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Star Trees for R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites

This page posts star trees for R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites, generated using phylogenetic network software from Fluxus Technology Ltd.

On the star trees, yellow dots identify nodes, i.e., tested men grouped according to their pattern of marker values. A larger circle means that there is more than one man with results reported at that mode. Near the core of the star trees, the results for multiple men share the same node. 

The relationships set forth on the star tree are based upon patterns of marker values and specific mutations on marker values. As generated, these trees give equal weight to deviations on any marker; if different markers are given different weight, the trees would be substantially different.

Star Tree for R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites Who Have Tested to 111 Markers

This tree shows the relationship among all of the R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites who have tested to 111 markers as of February 11, 2017. (The node identified as modal includes the results for multiple men; accordingly, not all men's names appear on the tree.)

The star tree below is an enlargement of the central portion of the 111-marker star tree posted above.


The star tree below is a still-larger enlargement of the central portion of the 111-marker star tree posted above.

Star Tree for R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites Who Have Tested to at Least 67 Markers

This tree shows the relationship among all of the R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites who had tested to at least 67 markers as of February 11, 2017. (The nodes that are largest than the smallest nodes include the results for multiple men; accordingly, not all men's names appear on the tree.)

The star tree below is an enlargement of the central portion of the 67-marker star tree posted above.



The star tree below is a larger enlargement of the central portion of the 67-marker star tree posted above.



The star tree below is a still larger enlargement of the central portion of the 67-marker star tree posted above.

Star Tree for R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites Who Have Tested to 37 Markers

This tree shows the relationship among all of the R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites who had tested to 37 markers as of February 11, 2017. (The nodes that are largest than the smallest nodes include the results for multiple men; accordingly, not all men's names appear on the tree.)

The star tree below is an enlargement of the central portion of the 37-marker star tree posted above.
The star tree below is a larger enlargement of the central portion of the 37-marker star tree posted above.


The star tree below is a larger enlargement of the central portion of the 37-marker star tree posted above.


The star tree posted below is a still-larger enlargement of the central portion of the 37-marker star tree posted above.