Imperative: do!

Three (like in German) forms of imperative, for ordering/instructing/asking someone to do something:

 

Stress: Normally on the last syllable of the verb

 

form

suffix to the verb stem

example

target person(s)

meaning

1

-

açıkla

sen

explain (direct)

2

-(y)in (4)

açıklayın

siz

explain (direct)

sen, siz

please explain (polite)

3

-(y)iniz (4)

açıklayınız

sen, siz

please explain (very polite, or formal)

 

Notes:

  • The word for “please” is “lütfen", but it is often redundant, especially for the 3rd form.
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