Private Pilot Basic Requirements

61.109 Aeronautical Experience
(a) For an airplane single-engine rating. Except as provided in paragraph (i) of this section, a person who applies for a private pilot certificate with an airplane category and single-engine class rating must log at least 40 hours of flight time that includes at least 20 hours of flight training from an authorized instructor and 10 hours of solo flight training in the areas of operation listed in Part 61.107(b)(1) of this part, and the training must include at least-
(1) 3 hours of cross-country flight training in a single-engine airplane;
(2) Except as provided in Part 61.110 of this part, 3 hours of night flight training in a single-engine airplane that includes-

(i) One cross-country flight over 100 nautical miles total distance; and
(ii) 10 takeoffs and 10 landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a lfight in the traffic pattern) at an airport.

(3) 3 hours of flight training in a single-engine airplane on the control and maneuvering of an airplane solely by reference to instruments, including straight and level flight, constant airspeed climbs and descents, turns to heading, recovery from unusual flight attitudes, radio communications, and the use of navigation systems/facilities and radar services appropriate to instrument flight;
(4) 3 hours of flight training in preparation for the practical test in a single-engine airplane, which must have been performed within 60 days preceding the date of the test; and
(5) 10 hours of solo flight time in a single-engine airplane, consisting of at least-

(i) 5 hours of solo cross-country flight;
(ii) One solo cross-country flight of at least 150 nautical miles total distance, with full-stop landings at a minimum of three points, and one segment of the flight consisting of a straight-line distance of at least 50 nautical miles between the takeoff and landing locations; and
(iii) Three takeoffs and three landings to a full stop (with each landing involving a flight in the traffic pattern) at an airport with an operating control tower.

61.103 Eligibility Requirements: General

(a) Be at least 17 years of age for a rating in other than a glider or balloon.

(b) Be at least 16 years of age for a rating in a glider or balloon.

(c) Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the English language. If the applicant is unable to meet one of these requirements due to medical reasons, then the administrator may place such operating limitations on that applicant's pilot certificate as are necessary for the wafe operation of aircraft.

(d) Receive a logbook endorsement from an authorized unstructor who:
(1) Conducted the training or reviewed the person's home study on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed in Part 61.105(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought; and
(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required knowledge test.

(e) Pass the required knowledge test on the aeronautical knowledge areas listed in Part 61.105(b) of this part.

(f) Receive flight training and a logbook endorsement from an authorized unstructor who:
(1) Conducted the training in the areas of operation listed in Part 61.107(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought; and
(2) Certified that the person is prepared for the required practical test.

(g) Meet the aeronautical experience requirements of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought before applying for the practical test.

(h) Pass a practical test on the areas of operation listed in Part 61.107(b) of this part that apply to the aircraft rating sought.

(i) Comply with the approprate sections of this part that apply to the aircraft category and class rating sought