About 50% of Jewish men with a Levite tradition are not R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites.
In their 2003 study, Behar et al. identified six Y-DNA haplogroups, other than R1a1a, with a substantial number of Levites: (1) BR* (xDE, JR) (3.33% Ashkenazi Levites, and 19.35% Sephardic Levites); (2) E* (xE3a) (20.0% Ashkenazi Levites, and 9.68% Sephardic Levites); (3) J (10.0% Ashkenazi Levites, and 32.26% Sephardic Levites); (4) K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) (3.33% Ashkenazi Levites, and 22.58% Sephardic Levites); (5) L (no Ashkenazi Levites, and 3.23% Sephardic Levites); and (6) P* (xR1a) (11.67% Ashkenazi Levites, and 9.68% Sephardic Levites). (The authors used the Y Chromosome Consortium (2002) nomenclature to identify these clusters.)
There is also a relatively small group of R1a1a men who are of Ashkenazi descent (including some men who have a family tradition of Levite status) but who do not have the SNPs that are characteristic of R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites; in their 2013 study, Rootsi & Behar et al. find that 8.1% of R1a men of Ashkenazi descent lack those SNPs. Those men, although they are R1a1a and Ashkenazi (and, sometimes, Levite) do not belong to the R1a1a Ashkenazi Levite cluster.
If you have information or links concerning Levites who are not R1a1a Ashkenazi Levites, please e-mail us with those information or links for possible inclusion on this website.
Chromolithograph of Maiselova Street in Josefov, the Jewish
district of Prague, from an undated edition (@1900) of
100 watercolors of Prague, Stará Praha (Old Prague), by Václav
Click here for a larger view of the image
Image provided by Jim Wald