With

Suffix:

  • -(y)le (2) (not stressed)

 

Conjugation letter: y, when following a vowel.

 

Alternative separate word form, much less common: ile (1).

 

Meaning:with, and

 

With can often mean: using, by means of, like in English (eg: with a car, with a knife).

 

With personal pronouns the suffix of the owner can be added, leading to two forms:

 

personal pronoun

first form

second form (with possessive pronoun (see section above))

ben

benle = with me

benimle = with me

sen

senle

seninle

o

onla

onunla

biz

bizle

bizimle

siz

sizle

sizinle

onlar

onlarla

= same as the first form

 

Note: The first form is more casual and less accepted. Prefer the second form.

 

Examples (with) :

  • Arabayla geldim = i came / have come with (the) car
  • Araba ile geldim = i came / have come with (the) car
  • Arabamla geldim = i came / have come with my car.
  • Annemle yürüyorum = I am walking with my mother (anne-m-le yürü-yor-um)
  • çakla kes = cut (it) with (a) knife.

 

Examples (and) :

  • Kediyle köpek: cat and dog (literally: cat with dog)
  • Senle ben = seninle ben = you and i (literally: you with me).
  • Ben seninleyim = i am with you.
  • Sen benimlesin = you are with me.

 

Note:

-le meaning “and” can often be dropped (but not -le meaning “with")

  • kedi köpek = cat and dog, or cats and dogs
  • elma armut = apple and pear, or apples and pears
  • gündüz gece = day and night, or days and nights
Comments