Key Challenges and Advantages of VARK

VARK has explored the many ways in which one takes in information (learning) and outputs information (teaching and understanding). Because VARK is such a useful model, it is common and we can see it being used in multiple teaching and learning settings. Although it has some great benefits and delivers great results, VARK can also be complex, as it may be difficulty to tailor to every single person. 
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Advantages

It is a successful learning style: There is proven evidence that VARK is a successful learning style that promotes effective learning and information input/output in multiple settings, whether it is the classroom, a clinical environment, or a lab. In comparison to other learning styles, such as the Learning Style Questionnaire (LSQ), the VARK learning style model produces results that are more positive. [28]

Different tools to use for learning: As VARK looks into the science of how people learn, whether they are adults or children, it looks into the many, many different tools that can be used for learning, studying and teaching, some which you might not have thought of before. Examples of learning tools that VARK suggests are drawing and graphing (visual), discussion and reading out loud (auditory), re-writing notes and using handouts (reading/writing), and roleplaying and field trips (kinesthetic). [18]

Stimulation: Teachers use VARK as an exceptionally great learning model for stimulating students and their thought process. VARK promotes different learning tools, which teachers use to engage students in many different ways, creating an environment where both teachers and students can thrive. When the VARK categories are used with the appropriate students' learning style, the student becomes interested, active, attentive, and involved, which are all keys to successful learning. [29]

Flexibility for multimodal students: For students who take the VARK test and find out that they are multimodal (fit best into more than one category of learning styles), it can actually be an advantage to them because they will have better flexibility in fitting in with their learning environment. In comparison to students who only fit into one category and might have difficulty learning with opposing learning tools, the VARK test picks out the multimodal students and allows them to thrive actively and efficiently within the learning environment when presented with multiple and diverse learning tools. [29]


Challenges

VARK is multimodal: Not everyone fits into one single learning style. Only about 39% of people who take the VARK test fit best into one single category.  Bimodal is the most common category, with 41% of people who take the VARK test representing it. There are also people who fit best into three categories, some even four, represented by 14% and 6% respectively. When a person fits into more than one category, especially if they fit evenly into 4 categories, it can be very difficult to determine studying and learning strategies. [30]

Teaching with multimodal: If teachers want to use VARK within their teaching space, it can be hard to cater to all the students evenly. Because VARK is mainly a multimodal system, with 61% of students who take the VARK test being multimodal, it can be challenging to appropriately teach the same material in four different learning styles. [30]

Inability to accommodate students: VARK presents a wide variety of learning tools that can be used while teaching, but one major limitation is that sometimes it can be near impossible to accommodate all learning styles in one setting. As well, it can be extremely difficult to adapt material for students in a way that suits their learning style perfectly. The kinesthetic learning style is the most difficult to accommodate because it involves excessive amounts of hands on learning, which may not always be possible or available. [31]


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Although VARK can be a complex learning modality to use, when implemented appropriately and efficiently, it provides highly successful learning outcomes
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