Techniques & Terminology

Aikido techniques taught by Sensei Kolesnikov in the classes and courses use Japanese words in their descriptions. This page contains a glossary of these terms. 

Attacks

These terms are used to describe attacks.

Aikido attack clipart
Katatori: an example of an Aikido attack
Yokomenuchi Side of hand strike to side of head
Shomenuchi Side of hand strike down middle of head
Munatsuki  Punch to stomach
Katatekosadori Cross-handed grab / hold
Katatedori or Katatetori Same sided hand grab
Katatori or katadori Hold to shoulder (shown)
Ryotemochi Grab partners hand with both hands
Ryototori Grab both partners hands with both hands

Note also:-
    Mirroring attack - same side (toe-to-toe) attack
    Opposite attack - symmetrical attack


Escapes

Aikido escape clipart
Tenkan: an example of an Aikido escape
These terms are used to describe ways of responding to attacks.

Irimi Enter partner's space directly
    Irimi 1
    Step forwards with front foot
    Irimi 2      Step forwards with back foot
Tenkan Turn around the partner (shown)
    Tenkan 1
    Swivel 180 degrees and then step back
    Tenkan 2
    Irimi 2 and then Tenkan 1 together
Corner step Back foot goes diagonally towards the "corner"
Step back Front foot goes to back



Throws

Aikido throw clipart
Kaitenage: an example of an Aikido throw
These terms are used to describe throwing the partner.

Shionage Four directions throw, throwing partner backwards
Kotegaeishi Outward wrist-turn throw
Kokyunage General (non-specific) throw.
Sometimes described as a breath throw
Tenchinage Heaven and earth throw, spreading the partner
Kaitenage Twisting throw, to throw either forwards or backwards (shown)
Koshiwasa Throwing partner over your back




Immobilisations

Aikido immobilisation clipart
Sankyo: an example of an Aikido immobilisation
These terms are used to describe immobilisations (locks).

Ikkyo First immobilisation
(holding partner's arm with Ki)
Nikkyo Second immobilisation
(trapping partner's arm and elbow)
Sankyo Third immobilisation (shown)
(holding partner's hand and trapping elbow)
Yonkyo Fourth immobilisation
(nerve hold)
Gokkyo Fifth immobilisation
(applying pressure to partner's elbow)