Intersections between streams and roads often alter stream flow and can prevent fish movement. Similar to impoundments, stream crossings can restrict flow resulting in lentic habitat upstream of the road. The downstream side of a restricted flow road crossing becomes a turbulent, erosional area. Eventually, this results in a rapid drop in elevation and semi-fragmented upstream habitat. In Kansas, intersections between streams and roads are common, and therefore, semi-fragmented streams are common. 
Like all ecological communities, systems that exhibit a high level of connectivity are more resilient to natural disturbances such as floods and droughts than those that are fragmented. This project will directly address this issue and help to develop strategies to better connect stream habitats so that fish and wildlife populations can become more resilient.

We would like to thank the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism for a Chickadee Checkoff grant that helped support this project.