Suffix of the owned

In the construction “house's door": house is the owner, door is the owned.

 

In European languages:

  • the owner takes a suffix (house's) or a preposition (of the house) if it is a definite (ie already known) object, or none otherwise (eg house door),
  • the owned does not take a suffix or preposition.

 

In Turkish:

  • the owner takes the suffix “of” (see the previous section: Suffix “of") if it is a “definite” object, otherwise no suffix is used.
  • the owned takes the following suffix:

 

Suffix of the owned:

  • -(s)i (4) (stressed)

 

Note: Suffix of the owned has no equivalent in European languages.

 

Conjugation letter: s (if the word does not end in a consonant)

 

Examples below (kapı = door, ev = house/home, sap = handle, tarla = field, fare = mouse)

 

Note on the stress:

  • When either the owner or the owned is present, the present suffix is stressed.
  • When together, the suffix of the word with the focus will take the stress.

In each of the examples below, when two syllables are shown to take the stress, actually only one will be stressed, depending on the focus.

 

the house's door (the door of the house)

the house's door

evin kapısı

evin kapı

 

(for -in, see the previous section: Suffix of the owner ("of"))

house door

ev kapısı

evin

of the house, house’s

onun kapısı

his/her/its door

kapı

(his/her/its) door

onun kapıları (*)

(his/her/its) doors

onların kapısı (**)

their door

onların kapıları (***)

their doors

kapıları

- short for (*) or (**) or (***) above

either: (his/her/its/their) doors

or: (their) door (single door owned by multiple people)

- Here the “ler/lar” indicates either that multiple doors are owned by a single person, or a single door by multiple people.

the door's handle (not window’s)

the door's handle (not anything else of the door)

(stress indicates our focus)

kapının sapı

kapının sapı

door handle

eg: this is a door handle (just any)

kapı sapı

the field's mouse (the mouse of the field)

the field's mouse

(we know the field or the mouse)

tarlanın faresi

tarlanın faresi

mouse field (just any)

tarla faresi

 

The single exception:

  • su = water/juice
  • kaynak suyu = spring water ("y” used instead of “s")
  • portakal suyu = orange juice
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