Filipino Verbs in Action

This lesson is just to show you the different facets that a Tagalog verb can take as they are used to express information and ideas. I will not be using any semantic tool or linguistic terminology to explain them for two reasons. First, I don't know anything about Linguistics and secondly, I do not believe that knowing the constructs and terminologies will help. Let me ask you this. When you were learning your native language, did they explain to you that this thing is a noun or that thing is an adjective? And, if they had told you about those things, would you think that your learning could have been better of faster?

I would like to show you how a Tagalog verb changes its case to be able to express the thought more accurately. This will give you an idea of the many ways that the verb changes its form to accomplish the expression of the thought or idea. So here are a couple of verbs and the different forms such a verb can take with a corresponding example sentence that uses the verb form.

Audio: Click on the Play button below to hear the native
Filipino speaker read the sentences correctly.

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Magbigay - To Give

Ibigay - Ibibigay ko sa iyo ang bayad bukas. I will give you the payment tomorrow.
Magbigay - Siya ay nagbibigay ng payo sa mga taong may problema. She gives advice to people who have problems.
Ipamigay - Ipamigay mo na ang mga regalo sa mga bata. Give the gifts to the children now.
Bigyan - Bigyan mo ng tulong ang nangangailangan. Give help to those who need it.
Magbigayan - Ang mga disiplinadong tsuper ay nagbibigayan. Disciplined drivers give way to each other.

Magsabi - To Tell

Sinabi - Hindi ko maintindihan ang kanyang sinasabi. I can't understand what she is saying.
Magsabi - Nagsabi siya sa akin na aalis siya bukas. She told me that she will be leaving tomorrow.
Ipagsabi - Ipinagsasabi niya na madami siyang bahay. He is telling everyone that he has many houses.
Pagsabihan - Pagsabihan mo nga ang kapatid mo na gumising siya ng maaga. Please tell your sister to wake up early.
Magsabihan - Nagsabihan sila ng sama ng loob sa isa't isa. They told each other each one's bad feelings toward the other.
Sabihin - Sabihin mo sa akin ang totoo. Tell me the truth.

Magpunta - To Go

Pumunta - Pumupunta siya sa simbahan araw-araw. She goes to church every day.
Papuntahin - Papupuntahin niya ang mga bata sa tindahan maya-maya. She will let the children go to the store later.
Puntahan - Pupuntahan namin ang ipinagbibiling bahay bukas. We will go to house being sold tomorrow.
Magpunta - Magpunta ka sa opisina ko bukas. Go to my office tomorrow.


Magusap - To Talk

Magusap - Nagusap na kami ng kapatid ko kahapon. I and my brother already talked yesterday.
Kausapin - Kinakausap pa namin ang mga kawani tungkol sa isyu. We're still talking with the employees about the issue.
Pagusapan - Paguusapan sa meeting ang tungkol sa bonus. The bonus will be talked about in the meeting.
Makipagusap - Nakipagusap ang mga magaaral sa punong guro. The students had a talk with the principal.

Magtanong - To Ask a Question

Itanong - Itatanong ko sa nanay ko kung anong laruan meron ako noong baby pa ako. I will ask my mother what toys I had when I was still a baby.
Magtanong - Nagtanong ako sa sa kapitbahay kung may tao na naghanap sa akin. I asked a neighbor if someone had looked for me.
Tanungin - Tinanong ng pulis ang mga nakasaksi sa krimen. The police questioned the witnesses to the crime.
Ipagtanong - Ipagtanong mo nga kung saan nakakabili ng bagong computer. Can you ask around where one can buy a new computer?

Tumingin - To Look

Tumingin - Tumtingin siya ng bagong sapatos sa deprtment store. She is looking for new shoes at the department store.
Tingnan - Tingnan mo kung may nabibiling itlog sa supermarket. Have a look if there are eggs for sale at the supermarket.
Magpatingin - Gusto niyang magpatingin sa doktor. She wants to see a doctor.
Patingnan - Patitingnan ko ang aso ko sa isang beterinaryo. I will have my dog checked up by a veterinarian.

Magsulat - To Write

Sumulat - Susulat ako sa puno ng tanggpan upang magreklamo. I will be writing to the head of the office to complain.
Sulatan - Sulatan ninyo ang inyong mga kinatawan sa Kongreso. Write to your representatives in Congress.
Pasulatin - Pinasulat niya ako ng liham para sa aking mga magulang. She asked me to write a letter to my parents.
Makipagsulatan - Nakipagsulatan siya sa akin nang siya ay nasa ibang bansa. She wrote to me when she was abroad.


So there you have it. I hope you have gained an understanding of how the Tagalog verbs change their forms or case to be able to express the thought more precisely. In the process, I hope you have also appreciated the sentence structure in the Tagalog language. Reading a lot of Tagalog phrases and sentences will help you internalize how sentences are built which in turn can tremendously help you build your own phrases and sentences. Thanks for listening and let's learn more Tagalog!