Words and suffix of “if"

"If” is expressed by a suffix and a separate word. The suffix is always required, the separate word is entirely optional.

 

1. Suffix of “if” (always required, appended to the verb) :

  • -(y)se (2) (not stressed)
    (Note: -y added when after a vowel)

 

The personal pronoun suffixes (m/n/-/k/niz/ler) are exactly as with “tense of past” (see the section “Tense of past” above).

 

Examples 1:

 

koşar-sa-m

if i run

koşar-sa-n

if you run

koşar-sa

if he/she/it runs

koşar-sa-k

if we run

koşar-sa-nız

if you run (plural)

koşar-(lar)-sa, koşar-sa-(lar)

if they run

 

Examples 2:

 

koşar-sa-m

if i run

koşmuş-sa-m

if i am told to have run

koşacak-sa-m

if i am going to run

koşuyor-sa-m

if i am running

koştu-ysa-m

if i did run

 

Examples:

If i am here, etc:

burada-y-sa-m

burada-y-sa-n

burada-y-sa

burada-y-sa-k

burada-y-sa-nız

burada-y-sa-(lar), burada-(lar)-sa

 

Note: Separate word form for this suffix: ise (less frequently used) (not stressed)

 

Example:

koşar isem

koşar isen

koşar ise

koşar isek

koşar iseniz

koşar ise(ler)

 

2. Separate words of “if": “eğer"

  • An optional separate word “eğer” which means “if” can also be added. Note, however, that the use of the above suffix is not optional. In other words, “eğer” is not enough on its own, but “-se” is.

 

Examples:

  • Eğer yarın kar yağarsa = if tomorrow it snows.
  • Yarın kar yağarsa = if tomorrow it snows.

 

Synonym of foreign origin for “eğer”: şayet

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