Suffixes of “make do"

In Turkish (generally like in German and Dutch), unlike in English (this is an important contrast), a verb is either transitive (verbs with an object) or intransitive (verbs with no object), but never both.

 

Examples in English:

 

intransitive

transitive

i'm walking

i'm walking my dog

i'm turning

i'm turning the table

i wake up

i wake him up

 

In Turkish, the suffixes of “make do” are used to generate a transitive verb from an intransitive one.

 

Notes:

  • The same suffixes can also be used on transitive verbs.
  • Already existing other transitive verbs are often used instead of the “make do” form.
  • Rules for making verbs from other verbs cannot be applied everywhere. Verbs exist as part of the vocabulary, and many other suffixes have already been used (often centuries ago) to generate them from more basic verbs.
  • Sometimes when the suffixes of “make do” are added to a transitive verb, the meaning does not change. Both verbs are used as alternatives to each other.

 

Suffixes (stressed) :

  • -tir (4): after a hard consonant
  • -dir (4): after a soft consonant
  • -t: after a vowel, after verbs ending in -ir, -ır, -ür, -ur (to avoid -ırdır, which is more difficult to read)

 

Examples:

 

intransitive

transitive

oku = read

okut = make read (make somebody read something)

aç = open

tır = make open

uyan = wake up (intransitive, e.g.: i wake up)

uyandır = wake up (transitive, e.g.: i wake him up)

 

For more examples, see the section “Verb list” below.

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