Pre-Raphaelite Art

~ Women of Passion in the Victorian Age ~

Founded in London in 1848, the Pre-Raphaelite movement has been called the first avant-garde art movement.  Pre-Raphaelite artists wished to reform the mechanistic approach to art adopted by the Mannerists and sought a return to the abundant detail, intense colors, and complex compositions of Italian art of the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance.  They rejected the rationalism of the Renaissance, epitomized by Raphael, and focused on works of spiritual depth, devotion to truth, and detailed representation of the natural world.

Elizabeth Eleanor Siddal Rosetti (1829 - 1862), a beautiful young Englishwoman with copper-colored tresses, was the model for many of the Pre-Raphaelite works; she was painted and drawn extensively by artists of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.  She was engaged to Dante Gabriel Rossetti for ten years before they married in 1860.  Sadly, Elizabeth gave birth to a stillborn daughter in 1861, then died during her second pregnancy in 1862.

                                                                                                                                        "The Holy Grail"    Dante Gabriel Rosetti, 1860



"The Martyr of Solway"                  John Everett Millais, 1871


"Ophelia"                             John Everett Millais, 1852

"St. Catherine of Alexandria"     Stained Glass by Edward Burne-Jones, ca 1860


  "Ophelia"             Arthur Hughes, 1865 


 "The Fair Face of Woman"

 Sophie Anderson



Marcus Stone, 1888             John William Waterhouse, 1894


"Windflowers"          John William Waterhouse, 1903 



  "Hesiod Listening to the Inspiration of the Muse"          Edmond Aman-Jean



 "Helen of Troy"     Evelyn de Morgan, 1898



 Florida Water bottle label, ca. 1880







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