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The Manor System

The manor system was a way that feudal lords organized their lands in order to produce agricultural goods. The manor had four main areas: the manor house and accompanying village, farmland, meadowland, and wasteland. The lord of the manor lived in the manor house and the serfs lived in mud brick cottages that were all in the same area. The serfs' cottages were very small and only consisted of one room.  Serfs used fire to heat their homes when they weren't working in the fields. Serfs farmed and completed other jobs around the manor. Serfs also worshiped in the village church in attempt to go to heaven in their after life.

The manor system also used a special system to farm their fields. This system was called the three-field rotation. This system allowed each serf a strip of land. In the autumn one third was planted to wheat, barley, or rye, and in the spring another third of the land was planted to oats, barley, and legumes to be harvested in late summer. One strip was always left barren so that when the fields were rotated a strip of soil could be rested.  Each of the strips were one acre of land and the best soil was given to the lord of the land while the serfs took to the rest of the farmland regardless of its quality. This system provided for the manor quite well, sometimes there was even a surplus. In  times of surplus the serfs could sell their crops which allowed for towns and villages to grow.

Click play below to take a tour of a preserved manor house that dates back to the Middle Ages!

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 Medieval Animation _ dinamobomb