Images from an Independent Tibet


 
SCENES FROM THE TIBETAN GOVERNMENT
 
Tibetan government ministers at the Cabinet Office, Lhasa, circa 1920.
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Councillors in Council Chamber, Lhasa". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.635.html.
 
Judges of the Shol Court in Lhasa (with two clerks on the left), circa 1921
Magistrates of Sho
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Magistrates of Sho". The Pitt Rivers Museum. http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.286.43.3.html.
 
Throne of the Dalai Lama, Norbu Lingka, Lhasa, circa 1936
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Interior of the Norbhu Lingka". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.131.325.html.
 

THE TIBETAN ARMY
 
The Tibetan army, trained by Britain, circa 1936
 Lhasa military band and colours
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Lhasa military band and colours". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.131.509.1.html.
 
The Tibetan army, circa 1936
Military review at Trapshi
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Military review at Trapshi". The Pitt Rivers Museum. http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.131.506.html.
 
Tibetan troops flying Tibetan national flag
Photo: A Portrait of Lost Tibet: Photographs By Ilya Tolstoy and Brooke Dolan; Rosemary Jones Tung; Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1980.

TIBETAN CURRENCY AND STAMPS
 
Tibetan currency note
Tibetan currency note
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Tibetan currency note". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.286.59.1.html.
 

Tibetan paper and coin currency, in use until 1959
Photo: Jamyang Norbu.
 
 
Tibetan stamps and post-marks
Photo: Jamyang Norbu.
 

THE TIBETAN NATIONAL FLAG
 
National Geographic "Flags of the World," 1934
Photo: Grosvenor, Gilbert and William J. Showalter, “Flags of the World”. The National Geographic Magazine: September, 1934 - Vol. LXVI - No. 3. Washington, D.C.” National Geographic Society, 1934.  With thanks to Jamyang Norbu.
 

TIBETAN FOREIGN OFFICE DOCUMENTS
 
Tibetan government-issued passport of Tsepon Wangchuk Deden Shakabpa, Tibet's finance minister in the 1940s.  The passport bears visas from India, the United Kingdom, the United States, Italy, Switzerland, and France. 
 
Letterhead of the Tibetan Foreign Office (here on a message to Mao Zedong in 1949)
Photo: Jamyang Norbu.
 

RELATIONS WITH MONGOLIA
 
Photo: Jamyang Norbu. 
 
Mongolian Minister in Lhasa, circa 1920
Mongolian Minister and monks
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Mongolian Minister and monks". The Pitt Rivers Museum. http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.316.1.html.
 

RELATIONS WITH LADAKH
 
Members of the Ladakhi Mission in Lhasa, circa 1920
Members of Mission from Ladakh
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Members of Mission from Ladakh". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.321.html.
 

RELATIONS WITH NEPAL
 
Nepal-Tibet Treaty of 1856
The Tibet Album. "Nepal-Tibet Treaty, 1856 (1 of 4 sections)". The Pitt Rivers Museum. <http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.328.1.html>.


Nepalese envoy, Major Bista, with secretary, Lhasa, 1938
Photo: Wikipedia

"At the coronation of the new King Mahendra [of Nepal], Tibet's envoys, absorbed in coronation, were sent by the Dalai Lama (L) and Panchen Lama (R), adjoining country's temporal and spiritual leaders."

Photo: Life Magazine, May 1956, http://tinyurl.com/yhe4myh


RELATIONS WITH BRITAIN
 
The British Mission in Lhasa (note Union Jack flag), 1936
Nepean and Morgan at Dekyi Lingka
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Nepean and Morgan at Dekyi Lingka". The Pitt Rivers Museum. http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.131.376.html.
 
British Mission Staff, Lhasa, circa 1920
Mission staff outside Dekyi Lingka
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Mission staff outside Dekyi Lingka". The Pitt Rivers Museum. http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1998.285.305.html.

 A reception at the British Mission for members of the Tibetan cabinet, Lhasa, circa 1940
Reception at Dekyi Lingka hosted by Basil Gould
Photo: The Tibet Album. "Reception at Dekyi Lingka hosted by Basil Gould". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1999.23.1.22.1.html.

The British Trade Agency in Gyangtse, circa 1937

Photo:
The Tibet Album. "Kampa dancers, British Trade Agency courtyard in Gyantse" The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_2001.59.3.13.1.html.   
 
The British Trade Agency in Yatung, circa 1940

The Tibet Album. "The Yatung Agency building". The Pitt Rivers Museum.  http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1999.23.1.13.4.html.


RELATIONS WITH CHINA

The 13th Dalai Lama in Beijing visiting the Emperor Gwangxu and Empress Dowager, 1908

Photo: Claude Arpi


Expulsion of Chinese troops from Tibet following the 13th Dalai Lama's return from exile in India, 1912
Photo: Claude Arpi

Stone lion outside the former residence of the Chinese Amban in Lhasa, who was expelled from Tibet in 1912, circa 1936
The Tibet Album. "Stone lions, Chinese Amban's former residence". The Pitt Rivers Museum. <http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_2001.35.155.1.html>.

Wu Chung-hsin, the Republic of China's Commissioner of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs, in Lhasa, 1940
The Tibet Album. "Wu Chung hsin walking towards a sedan chair". The Pitt Rivers Museum. <http://tibet.prm.ox.ac.uk/photo_1999.23.1.28.4.html>.
 
Expulsion of the Chinese Mission in Lhasa, July 1949
Photo: BBC


THE SIMLA CONVENTION BETWEEN TIBET, BRITAIN, AND CHINA
 
The Chinese, British, and Tibetan delegations (left to right) at the Simla Convention, 1913.
Photo: Claude Arpi
 
Map showing border between Tibet and India, agreed at the Simla Convention
Photo: The Sino-Indian Boundary Question (Enlarged Edition). Peking: Foreign Language Press, 1962. Photostat of eastern sector of original map of the McMahon line with signatures and seals of Tibetan and British plenipotentiaries, Delhi 24 March 1914. Original scale 1:5000,000.  With thanks to Jamyang Norbu.
 

CONTACT WITH THE UNITED STATES
 
Lt. Col. Ilya Tolstoy and Capt. Brooke Dolan.  In 1942, President Roosevelt sent these OSS officers to Tibet to ask the Tibetan government to permit a supply route from India to China. 
Photo: Skidmore University
 
The American Mission to Tibet crossing the Melo La Pass
Photo: A Portrait of Lost Tibet: Photographs By Ilya Tolstoy and Brooke Dolan; Rosemary Jones Tung; Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1980.

Tolstoy with Reting Rinpoche, the former regent of Tibet, in Lhasa, 1942 
Photo: Skidmore University
 
Gifts sent with Tolstoy by President Roosevelt for the Dalai Lama
Photo: Skidmore University
 

TIBET AT THE ASIAN RELATIONS CONFERENCE
 
Two Tibetan delegates (front right) during the Asian Relations Conference in Delhi in 1947 as Mahatma Gandhi speaks (far left). A Tibetan flag is seen in front of them along with flags of other participating countries.
Photo: Nehru Memorial Museum/India
 

TIBET APPEALS TO THE UNITED NATIONS
 
"Tibetan Tag Tser [Taktser Rinpoche] (L) outside UN defending case of Tibet UN General Assembly against Chinese Communist [sic]."
Photo: Life Magazine, October 1959, http://tinyurl.com/yfqm2cu


"Tibetan Tag Tser [Taktser Rinpoche] (L) brother of Tibet's Dalai Lamas outside UN defending case of Tibet UN General Assembly against Chinese Communist [sic]."

Photo: Life Magazine, October 1959, http://tinyurl.com/ykkwk96

"India's V.K.Krishna Menon (L) conferring with C.S. Tha during session opening debate in UN Gen. Assembly on resolution to 'deplore' tibetan [sic] events."
Photo: Life Magazine, October 1959, http://tinyurl.com/ykbc9vo 

 "Bin Nik Ahmed Kamal Mahmoud during session opening debate in UN Gen. Assembly on resolution to 'deplore' Tibetan events."
Photo: Life Magazine, October 1959, http://tinyurl.com/yfw3n3v
 

VIDEO: "The Lost World of Tibet," with color footage from the 1930s to the 1950s
 

The Lost World of Tibet (BBC)

Video: BBC, aired on May 18, 2009
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