References and Acknowledgments

Tomei Collection

There are many sources of reference material regarding vintage and classic cameras and the Internet has provided a remarkable tool for accessing these sources.  However, the Internet is notorious as a source of misinformation as well.  This caveat applies as well to other publications which all to some extent contain errors.  Therefore, I would encourage that everyone take a bit more time to verify technical and historical information contained herein as well as within all other sources.


Some of the published sources that I have used in this site are presented below but the list is not intended to be exhaustive by any stretch of the imagination.  I believe that we are all indebted to these authors for their valuable contributions to the preservation of the history of this technology.


I would also like to acknowledge the advice, guidance and albeit unwitting contributions by fellow collectors. Some appear below in a growing list but neither they nor my wife are to be blamed in any way for any errors or misinterpretations that I may have introduced inadvertently. Groups such as the International Directory of Camera Collectors are an excellent source of expertise regarding not only photography, but also the historical and technical backgrounds of cameras in general.


Finally, I wish to point out that Internet web sites are rarely peer-reviewed which otherwise could minimize the propagation of misinformation.  I would appreciate being notified regarding any errors that may be found in these web pages.  It is my intention to ensure to the best of my ability the accuracy of information.


 1. Coe, Brian. Cameras: From Daguerreotypes to Instant Pictures. Crown Publishers, Inc., USA, 1978.

 2. Coe, Brian. Kodak Cameras: The First Hundred Years. Hove Collectors Books, East Sussex, U.K. 1988.

 3. Lahue, K.C., and Bailey, J.A., Glass, Brass, & Chrome, The American 35mm Miniature Camera, Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1972 (Reprint edition 2002).

Note:  A reference book that is not just a collection of camera specifications, but rather a history of design, people, companies, all in a style that makes for interesting reading.  If possible, find the 1972 edition for better illustrations and photography of the cameras.  I would only hope that another comparable book would appear in the future on the subject  of cameras and technology.  It does contain some significant errors and is 36 years old now.  So, the historical accuracy of details that it contains should be viewed with healthy scepticism.  None the less, it is still a good read.

 4. Lager, James L. Leica Illustrated Guide II. Morgan & Morgan Inc., Dobbs Ferry, New York, 1978.

 5. Laney, Dennis. Leica Collectors Guide. Hove Collectors Books, U.K. 1992.

 6. Larson, G. The Far Side Gallery 3. Warner Books, London, U.K. 1992.

 7. Lewis, Gordon (Editor), The History of the Japanese Camera. from translation by William and Amy Fujimura of Japanese text by Nihon Camera No Rekishi. The International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House, Rochester and Tokyo, 1991.

Note: This book is an invaluable resource for those interested in the history of Japanese cameras.  It contains articles by noted Japanese authors, W.S. Fujimura, T. Hibi, H. Miyabe, I. Ogura, K. Saeki, T. Shirai, H. Suzuki, Y. Tanaka, and M. Tanaka.  Articles describe the origins of the Japanese camera industry in the 19th century through to modern times.  It includes detailed and frank examination of business practices and historical notes on many manufacturers, and a Forward written by Philip Condax of the George Eastman House.

 8. Lewis, John E.  It's by Corfield: It Must be Good. Ericsen Lewis Publications, Nowwich, U.K., 1985.

 9. Lipinski, J.  Miniature and Precision Cameras. Iliffe & Sons, London, 1955. 

Note: A somewhat uncommon book that addresses the basic optical designs of miniature cameras from the perspective of the mid 1950's.  It was written during a time that marked the end of the early 20th century development of camera design and is particularly interesting from the point of view that it anticipated the emergence of the advanced cameras that were to soon appear that marked the beginning of the end for so many unique cameras of the 1930's through 1950's. 

10. McKeown, Jim and Joan. Collectors Guide to Kodak Cameras. Centennial Photo Service, Grantsburg Wisconsin, 1981.

 Note:  Certainly the standard reference book that is indispensable to all collectors.

11. McKeown, James, and Joan McKeown. McKeown's Price Guide to Antique and Classic Cameras, 12th Ed. 2005-2006, Centennial Photo Service, Grantsburg Wisconsin, 2004.

12. Rogliatti, Gianni. Leica: The First Hundred Years. Hove Collectors Books, East Sussex, U.K. 1995.

13. Sartorius, Ghester. Identifying Leica Cameras. Editrice Reflex Srl, Italy, 1995.

14. Small, Marc James. Non-Leitz Leica-Thread Mount Lenses. Rita & Dr. Sigmar Wittig Publishers, 1997.

15. Thomas, D.B.  Thomas International Photo Directory of Antique Cameras 1840-1940. Thomas International, Washington D.C. 1983.

16. Tubbs, D.B.  Zeiss Ikon Cameras 1926-39. Hove Collectors Books, Sussex, U.K. 1977.

17. van Hasbroeck, Paul-Henry.  The Leica: A History Illustrating Every Model and Accessory.  Sotheby Publications, Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd., London, 1983.

A monumental work filled with excellent photographs and illustations covering the history of Leitz and the Leica camera through the introduction of the M5.  An indespensible source of information for the serious collector of Leica cameras.  Prices vary wildly, so do some comparison shopping.

 18. Wilhelm, Willi.  Kameraproduktion bei Ruberg & Renner in Hagen.  Photographica Cabinett. vol.44:33-45 (2008).

For those interested in the fascinating history of the Ruberg & Renner cameras, there is a remarkable article in German that can be a great resource for the camera collector.  This is a well researched and detailed presentation of the history of the Ruberg & Renner company.  It includes images of about 39 distinct models, several being exceptionally rare examples.


Elisabetta Di Rosa Tomei, my wife, for her patience letting me clutter up her drafting table with tools and rags and stuff for camera repairs and for a place to set up the equipment for photographing the collection.

Adrien Ribollo, the author of many of the articles on older Japanese cameras at on which I often rely.

Dan Fromm for his information regarding the history of the LTM Amotal Anastigmat lens (P/N Forum).