Verb list

Suffix: -mek/mak (see section "to” + stem of a verb)

The verb is normally called together with this suffix, which means “to":

  • oku = read
  • okumak = to read

 

In the first column, verbs in orange are intransitive, ie do not take an accusative object. Thes verbs often describe a motion.

 

verb

state of the object

(-i unless given below)

meaning in english

suffix for tense of always

"make do” form

 

open, also: turn on (door, light)

-ar

açtır

açıkla

 

explain

-r

açıklat

ağla

 

cry

-r

ağlat

anla

 

understand

-r

(anlat)

anlat

 

(make understand: see “anla")

explain, tell

-ır

anlattır

ayır

 

split, divide, reserve, book

-ır

ayırt (also: book)

bak

-e

look at

-ar

baktır

bas

-i, -e

(stamp sth onto sth)

step on, stamp, publish

-ar

bastır

bil

 

know

-ir

bildir (also: announce)

bin

-e

get on (horse, vehicle)

-er

bindir

bırak

 

leave, let go

-ır

bıraktır

bul

 

find

-ur

buldur

çek

 

pull, suffer

-er

çektir

çık

-e

climb up, get out

-ar

çıkar, çıkart (also: take out

de

 

say

-r

dedir, dedirt

dinle

 

listen

-r

dinlet

dokun

-e

touch

-ur

dokundur

dur

 

stop

-ur

durdur

duy

 

hear

-ar

duydur, duyur

et (t softened to d when followed by vowel)

 

do

-er

(example: ed-er-im)

ettir

gel

-e

come

-ir

getir (bring someone to some place)

gez

 

wander

-er

gezdir (walk, take on a tour)

git (t softened to d when followed by vowel)

 

go

-er

(example: gid-er-im)

götür (take someone to some place)

gör

 

see

-ür

göster (show)

hatırla

 

remember

-r

hatırlat

 

drink

-er

içtir, içir

in

-den

climb down (also from a vehicle)

-er

indir

ısır

 

bite

-ır

ısırt

işit

 

hear

-ir

işittir

it

 

push

-er

ittir (also: push)

izle

 

watch (tv), follow (path)

-r

izlet

kalk

 

stand up

-ar

kaldır (lift up)

kapa

 

close, also turn off (door, light)

-r

kapat (close

kes

 

cut

-er

kestir

kok

 

smell

-ar

koktur

kokla

 

sniff

-r

koklat

koş

 

run

-ar

koştur (also: run intermittently, or hasten

oku

 

read

-r

okut

otur

 

sit down

-ur

oturt

piş

 

cook (intransitive)

-er

pişir (cook)

sev

 

love, like

-er

sevdir

sevin

-e

become happy (about something)

-ir

sevindir (make happy)

söyle

 

tell

-r

söylet

sür

 

drive, go on, continue

-er

sürdür

 

fly

-ar

uçur

unut

 

forget

-ur

unuttur

uyu

 

sleep

-r

uyut

üz

 

make sad; give grief

-er

üzdür (not often used, too indirect)

üzül

 

become sad

-ür

 

yak

 

burn

-ar

yaktır

yan

 

burn

-ar

(yandır) --> yak

yap

 

do, make

-ar

yaptır

yat

 

lie

-ar

yatır (lay)

yaz

 

write

-ar

yazdır

ye

 

eat

-r

yedir

yürü

 

walk

-r

yürüt

yüz

 

swim

-er

yüzdür (also: float)

yüz

 

skin

-er

yüzdür

Comments