Ancient Egyptian Monument Building (©2010 C. Zsukalla)


Congratulations! You have been chosen by the Egyptian Pharaoh, Ramses II, to create the most magnificent monument the world has ever seen. You have five days to research, develop, and create a blueprint for the monument. On the fifth day, you will be presenting your blueprint to the Pharaoh. To complete your quest, you have been provided with step by step instructions explaining how to go about successfully completing the task at hand. Good luck!


In this webquest, you will be working in groups of four to create a monument for Ramses II, the 19th Pharaoh of Egypt. The task will require you to research what Egyptian monuments and pyramids are like. As a group you will create a blueprint of both the interior and exterior of the monument/pyramid, create a site map displaying the position of the monument to geographical features, resources, and cities, develop a supply list of materials and labor, and write a brief history and explanation of why you created the monument you did.  


You will need to follow these steps in order to complete your task.

Step 1: First you'll be assigned to a team of four students. Each of you must then choose one of these roles:

o    Architect

o    Contractor

o    Supplier

o    Historian

This will be your role for the duration of the quest. You will become an expert in your field. It will be your job to share your opinions as an architect, contractor, supplier, and historian with your group. 

Step 2: Now that you have chosen your role, you will research your role in order to become an expert. I have provided a few resources that will help you find basic information about Egypt. After exploring these pages, you will want to become an expert. Explore the pages for your role to get a good grasp on what is required of you. Feel free to search for other resources as necessary.

Ramses II - A brief history Find out about the Pharaoh you are building the monument for

Ramses II - What he built Find out what Ramses II chose to build. It will help you figure out what types of monuments he likes!

The Pyramids - Design and Construction Get an idea of what it takes to build a pyramid

PBS – Pyramids – The Inside Story Explore the pyramids at this site!

The British Museum - Ancient EgyptProvides an close look at temples, pyramids, and Egyptian life

The Ancient Egypt SiteCheck out the "monuments and sites of ancient Egypt" link at this site

Ancient Egypt for KidsBe sure to click on Egyptian architecture to get some monument ideas!

BBC History - EgyptiansGives an excellent overview of Egyptian life, pyramids, Gods and beliefs, daily life, and Pharaohs 


Ramses II - Architectural Accomplishments Information on Ramses II and his religious beliefs and architectural accomplishments

Pyramid Architecture Symbolism, size, and interior architecture of the Great Pyramid

Construction of Pyramids  Orientation and construction of pyramids


Building the PyramidsDescribes possible methods of pyramid construction

Construction Layouts Information regarding the building site, planning, supplies, transportation, safety, and lifting of heavy materials

Geography of Ancient Egypt Take a close look the geography of Egypt


Building the Great PyramidA detailed account of what it takes to build a pyramid from leveling and aligning to raising and cutting blocks

Building and Construction in Ancient EgyptInformation regarding the construction of pyramids and the building sites

Laborers involved in Pyramid Building An in depth look at the laborers who built the pyramids

Building Materials involved in Pyramid BuildingInformation on the building materials that were used to build pyramids


An In Depth Look at Ramses IIInformation provided on Ramses II life, beliefs, and achievements

Ancient Egyptian Culture an ancient Egyptian culture exhibit discussing Egyptian art, daily life, architecture, and religion

Discovery Egypt Guideprovides tours, time lines, and information on pyramid building

Step 3: Now that you are experts it is time to start the planning. Your group will now begin the discussion and decision making process. This will have to be broken down into different parts and done in a specific order. The following things should be discussed: 

    • Who will the monument be built in honor of? - Historian
    • Where will the monument be built? - Contractor
    • What materials and labor types will be used? - Supplier
    • What will be the design of the monument? - Architect
    • What process will be used to build it? - Contractor

Step 4: Now it's time to put together your presentation that you will present to the Pharaoh. Reference the evaluation rubric to see what is required of you. Here is what needs to be accomplished by each member:

Architect: create blueprint of both the interior and exterior of the monument/pyramid. Be sure to include:

o   Height, width

o   Interior corridors

o   Interior tombs

o   Entrances

o   Hidden rooms

o   Exterior entrance

o   Astronomical associations

Contractor: create a site map displaying the position of the monument to geographical features, resources, and cities. Be sure to include:

o   Relation to Cairo (Home of the Pharaoh)

o   Relation to rivers, cities, and other monuments

o   Relation to labor and supplies

o   Relation to resources

o   Site layout

Supplier: develop a supply list of materials and labor. In your list, be sure to describe the types of labor being used. Where are these people from? What is their salary? Do they even have one? Are they happy with their job working on this monument? Why? Also, be sure to include in your supply/labor list:

o   The type of labor you will be using and how much that will cost (if anything)

o   What type of stone you will be using

o   Where you plan on getting your materials from.

o   Include a list of other materials you will be using and the estimated cost of each.

Historian: write a written history and explanation of why you created the monument you did. Be sure to include:

o   Who is this built in honor of?

o   Why did you choose to build the monument you did?

o   Give a brief history of Egypt during Ramses II's rule.


 *Adopted from the following website: Rubric Evaluation Example










Final Score




No design or blueprint.

Fairly neat and realistic blueprint. Contains all requirements.

Well presented plan. Contains all requirements. Realistic dimensions and design, very neat.

Well presented. Extremely neat with realistic dimensions and design. Meets all requirements. Clear evidence of creative design.



Site Map

No site map.

Map containing the necessary elements to identify the location of the monument and materials.

Map containing the necessary features. Identifies the monument in relation to geography and resources.

Thorough map containing all necessary features. Clearly identifies the monument in relation to geography and resources.




 Supply List

No supply list or lack of either supply list or labor list.

List containing most of the necessary supplies and labor.

List containing all of the supplies and labor that is needed including possible costs.

Thorough supply list containing all the supplies and labor needed. Includes economic and social elements involved as well.



 History and Monument Explanation

No work or lack of either history or explanation.

A somewhat detailed history and explanation of the monument.

A detailed history of Egypt as well as a good explanation of the monument.

An thorough explanation of the history of Egypt as well as an excellent explanation of the monument.



No presentation.

The presentation is somewhat incomplete, and not everyone participates.

The presentation is clear and concise. All information is touched upon, and everyone participates.

The presentation is clear, concise, and extremely convincing. Everyone has a clear role and participates.