The cycle of Lectures “Lectiones Commandinianae” was founded (2007) in honour of the famous Italian mathematician Federico Commandino (Urbino 1509-1575). Well known are his mathematical texts and his activity of editing translations of ancient books of mathema-tics. His production includes translationswith commentaries of Archimedes, Ptolemy, Euclid, Aristarchus, Pappus, Apollonius, Eutocius, Heron and Serenus. The Lectiones Commandinianae are organized by "SYNERGIA Research Group in Logic, Language, Cognition, History and Philosophy of Sciences", University of Urbino “Carlo Bo”. Given by scholars of international prominence, the lectures are intended to provide a general audience with an overview of some of the modern developments of history and philosophy of sciences.