Marguerite "Peggy" Spicer Bulkley is a granddaughter of Mathias and Barbara Lock, pioneers of Fountain, Colorado.  She lived most of her life in the Colorado towns of Fountain and Pueblo and passed away 23 Apr 1998 at the age of 100.  She began recording family stories at the age of fifteen on scraps of papers, which she then glued into four loose-leaf notebooks.1 I located Xerox copies of these pages about 1995 in the Carnegie Library of the Pikes Peak Library District in Colorado Springs.2

The next year, at the tender age of 89, Mrs. Bulkley was forced to acknowledge her father may have been a murderer when a written confession, signed by someone with her father's same name, was found on the inside of a window molding in a Fountain house that he quite possibly built in 1893.  The discovery of this confession led a criminal investigator to Mrs. Bulkley, the family historian.  A subsequent article appeared in the local newspaper a short time later, which also mentioned that this incident was not recorded in Mrs. Bulkley’s family history since she was unaware of the details of her father’s secret.3  It was noted, however, that she hoped someday her compiled family stories would “find a home in the Pioneer Museum archives”4 in Colorado Springs. 

Rightfully, they should, for she spent a good portion of her life recording stories from the lives of two of Fountain’s pioneers, her grandparents.  While the existence of Mathias and Barbara Lock is no secret, I wish to publicize Mrs. Bulkley’s writings, for they contain details about the life and times of Fountain’s pioneers that are found nowhere else.  She is very candid when including not-so-pleasant family situations.  Her honesty is to be commended. 

I lived in Fountain for a number of years and always had a curiosity bout the town’s history.  I began researching when I was helping my daughter with a 4-H project, which led to the discovery of Bulkley's work.  I hung onto the notes we made, realizing they were full of facts about real people, which were not generally known to others. The story of the Lock family is not only a story about the history of the City of Fountain, but also a story of the courage behind the women pioneering the West.  Mrs. Bulkley’s grandmother, Barbara Lock was a remarkably strong woman, and the second woman to settle in the vicinity of the confluence of Jimmy Camp and Fountain Creeks.  She, and others like her, pioneered this area and left us a legacy worth telling.  Barbara’s daughter, Hovena, also exhibited a strong character, and when the men in the family had failings, these women stepped in to hold the family together.  It was Hovena’s daughter, Marguerite, who preserved their memory on paper. 

Copies of the pages of Mrs. Bulkley's scrapbooks did not make their way to the Pioneer's Museum in Colorado Springs, but they have found a home in Special Collections at Carnegie Library in that city.  I wish to honor Mrs. Bulkley and see that her wish come true by publicizing her story.  It is my intention to protect the privacy of any individuals in Mrs. Bulkley’s story, who may still be living, by excluding them from this publication.  However, an effort to turn up any living relatives has proved fruitless thus far.5 Therefore, I will be telling Mrs. Bulkley's story from her own writings with of few of her quotes sprinkled here and there, rather than providing an actual transcription.  Mrs. Bulkley’s paragraphs regarding other settlers to the area are posted at “Early Fountain Families.”

The facts for the following story are taken from Bulkley's manuscript. I also researched census, newspapers, and certain historical events, and conducted personal interviews.  I write this to share with other history enthusiasts.  This is not a historical novel, so the names of the characters have not been changed.  This history of the City of Fountain is told around the Lock family.  I take very few liberties in embellishing the story, making interjections only when they would be obvious.  An example of this is when the Locks meet up with Thomas Owen.  My research shows the Locks did meet with Owen and did share his fire, but it does not specify that they told each other their life stories.  I just assume they did.  If I put myself in the place of Barbara Lock, I can imagine such a discussion was very likely.  Another example would be the first Christmas shared by the Locks and Owen.  My research shows nothing about them sharing Christmas.  I just assume they most likely did since there were yet no other neighbors in their immediate vicinity.  This also seems the best way to interject Barbara’s connection to the hymn “Silent Night.”

I am a Colorado transplant from South Carolina, working on certificate in genealogy.  I am currently employed at a local high school library, helping students develop their own researching skills.  My love of history blossomed during the time I homeschooled my four daughters.  My hobbies are varied, but my dearest is genealogy. 

I have made many trips by car, bicycle, and on foot through the small town of Fountain, wondering about the old buildings.  Most of the old structures were lost to progress before I ever saw them.  I do not complain about progress, for it is necessary, but I do mourn every time an old building is destroyed.   I hope that as we progress as a society, this story, and others like it, will help us appreciate those who paved the way for us.

This work is edited by Angela Thaden Hahn.

Dedicated to my cousin, Marsha, the sister I never had, who, like me, loves maps and roadside markers.

Check back to this site periodically.  Stories from Mrs. Bulkley's scrapbooks will appear piece by piece.  Because the library does not own the copyright to Mrs. Bulkley's manuscript, I cannot make copies from which to work.  I will be making several trips to the library to make notes for future pieces.  I urge any of Mrs. Bulkley's relatives to contact me.  Together we can turn out an awesome story. 

1 Natalie Phillips, “Renovation Uncovers 1893 Secret,” Gazette Telegraph [Colorado Springs] 10 May 1987: A1-2.

2 Peggy Bulkley Genealogical and Residential History of Fountain Valley, Special Collections in the 1905 Carnegie Library, Pikes Peak Library District, Collection number MSS 0233.  Compiled probably in Pueblo, Colorado: c1970s, pages unnumbered.  Mrs. Bulkley provides no documentation.  Users of this data are strongly encouraged to verify Mrs. Bulkley’s information through censuses, obituaries, newspaper articles, and cemeteries.  The original Xerox copy of Mrs. Bulkley’s papers has been modified somewhat.  The loose Xeroxed pages were originally organized into eight packets: Packet 1: Fountain family lineages and maps; Packet 2: Peggy’s (Mrs. Bulkley) journals from 1949-1973; Packet 3: more Fountain family lineages; Packet 4: Mrs. Bulkley’s family history from 1930-1948; Packet 5: Lock-Spicer family history from 1757-1922; Packet 6: Bulkley Family History from 1582-1699 and 1817-1929; Packet 7: 1908-1973; Packet 8: history of the first homesteading families of Fountain.  Currently some of the Xeroxed pages have been replaced with a typed transcription to include the corrections Mrs. Bulkley made to her own manuscript.  The remaining Xeroxed pages have been kept with the manuscript because they contain photograps and newsclippings.  The manuscript is now organized into 10 Folders: Folder 1-Family Group Sheets, Folder 2-Short Sketches of Spicer, Lock Families, 1757-1905, Folder 3-Spicer, Lock Families, 1900-1913; 1913-1923, Folder 4-Bulkley Families, 1582-1929, Folder 5-Bulkley Families, 1930-1948; 1949-1973, Folder 6-General Fountain Residents, 1858-1883, Folder 7-General Fountain Residents, 1923-1940, Folder 8-General Fountain Residents, 1940-1974, Folder 9-General Fountain Residents, 1884-1892; 1892-1908, Folder 10-Alphabetical Lists-Fountain area residents, marriages, and children.

3 Phillips.

4 It should be noted that the written confession has never been substantiated.

5 On the 1930 census of El Paso County, Colorado, Marguerite is 32 years old and single.  She is living with her mother and brother.  She eventually married Paul Bulkley.  They lived in Pueblo, but I'm beginning to think they had no children, at least none that outlived them.  Paul's obituary lists no children among his survivors.  Marguerite was the purchaser of their cemetery plot.  Marguerite was the youngest of her siblings and mentions the passing of all but one.  An obituary cannot be located at all for Marguerite, suggesting she had no more relatives to write one.  The charges for her funeral were sent to Ted Bottwell of Jacksonville, Florida.

Update 3/9/11:  The author happily reports that indeed most of Mrs. Bulkley's scrapbooks are housed in the Fountain Valley Museum.  The scrapbook containing Fountain's history is in the possession of Mary Baker, Fountain.
The Life and Legend of the Locks - Introduction, © 2009, updated 9 March 2011

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