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Hints for making a Presentation

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1. Make an outline of your presentation first:

How will you start?

What are your main ideas?

What conclusion will you make?

When you start, you want to get the attention of the audience, so try to say something you interesting or humorous, or ask a question related to the topic. When you talk about the main ideas, try to give examples, stories, and interesting details to keep the attention of the audience. Then give a summery at the end. And example outline is on the following page.

2. You should not write every sentence of your presentation. It would be very difficult to read. Also, nobody wants to listen to a person who is just reading. A good idea would be to use short notes (an outline) to help you remember the main ideas of what you want to say. Write these notes in large letters and very clearly, so that it is easy to read quickly.


3. MOST IMPORTANT: Paractise your presetation in front of a few friends. These friends need to be honest, and tell you when you are making mistakes. Are you going too fast or too slow? Is your pronuciation clear enough? Are your verb tences correct? Are your ideas clear? They should tell you.


4. When you are speaking to the audience, it is important to look at the audience, not the floor or ceiling. Don’t look at any place too long, but keep your eyes moving slowly to different areas of the audience. Use your hands and your body whenever you can to make it more clear what you are saying. Try to move around a little, to change your position. It is actually difficult to stay in the same position for a long time. Also, use “body language” (face, arms, body movement) to help communicate your ideas.


5. Don’t speak too fast. Clear your pronucitation is more important than speed. Don’t say”um” or “ahhh” between sentences. Pausing for a second or two is fine, and most good speakers do this.


6. If the topic allows, speak your true feelings. Say your ideas with enthusiasm. Speaking” from the heart” will always be easier and will flow more natuarlly. Also, make sure your voice goes up and down (strong sentence stress) – it sounds more interesting.


7. When you make a mistake (this will happen to everyone), do not try to say it again if the meaning was still clear. If you are not sure people understand, then repeat the whole sentence like you were planning to do it.

 Source: HUFS, Speaking T 2.