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Manco Capac y Mama Ocllo

    Según la leyenda, Manco Cápac y Mama Ocllo son los fundadores de la dinastía de los Incas. En la primera version, el dios Sol hizo que sus dos hijos, Manco Cápac y Mama Ocllo, surgieran de las profundidades del lago Titicaca y les dio una estaca de oro para encontrar el lugar adecuado para undir la estaca . Por último, se encontraron con el lugar más hermoso que habían visto en toda su vida. Clabando asi la estaca en la tierra y esta undiendose en ella. Ellos fundaron la ciudad del Cusco, conquistando las tribus que ya vivian ahi, y governando las bajo el Imperio Incaico. Manco Capac se caso con su hermana y governaron juntos lado a lado.

    La segunda leyenda fue de cuatro hermanos Manco Cápac, Ayar Anca, Ayar Cachi y Ayar Uchu y sus cuatro hermanas, Mama Ocllo, Mama Huaco, Mama Cura (o Ipacura) y Mama Raua, vivió en Paccari-Tampu [taberna del amanecer], a varias millas de distancia de Cuzco. Buscando un lugar para establecerse viajaron a través de valles y montañas, en el camino conquistaron pueblos pequeños. El último hermano, Ayar Manco (más tarde llamado Manco Capac) se quedo atras para conquistar la ciudad de Cuzco.

    Independientemente de cómo se contara la leyenda, los peruanos de ese entoces, según su tradición, escuchavan sumisamente las instrucciones de Manco Capac.  


    According to legend, Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo are the founders of the Incan dynasty. The legend arose some where around the 1200 century. There are two versions of the legend that I have repeatedly seen. In the first, the sun god made his two children, Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, they emerged out of Lake Titicaca and on an island in the lake, he gave them a great golden staff to be used for a specific task. The task? Founding the Peruvian Incans and finding the most appropriate location by sticking the staff into the ground. Manco and his sister, Mama, searched Peru high and low for the right spot, but the staff would not stick into the ground. Finally, they came upon the most beautiful place they had seen yet. They stuck the staff in the ground and it stuck. They founded the city of Cusco, conquering the tribes already living there and ruling them under the Incan Empire. Manco married his sister and they ruled side-by-side.

    The second legend was four brothers Manco Capac, Ayar Anca, Ayar Cachi, and Ayar Uchu, and their four sisters, Mama Ocllo, Mama Huaco, Mama Cura(or Ipacura), and Mama Raua, lived at Paccari-Tampu [tavern of the dawn], several miles distant from Cuzco. Looking for somewhere to settle they traveled across valleys and mountains, along the way conquering small villages. During the journey Ayar Cachi, who possessed magical strength, was walled into a cave by his brothers who feared his destructive tendencies. Then Ayar Oco turned himself into a sacred stone and Ayar Ayca became the protector of the fields, leaving the last brother, Ayar Manco (later called Manco Capac) to seize Cuzco with his sisters eventually marring his sister, Mama Ocllo.

    Regardless of how the legend went, the Peruvians back then, according to their tradition, listened to Manco Capac instructions submissively. The naked men who were scattered through the forests assembled at his command, and were taught by Manco to tell the earth, direct the course of the streams, and protect themselves against the severity of the weather, while the Indian women learned from Ocllo Huacco the art of weaving wool and cotton, obedience to their bus-bands, and how to train their children. Then Manco Capac proceeded to establish his power on the basis of religion. He abolished human sacrifices, taught his subjects to adore as a supreme but unknown God the great Pachacamac (the soul or support of the universe), and to offer externally their principal homage to the sun, his father, as a known and visible god, the source of light and fertility, and, after him, to the stars and the moon.