
competence (2/1.2) 
context (11/1) 
contrastive pragmatics (1/4.3) 
conversational implicature (4) 
conversational maxims (4/2.2) 
conventional indirect speech act (7/5.1) 
cooperative principle (4/2.1) 
cost and benefit scale (5/4) 
cross-cultural pragmatic (1/4) 
cultural difference (12) 
cultural load (12/1) 
  
D 
declaratives (7/4.5) 
defeasible (6/3.1) 
definite description (6/2.1) 
deictic center (3/3) 
deictic projection (3/3) 
deixis (3) 
descriptive/conventional meaning (4/1.1) 
descriptive pragmatics (2/3.2) 
directives (7/4.2) 
discourse deixis (3/2.4) 
  
E 
end focus (9/2) 
entailment (6/1.1) 
essential conditions (7/3.1) 
explicit performatives (7/1.2) 
expressives (7/4.4) 
  
F 
face theory (5/2) 
face-threatening act (5/2) 
felicity (6/4.1) 
formal pragmatics (2/3.1) 
fuzziness (10/1) 
fuzzy continuum (10/3.1) 
  
G 
generalized implicature (4/3.1) 
given information (9/1) 
  
H 
hedging (8) 
  
I 
illocution (7/2.1) 
illocutionary act (7/3) 
implicit performatives (7/1.2) 
indeterminacy (4/4.5, 10/1) 
indirect speech act theory (7/5) 
indirectness scale (5/4) 
information focus (9/2) 
information structure (9) 
intention (4/1.2) 
interlanguage (1/4.5,11/3.2) 
interlanguage pragmatics (1/5) 
iterative (6/2.2) 
  
L 
langue (2/1.1) 
linguistic politeness (5) 
literal talk (10/6) 
locution (7/2.1) 
loose talk ( 10/6) 
  
M 
macropragmatics (1/3.3) 
meaning (4/1, 1/1) 
meaning of communication (1/1) 
meaning of information (1/1) 
micropragmatics (1/3.2) 
mutual knowledge (6/4.2) 
  
N 
negative face (5/2) 
new information (9/1) 
nomenclative evaluation (10/3.3) 
non-conventional indirect speech act (7/5.2) 
non-conventionality (4/4.4) 
non-detachability (4/4.2) 
non-natural meaning (4/1.2) 
non-performative verb (7/1.1) 
  
O 
optionality scale (5/4) 
  
P 
parole (2/1.1) 
particularized implicature (4/3.2) 
performance (2/1.2) 
performatives (7) 
performative verb (7/1.1) 
perlocution (7/2.1) 
person deixis (3/2.1) 
phrase (6/2.3) 
place deixis (3/2.2) 
plausibility shield (8/2) 
politeness (5) 
politeness principle (5/3) 
positive face (5/2) 
pragmatics (1,2) 
pragmatic competence (2/1.3) 
pragmatic vagueness (10) 
pragmalinguistics (12/2.1) 
preparatory conditions (7/3.3) 
presupposition (6) 
presupposition-trigger (6/2) 
probability (10/1) 
propositional content conditions (7/3.2) 
prototypicalness (8/1) 
psychological/pragmatic meaning (4/1.1) 
projection (6/3.2) 
  
R 
ranking (5/6) 
relative status (5/6) 
relevance theory (Appendix 1) 
referential theory (4/1) 
rounder (8/1) 
  
S 
semantics (2/2.1) 
sentence meaning (4/1.2) 
shield (8/2) 
sincerity conditions (7/3.4) 
social deixis (3/2.5) 
social distance (5/6) 
social-distance scale (5/4) 
sociopragmatics (12/2.2) 
societal pragmatics (1/6) 
speech act (7/2) 
  
T 
temporal deixis (3/2.3) 
textual deixis (3/2.4) 
time deixis (3/2.3) 
topic (6/1.3) 
translation (12) 
  
U 
utterance meaning (4.1.2)





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