Fifth Grade


Gifted and high-ability math students are pulled out once a week on Thursdays to do enriched math activities with Mr. Kendall, Gifted Education Coordinator.

Enrichment activities with Mr. Kendall include challenging math games like "The 24 Game" and "Muggins." Both of these games require fluency in multiplication and division facts, so they become an incentive for students to drill these facts so that they can do better in the games.  The key in both games is the ability to work with 3 and 4 numbers at a time to create a math sentence, rather than mere memorization of one number multiplied by another.  The games also rely on an understanding of the order of operations.  Once learned, these games provide an incentive for students to work hard on challenging word problems from the Techniques of Problem Solving (TOPS) series and the Hands-On Equations program described below so that they can earn game time at the end of the class period or for the next session.

In January through March students continue work in the "Hands-On Equations" pre-algebra program which they began in third grade and continued in fourth grade This program uses manipulatives to represent numbers and variables in balanced equations. The students learn that whatever they do on one side of the scale (one side of the equation) they must do on the other side of the scale to keep the equation properly balanced.

E-mail Mr. Kendall if you have questions about this program:


CURRICULUM UPDATE (Mr. Kendall's Enrichment Activities)

August - September (each group does these 4 sessions)

Session 1
- Review of Muggins game

Session 2 - Introduction to the 24 game

Sessions 3 - 4 - Brain Teaser Problems focusing on using charts, tree diagrams, and maps to solve problems

Problems used:
#10 (Gr. 3/4) "Sweet Shop Treats" (using clues to determine who bought what item; calculations of change in order to solve some of the pairings of what person bought what item)
#11 (Gr. 5/6) "Student Sellers" (determine all combinations of two items purchased and then calculate the change received from $2; then determine the coins required to make each amount of change)

After students complete problems, introduce SET a visual problem-solving games that builds off geometry skills and pattern recognition:

Introduce "Ultimate Puzzle" to students after problems are completed.

Session 6 - Visual Problem Solving

Once students complete at least one of the visual problem-solving activities they may choose to play a reward game or take on another visual problem.

Reward Game Options: "Ultimate Puzzle," Muggins, 24 Game, or SET.

January - March

Students will learn the basics of the Hands-On Equations pre-algebra program and begin to work at their own pace once they have established certain foundation skills. 
The program uses manipulatives to stand in for variables and the whole numbers within the equations.  For more information see

As students demonstrate mastery of key lessons they will come home in Monday folders - just look for the "Hands-On Equations" title or Mr. Kendall's name on the paper.  If you have any questions about the program or your child's progress please contact him or 540-463-3643 ext 3129.

April -- Introduction to matrix logic - Session 1

Problems used:

Example Problem: "Costume Party" (1 by 1 matrix - matching one item with each person)
#  18 - "Play Ball"
(1 by 2 matrix - matching two items with each person)
# 21 - "Start Your Engines" (1 by 3 matrix - matching three items with each person)

Extra Challenge: #24 - "Three Roommates"
(1 by 3 matrix - matching three items with each person, with some clues on attributes only without using names)

Introduction to matrix logic - Session 2

#  28 - "Logo Logic"
(1 by 2 matrix - matching two items with each person)
# 24 - "Computer Club" (1 by 3 matrix - matching three items with each person)

May - Multi-step Word Problems

In May students will work on multi-step word problems aligned with key SOL concepts and problem-solving strategies.

June - "24 Game" Tournament


Reading enrichment in fifth grade occurs through ability grouping in reading within each regular classroom or through regrouping across the entire grade level.  Students read appropriately challenging novels from such authors as Scott O'Dell, Katherine Paterson, Beverly Cleary, and Louis Sachar, who are highly recommended for gifted learners.  They engage in active discussions of the literature using the vocabulary of literary analysis.  Students also do critical and creative writing assignments based on the literature they read. 
CLICK HERE for more information from the 5th grade team, especially the "Pacing Chart" that delineates what skills will be taught during each of the four marking periods in language arts.